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Language: Yabem

Source/Author:  Otto Dempwolff’s Grammar of the Jabêm Language 
Notes:  Otto Dempwolff's Grammar of the Jabem Language in New Guinea, translated and edited by Joel Bradshaw and Francisc Czobor, Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication, No. 32, Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 2005

ê = a vowel between e and i
ô = a vowel between o and u
c = glottal stop
j = voiced palatal fricative (English 'y' in 'yard', 'yoke', etc.)
acute accent (') = high tone
grave accent (`) = low tone
only high-tone vowels occur after t p, t, k, and kw, and before p
only low-tone vowels occur after b, d, g, and gw, mb, nd, Å‹g, ngw, and ns, and before b 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Francisc Czobor  Checked By: Francisc Czobor 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Huon Gulf:North 
Map 
 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 40 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above   2  
191 all sàmòb   ?  
192 and ma   2  
146 ash wào   1  
173 at àŋga preposition    
13 back word info dêmôê his or her back 61  
165 bad, evil sec   1  
14 belly tâê his or her belly 19  
176 below làbu      
153 big kapôêŋ      
97 bird moc   1?  
147 black jejec      
23 blood dec   1  
15 bone têkwa his or her bone 1, 10  
113 branch word info laka   1  
18 breast su   1  
56 child ŋapalê child ( general )    
56 child latu his or her child 5, 93  
131 cloud word info tao (Streicher 1937)    
139 cold word info ŋa-lùc [low tone] (Streicher 1982) 77  
166 correct, true ŋanô true ( lit. 'its fruit' ) 17  
168 day geleŋ      
10 dirty ŋatêmui      
96 dog kêam   42  
140 dry word info masê dry, ripe, hard 11  
82 dull, blunt ŋamatatuc 'sharp' + 'not' x  
11 dust ŋakekop   17  
43 ear taŋa his or her ear 1  
119 earth/soil nom      
98 egg ŋa-kêcsulu   1  
204 Eight word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô têlêàc      
45 eye mata his or her eye 1  
180 far jàêc      
104 fat/grease ŋa-lêsi (Streicher 1937)    
60 father tama his or her father 1  
99 feather wàô      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire ja   1  
111 fish i   1  
201 Five word info lemeŋteŋ "our hand one" 1  
116 flower òla blossom    
132 fog ômbiŋ (Streicher 1937)    
200 Four word info àc-lề      
117 fruit ŋanô its fruit 47  
164 good ŋajàm good, beautiful    
118 grass òba      
151 green juju dark green, bluish green    
26 hair word info lauŋ   40  
1 hand lêma his or her hand 1  
184 he/she   21  
24 head môkê his or her head    
142 heavy wapac   46  
61 house àndu   7  
194 how? word info àmboac òndoc      
57 husband akweŋ      
182 I   1, 21  
193 if èmbe   28  
174 in, inside lêlôm inside 1, 26  
16 intestines têntac (Streicher 1982) 29  
126 lake      
114 leaf lauŋ   1  
2 left gasêŋa   15  
4 leg/foot à his or her leg or foot 1  
135 lightning ôsic   2  
17 liver atê   1  
155 long word info baliŋ   54  
108 louse word info tôm 'louse, tick' (Streicher 1982) 3  
54 man/male ŋac man 14  
103 meat/flesh ŋa-mêsôm (Streicher 1982)    
129 moon ajôŋ   67  
109 mosquito kawaŋ (Streicher 1937) 67  
59 mother têna his or her mother 1  
30 mouth àwà his mouth 36  
63 name (ŋa-)ê (its) name 1, 18  
158 narrow      
179 near -(n)da(m)biŋ   20  
25 neck gêsu his or her neck 66  
68 needle ŋa-sêli   1  
163 new wakuc   1  
167 night bêc   1, 77  
205 Nine word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô àclề      
195 no, not atom      
27 nose lusu his or her nose 1  
162 old word info làŋgwa      
197 One word info teŋ   14  
197 One word info tageŋ   14  
209 One Hundred word info ŋacsàmuc ŋalemeŋteŋ 'man-whole (x) five' (Streicher 1937)    
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other teŋ      
190 other ŋagêdô      
160 painful, sick -mac to get or be sick 71  
53 person/human being ŋamalac      
53 person/human being tau   1  
133 rain kom      
102 rat gwaŋ      
149 red kokoc < koc 'betel chew'    
3 right anôŋa   20  
6 road/path intêna   10  
115 root ŋa-wakac its root 2  
65 rope lêpoa string, cord, rope    
112 rotten word info gê-môb it is rotten 52, 107  
125 salt gwêc 'saltwater, salt' (Streicher 1982)    
121 sand gaŋac (Streicher 1937)    
124 sea gwêc      
203 Seven word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô luàgêc      
81 sharp ŋamata sharp, pointed 36  
154 short word info dambê      
19 shoulder magi- [only in compounds] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô ta "our hand right one"    
12 skin ôli   1  
128 sky undambê      
152 small sauŋ   44  
145 smoke word info dauŋ      
106 snake moac   12  
110 spider kamoalêc      
130 star uti   1  
79 stick/wood kagêdô (Streicher 1937) [ka 'tree, wood']    
120 stone poc   1  
105 tail ŋa-lami 'tail feathers' (Streicher 1937)    
105 tail ŋa-lêŋuc of animal (Streicher 1937)    
206 Ten word info lemeŋlu "our hands two"    
206 Ten word info lemelu "our hands two"    
178 that tonaŋ that near to you    
178 that tônê what is near neither you nor me    
62 thatch/roof sàlôm      
187 they êsêàc   62, 41  
157 thick word info ŋa-dani      
156 thin word info wapi      
177 this tonec   68  
183 thou aôm   1, 67  
199 Three word info têlê-àc   1  
134 thunder wapap   104  
41 to bite -ŋac   77  
137 to blow word info -uc   4  
28 to breathe làu breath    
144 to burn word info -laŋ   75  
144 to burn word info -tuŋ   1  
91 to buy ồli   1  
38 to chew word info koc chew betel 14  
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info -pi   14  
7 to come -mêŋ   1  
39 to cook word info -no   108  
196 to count -sam      
34 to cry -taŋ   1  
78 to cut, hack word info -pa      
75 to die, be dead -mac ềndu to get sick dead 1  
90 to dig -kwê      
50 to dream   1, 37  
40 to drink -nôm   1  
37 to eat -ềŋ realis 1  
37 to eat -niŋ irrealis 1  
95 to fall word info -su   39  
22 to fear -takê   1  
22 to fear -têc      
123 to flow -sèleŋ/-nseleŋ to drip, flow, realis, irrealis    
101 to fly -lồb realis 1?  
101 to fly lôp irrealis 1?  
86 to grow word info -tôp   1  
44 to hear -ŋô   1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info -jàc realis 111  
72 to hit word info -nac irrealis 111  
89 to hold word info -kôc      
69 to hunt word info -janda      
74 to kill -jàc realis    
74 to kill -nac irrealis    
20 to know, be knowledgeable kauc knowledge    
33 to laugh -ômac   3?  
49 to lie down word info -ềc realis 98  
49 to lie down word info -nêc irrealis 98  
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover lasê open ( adjective, adverb )    
84 to plant -sê   66  
84 to plant -puŋ      
93 to pound, beat word info -jac/-nac [combines with *many* resultatives] (Streicher 1982)    
64 to say -sôm -be also means 'to speak'    
64 to say -be   13  
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see -lic   13  
67 to sew word info -si   2?  
70 to shoot word info -pê   1  
51 to sit -ŋgôŋ to sit, stay, remain 79  
48 to sleep -ềc to lie sleep 8  
48 to sleep -nêc bêc to lie sleep    
29 to sniff, smell -ôc to sniff 1  
36 to spit -kasôp   19  
80 to split word info -sêlê      
88 to squeeze word info -pip   21  
71 to stab, pierce -guŋ to spear    
71 to stab, pierce -ŋfuŋ pierce: realis 19  
52 to stand -kô      
73 to steal -nam geŋgeŋ make theft    
42 to suck -lib 'suck [through straw] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
42 to suck -nôm 'drink, absorb' (Streicher 1937, 1982) 50, 36  
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim -im 'immerse oneself' (Streicher 1937) 94  
9 to swim -poac 'float' (Streicher 1937)    
9 to swim -kêkôc 'swim (actively)' (Streicher 1937) 90  
21 to think -(m)be to think, mean, want    
94 to throw word info -baliŋ realis 28  
94 to throw word info -mbaliŋ irrealis 28  
66 to tie up, fasten -sồ   130  
66 to tie up, fasten -kic   20  
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit -luc   8  
5 to walk -jà to go (there): realis 68  
5 to walk -na irrealis.    
83 to work word info -jam realis    
83 to work word info -nam irrealis    
47 to yawn -jam/-nam pamêc 'make yawn' (Streicher 1937)    
32 tongue imbêla his or her tongue 33  
31 tooth lồ   1, 35  
207 Twenty word info ŋacsàmuc ("whole person")    
198 Two word info luà-gêc   1  
138 warm word info ŋandaŋ   18  
122 water word info bu   45  
185 we word info aêàc ( there is no incl.excl. distinction ) 1?  
141 wet ŋa-wambuc 'wet, wetness' (Streicher 1937)    
141 wet ŋa-gêbôm 'damp' (Streicher 1937)    
188 what? word info (w)à-geŋ      
170 when? word info gêdêŋ òndoc realis ( when in the past )    
170 when? word info ềndêŋ òndoc irrealis ( when in the future )    
181 where? word info òndoc      
148 white kwalam-kwalam < kwalam 'white cockatoo'    
189 who? word info asa   1  
159 wide      
58 wife àwê      
136 wind mu      
100 wing magê (Streicher 1982) 80  
100 wing mocmagê 'birdwing'] (Streicher 1982) 80  
55 woman/female àwê woman 1, 106  
127 woods/forest saleŋ      
107 worm (earthworm) têmoa 'grubs, maggots, small worms' (Streicher 1982)    
169 year jala German 'jahr' x L
150 yellow      
186 you amàc   1  

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