https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Micronesian

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
16 intestines      
28 to breathe      
30 mouth      
31 tooth      
38 to chew word info      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
97 bird      
98 egg      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
116 flower      
118 grass      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
141 wet      
144 to burn word info      
148 white      
150 yellow      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
176 below      
180 far      
190 other      
191 all      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
14 belly *tia   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
26 hair word info *unauna   10  
26 hair word info *una-fi   10  
48 to sleep *mʷoe   10  
77 to scratch word info *kakaaSu   11  
77 to scratch word info *kari   12  
84 to plant *faSoka   6  
119 earth/soil *pʷelu   13  
121 sand *pia   12  
121 sand *pipia   12  
121 sand *piapia   12  
122 water word info *cacanu   1  
122 water word info *canucanu   1  
122 water word info *pili   4  
139 cold word info *macici   1  
139 cold word info *fou   11  
142 heavy *cawu   9  
142 heavy *cacawu   9  
142 heavy *cawucawu   9  
152 small *kisi   80  
168 day *raani   6  
196 to count *waSe   10  
196 to count *waSe-ki   10  
196 to count *paa   11  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
201 Five word info *lim-manu   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu   1  
203 Seven word info fitu-ua   1  
204 Eight word info *walu-ua   3  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *Siwa   5  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
208 Fifty word info *lima-ŋawulu   1  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukua   20  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukiwa   20  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratu   17  
71 to stab, pierce *[sS]oka (?) pierce/stab 67  
177 this *ae (?) this 1, 18  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) yawn, be open mouthed 19  
134 thunder *para ? 15, 16  
134 thunder *parara ? 15, 16  
111 fish *pali a fish 26  
111 fish *parapara a fish 8  
84 to plant *faSoki a planted thing 6  
76 to live, be alive *mauri alive 1, 76  
192 and *ma and (with) 2  
146 ash *peyata ashes 7  
146 ash *peata ashes 7  
173 at *i- at (locative): 1  
13 back word info *takuru back (of body) 12  
23 blood cacaa be bloody 1  
139 cold word info *maci be cold 1  
140 dry word info *masa be low tide 11  
160 painful, sick *masaki be painful, hurt 1  
46 to see loo-Si behold 14  
153 big *lapa big, main 10  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau-Si bind 11  
41 to bite *kai bite 38, 73  
41 to bite *ku bite 9  
41 to bite *kuku bite 9, 74  
41 to bite *kuti bite 9  
41 to bite *kukuti bite 9, 74  
147 black *calocalo black 8  
23 blood *caa blood 1  
137 to blow word info *pau blow (of the wind) 14  
137 to blow word info *paupau blow (of the wind) 14  
15 bone *cuyi bone 2  
79 stick/wood *rae branch 2  
113 branch word info *rae branch 1  
18 breast *susu breast, to suckle 1  
42 to suck *susu breast, to suckle 25  
33 to laugh *ŋiTi chant, sing, be noisy, laugh 17  
56 child *tari child 7  
56 child *natu child/classifier for cherished possessions 5  
85 to choose *fili choose 1  
85 to choose *filifili choose 1  
39 to cook word info *ma[sS]o cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info *ma[w0]u[sS][au] cooked 19, 82  
34 to cry *taŋi cry 1  
147 black *calo dark 8  
124 sea *ma-Sawa deep sea, open sea 13  
75 to die, be dead *mate die, lose consciousness 1  
90 to dig *keli dig 1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi- dig 1  
40 to drink *inu drink 1  
40 to drink *(i)nu-mi drink 1  
40 to drink *(i)nu-ma drink 1  
140 dry word info *mamasa dry 11  
43 ear *taliŋa ear, mushroom, fungus 1  
37 to eat *kaŋi eat some thing 1  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 2  
24 head *ulu extremity, top, tip, head 1  
45 eye *mata eye, face 1  
60 father *tama father 1  
143 fire *afi fire 1  
135 lightning *fiti flash (of light) 34  
103 meat/flesh *fiSiko flesh 10  
156 thin word info *ma-nifinifi flimsy 1  
122 water word info *canu- fresh water 1  
117 fruit *wuaa fruit 1  
151 green *ma-rawa green, blue 13  
99 feather *una hair/feathers/scales 30  
99 feather *unauna hair/feathers/scales 30  
26 hair word info *una hair/feathers/scales/remove (hair or scales) 10  
1 hand *pau hand, arm, wing 8  
21 to think *maŋi have in mind, think, remember 11  
184 he/she *ia he, she, it (independent pronoun): 1  
44 to hear *roŋo hear, listen 1  
177 this *ee here/this near speaker 1, 18  
72 to hit word info *suku hit/strike 8, 63  
61 house *umʷa house 1  
61 house imʷa house 1, 48  
182 I *ŋaa I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  
182 I ŋau I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  
87 to swell word info *tupʷu I don't think *tupwu is reconstructed for PMc with this meaning and is not, at least, an ancestor of the "9" forms - JCM.    
185 we word info *kica incl.; reflecting POc *kida rather than *kita 1, 42  
174 in, inside *lalo inside 1  
188 what? word info *-Saa interrogative suffix 1, 52  
188 what? word info *mee-Saa interrogative suffix 1, 64  
126 lake *lama lagoon, lake 8  
114 leaf *cau leaf 1  
4 leg/foot *ney[ae] leg 63  
4 leg/foot *wae leg/foot 1, 100  
49 to lie down word info *w[eo]n[eo] lie down, sleep 1  
76 to live, be alive *ma[nñ]awa life/alive 7  
17 liver *ate liver 1  
155 long word info *ala[iu] long 13  
155 long word info alala[iu] long 13  
108 louse word info *kutu louse 1  
54 man/male *mʷaane man, male 1  
129 moon *ma-rama moon 7  
109 mosquito *ñamʷu mosquito 1  
59 mother *tina mother 1  
63 name *iSa name 66  
63 name *aSa name 1, 18  
179 near *Soru- near, beside (not from OL - JCM) 97  
25 neck *ua neck 18  
167 night *pʷoŋi night 1  
27 nose *pʷauSu nose, not set 1,set 12, see Blust 1984 1, 12  
195 no, not *tai not 4  
195 no, not *ta not 4  
197 One word info *te- one (prefixed to classifiers) 14  
6 road/path *ala path/road 1  
53 person/human being *ara-mata people 67, 70  
53 person/human being *tau person 1  
53 person/human being *mata person 70  
84 to plant *faSo planted 6  
133 rain *u[sS]a rain 1  
149 red *para red 17  
115 root *waka root 2  
115 root *wakara root 2  
65 rope *tali rope 1  
112 rotten word info *mamaca rotten 50  
124 sea *taSi Salt water 1  
67 to sew word info *saisai sew 2  
67 to sew word info *sai-ti sew 2  
19 shoulder *afara shoulder 1  
12 skin *kuli skin, bark 1  
128 sky *laŋi sky, heaven, storm 1  
48 to sleep *maturu sleep 1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafasi slice 18  
152 small *ciki small/little 81  
145 smoke word info *a[sS]u smoke 2  
36 to spit *ka[sS]i[sS]ifa spit, spittle 19, 55  
130 star *fit[ou]u star 1  
120 stone *fatu stone 1  
72 to hit word info *wece strike/hit/beat 15  
72 to hit word info *woco strike/hit/beat 15  
105 tail *iku tail 1  
62 thatch/roof *aTo thatch 1  
200 Four word info *faŋi the number four (in serial counting) 1, 67  
187 they *re- they (3pl subject marker) 1, 70  
187 they *ra- they (independent pronoun), them (suf. obj. prn.),their (suf. poss. prn.) 1, 70  
157 thick word info *ma-tolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-totolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-tolutolu thick 3  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi thin 1  
178 that *ena this, that 1  
177 this *ena this/that 1, 33  
199 Three word info *telu three 1  
199 Three word info *telu-ua three (general) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau tie 11  
137 to blow word info *wuku to blow 15  
137 to blow word info *wuuku to blow 15  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa to cut in pieces 18  
90 to dig *[sS]owu to dig 8  
90 to dig [sS]owu-ti- to dig 8  
37 to eat *mʷaŋau to eat food 8  
22 to fear *ma-taku to fear, be afraid 1  
138 warm word info *rara to heat, be warm 9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ata-i- to know 35  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila to know 18  
84 to plant *fafaSo to plant 6  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki to pound 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki to pound 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷau to pound food 3  
64 to say *pʷaa to say 13  
77 to scratch word info *kaaSu to scratch 11  
46 to see *loo to see 14  
51 to sit *maaso to sit 18, 101  
51 to sit *masoso to sit 18, 101  
29 to sniff, smell *saŋu to smell something / May = PPn *songi 11  
80 to split word info *pʷ[ae]la to split s.t. open 1, 76  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋi to split s.t. open 1, 76  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋaki to split s.t. open 1, 76  
52 to stand *tuu to stand 2  
35 to vomit *mʷumʷuta to vomit 1  
32 tongue *lewe tongue 17  
198 Two word info *rua two 1  
127 woods/forest *walu vegetation, forest 17  
112 rotten word info *maca very ripe 50  
5 to walk *faSale walk, move around 8  
34 to cry *taŋi-Si weep 1  
188 what? word info *(mee)-t what? 1, 64  
188 what? word info *(mee)-ta what? 1, 64  
170 when? word info *ñai-Sa when? 1, 24  
170 when? word info *ŋai-Sa when? 1, 24  
181 where? word info *-faa where? 3, 48  
189 who? word info *tau who? 9  
159 wide *cau- wide 9  
159 wide *cau-lapa width 9, 48  
136 wind *aŋi wind 1  
136 wind aŋiaŋi wind 1  
55 woman/female *faifine woman 1, 47  
186 you *kamʷu you (pl.) 1  
183 thou *ko- you (sg. subj. marker) 1  
183 thou *koe you (sg. subj. marker) 1  

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