https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Puluwatese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand paaw   8  
1 hand pawú-n   8  
1 hand kumʷúʀ   9  
2 left (húyi)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
2 left (yii)-mééyúŋ be on the left hand side 13  
3 right      
4 leg/foot peʀe   15  
5 to walk -fetál here and there, everywhere 8  
6 road/path yaal path/road/street/his path 1  
6 road/path yela-(n)   1  
7 to come      
8 to turn word info kúll to turn (as in walking)    
9 to swim yaf   7  
9 to swim yáfe-   7  
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin kiil   1  
12 skin kili   1  
13 back word info hakúr   12  
14 belly wuupʷ belly, stomach 11  
14 belly wupʷe-(er) their bellys 11  
15 bone cúú   2  
16 intestines taa   14  
17 liver yááyá   1  
18 breast túút breast/nipple 1  
19 shoulder yefar shoulder 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kúle-e-(y) find it, know it, understand it 18  
21 to think máŋimáŋ thought 11  
21 to think yákiyák to think 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts / plans 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) thought / suppose 12  
21 to think yákiyák think it. 12  
21 to think yekiyek thoughts/plans/think/suppose 12  
21 to think yekiyeki-(y) think it 12  
22 to fear me-hak be afraid 1  
23 blood cca   1  
23 blood ccaa-   1  
24 head      
25 neck wúúw   18  
25 neck wúwa-(n)   18  
26 hair word info wún hair/feather/scale/his hair. 10  
26 hair word info wúnú-(n)   10  
27 nose pʷoot   1, 12  
27 nose pʷootú-   1, 12  
28 to breathe ŋahaŋah breathe/breath 10  
29 to sniff, smell téŋú-ú-(w) to smell, sniff (something) 11  
30 mouth yaawo mouth 36  
30 mouth yewá-(y) my mouth 36  
31 tooth ŋii   30  
31 tooth ŋii-(n)   30  
31 tooth -ŋi   30  
32 tongue      
33 to laugh fah to laugh 10  
33 to laugh kkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
33 to laugh (ya)-kékkay to laugh/be amusing 11  
34 to cry háŋ   1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuh   1  
36 to spit yóttúf saliva/sputum 19, 55  
36 to spit óttúfe to spit 19, 55  
37 to eat mʷéŋé eat food 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋéé-(n) food of 8  
37 to eat yaŋi-(y) nibble/munch/eat it. 1  
38 to chew word info lúú (sic) to chew (as gum)/eat noisily/eat (polite) 59  
38 to chew word info lúúlú chew/eat (polite to children) 59  
38 to chew word info ŋú-ti-(y) chew and suck it 11  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (ya)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷoot to cook 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
39 to cook word info (yó)-mʷota- cooked/cook slowly 19, 82  
39 to cook word info pʷuka cooked/cook slowly 12  
40 to drink wún   1  
40 to drink wúnú-mi-(y)   1  
40 to drink wúnu-ma-(n)   1  
41 to bite kkú-ú to bite 9  
42 to suck      
43 ear      
44 to hear roŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋ hear/listen/obey 1  
45 eye maah   1  
45 eye meha-(n)   1  
45 eye mehá-(n)   1  
46 to see weri-(y) see/find/get/come upon 10  
46 to see weriwer to see/find 10  
47 to yawn mém-méwóó-(n-atél)   19  
48 to sleep mawúr   1  
49 to lie down word info woon lie down/sleep (sic) 1  
50 to dream ttan to dream 9  
50 to dream ttana-a dream it 9  
51 to sit móót to sit 18, 101  
51 to sit mó-tiw to sit down (sic) 18, 101  
52 to stand wúú-(tá) stand up/rise 2  
53 person/human being yere-mah   67, 70  
54 man/male mʷáán man/male 1  
54 man/male wolo- male with demonstrative 13  
55 woman/female ʀóó-pʷut older woman 7  
55 woman/female liye-   6  
56 child nawú-n   5  
56 child nawúnaw   5  
56 child náyi-náy   5  
56 child háár   7  
56 child hári-   7  
57 husband pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 16  
57 husband ʀóónimw   39  
58 wife pulú-wa-(n) his/her spouse (sic) 10  
58 wife ʀóónimw   22  
59 mother yiin mother 1  
59 mother yiná-(y) my mother 1  
60 father hama-(n) his father 1  
60 father hamá-(n) father of 1  
61 house yiimʷ   1, 48  
61 house yimʷa-(n)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷá-ni-(y)   1, 48  
61 house yimʷáyimʷ   1, 48  
62 thatch/roof yóóh   1  
62 thatch/roof yóho-(n)   1  
62 thatch/roof yeho-(n)   1  
63 name yiit   1, 66  
63 name yita-   1, 66  
63 name yitá-   1, 66  
64 to say      
65 rope háál rigging 1  
65 rope háli-(n) rigging of 1  
66 to tie up, fasten fééfé   11  
66 to tie up, fasten féé-ti-(y)   11  
67 to sew word info teete ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info tee-y ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti (faaʀ) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-k ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
67 to sew word info ti-ki-i-(y) ti (faaʀ) = sew thatch 2  
68 needle ti-kek   11  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce tto to stab, pierce 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow stab, spear 13  
71 to stab, pierce ttow-(púŋ) vaccinate, inject. 13  
72 to hit word info tuku-u-(w) hit, strike (something) 8, 63  
73 to steal mʷóʀow be wild, rascally 9  
74 to kill ni strike/hit/kill 11  
74 to kill nii-ni to hit/kill/murder 11  
75 to die, be dead   1  
76 to live, be alive má-naw   7  
76 to live, be alive (ya)-ma-nawa   7  
77 to scratch word info kéét to itch 11  
77 to scratch word info yáriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keriker scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info keri-(y) scratch it. 12  
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood ráá   2  
79 stick/wood ráá-n   2  
80 to split word info tile-ŋi-(y) to cut open, split 29  
81 sharp kkáŋ   14, 68  
82 dull, blunt kópʷ   13  
83 to work word info      
84 to plant fót   6  
84 to plant fóto-ki-(y)   6  
85 to choose fili-(i-y) choose it 1  
86 to grow word info ffól my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-ni my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
86 to grow word info fóóle-yá-(y) my upbringing (sic) 8  
87 to swell word info pʷo   9  
87 to swell word info pʷoopʷo   9  
88 to squeeze word info fiye-(y) squeeze, strangle 15  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀ to hold/handle/grip/make tight 16  
89 to hold word info (ya)-mʷaʀú-(ya-) holding or grasping by someone 16  
90 to dig kel dig earth (as with a shovel) 1  
90 to dig keli-ŋi-(y)   1  
90 to dig tow   8  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover pʷak open a bit (as a bud) 1  
93 to pound, beat word info pʷo pound (breadfruit) 3  
93 to pound, beat word info wuk to pound (sic) 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info wúkúúk to pound taro 20, 2  
94 to throw word info yáʀe-(y)   14  
95 to fall word info mor fall as breadfruit (sic) 16  
96 dog      
97 bird      
98 egg hakull   1, 66  
98 egg hakullú-(n)   1, 66  
99 feather wún (= sic) 30  
99 feather wúnú-(n) hair/feathers/scales/his hair 30  
100 wing      
101 to fly yáál (sic) 13  
102 rat keeʀ rat 16  
102 rat keʀe-(n) rat of 16  
102 rat yeʀekeʀ   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀi-(n)   16  
102 rat keʀekeʀ   16  
103 meat/flesh fitik   10  
103 meat/flesh fitiko-   10  
104 fat/grease      
105 tail wúúk   1  
105 tail wúkú-   1  
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info kúúw   1  
108 louse word info kúwá-(n)   1  
109 mosquito nóómʷ mosquito 1  
109 mosquito (tówu)-nómʷ mosquito net 1  
110 spider      
111 fish      
112 rotten word info pʷa   17  
113 branch word info ráá   1  
113 branch word info ráá-n   1  
114 leaf ʀéé   1  
115 root waar   2  
115 root waara-(n)   2  
116 flower péé-n flower of 10  
116 flower péé-yi flower of 10  
117 fruit wuwa fruit, flower, bur 1  
118 grass fátil   1  
118 grass fátili-(n)   1  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷél soil 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷéli- soil 13  
120 stone fawú (sic) stone, coral, rock 1  
121 sand ppi   12  
121 sand ppiyá-n   12  
122 water word info ʀaan   1  
122 water word info ráni-   1  
123 to flow pʷu flow (as blood) 11  
123 to flow pʷuupʷu (as river) 11  
124 sea me-taw   13  
124 sea heti-   1  
124 sea háát   1  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest waal forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest wali-(n) forest/jungle 17  
127 woods/forest walúwal trees/forested 17  
128 sky lááŋ sky 1  
128 sky láŋi- rain 1  
129 moon ma-ram moon, month 7  
130 star fúú   1  
131 cloud word info woʀow white cloud, rain 15  
132 fog      
133 rain wút (sic) 1  
133 rain wúté-(n) (sic) 1  
134 thunder pachch thunder 15, 16  
134 thunder pachchi-(n) thunder of 15, 16  
135 lightning      
136 wind yááŋ   1  
136 wind yáŋiyáŋ   1  
137 to blow word info wiiki-(y) to blow (something) as by wind or person 15  
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
140 dry word info mmat   11  
141 wet      
142 heavy ccówo ccówú- (sic) 9  
142 heavy ccówú- ccówú- (sic) 9  
143 fire yááf   1  
144 to burn word info be burning but not flaming 10  
145 smoke word info yaat smoke 2  
146 ash falaŋ ashes 8  
146 ash peyah cinders 7  
146 ash peyaha-(n)   7  
146 ash peyiha-(n)   7  
146 ash mó-óʀóóʀo-(n) very light-weight ash 9  
147 black ʀóló-(kiiʀ) be black 8  
147 black ʀóól soot 8  
147 black ʀólú-(n) s. of. 8  
148 white      
149 red par   17  
149 red parapar   17  
149 red pappar   17  
150 yellow yóól   9  
150 yellow yóleyól   9  
151 green yeraw shade of light green 13, 52  
151 green yarawaraw shade of light green 13, 52  
152 small ʀik   66  
152 small (ya)-ʀikiʀik   66  
152 small kitikit   80  
153 big lap   10  
154 short word info mʷoʀomʷoʀ   12  
155 long word info yelaye-(n) length, height 13  
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info ma-aliyéél (sic) be thick (as paper) 3  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick meták painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaay painful/hurt 14  
160 painful, sick he-mʷaayi-(n) sick 14  
161 shy, ashamed háwo (sic) 5  
162 old word info      
163 new   1  
163 new (héé)-fé   1  
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true puuŋ (sic) be correct, right 12  
167 night pʷooŋ   1  
167 night pʷoŋi-   1  
168 day ráán   6  
169 year      
170 when? word info (yi)-nee-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
170 when? word info (yi)-ŋe-t (yi)-ŋe-t (sic) 1, 24  
171 to hide word info yopo-(ló) to h., take shelter 5  
172 to climb word info téé-(tá) to climb/go up/rise 8  
172 to climb word info téé-ki-y climb up ( a tree etc) 8  
173 at yi-   1  
174 in, inside lló-(n) inside of it 1  
175 above      
176 below      
177 this yeen   1, 33  
178 that yeen   1  
178 that (i)-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-kko-mʷu   11  
178 that (i)-ko-mʷuu-n   11  
179 near ya-rap be or draw near/close 13  
179 near akka-rap be close 13  
180 far too-(wo-ló)   1  
181 where? word info i-fa   3, 48  
181 where? word info yiya   37  
182 I ŋaaŋ   12  
182 I ŋa   12  
183 thou wo- (vocative honorific) 1  
183 thou ko   1  
183 thou wo   1  
183 thou yeen   6  
184 he/she yiiy independent pronoun 1  
185 we word info kiiʀ incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info kiʀ incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info yáy excl. 43  
186 you yaw   36  
186 you yów   36  
186 you yáámi   1, 13  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
187 they yiir   1, 70  
188 what? word info (mee)-ta what?, why? 1, 64  
189 who? word info (yi)-yé   9  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and me and (with) 2  
192 and and (with) 2  
192 and ŋe and (but) 10  
192 and ŋé and (but) 10  
193 if yáre if, or, whether 7  
194 how? word info      
195 no, not yaapʷ no 14  
195 no, not -há not 4  
196 to count yálle-(ya)   12  
196 to count yálle-(ya-ni)   12  
196 to count paapa   11  
196 to count páá-ŋ   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi-(y)   11  
196 to count páápá   11  
196 to count páá-ŋi   11  
197 One word info yéét   1  
197 One word info ye-   1  
198 Two word info rúúw   1  
198 Two word info rúwa-   1  
199 Three word info yéél   1  
199 Three word info yélú-   1  
199 Three word info yelu-(uw)   1  
199 Three word info yeli-ik   1  
200 Four word info fáán   1, 69  
201 Five word info lime   1  
201 Five word info lim-man   1  
201 Five word info limo-ow   1  
201 Five word info lime-   1  
201 Five word info liim   1  
202 Six word info woon   1  
202 Six word info wono-   1  
203 Seven word info féhu-uw   1  
203 Seven word info fúús   1  
203 Seven word info fúú-   1  
204 Eight word info wanú-   3  
204 Eight word info wali-ik   3  
204 Eight word info walu-uw   3  
204 Eight word info walú-   3  
204 Eight word info waal   3  
205 Nine word info ttiwa-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiw   5  
206 Ten word info -ŋool   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info (ye)-pwúkúw   20  
210 One Thousand word info -ŋe-ray   17  

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