https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Puluwatese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
7 to come      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
24 head      
32 tongue      
42 to suck      
43 ear      
64 to say      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
96 dog      
97 bird      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
111 fish      
125 salt      
126 lake      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
141 wet      
148 white      
156 thin word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
162 old word info      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
169 year      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
191 all      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
163 new (héé)-fé   1  
2 left (húyi)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
178 that (i)-kko-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-ko-mʷuu-n   11  
178 that (i)-mʷu   11  
188 what? word info (mee)-ta what?, why? 1, 64  
109 mosquito (tówu)-nómʷ mosquito net 1  
33 to laugh (ya)-kékkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
76 to live, be alive (ya)-ma-nawa   7  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀ to hold/handle/grip/make tight 16  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀú-(ya-) holding or grasping by someone 16  
39 to cook word info (ya)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
152 small (ya)-ʀikiʀik   66  
209 One Hundred word info (ye)-pwúkúw   20  
170 when? word info (yi)-nee-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
189 who? word info (yi)-yé   9  
170 when? word info (yi)-ŋe-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
2 left (yii)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷota- cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
5 to walk -fetál here and there, everywhere 8  
195 no, not -há not 4  
210 One Thousand word info -ŋe-ray   17  
31 tooth -ŋi   30  
206 Ten word info -ŋool   5  
179 near akka-rap be close 13  
23 blood cca   1  
23 blood ccaa-   1  
142 heavy ccówo ccówú- (sic) 9  
142 heavy ccówú- ccówú- (sic) 9  
15 bone cúú   2  
33 to laugh fah to laugh 10  
146 ash falaŋ ashes 8  
120 stone fawú (sic) stone, coral, rock 1  
86 to grow word info ffól my upbringing (sic) 8  
85 to choose fili-(i-y) choose it 1  
103 meat/flesh fitik   10  
103 meat/flesh fitiko-   10  
88 to squeeze word info fiye-(y) squeeze, strangle 15  
118 grass fátil   1  
118 grass fátili-(n)   1  
200 Four word info fáán   1, 69  
163 new   1  
203 Seven word info féhu-uw   1  
66 to tie up, fasten féé-ti-(y)   11  
66 to tie up, fasten fééfé   11  
84 to plant fót   6  
84 to plant fóto-ki-(y)   6  
86 to grow word info fóóle-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-ni my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-yá-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
130 star fúú   1  
203 Seven word info fúú-   1  
203 Seven word info fúús   1  
98 egg hakull   1, 66  
98 egg hakullú-(n)   1, 66  
13 back word info hakúr   12  
60 father hama-(n) his father 1  
60 father hamá-(n) father of 1  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaay painful/hurt 14  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaayi-(n) sick 14  
124 sea heti-   1  
65 rope háli-(n) rigging of 1  
56 child hári-   7  
161 shy, ashamed háwo (sic) 5  
65 rope háál rigging 1  
56 child háár   7  
124 sea háát   1  
34 to cry háŋ   1  
181 where? word info i-fa   3, 48  
102 rat keeʀ rat 16  
90 to dig kel dig earth (as with a shovel) 1  
90 to dig keli-ŋi-(y)   1  
77 to scratch word info keri-(y) scratch it. 12  
77 to scratch word info keriker scratch 12  
102 rat keʀe-(n) rat of 16  
102 rat keʀekeʀ   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀi-(n)   16  
12 skin kiil   1  
185 we word info kiiʀ incl. 1, 42  
12 skin kili   1  
152 small kitikit   80  
185 we word info kiʀ incl. 1, 42  
33 to laugh kkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
81 sharp kkáŋ   14, 68  
41 to bite kkú-ú to bite 9  
183 thou ko   1  
1 hand kumʷúʀ   9  
77 to scratch word info kéét to itch 11  
82 dull, blunt kópʷ   13  
144 to burn word info be burning but not flaming 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kúle-e-(y) find it, know it, understand it 18  
8 to turn word info kúll to turn (as in walking)    
108 louse word info kúwá-(n)   1  
108 louse word info kúúw   1  
153 big lap   10  
201 Five word info liim   1  
201 Five word info lim-man   1  
201 Five word info lime   1  
201 Five word info lime-   1  
201 Five word info limo-ow   1  
55 woman/female liye-   6  
174 in, inside lló-(n) inside of it 1  
128 sky lááŋ sky 1  
128 sky láŋi- rain 1  
38 to chew word info lúú (sic) to chew (as gum)/eat noisily/eat (polite) 59  
38 to chew word info lúúlú chew/eat (polite to children) 59  
157 thick word info ma-aliyéél (sic) be thick (as paper) 3  
129 moon ma-ram moon, month 7  
45 eye maah   1  
48 to sleep mawúr   1  
192 and me and (with) 2  
22 to fear me-hak be afraid 1  
124 sea me-taw   13  
45 eye meha-(n)   1  
45 eye mehá-(n)   1  
160 painful, sick meták painful/hurt 1  
140 dry word info mmat   11  
95 to fall word info mor fall as breadfruit (sic) 16  
75 to die, be dead   1  
76 to live, be alive má-naw   7  
21 to think máŋimáŋ thought 11  
192 and and (with) 2  
47 to yawn mém-méwóó-(n-atél)   19  
51 to sit mó-tiw to sit down (sic) 18, 101  
146 ash mó-óʀóóʀo-(n) very light-weight ash 9  
51 to sit móót to sit 18, 101  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuh   1  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
154 short word info mʷoʀomʷoʀ   12  
54 man/male mʷáán man/male 1  
37 to eat mʷéŋé eat food 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋéé-(n) food of 8  
73 to steal mʷóʀow be wild, rascally 9  
56 child nawú-n   5  
56 child nawúnaw   5  
74 to kill ni strike/hit/kill 11  
74 to kill nii-ni to hit/kill/murder 11  
56 child náyi-náy   5  
109 mosquito nóómʷ mosquito 1  
196 to count paapa   11  
1 hand paaw   8  
134 thunder pachch thunder 15, 16  
134 thunder pachchi-(n) thunder of 15, 16  
149 red pappar   17  
149 red par   17  
149 red parapar   17  
1 hand pawú-n   8  
146 ash peyah cinders 7  
146 ash peyaha-(n)   7  
146 ash peyiha-(n)   7  
4 leg/foot peʀe   15  
121 sand ppi   12  
121 sand ppiyá-n   12  
57 husband pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 16  
58 wife pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 10  
166 correct, true puuŋ (sic) be correct, right 12  
196 to count páá-ŋ   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi-(y)   11  
196 to count páápá   11  
116 flower péé-n flower of 10  
116 flower péé-yi flower of 10  
112 rotten word info pʷa   17  
92 to open, uncover pʷak open a bit (as a bud) 1  
87 to swell word info pʷo   9  
93 to pound, beat word info pʷo pound (breadfruit) 3  
87 to swell word info pʷoopʷo   9  
27 nose pʷoot   1, 12  
27 nose pʷootú-   1, 12  
167 night pʷooŋ   1  
167 night pʷoŋi-   1  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷél soil 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷéli- soil 13  
123 to flow pʷu flow (as blood) 11  
39 to cook word info pʷuka cooked/cook slowly 12  
123 to flow pʷuupʷu (as river) 11  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
187 they re-   1, 70  
44 to hear roŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
122 water word info ráni-   1  
79 stick/wood ráá   2  
113 branch word info ráá   1  
79 stick/wood ráá-n   2  
113 branch word info ráá-n   1  
168 day ráán   6  
198 Two word info rúwa-   1  
198 Two word info rúúw   1  
16 intestines taa   14  
67 to sew word info tee-y ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info teete ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti (faaʀ) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-k ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
68 needle ti-kek   11  
67 to sew word info ti-ki-i-(y) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
80 to split word info tile-ŋi-(y) to cut open, split 29  
180 far too-(wo-ló)   1  
90 to dig tow   8  
50 to dream ttan to dream 9  
50 to dream ttana-a dream it 9  
205 Nine word info ttiw   5  
205 Nine word info ttiwa-   5  
71 to stab, pierce tto to stab, pierce 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow stab, spear 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow-(púŋ) vaccinate, inject. 13  
72 to hit word info tuku-u-(w) hit, strike (something) 8, 63  
172 to climb word info téé-(tá) to climb/go up/rise 8  
172 to climb word info téé-ki-y climb up ( a tree etc) 8  
29 to sniff, smell téŋú-ú-(w) to smell, sniff (something) 11  
18 breast túút breast/nipple 1  
127 woods/forest waal forest/jungle 17  
204 Eight word info waal   3  
115 root waar   2  
115 root waara-(n)   2  
127 woods/forest wali-(n) forest/jungle 17  
204 Eight word info wali-ik   3  
204 Eight word info walu-uw   3  
204 Eight word info walú-   3  
127 woods/forest walúwal trees/forested 17  
204 Eight word info wanú-   3  
46 to see weri-(y) see/find/get/come upon 10  
46 to see weriwer to see/find 10  
137 to blow word info wiiki-(y) to blow (something) as by wind or person 15  
183 thou wo   1  
183 thou wo- (vocative honorific) 1  
54 man/male wolo- male with demonstrative 13  
202 Six word info wono-   1  
49 to lie down word info woon lie down/sleep (sic) 1  
202 Six word info woon   1  
131 cloud word info woʀow white cloud, rain 15  
93 to pound, beat word info wuk to pound (sic) 20, 2  
14 belly wupʷe-(er) their bellys 11  
14 belly wuupʷ belly, stomach 11  
117 fruit wuwa fruit, flower, bur 1  
105 tail wúkú-   1  
93 to pound, beat word info wúkúúk to pound taro 20, 2  
26 hair word info wún hair/feather/scale/his hair. 10  
40 to drink wún   1  
99 feather wún (= sic) 30  
40 to drink wúnu-ma-(n)   1, 71  
26 hair word info wúnú-(n)   10  
99 feather wúnú-(n) hair/feathers/scales/his hair 30  
40 to drink wúnú-mi-(y)   1, 59  
133 rain wút (sic) 1  
133 rain wúté-(n) (sic) 1  
25 neck wúwa-(n)   18  
52 to stand wúú-(tá) stand up/rise 2  
105 tail wúúk   1  
25 neck wúúw   18  
179 near ya-rap be or draw near/close 13  
6 road/path yaal path/road/street/his path 1  
195 no, not yaapʷ no 14  
145 smoke word info yaat smoke 2  
30 mouth yaawo mouth 36  
9 to swim yaf   7  
151 green yarawaraw shade of light green 13, 52  
186 you yaw   36  
37 to eat yaŋi-(y) nibble/munch/eat it. 1  
197 One word info ye-   1  
177 this yeen   1, 33  
178 that yeen   1  
183 thou yeen   6  
19 shoulder yefar shoulder 1  
62 thatch/roof yeho-(n)   1  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts / plans 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts/plans/think/suppose 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) thought / suppose 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) think it 12  
6 road/path yela-(n)   1  
155 long word info yelaye-(n) length, height 13  
199 Three word info yeli-ik   1  
199 Three word info yelu-(uw)   1  
151 green yeraw shade of light green 13, 52  
53 person/human being yere-mah   67, 70  
30 mouth yewá-(y) my mouth 36  
102 rat yeʀekeʀ   16  
173 at yi-   1  
61 house yiimʷ   1, 48  
59 mother yiin mother 1  
187 they yiir   1, 70  
63 name yiit   66  
184 he/she yiiy independent pronoun 1  
61 house yimʷa-(n)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷá-ni-(y)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷáyimʷ   1, 48  
59 mother yiná-(y) my mother 1  
63 name yita-   66  
63 name yitá-   66  
181 where? word info yiya   37  
171 to hide word info yopo-(ló) to h., take shelter 5  
9 to swim yáfe-   7  
21 to think yákiyák to think 12  
21 to think yákiyák think it. 12  
196 to count yálle-(ya)   12  
196 to count yálle-(ya-ni)   12  
193 if yáre if, or, whether 7  
77 to scratch word info yáriker scratch 12  
185 we word info yáy excl. 43  
143 fire yááf   1  
101 to fly yáál (sic) 13  
186 you yáámi   1, 13  
17 liver yááyá   1  
136 wind yááŋ   1  
136 wind yáŋiyáŋ   1  
94 to throw word info yáʀe-(y)   14  
199 Three word info yélú-   1  
199 Three word info yéél   1  
197 One word info yéét   1  
62 thatch/roof yóho-(n)   1  
150 yellow yóleyól   9  
36 to spit yóttúf saliva/sputum 19, 55  
186 you yów   36  
62 thatch/roof yóóh   1  
150 yellow yóól   9  
36 to spit óttúfe to spit 19, 55  
182 I ŋa   12  
182 I ŋaaŋ   12  
28 to breathe ŋahaŋah breathe/breath 10  
192 and ŋe and (but) 10  
31 tooth ŋii   30  
31 tooth ŋii-(n)   30  
192 and ŋé and (but) 10  
38 to chew word info ŋú-ti-(y) chew and suck it 11  
122 water word info ʀaan   1  
152 small ʀik   66  
114 leaf ʀéé   1  
147 black ʀóló-(kiiʀ) be black 8  
147 black ʀólú-(n) s. of. 8  
55 woman/female ʀóó-pʷut older woman 7  
147 black ʀóól soot 8  
57 husband ʀóónimw   39  
58 wife ʀóónimw   22  

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