https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Puluwatese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
7 to come      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
24 head      
32 tongue      
42 to suck      
43 ear      
64 to say      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
96 dog      
97 bird      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
111 fish      
125 salt      
126 lake      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
141 wet      
148 white      
156 thin word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
162 old word info      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
169 year      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
191 all      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
8 to turn word info kúll to turn (as in walking)    
6 road/path yaal path/road/street/his path 1  
6 road/path yela-(n)   1  
12 skin kiil   1  
12 skin kili   1  
17 liver yááyá   1  
18 breast túút breast/nipple 1  
19 shoulder yefar shoulder 1  
22 to fear me-hak be afraid 1  
23 blood cca   1  
23 blood ccaa-   1  
34 to cry háŋ   1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuh   1  
37 to eat yaŋi-(y) nibble/munch/eat it. 1  
40 to drink wún   1  
44 to hear roŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
45 eye maah   1  
45 eye meha-(n)   1  
45 eye mehá-(n)   1  
48 to sleep mawúr   1  
49 to lie down word info woon lie down/sleep (sic) 1  
54 man/male mʷáán man/male 1  
59 mother yiin mother 1  
59 mother yiná-(y) my mother 1  
60 father hama-(n) his father 1  
60 father hamá-(n) father of 1  
62 thatch/roof yóóh   1  
62 thatch/roof yóho-(n)   1  
62 thatch/roof yeho-(n)   1  
65 rope háál rigging 1  
65 rope háli-(n) rigging of 1  
75 to die, be dead   1  
85 to choose fili-(i-y) choose it 1  
90 to dig kel dig earth (as with a shovel) 1  
90 to dig keli-ŋi-(y)   1  
92 to open, uncover pʷak open a bit (as a bud) 1  
105 tail wúúk   1  
105 tail wúkú-   1  
108 louse word info kúúw   1  
108 louse word info kúwá-(n)   1  
109 mosquito nóómʷ mosquito 1  
109 mosquito (tówu)-nómʷ mosquito net 1  
113 branch word info ráá   1  
113 branch word info ráá-n   1  
114 leaf ʀéé   1  
117 fruit wuwa fruit, flower, bur 1  
118 grass fátil   1  
118 grass fátili-(n)   1  
120 stone fawú (sic) stone, coral, rock 1  
122 water word info ʀaan   1  
122 water word info ráni-   1  
124 sea heti-   1  
124 sea háát   1  
128 sky lááŋ sky 1  
128 sky láŋi- rain 1  
130 star fúú   1  
133 rain wút (sic) 1  
133 rain wúté-(n) (sic) 1  
136 wind yááŋ   1  
136 wind yáŋiyáŋ   1  
143 fire yááf   1  
160 painful, sick meták painful/hurt 1  
163 new   1  
163 new (héé)-fé   1  
167 night pʷooŋ   1  
167 night pʷoŋi-   1  
173 at yi-   1  
174 in, inside lló-(n) inside of it 1  
178 that yeen   1  
180 far too-(wo-ló)   1  
183 thou wo- (vocative honorific) 1  
183 thou ko   1  
183 thou wo   1  
184 he/she yiiy independent pronoun 1  
197 One word info yéét   1  
197 One word info ye-   1  
198 Two word info rúúw   1  
198 Two word info rúwa-   1  
199 Three word info yéél   1  
199 Three word info yélú-   1  
199 Three word info yelu-(uw)   1  
199 Three word info yeli-ik   1  
201 Five word info lime   1  
201 Five word info lim-man   1  
201 Five word info limo-ow   1  
201 Five word info lime-   1  
201 Five word info liim   1  
202 Six word info woon   1  
202 Six word info wono-   1  
203 Seven word info féhu-uw   1  
203 Seven word info fúús   1  
203 Seven word info fúú-   1  
177 this yeen   1, 33  
185 we word info kiiʀ incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info kiʀ incl. 1, 42  
61 house yiimʷ   1, 48  
61 house yimʷa-(n)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷá-ni-(y)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷáyimʷ   1, 48  
188 what? word info (mee)-ta what?, why? 1, 64  
98 egg hakull   1, 66  
98 egg hakullú-(n)   1, 66  
200 Four word info fáán   1, 69  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
187 they yiir   1, 70  
27 nose pʷoot   1, 12  
27 nose pʷootú-   1, 12  
186 you yáámi   1, 13  
170 when? word info (yi)-nee-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
170 when? word info (yi)-ŋe-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
40 to drink wúnú-mi-(y)   1, 59  
40 to drink wúnu-ma-(n)   1, 71  
26 hair word info wún hair/feather/scale/his hair. 10  
26 hair word info wúnú-(n)   10  
28 to breathe ŋahaŋah breathe/breath 10  
33 to laugh fah to laugh 10  
46 to see weri-(y) see/find/get/come upon 10  
46 to see weriwer to see/find 10  
58 wife pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 10  
103 meat/flesh fitik   10  
103 meat/flesh fitiko-   10  
116 flower péé-n flower of 10  
116 flower péé-yi flower of 10  
144 to burn word info be burning but not flaming 10  
153 big lap   10  
192 and ŋe and (but) 10  
192 and ŋé and (but) 10  
14 belly wuupʷ belly, stomach 11  
14 belly wupʷe-(er) their bellys 11  
21 to think máŋimáŋ thought 11  
29 to sniff, smell téŋú-ú-(w) to smell, sniff (something) 11  
33 to laugh kkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
33 to laugh (ya)-kékkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
38 to chew word info ŋú-ti-(y) chew and suck it 11  
66 to tie up, fasten fééfé   11  
66 to tie up, fasten féé-ti-(y)   11  
68 needle ti-kek   11  
74 to kill ni strike/hit/kill 11  
74 to kill nii-ni to hit/kill/murder 11  
77 to scratch word info kéét to itch 11  
123 to flow pʷu flow (as blood) 11  
123 to flow pʷuupʷu (as river) 11  
140 dry word info mmat   11  
178 that (i)-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-kko-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-ko-mʷuu-n   11  
196 to count paapa   11  
196 to count páá-ŋ   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi-(y)   11  
196 to count páápá   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi   11  
13 back word info hakúr   12  
21 to think yákiyák to think 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts / plans 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) thought / suppose 12  
21 to think yákiyák think it. 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts/plans/think/suppose 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) think it 12  
39 to cook word info pʷuka cooked/cook slowly 12  
77 to scratch word info yáriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keri-(y) scratch it. 12  
121 sand ppi   12  
121 sand ppiyá-n   12  
154 short word info mʷoʀomʷoʀ   12  
166 correct, true puuŋ (sic) be correct, right 12  
182 I ŋaaŋ   12  
182 I ŋa   12  
196 to count yálle-(ya)   12  
196 to count yálle-(ya-ni)   12  
2 left (húyi)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
2 left (yii)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
54 man/male wolo- male with demonstrative 13  
71 to stab, pierce tto to stab, pierce 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow stab, spear 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow-(púŋ) vaccinate, inject. 13  
82 dull, blunt kópʷ   13  
101 to fly yáál (sic) 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷél soil 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷéli- soil 13  
124 sea me-taw   13  
155 long word info yelaye-(n) length, height 13  
179 near ya-rap be or draw near/close 13  
179 near akka-rap be close 13  
151 green yeraw shade of light green 13, 52  
151 green yarawaraw shade of light green 13, 52  
16 intestines taa   14  
94 to throw word info yáʀe-(y)   14  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaay painful/hurt 14  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaayi-(n) sick 14  
195 no, not yaapʷ no 14  
81 sharp kkáŋ   14, 68  
4 leg/foot peʀe   15  
88 to squeeze word info fiye-(y) squeeze, strangle 15  
131 cloud word info woʀow white cloud, rain 15  
137 to blow word info wiiki-(y) to blow (something) as by wind or person 15  
134 thunder pachch thunder 15, 16  
134 thunder pachchi-(n) thunder of 15, 16  
57 husband pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 16  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀ to hold/handle/grip/make tight 16  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀú-(ya-) holding or grasping by someone 16  
95 to fall word info mor fall as breadfruit (sic) 16  
102 rat keeʀ rat 16  
102 rat keʀe-(n) rat of 16  
102 rat yeʀekeʀ   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀi-(n)   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀ   16  
112 rotten word info pʷa   17  
127 woods/forest waal forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest wali-(n) forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest walúwal trees/forested 17  
149 red par   17  
149 red parapar   17  
149 red pappar   17  
210 One Thousand word info -ŋe-ray   17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kúle-e-(y) find it, know it, understand it 18  
25 neck wúúw   18  
25 neck wúwa-(n)   18  
51 to sit móót to sit 18, 101  
51 to sit mó-tiw to sit down (sic) 18, 101  
47 to yawn mém-méwóó-(n-atél)   19  
36 to spit yóttúf saliva/sputum 19, 55  
36 to spit óttúfe to spit 19, 55  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (ya)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷota- cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
15 bone cúú   2  
52 to stand wúú-(tá) stand up/rise 2  
67 to sew word info teete ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info tee-y ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti (faaʀ) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-k ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-ki-i-(y) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
79 stick/wood ráá   2  
79 stick/wood ráá-n   2  
115 root waar   2  
115 root waara-(n)   2  
145 smoke word info yaat smoke 2  
192 and me and (with) 2  
192 and and (with) 2  
209 One Hundred word info (ye)-pwúkúw   20  
93 to pound, beat word info wuk to pound (sic) 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info wúkúúk to pound taro 20, 2  
58 wife ʀóónimw   22  
80 to split word info tile-ŋi-(y) to cut open, split 29  
93 to pound, beat word info pʷo pound (breadfruit) 3  
157 thick word info ma-aliyéél (sic) be thick (as paper) 3  
204 Eight word info wanú-   3  
204 Eight word info wali-ik   3  
204 Eight word info walu-uw   3  
204 Eight word info walú-   3  
204 Eight word info waal   3  
181 where? word info i-fa   3, 48  
31 tooth ŋii   30  
31 tooth ŋii-(n)   30  
31 tooth -ŋi   30  
99 feather wún (= sic) 30  
99 feather wúnú-(n) hair/feathers/scales/his hair 30  
30 mouth yaawo mouth 36  
30 mouth yewá-(y) my mouth 36  
186 you yaw   36  
186 you yów   36  
181 where? word info yiya   37  
57 husband ʀóónimw   39  
195 no, not -há not 4  
185 we word info yáy excl. 43  
56 child nawú-n   5  
56 child nawúnaw   5  
56 child náyi-náy   5  
161 shy, ashamed háwo (sic) 5  
171 to hide word info yopo-(ló) to h., take shelter 5  
205 Nine word info ttiwa-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiw   5  
206 Ten word info -ŋool   5  
38 to chew word info lúú (sic) to chew (as gum)/eat noisily/eat (polite) 59  
38 to chew word info lúúlú chew/eat (polite to children) 59  
55 woman/female liye-   6  
84 to plant fót   6  
84 to plant fóto-ki-(y)   6  
168 day ráán   6  
183 thou yeen   6  
63 name yiit   66  
63 name yita-   66  
63 name yitá-   66  
152 small ʀik   66  
152 small (ya)-ʀikiʀik   66  
53 person/human being yere-mah   67, 70  
9 to swim yaf   7  
9 to swim yáfe-   7  
55 woman/female ʀóó-pʷut older woman 7  
56 child háár   7  
56 child hári-   7  
76 to live, be alive má-naw   7  
76 to live, be alive (ya)-ma-nawa   7  
129 moon ma-ram moon, month 7  
146 ash peyah cinders 7  
146 ash peyaha-(n)   7  
146 ash peyiha-(n)   7  
193 if yáre if, or, whether 7  
1 hand paaw   8  
1 hand pawú-n   8  
5 to walk -fetál here and there, everywhere 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋé eat food 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋéé-(n) food of 8  
86 to grow word info ffól my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-ni my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-yá-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
90 to dig tow   8  
146 ash falaŋ ashes 8  
147 black ʀóló-(kiiʀ) be black 8  
147 black ʀóól soot 8  
147 black ʀólú-(n) s. of. 8  
172 to climb word info téé-(tá) to climb/go up/rise 8  
172 to climb word info téé-ki-y climb up ( a tree etc) 8  
72 to hit word info tuku-u-(w) hit, strike (something) 8, 63  
152 small kitikit   80  
1 hand kumʷúʀ   9  
41 to bite kkú-ú to bite 9  
50 to dream ttan to dream 9  
50 to dream ttana-a dream it 9  
73 to steal mʷóʀow be wild, rascally 9  
87 to swell word info pʷo   9  
87 to swell word info pʷoopʷo   9  
142 heavy ccówo ccówú- (sic) 9  
142 heavy ccówú- ccówú- (sic) 9  
146 ash mó-óʀóóʀo-(n) very light-weight ash 9  
150 yellow yóól   9  
150 yellow yóleyól   9  
189 who? word info (yi)-yé   9  

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