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Language: Yabem

Source/Author:  Otto Dempwolff’s Grammar of the Jabêm Language 
Notes:  Otto Dempwolff's Grammar of the Jabem Language in New Guinea, translated and edited by Joel Bradshaw and Francisc Czobor, Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication, No. 32, Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 2005

ê = a vowel between e and i
ô = a vowel between o and u
c = glottal stop
j = voiced palatal fricative (English 'y' in 'yard', 'yoke', etc.)
acute accent (') = high tone
grave accent (`) = low tone
only high-tone vowels occur after t p, t, k, and kw, and before p
only low-tone vowels occur after b, d, g, and gw, mb, nd, Å‹g, ngw, and ns, and before b 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Francisc Czobor  Checked By: Francisc Czobor 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Huon Gulf:North 
Map 
 

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Change History:

Showing all of 40 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
85 to choose      
87 to swell word info      
126 lake      
150 yellow      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
5 to walk -na irrealis.    
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim -poac 'float' (Streicher 1937)    
10 dirty ŋatêmui      
19 shoulder magi- [only in compounds] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
20 to know, be knowledgeable kauc knowledge    
21 to think -(m)be to think, mean, want    
22 to fear -têc      
24 head môkê his or her head    
28 to breathe làu breath    
42 to suck -lib 'suck [through straw] (Streicher 1937, 1982)    
47 to yawn -jam/-nam pamêc 'make yawn' (Streicher 1937)    
48 to sleep -nêc bêc to lie sleep    
52 to stand -kô      
53 person/human being ŋamalac      
56 child ŋapalê child ( general )    
57 husband akweŋ      
58 wife àwê      
62 thatch/roof sàlôm      
64 to say -sôm -be also means 'to speak'    
65 rope lêpoa string, cord, rope    
69 to hunt word info -janda      
71 to stab, pierce -guŋ to spear    
73 to steal -nam geŋgeŋ make theft    
74 to kill -jàc realis    
74 to kill -nac irrealis    
78 to cut, hack word info -pa      
79 stick/wood kagêdô (Streicher 1937) [ka 'tree, wood']    
80 to split word info -sêlê      
83 to work word info -jam realis    
83 to work word info -nam irrealis    
84 to plant -puŋ      
89 to hold word info -kôc      
90 to dig -kwê      
92 to open, uncover lasê open ( adjective, adverb )    
93 to pound, beat word info -jac/-nac [combines with *many* resultatives] (Streicher 1982)    
99 feather wàô      
102 rat gwaŋ      
103 meat/flesh ŋa-mêsôm (Streicher 1982)    
104 fat/grease ŋa-lêsi (Streicher 1937)    
105 tail ŋa-lami 'tail feathers' (Streicher 1937)    
105 tail ŋa-lêŋuc of animal (Streicher 1937)    
107 worm (earthworm) têmoa 'grubs, maggots, small worms' (Streicher 1982)    
110 spider kamoalêc      
116 flower òla blossom    
118 grass òba      
119 earth/soil nom      
121 sand gaŋac (Streicher 1937)    
123 to flow -sèleŋ/-nseleŋ to drip, flow, realis, irrealis    
124 sea gwêc      
125 salt gwêc 'saltwater, salt' (Streicher 1982)    
127 woods/forest saleŋ      
128 sky undambê      
131 cloud word info tao (Streicher 1937)    
132 fog ômbiŋ (Streicher 1937)    
133 rain kom      
136 wind mu      
141 wet ŋa-wambuc 'wet, wetness' (Streicher 1937)    
141 wet ŋa-gêbôm 'damp' (Streicher 1937)    
145 smoke word info dauŋ      
147 black jejec      
148 white kwalam-kwalam < kwalam 'white cockatoo'    
149 red kokoc < koc 'betel chew'    
151 green juju dark green, bluish green    
153 big kapôêŋ      
154 short word info dambê      
156 thin word info wapi      
157 thick word info ŋa-dani      
162 old word info làŋgwa      
164 good ŋajàm good, beautiful    
168 day geleŋ      
170 when? word info gêdêŋ òndoc realis ( when in the past )    
170 when? word info ềndêŋ òndoc irrealis ( when in the future )    
173 at àŋga preposition    
176 below làbu      
178 that tonaŋ that near to you    
178 that tônê what is near neither you nor me    
180 far jàêc      
181 where? word info òndoc      
188 what? word info (w)à-geŋ      
190 other teŋ      
190 other ŋagêdô      
194 how? word info àmboac òndoc      
195 no, not atom      
196 to count -sam      
200 Four word info àc-lề      
202 Six word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô ta "our hand right one"    
203 Seven word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô luàgêc      
204 Eight word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô têlêàc      
205 Nine word info lemeŋteŋ ŋanô àclề      
206 Ten word info lemeŋlu "our hands two"    
206 Ten word info lemelu "our hands two"    
207 Twenty word info ŋacsàmuc ("whole person")    
209 One Hundred word info ŋacsàmuc ŋalemeŋteŋ 'man-whole (x) five' (Streicher 1937)    
1 hand lêma his or her hand 1  
4 leg/foot à his or her leg or foot 1  
7 to come -mêŋ   1  
12 skin ôli   1  
17 liver atê   1  
18 breast su   1  
22 to fear -takê   1  
23 blood dec   1  
27 nose lusu his or her nose 1  
29 to sniff, smell -ôc to sniff 1  
34 to cry -taŋ   1  
37 to eat -ềŋ realis 1  
37 to eat -niŋ irrealis 1  
40 to drink -nôm   1  
43 ear taŋa his or her ear 1  
44 to hear -ŋô   1  
45 eye mata his or her eye 1  
53 person/human being tau   1  
59 mother têna his or her mother 1  
60 father tama his or her father 1  
68 needle ŋa-sêli   1  
70 to shoot word info -pê   1  
75 to die, be dead -mac ềndu to get sick dead 1  
86 to grow word info -tôp   1  
91 to buy ồli   1  
98 egg ŋa-kêcsulu   1  
111 fish i   1  
113 branch word info laka   1  
114 leaf lauŋ   1  
120 stone poc   1  
130 star uti   1  
143 fire ja   1  
144 to burn word info -tuŋ   1  
146 ash wào   1  
163 new wakuc   1  
165 bad, evil sec   1  
186 you amàc   1  
189 who? word info asa   1  
198 Two word info luà-gêc   1  
199 Three word info têlê-àc   1  
201 Five word info lemeŋteŋ "our hand one" 1  
50 to dream   1, 37  
15 bone têkwa his or her bone 1, 10  
55 woman/female àwê woman 1, 106  
63 name (ŋa-)ê (its) name 1, 18  
182 I   1, 21  
174 in, inside lêlôm inside 1, 26  
31 tooth lồ   1, 35  
183 thou aôm   1, 67  
167 night bêc   1, 77  
6 road/path intêna   10  
134 thunder wapap   104  
39 to cook word info -no   108  
140 dry word info masê dry, ripe, hard 11  
72 to hit word info -jàc realis 111  
72 to hit word info -nac irrealis 111  
106 snake moac   12  
46 to see -lic   13  
64 to say -be   13  
66 to tie up, fasten -sồ   130  
38 to chew word info koc chew betel 14  
54 man/male ŋac man 14  
172 to climb word info -pi   14  
197 One word info teŋ   14  
197 One word info tageŋ   14  
2 left gasêŋa   15  
11 dust ŋakekop   17  
166 correct, true ŋanô true ( lit. 'its fruit' ) 17  
138 warm word info ŋandaŋ   18  
14 belly tâê his or her belly 19  
36 to spit -kasôp   19  
71 to stab, pierce -ŋfuŋ pierce: realis 19  
97 bird moc   1?  
101 to fly -lồb realis 1?  
101 to fly lôp irrealis 1?  
185 we word info aêàc ( there is no incl.excl. distinction ) 1?  
115 root ŋa-wakac its root 2  
135 lightning ôsic   2  
175 above   2  
192 and ma   2  
3 right anôŋa   20  
66 to tie up, fasten -kic   20  
179 near -(n)da(m)biŋ   20  
88 to squeeze word info -pip   21  
184 he/she   21  
94 to throw word info -baliŋ realis 28  
94 to throw word info -mbaliŋ irrealis 28  
193 if èmbe   28  
16 intestines têntac (Streicher 1982) 29  
67 to sew word info -si   2?  
108 louse word info tôm 'louse, tick' (Streicher 1982) 3  
32 tongue imbêla his or her tongue 33  
30 mouth àwà his mouth 36  
81 sharp ŋamata sharp, pointed 36  
95 to fall word info -su   39  
33 to laugh -ômac   3?  
137 to blow word info -uc   4  
26 hair word info lauŋ   40  
96 dog kêam   42  
152 small sauŋ   44  
122 water word info bu   45  
142 heavy wapac   46  
117 fruit ŋanô its fruit 47  
56 child latu his or her child 5, 93  
42 to suck -nôm 'drink, absorb' (Streicher 1937, 1982) 50, 36  
112 rotten word info gê-môb it is rotten 52, 107  
155 long word info baliŋ   54  
13 back word info dêmôê his or her back 61  
187 they êsêàc   62, 41  
25 neck gêsu his or her neck 66  
84 to plant -sê   66  
109 mosquito kawaŋ (Streicher 1937) 67  
129 moon ajôŋ   67  
5 to walk -jà to go (there): realis 68  
177 this tonec   68  
61 house àndu   7  
160 painful, sick -mac to get or be sick 71  
144 to burn word info -laŋ   75  
41 to bite -ŋac   77  
139 cold word info ŋa-lùc [low tone] (Streicher 1982) 77  
51 to sit -ŋgôŋ to sit, stay, remain 79  
35 to vomit -luc   8  
48 to sleep -ềc to lie sleep 8  
100 wing magê (Streicher 1982) 80  
100 wing mocmagê 'birdwing'] (Streicher 1982) 80  
9 to swim -kêkôc 'swim (actively)' (Streicher 1937) 90  
9 to swim -im 'immerse oneself' (Streicher 1937) 94  
49 to lie down word info -ềc realis 98  
49 to lie down word info -nêc irrealis 98  
191 all sàmòb   ?  
82 dull, blunt ŋamatatuc 'sharp' + 'not' x  
169 year jala German 'jahr' x L

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