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Language: Yabem

Source/Author:  Otto Dempwolff’s Grammar of the Jabêm Language 
Notes:  Otto Dempwolff's Grammar of the Jabem Language in New Guinea, translated and edited by Joel Bradshaw and Francisc Czobor, Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication, No. 32, Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 2005

ê = a vowel between e and i
ô = a vowel between o and u
c = glottal stop
j = voiced palatal fricative (English 'y' in 'yard', 'yoke', etc.)
acute accent (') = high tone
grave accent (`) = low tone
only high-tone vowels occur after t p, t, k, and kw, and before p
only low-tone vowels occur after b, d, g, and gw, mb, nd, Å‹g, ngw, and ns, and before b 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Francisc Czobor  Checked By: Francisc Czobor 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Huon Gulf:North 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 40 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
85 to choose      
87 to swell word info      
126 lake      
150 yellow      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
188 what? word info (w)à-geŋ      
63 name (ŋa-)ê (its) name 1, 18  
21 to think -(m)be to think, mean, want    
179 near -(n)da(m)biŋ   20  
94 to throw word info -baliŋ realis 28  
64 to say -be   13  
71 to stab, pierce -guŋ to spear    
9 to swim -im 'immerse oneself' (Streicher 1937) 94  
93 to pound, beat word info -jac/-nac [combines with *many* resultatives] (Streicher 1982)    
83 to work word info -jam realis    
47 to yawn -jam/-nam pamêc 'make yawn' (Streicher 1937)    
69 to hunt word info -janda      
5 to walk -jà to go (there): realis 68  
72 to hit word info -jàc realis 111  
74 to kill -jàc realis    
36 to spit -kasôp   19  
66 to tie up, fasten -kic   20  
90 to dig -kwê      
9 to swim -kêkôc 'swim (actively)' (Streicher 1937) 90  
52 to stand -kô      
89 to hold word info -kôc      
144 to burn word info -laŋ   75  
42 to suck -lib 'suck [through straw] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
46 to see -lic   13  
35 to vomit -luc   8  
101 to fly -lồb realis 1?  
160 painful, sick -mac to get or be sick 71  
75 to die, be dead -mac ềndu to get sick dead 1  
94 to throw word info -mbaliŋ irrealis 28  
7 to come -mêŋ   1  
5 to walk -na irrealis.    
72 to hit word info -nac irrealis 111  
74 to kill -nac irrealis    
83 to work word info -nam irrealis    
73 to steal -nam geŋgeŋ make theft    
37 to eat -niŋ irrealis 1  
39 to cook word info -no   108  
49 to lie down word info -nêc irrealis 98  
48 to sleep -nêc bêc to lie sleep    
40 to drink -nôm   1  
42 to suck -nôm 'drink, absorb' (Streicher 1937, 1982) 50, 36  
78 to cut, hack word info -pa      
172 to climb word info -pi   14  
88 to squeeze word info -pip   21  
9 to swim -poac 'float' (Streicher 1937)    
84 to plant -puŋ      
70 to shoot word info -pê   1  
196 to count -sam      
67 to sew word info -si   2?  
95 to fall word info -su   39  
123 to flow -sèleŋ/-nseleŋ to drip, flow, realis, irrealis    
84 to plant -sê   66  
80 to split word info -sêlê      
64 to say -sôm -be also means 'to speak'    
66 to tie up, fasten -sồ   130  
22 to fear -takê   1  
34 to cry -taŋ   1  
144 to burn word info -tuŋ   1  
22 to fear -têc      
86 to grow word info -tôp   1  
137 to blow word info -uc   4  
8 to turn word info      
29 to sniff, smell -ôc to sniff 1  
33 to laugh -ômac   3?  
41 to bite -ŋac   77  
71 to stab, pierce -ŋfuŋ pierce: realis 19  
51 to sit -ŋgôŋ to sit, stay, remain 79  
44 to hear -ŋô   1  
48 to sleep -ềc to lie sleep 8  
49 to lie down word info -ềc realis 98  
37 to eat -ềŋ realis 1  
129 moon ajôŋ   67  
57 husband akweŋ      
186 you amàc   1  
3 right anôŋa   20  
189 who? word info asa   1  
195 no, not atom      
17 liver atê   1  
182 I   1, 21  
185 we word info aêàc ( there is no incl.excl. distinction ) 1?  
183 thou aôm   1, 67  
155 long word info baliŋ   54  
122 water word info bu   45  
167 night bêc   1, 77  
154 short word info dambê      
145 smoke word info dauŋ      
23 blood dec   1  
13 back word info dêmôê his or her back 61  
184 he/she   21  
2 left gasêŋa   15  
121 sand gaŋac (Streicher 1937)    
168 day geleŋ      
102 rat gwaŋ      
124 sea gwêc      
125 salt gwêc 'saltwater, salt' (Streicher 1982)    
112 rotten word info gê-môb it is rotten 52, 107  
170 when? word info gêdêŋ òndoc realis ( when in the past )    
25 neck gêsu his or her neck 66  
111 fish i   1  
32 tongue imbêla his or her tongue 33  
6 road/path intêna   10  
143 fire ja   1  
169 year jala German 'jahr' x L
147 black jejec      
151 green juju dark green, bluish green    
180 far jàêc      
79 stick/wood kagêdô (Streicher 1937) [ka 'tree, wood']    
110 spider kamoalêc      
153 big kapôêŋ      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kauc knowledge    
109 mosquito kawaŋ (Streicher 1937) 67  
38 to chew word info koc chew betel 14  
149 red kokoc < koc 'betel chew'    
133 rain kom      
148 white kwalam-kwalam < kwalam 'white cockatoo'    
96 dog kêam   42  
113 branch word info laka   1  
92 to open, uncover lasê open ( adjective, adverb )    
56 child latu his or her child 5, 93  
26 hair word info lauŋ   40  
114 leaf lauŋ   1  
206 Ten word info lemelu "our hands two"    
206 Ten word info lemeŋlu "our hands two"    
201 Five word info lemeŋteŋ "our hand one" 1  
203 Seven word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô luàgêc      
202 Six word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô ta "our hand right one"    
204 Eight word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô têlêàc      
205 Nine word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô àclề      
27 nose lusu his or her nose 1  
198 Two word info luà-gêc   1  
176 below làbu      
28 to breathe làu breath    
162 old word info làŋgwa      
174 in, inside lêlôm inside 1, 26  
1 hand lêma his or her hand 1  
65 rope lêpoa string, cord, rope    
101 to fly lôp irrealis 1?  
31 tooth lồ   1, 35  
192 and ma   2  
19 shoulder magi- [only in compounds] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
100 wing magê (Streicher 1982) 80  
140 dry word info masê dry, ripe, hard 11  
45 eye mata his or her eye 1  
106 snake moac   12  
97 bird moc   1?  
100 wing mocmagê 'birdwing'] (Streicher 1982) 80  
136 wind mu      
50 to dream   1, 37  
24 head môkê his or her head    
119 earth/soil nom      
120 stone poc   1  
127 woods/forest saleŋ      
152 small sauŋ   44  
165 bad, evil sec   1  
18 breast su   1  
62 thatch/roof sàlôm      
191 all sàmòb   ?  
197 One word info tageŋ   14  
60 father tama his or her father 1  
131 cloud word info tao (Streicher 1937)    
53 person/human being tau   1  
43 ear taŋa his or her ear 1  
190 other teŋ      
197 One word info teŋ   14  
178 that tonaŋ that near to you    
177 this tonec   68  
14 belly tâê his or her belly 19  
15 bone têkwa his or her bone 1, 10  
199 Three word info têlê-àc   1  
107 worm (earthworm) têmoa 'grubs, maggots, small worms' (Streicher 1982)    
59 mother têna his or her mother 1  
16 intestines têntac (Streicher 1982) 29  
108 louse word info tôm 'louse, tick' (Streicher 1982) 3  
178 that tônê what is near neither you nor me    
128 sky undambê      
130 star uti   1  
163 new wakuc   1  
142 heavy wapac   46  
134 thunder wapap   104  
156 thin word info wapi      
146 ash wào   1  
99 feather wàô      
4 leg/foot à his or her leg or foot 1  
200 Four word info àc-lề      
194 how? word info àmboac òndoc      
61 house àndu   7  
30 mouth àwà his mouth 36  
55 woman/female àwê woman 1, 106  
58 wife àwê      
173 at àŋga preposition    
193 if èmbe   28  
187 they êsêàc   62, 41  
118 grass òba      
116 flower òla blossom    
181 where? word info òndoc      
12 skin ôli   1  
132 fog ômbiŋ (Streicher 1937)    
135 lightning ôsic   2  
157 thick word info ŋa-dani      
141 wet ŋa-gêbôm 'damp' (Streicher 1937)    
98 egg ŋa-kêcsulu   1  
105 tail ŋa-lami 'tail feathers' (Streicher 1937)    
104 fat/grease ŋa-lêsi (Streicher 1937)    
105 tail ŋa-lêŋuc of animal (Streicher 1937)    
139 cold word info ŋa-lùc [low tone] (Streicher 1982) 77  
103 meat/flesh ŋa-mêsôm (Streicher 1982)    
68 needle ŋa-sêli   1  
115 root ŋa-wakac its root 2  
141 wet ŋa-wambuc 'wet, wetness' (Streicher 1937)    
54 man/male ŋac man 14  
207 Twenty word info ŋacsàmuc ("whole person")    
209 One Hundred word info ŋacsàmuc ŋalemeŋteŋ 'man-whole (x) five' (Streicher 1937)    
190 other ŋagêdô      
164 good ŋajàm good, beautiful    
11 dust ŋakekop   17  
53 person/human being ŋamalac      
81 sharp ŋamata sharp, pointed 36  
82 dull, blunt ŋamatatuc 'sharp' + 'not' x  
138 warm word info ŋandaŋ   18  
117 fruit ŋanô its fruit 47  
166 correct, true ŋanô true ( lit. 'its fruit' ) 17  
56 child ŋapalê child ( general )    
10 dirty ŋatêmui      
170 when? word info ềndêŋ òndoc irrealis ( when in the future )    
175 above   2  
91 to buy ồli   1  

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