https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Puluwatese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and me and (with) 2  
192 and and (with) 2  
192 and ŋe and (but) 10  
192 and ŋé and (but) 10  
146 ash falaŋ ashes 8  
146 ash peyah cinders 7  
146 ash peyaha-(n)   7  
146 ash peyiha-(n)   7  
146 ash mó-óʀóóʀo-(n) very light-weight ash 9  
173 at yi-   1  
13 back word info hakúr   12  
165 bad, evil      
14 belly wuupʷ belly, stomach 11  
14 belly wupʷe-(er) their bellys 11  
176 below      
153 big lap   10  
97 bird      
147 black ʀóló-(kiiʀ) be black 8  
147 black ʀóól soot 8  
147 black ʀólú-(n) s. of. 8  
23 blood cca   1  
23 blood ccaa-   1  
15 bone cúú   2  
113 branch word info ráá   1  
113 branch word info ráá-n   1  
18 breast túút breast/nipple 1  
56 child nawú-n   5  
56 child nawúnaw   5  
56 child náyi-náy   5  
56 child háár   7  
56 child hári-   7  
131 cloud word info woʀow white cloud, rain 15  
139 cold word info      
166 correct, true puuŋ (sic) be correct, right 12  
168 day ráán   6  
10 dirty      
96 dog      
140 dry word info mmat   11  
82 dull, blunt kópʷ   13  
11 dust      
43 ear      
119 earth/soil pʷpʷél soil 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷéli- soil 13  
98 egg hakull   1, 66  
98 egg hakullú-(n)   1, 66  
204 Eight word info wanú-   3  
204 Eight word info wali-ik   3  
204 Eight word info walu-uw   3  
204 Eight word info walú-   3  
204 Eight word info waal   3  
45 eye maah   1  
45 eye meha-(n)   1  
45 eye mehá-(n)   1  
180 far too-(wo-ló)   1  
104 fat/grease      
60 father hama-(n) his father 1  
60 father hamá-(n) father of 1  
99 feather wún (= sic) 30  
99 feather wúnú-(n) hair/feathers/scales/his hair 30  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire yááf   1  
111 fish      
201 Five word info lime   1  
201 Five word info lim-man   1  
201 Five word info limo-ow   1  
201 Five word info lime-   1  
201 Five word info liim   1  
116 flower péé-n flower of 10  
116 flower péé-yi flower of 10  
132 fog      
200 Four word info fáán   1, 69  
117 fruit wuwa fruit, flower, bur 1  
164 good      
118 grass fátil   1  
118 grass fátili-(n)   1  
151 green yeraw shade of light green 13, 52  
151 green yarawaraw shade of light green 13, 52  
26 hair word info wún hair/feather/scale/his hair. 10  
26 hair word info wúnú-(n)   10  
1 hand paaw   8  
1 hand pawú-n   8  
1 hand kumʷúʀ   9  
184 he/she yiiy independent pronoun 1  
24 head      
142 heavy ccówo ccówú- (sic) 9  
142 heavy ccówú- ccówú- (sic) 9  
61 house yiimʷ   1, 48  
61 house yimʷa-(n)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷá-ni-(y)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷáyimʷ   1, 48  
194 how? word info      
57 husband pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 16  
57 husband ʀóónimw   39  
182 I ŋaaŋ   12  
182 I ŋa   12  
193 if yáre if, or, whether 7  
174 in, inside lló-(n) inside of it 1  
16 intestines taa   14  
126 lake      
114 leaf ʀéé   1  
2 left (húyi)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
2 left (yii)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
4 leg/foot peʀe   15  
135 lightning      
17 liver yááyá   1  
155 long word info yelaye-(n) length, height 13  
108 louse word info kúúw   1  
108 louse word info kúwá-(n)   1  
54 man/male mʷáán man/male 1  
54 man/male wolo- male with demonstrative 13  
103 meat/flesh fitik   10  
103 meat/flesh fitiko-   10  
129 moon ma-ram moon, month 7  
109 mosquito nóómʷ mosquito 1  
109 mosquito (tówu)-nómʷ mosquito net 1  
59 mother yiin mother 1  
59 mother yiná-(y) my mother 1  
30 mouth yaawo mouth 36  
30 mouth yewá-(y) my mouth 36  
63 name yiit   66  
63 name yita-   66  
63 name yitá-   66  
158 narrow      
179 near ya-rap be or draw near/close 13  
179 near akka-rap be close 13  
25 neck wúúw   18  
25 neck wúwa-(n)   18  
68 needle ti-kek   11  
163 new   1  
163 new (héé)-fé   1  
167 night pʷooŋ   1  
167 night pʷoŋi-   1  
205 Nine word info ttiwa-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiw   5  
195 no, not yaapʷ no 14  
195 no, not -há not 4  
27 nose pʷoot   1, 12  
27 nose pʷootú-   1, 12  
162 old word info      
197 One word info yéét   1  
197 One word info ye-   1  
209 One Hundred word info (ye)-pwúkúw   20  
210 One Thousand word info -ŋe-ray   17  
190 other      
160 painful, sick meták painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaay painful/hurt 14  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaayi-(n) sick 14  
53 person/human being yere-mah   67, 70  
133 rain wút (sic) 1  
133 rain wúté-(n) (sic) 1  
102 rat keeʀ rat 16  
102 rat keʀe-(n) rat of 16  
102 rat yeʀekeʀ   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀi-(n)   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀ   16  
149 red par   17  
149 red parapar   17  
149 red pappar   17  
3 right      
6 road/path yaal path/road/street/his path 1  
6 road/path yela-(n)   1  
115 root waar   2  
115 root waara-(n)   2  
65 rope háál rigging 1  
65 rope háli-(n) rigging of 1  
112 rotten word info pʷa   17  
125 salt      
121 sand ppi   12  
121 sand ppiyá-n   12  
124 sea me-taw   13  
124 sea heti-   1  
124 sea háát   1  
203 Seven word info féhu-uw   1  
203 Seven word info fúús   1  
203 Seven word info fúú-   1  
81 sharp kkáŋ   14, 68  
154 short word info mʷoʀomʷoʀ   12  
19 shoulder yefar shoulder 1  
161 shy, ashamed háwo (sic) 5  
202 Six word info woon   1  
202 Six word info wono-   1  
12 skin kiil   1  
12 skin kili   1  
128 sky lááŋ sky 1  
128 sky láŋi- rain 1  
152 small ʀik   66  
152 small (ya)-ʀikiʀik   66  
152 small kitikit   80  
145 smoke word info yaat smoke 2  
106 snake      
110 spider      
130 star fúú   1  
79 stick/wood ráá   2  
79 stick/wood ráá-n   2  
120 stone fawú (sic) stone, coral, rock 1  
105 tail wúúk   1  
105 tail wúkú-   1  
206 Ten word info -ŋool   5  
178 that yeen   1  
178 that (i)-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-kko-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-ko-mʷuu-n   11  
62 thatch/roof yóóh   1  
62 thatch/roof yóho-(n)   1  
62 thatch/roof yeho-(n)   1  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
187 they yiir   1, 70  
157 thick word info ma-aliyéél (sic) be thick (as paper) 3  
156 thin word info      
177 this yeen   1, 33  
183 thou wo- (vocative honorific) 1  
183 thou ko   1  
183 thou wo   1  
183 thou yeen   6  
199 Three word info yéél   1  
199 Three word info yélú-   1  
199 Three word info yelu-(uw)   1  
199 Three word info yeli-ik   1  
134 thunder pachch thunder 15, 16  
134 thunder pachchi-(n) thunder of 15, 16  
41 to bite kkú-ú to bite 9  
137 to blow word info wiiki-(y) to blow (something) as by wind or person 15  
28 to breathe ŋahaŋah breathe/breath 10  
144 to burn word info be burning but not flaming 10  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info lúú (sic) to chew (as gum)/eat noisily/eat (polite) 59  
38 to chew word info lúúlú chew/eat (polite to children) 59  
38 to chew word info ŋú-ti-(y) chew and suck it 11  
85 to choose fili-(i-y) choose it 1  
172 to climb word info téé-(tá) to climb/go up/rise 8  
172 to climb word info téé-ki-y climb up ( a tree etc) 8  
7 to come      
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (ya)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷota- cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
39 to cook word info pʷuka cooked/cook slowly 12  
196 to count yálle-(ya)   12  
196 to count yálle-(ya-ni)   12  
196 to count paapa   11  
196 to count páá-ŋ   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi-(y)   11  
196 to count páápá   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi   11  
34 to cry háŋ   1  
78 to cut, hack word info      
75 to die, be dead   1  
90 to dig kel dig earth (as with a shovel) 1  
90 to dig keli-ŋi-(y)   1  
90 to dig tow   8  
50 to dream ttan to dream 9  
50 to dream ttana-a dream it 9  
40 to drink wún   1  
40 to drink wúnú-mi-(y)   1, 59  
40 to drink wúnu-ma-(n)   1, 71  
37 to eat mʷéŋé eat food 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋéé-(n) food of 8  
37 to eat yaŋi-(y) nibble/munch/eat it. 1  
95 to fall word info mor fall as breadfruit (sic) 16  
22 to fear me-hak be afraid 1  
123 to flow pʷu flow (as blood) 11  
123 to flow pʷuupʷu (as river) 11  
101 to fly yáál (sic) 13  
86 to grow word info ffól my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-ni my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-yá-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
44 to hear roŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
171 to hide word info yopo-(ló) to h., take shelter 5  
72 to hit word info tuku-u-(w) hit, strike (something) 8, 63  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀ to hold/handle/grip/make tight 16  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀú-(ya-) holding or grasping by someone 16  
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill ni strike/hit/kill 11  
74 to kill nii-ni to hit/kill/murder 11  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kúle-e-(y) find it, know it, understand it 18  
33 to laugh fah to laugh 10  
33 to laugh kkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
33 to laugh (ya)-kékkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
49 to lie down word info woon lie down/sleep (sic) 1  
76 to live, be alive má-naw   7  
76 to live, be alive (ya)-ma-nawa   7  
92 to open, uncover pʷak open a bit (as a bud) 1  
84 to plant fót   6  
84 to plant fóto-ki-(y)   6  
93 to pound, beat word info pʷo pound (breadfruit) 3  
93 to pound, beat word info wuk to pound (sic) 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info wúkúúk to pound taro 20, 2  
64 to say      
77 to scratch word info kéét to itch 11  
77 to scratch word info yáriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keri-(y) scratch it. 12  
46 to see weri-(y) see/find/get/come upon 10  
46 to see weriwer to see/find 10  
67 to sew word info teete ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info tee-y ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti (faaʀ) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-k ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-ki-i-(y) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit móót to sit 18, 101  
51 to sit mó-tiw to sit down (sic) 18, 101  
48 to sleep mawúr   1  
29 to sniff, smell téŋú-ú-(w) to smell, sniff (something) 11  
36 to spit yóttúf saliva/sputum 19, 55  
36 to spit óttúfe to spit 19, 55  
80 to split word info tile-ŋi-(y) to cut open, split 29  
88 to squeeze word info fiye-(y) squeeze, strangle 15  
71 to stab, pierce tto to stab, pierce 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow stab, spear 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow-(púŋ) vaccinate, inject. 13  
52 to stand wúú-(tá) stand up/rise 2  
73 to steal mʷóʀow be wild, rascally 9  
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info pʷo   9  
87 to swell word info pʷoopʷo   9  
9 to swim yaf   7  
9 to swim yáfe-   7  
21 to think máŋimáŋ thought 11  
21 to think yákiyák to think 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts / plans 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) thought / suppose 12  
21 to think yákiyák think it. 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts/plans/think/suppose 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) think it 12  
94 to throw word info yáʀe-(y)   14  
66 to tie up, fasten fééfé   11  
66 to tie up, fasten féé-ti-(y)   11  
8 to turn word info kúll to turn (as in walking)    
35 to vomit mʷmʷuh   1  
5 to walk -fetál here and there, everywhere 8  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn mém-méwóó-(n-atél)   19  
32 tongue      
31 tooth ŋii   30  
31 tooth ŋii-(n)   30  
31 tooth -ŋi   30  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rúúw   1  
198 Two word info rúwa-   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info ʀaan   1  
122 water word info ráni-   1  
185 we word info kiiʀ incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info kiʀ incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info yáy excl. 43  
141 wet      
188 what? word info (mee)-ta what?, why? 1, 64  
170 when? word info (yi)-nee-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
170 when? word info (yi)-ŋe-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
181 where? word info i-fa   3, 48  
181 where? word info yiya   37  
148 white      
189 who? word info (yi)-yé   9  
159 wide      
58 wife pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 10  
58 wife ʀóónimw   22  
136 wind yááŋ   1  
136 wind yáŋiyáŋ   1  
100 wing      
55 woman/female ʀóó-pʷut older woman 7  
55 woman/female liye-   6  
127 woods/forest waal forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest wali-(n) forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest walúwal trees/forested 17  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow yóól   9  
150 yellow yóleyól   9  
186 you yaw   36  
186 you yów   36  
186 you yáámi   1, 13  

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