https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: East Sumbanese, Umbu Ratu Nggai dialect

Source/Author:  Umbu Ndaka Pehi (kepala desa), Rotta, Mbolu Bokat 
Notes:  short vowels: à, i, u, è, ò long vowels: a, í, ú, e, o. Notes from Maderi (M), Lenang (Le), Lakoka (La) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Leif Asplund  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Bima-Sumba 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima Le: lúma 1, 64  
2 left alei M: alí Le: lei 5?  
3 right awana Le: wana 1, 62  
4 leg/foot wicu M: wici 5?  
5 to walk halako La: halak Le: halaku 1, 117  
6 road/path larung M: larungu 1  
7 to come me La: hameng Le: hamengu 1  
8 to turn word info hibut M: hibutu La, Le: hilur    
9 to swim nganu M: ngani La ngan 1, 45  
10 dirty irak M: iraku La: maríhak 1  
11 dust kumbur M: kuburu La: kombur tana Le: kumbur 72  
12 skin kalitu La: kalit 1  
13 back word info kàrtu M: kahoki La:kondu (?) Le: wungga    
14 belly kambu M: kabu 2  
15 bone   2  
16 intestines tanei M, Le: taní La: tanai 1  
17 liver atu M: ati 1  
18 breast húhu La, Le: huhu 1  
19 shoulder kabàku   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable pengu M: pena 6  
21 to think pangàdang Le: pangadang 3  
22 to fear mawàdutu M: mawadut La: mawat Le: hawàda 21?  
23 blood re   1  
24 head katiku   6  
25 neck koku M: koko La: nggoru Le: goru 5  
26 hair word info longgu M: logi Le: lúnggu 6  
27 nose uru   1  
28 to breathe hangahu La: kayeku Le: kayekuk 2  
29 to sniff, smell hangudu La: pangujyk 4  
30 mouth ngaru M, La: kalada 7  
31 tooth ngindu M: wongidu 5  
32 tongue làma   6  
33 to laugh riku M: riki Le: kariku 6  
34 to cry hia   55  
35 to vomit muta   1  
36 to spit pawànju M: pawànji La: pawànc Le: pawònju 5  
37 to eat ngangu   3  
38 to chew word info panyamung   3  
38 to chew word info nyama   3  
39 to cook word info tadetang   4  
40 to drink inung M: inu 1  
41 to bite wítu La: wít Le: wítu 2  
42 to suck kabucukung M: habubu La:lamuj Le: lamuju, habubu 3  
43 ear kaculu La: kacul 1, 4?  
44 to hear ràngu La: ràng 1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ngadu Ma: pabotung La, Le: ita 3  
47 to yawn kawaka Le: kawayuk 6  
48 to sleep macuru   1  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream manggadipa M: magadipa La, Le: manggadipang 1, 60, 4  
51 to sit mandidung M: ngodu 6  
52 to stand dengur La: nduala 6  
53 person/human being   1  
54 man/male monu M: moni 1  
55 woman/female awinu M: awini La: awin Le: winu 1, 106  
56 child anuk M: aniki 1  
57 husband layu M: layi La: tu.ul 6  
58 wife papaha M: ihi uma 4  
59 mother ina   1  
60 father ama   1  
61 house uma   1  
62 thatch/roof pawucung La: kambung Le: pambuangu    
63 name ngara   1  
64 to say panewu M: panewi La: paneu Le: paneyu 5  
65 rope leku   5  
66 to tie up, fasten hondu M: ràdi Le: ràndi, hòndu 4  
67 to sew word info ila La: ucu Le ile 4  
68 needle rongu M: daura 3  
69 to hunt word info patamang   3  
70 to shoot word info pana   1  
71 to stab, pierce koja M: kojak 2  
72 to hit word info palu La: papalu 1  
73 to steal mangawa   1, 59, 60  
73 to steal kedu   3  
74 to kill pamatu M: pamati La: pamat 2  
75 to die, be dead matu M: mati La: mat, matu 1  
76 to live, be alive múruku M: morup La: muruk. lúr Le murup 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info pako Le: pakowa 1, 30  
78 to cut, hack word info ponggu M: pogu La: kadipung 4  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info bera   1  
81 sharp dàkut   4  
82 dull, blunt pakomalung M: dàbang La    
82 dull, blunt ndana dàkut Le: karonga    
83 to work word info ràma Le: rema (e pepet) 4  
84 to plant pamula M: tàdu La: tandung, pamula 1, 31  
85 to choose pilu M: pedi La: pil Le: pendi 1  
86 to grow word info cubu La, Le: cumbu 1  
87 to swell word info mbo Le: bo 32  
88 to squeeze word info pàhu La, Le: pàh 1  
89 to hold word info ketang   6  
90 to dig hàka Le: hàkang 4  
91 to buy La: ka.i 2  
92 to open, uncover bowa M: bua La, Le: bunggah 1  
93 to pound, beat word info be   1?, 13  
94 to throw word info cuku M: càru La: poka 5  
94 to throw word info càru cuk Le: cuku    
95 to fall word info kanabu La: kanap 1, 105  
96 dog ahu   1  
97 bird mahawurung M: mawurung 5  
98 egg tilu Le: tílu 1  
99 feather wulu ihu M, La: wulu Le: wúlu 1  
100 wing kàpa   1  
101 to fly hawurung M: wurung Le: hawúrung 5  
102 rat alawu M: alawo La: alau Le lawu 1, 83  
103 meat/flesh tolung   4  
104 fat/grease kawàhu La: kawàh 6  
105 tail kíku   1, 69  
106 snake màndu M: màdu La: mànd (big), katàr (small), Le: mandu 9  
107 worm (earthworm) kalotu M: kaloti La: alila Le: nyalu 1  
108 louse word info wucu   1  
109 mosquito kangoba Le: kaninuk 5  
110 spider gegu M: gegi La: nggenggu Le: genggu 3  
111 fish iyangu M, La: iyang Le: jiengu 1  
112 rotten word info múhung M, La, Le: mohung 4  
113 branch word info kahanga   2  
114 leaf M, Le: rúngu La: rúng 1  
115 root amu La: am 3  
116 flower wàla   4  
117 fruit wua   1  
118 grass màtar M: màrtu La: màrt Le: màtur    
119 earth/soil tana   1  
120 stone wacu La: wac 1  
121 sand kora Le: wara 6  
122 water word info wei   2  
123 to flow wíwa La: lolung Le: lulung    
124 sea tahuk M: tahuku 1  
125 salt mahu (substantive) M: mahi La: mah    
126 lake tàma   4  
127 woods/forest utang   7  
128 sky awang   7  
129 moon wulang   1  
130 star adinu La: andín Le: dinu 6  
131 cloud word info arumang      
132 fog habuang La, Le: hambuang 6  
133 rain urang   1  
134 thunder kaduruk M: kabàla La: kangguruk Le: kanduru. kabàla 6  
135 lightning kabàla Le: kabilak 26, 6  
136 wind ngilu La: ngíl 5  
137 to blow word info púwu M: púwi La: púi Le:parenu 2  
138 warm word info wajal Le: mbana 5  
139 cold word info maringu La: maring 1  
140 dry word info maràkut M: maràku La: mid Le: midu 53  
141 wet mbaha M: jòjo 1  
142 heavy buatu La: mbuat Le: mbuatu 1  
143 fire apu M: api 1  
144 to burn word info cunu La: cun 1  
145 smoke word info muahu La: kotung Le: kutung 2  
146 ash awu La: au 1  
147 black metung   1  
148 white mbara   3  
148 white kaka   5  
149 red rara   5  
150 yellow wingur M: wingúru 4  
151 green moru   4  
152 small màrah M: màrahu La: kudu Le: màra 3  
153 big bàkul M: bàkulu 5  
154 short word info pàndak   1  
154 short word info kadumbuk      
155 long word info malé   5  
156 thin word info manipu Le: manipuh 1  
157 thick word info tembu M: tebi 7  
158 narrow hadipal La, Le: handipal 6  
159 wide mbèlar M: alewa La: bàlar Le: gàlang 2  
160 painful, sick katíwu La: katiu 41  
161 shy, ashamed maké   1  
162 old word info kaweda   5  
163 new wudung M: wudina La: budung Le: bídung    
164 good hàmu M: kàlung La: hàm 6  
165 bad, evil kabulak M: da kàlung La: tenggul Le: nda hàm 5  
166 correct, true túbang M: pulupía La: hàm Len padanung    
166 correct, true denung   5  
166 correct, true padenung   5  
167 night màdung Le: madung 7  
168 day làdu La: làd 12  
169 year ndoungu M: daungu La: ndúng Le: ndúngu 1  
170 when? word info pirang   1, 65  
171 to hide word info kabunung   1  
172 to climb word info hai   4  
173 at ta M: la 7  
174 in, inside nu dalu M: tapadua La: noda Le: nou dalu 1  
175 above nu deta M: ni deta La nede Le no deta 5  
176 below nu wawa M: ni wa La:no wa Le: no wawa 1  
177 this òni M: ní La, Le ya 1  
178 that nílo La: ni Le: nelo 6  
179 near tuku M: tuki La: pali Le: palihung    
180 far maleru M: maleru La 89  
180 far marau Le marau 1, 6  
181 where? word info gide   5  
182 I yànu M: yàni La: yan    
183 thou yumu M: yuga (?) La: nyum 2  
184 he/she yina   2  
185 we word info yita   1  
185 we word info yànuma   2  
186 you yimi La, Le: nyimi 14  
187 they yida   4, 1  
188 what? word info gàra M: gàra kana La: nggare 5  
189 who? word info hera   5  
190 other hawayo   3  
191 all mbòlu ndàba M: ngàra duka La: bolu ndaba Le mbolu ndàba na 7  
192 and dàngu M: yeka (?) La, Le: dàng 4  
193 if yeka M: ngera La: jàka hàmana Le jièka 4  
194 how? word info nggàruk M: gahamanina La: ngara Le: garuku hamana 6  
195 no, not nda M: da.ama La, Le: nda.a 2  
196 to count kíra La: diha Le: kira 32  
197 One word info hau Le: hawu 76  
198 Two word info dua M: duada La: dam Le: dua, dàmbu 1  
199 Three word info tilu La: tail 1  
200 Four word info patu La: pat 1  
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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