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Language: East Sumbanese, Lewa dialect

Source/Author:  Male person in Lewa and Kepala Desa in Kondamara 
Notes:  The forms with apocope were generally obtained in Lewa Paku. Short vowels: à, i, u, è, ò log vowels: a, ì, ù, e, o. In the notes words from Uma Manu (UM) and the Kanatang dialect (K) are given.  
Problems:  The Kanatang list was obtained from Lainggetar, which is very close to the Kambera dialect area. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Leif Asplund  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Bima-Sumba 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
13 back word info      
49 to lie down word info      
79 stick/wood      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand lima UM: limah 1, 64  
2 left wolai K: wolei 5?  
3 right wowana   1, 62  
4 leg/foot wicu K: wihi 5?  
5 to walk laku   1  
5 to walk halaku   1, 117  
6 road/path ngarangí K: ngarange    
7 to come me K: pamengu 1  
8 to turn word info hilur K: hilir 104  
8 to turn word info hilir weihàk 104  
9 to swim nganu K: ngeni 1, 45  
10 dirty maríhak UM: metung 3  
11 dust kumbur tana UM: au K: kotu tana 72  
11 dust awu UM: au K: kotu tana 1  
12 skin kalit   1  
12 skin kalitu   1  
14 belly kambu   2  
15 bone   2  
15 bone rí kawodu   2  
16 intestines tanai   1  
17 liver atu K: eti 1  
18 breast huhu   1  
19 shoulder kondu   4  
20 to know, be knowledgeable peinya   5  
20 to know, be knowledgeable pengu   6  
21 to think patandanya   3  
22 to fear mangàdatu UM: mangàdut K: mangàdit 21  
23 blood wai ra K: wai re 1  
24 head katuk   6  
24 head katuku   6  
25 neck nggor K: goru 6  
25 neck nggoru K: goru 6  
26 hair word info lúnggu K: lúnggi 6  
26 hair word info longgu K: lúnggi 6  
27 nose ír K: uru 1  
27 nose íru K: uru 1  
28 to breathe kayek   3  
28 to breathe kayeku   3  
29 to sniff, smell hangud UM: pangujuk 4  
29 to sniff, smell hangudu UM: pangujuk 4  
30 mouth ngar   7  
30 mouth ngaru   7  
31 tooth ngind K: ngàndu 5  
31 tooth ngindu K: ngàndu 5  
32 tongue làma UM: waiwu 6  
33 to laugh riku K: kariki 6  
34 to cry ho K: hei 2  
34 to cry hou K: hei 2  
35 to vomit muta   1  
36 to spit pangànj K: pangànji 5  
36 to spit pangànju K: pangànji 5  
37 to eat a   1?  
38 to chew word info nyama   3  
39 to cook word info manah K: manaha 3, 107  
39 to cook word info manahu K: manaha 3, 107  
40 to drink un   1  
40 to drink unu   1  
41 to bite wítu UM: pawít, K: pawíta 2  
42 to suck lamuj K 6  
42 to suck lamuji UM: habubu 6  
43 ear kacíl UM 1, 4  
43 ear katílu K 1, 4  
44 to hear ràng   1  
44 to hear ràngu   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see tàngar K: ita 4  
47 to yawn ya.i UM: mawa K: yayi 2  
48 to sleep macur   1  
48 to sleep macuru K: mahuru 1  
48 to sleep yuda   6  
50 to dream manggadipang UM 1, 60, 4  
50 to dream manggadipangu K: makadipang 1, 60, 4  
51 to sit uhuk UM: mandidung K: mandiding, uku 8  
52 to stand duala UM: nduala 7  
52 to stand dualaku UM: nduala 7  
53 person/human being tau   1  
54 man/male tau mon UM: monu K: tau moni 1, 22  
54 man/male tau monu UM: monu K: tau moni 1, 22  
55 woman/female tau wawinu UM: wowinu K: tau wini 1, 106  
56 child anakieda K: anakeda 1  
57 husband lai UM: tau ul K: tau oli 6  
57 husband taul UM: tau ul K: tau oli    
58 wife papaha   4  
59 mother ina   1  
60 father ama   1  
61 house uma   1  
62 thatch/roof pambung pambuàngu 6  
62 thatch/roof toku ndidung pambuàngu    
63 name tam   4  
63 name ngara   1  
64 to say kariuk UM: paneu 6  
64 to say kariu K: pané 6  
65 rope lek   5  
65 rope leku   5  
66 to tie up, fasten hondu   4  
67 to sew word info uc K: utu 3  
67 to sew word info ucu K: utu 3  
68 needle rong   3  
68 needle rongu   3  
69 to hunt word info patamang   3  
69 to hunt word info patamangu   3  
70 to shoot word info pana   1  
71 to stab, pierce hunj K: hundu 37  
71 to stab, pierce kuaja   2?  
72 to hit word info palu   1  
73 to steal manganga K: mangawa 1, 59, 60  
74 to kill pamat K: pameti 2  
74 to kill pamatu K: pameti 2  
75 to die, be dead mat K: meti 1  
75 to die, be dead matu K: meti 1  
76 to live, be alive lúr K: louri 1, 26  
76 to live, be alive loru K: louri 1, 26  
77 to scratch word info pakó K: pakau 1, 30  
78 to cut, hack word info kadopu UM: katiru K: ponggu 5  
78 to cut, hack word info púnggu   4  
80 to split word info biera UM: cibu K: bera 1  
81 sharp dàku UM, K: dàkut 4  
82 dull, blunt karuang UM: karuanga K: kadumal 5  
82 dull, blunt bulu   6  
83 to work word info ràma   4  
84 to plant tandung K: tàndung 35  
84 to plant pamúla   1, 31  
85 to choose pendu K: pendi 2  
86 to grow word info cumbu K: tumbu 1  
87 to swell word info bo UM: mbò K: mbo 32  
88 to squeeze word info pàh   1  
88 to squeeze word info pàhu   1  
89 to hold word info ketang   6  
90 to dig aik UM 4  
90 to dig aiku K: hàka 4  
91 to buy kai K: kei.i (?) 24  
92 to open, uncover bungga UM: bunggah 1  
93 to pound, beat word info K: bai 1?, 13  
94 to throw word info cuk UM: puaka K: patuka 5  
94 to throw word info cuku UM: puaka K: patuka 5  
95 to fall word info kanab   1, 105  
95 to fall word info kanabu   1, 105  
96 dog ahu   1  
97 bird mahawurung   5  
98 egg tíl UM: til 1  
98 egg tílu UM: til 1  
99 feather wuli   1  
99 feather wulu ihi   1  
100 wing wulu kàpa   1  
101 to fly hawurung   5  
102 rat wolaw UM: wolau 1, 83  
102 rat wolawu UM: wolau 1, 83  
103 meat/flesh tolung K: tòlung 4  
104 fat/grease boka UM: mboka K: kawàhu 5  
105 tail ka.iku UM: kaiky, K: kiku 1, 69  
106 snake katar UM: kataru    
106 snake màndu UM: kataru 9  
107 worm (earthworm) wolila K: nyeli    
107 worm (earthworm) nyalu K: nyeli 3  
108 louse word info wúc K: wutu 1  
108 louse word info wúcu K: wutu 1  
109 mosquito kaninuk K: kaninik 4  
109 mosquito kaninuku K: kaninik 4  
110 spider genggu UM: nggenggu K: nggenggi 3  
111 fish iyang UM: jieng 1  
111 fish iyengu UM: jieng 1  
112 rotten word info mohung   4  
113 branch word info kahanga   2  
114 leaf rauna   1  
114 leaf raung   1  
115 root am   3  
115 root amu   3  
116 flower wàla   4  
117 fruit wua   1  
118 grass marut UM: mart K: rumba    
118 grass marutu UM: mart K: rumba 2?  
119 earth/soil tana   1  
120 stone wac K: watu 1  
120 stone wacu K: watu 1  
121 sand wara UM: kuarah 1?  
122 water word info wai K: weiyi 2  
123 to flow lolung K: lulung 23?  
124 sea tahuk K: tehik 1  
125 salt mihing K: mehing 3, 45  
125 salt mihung K: mehing 3, 45  
126 lake pangaha UM: pangàha K: ramik    
127 woods/forest utang   7  
128 sky awang   7  
129 moon wulang   1  
130 star kapí   5  
131 cloud word info kambang K: worumang 1  
132 fog hambuang   6  
133 rain urang   1  
134 thunder kangguru UM: kangguruk K: kanduruk 6  
135 lightning kabilak   26, 6  
135 lightning kabàla   26, 6  
136 wind ngíl UM: ngil K: ngilu 5  
136 wind ngílu UM: ngil K: ngilu 5  
137 to blow word info hapau UM: pau K: hapú 3?  
137 to blow word info paroru UM: pau K: hapú    
138 warm word info mbana UM: mbanah 1  
139 cold word info maring UM: marí 1  
139 cold word info maringu UM: marí 1  
140 dry word info míd   73  
140 dry word info mídu   73  
141 wet mbaha   1  
142 heavy botu UM: mbuat K: mboatu 1  
143 fire ap K: epi 1  
143 fire apu K: epi 1  
144 to burn word info poku UM:pok K: tunu    
145 smoke word info kotung   35  
146 ash a.u   1  
146 ash awu   1  
147 black metung   1  
148 white bara K: mbara 3  
149 red rara   5  
150 yellow wingur UM: kaung K: wingir 4  
151 green mor K: múru 4  
151 green moru K: múru 4  
152 small kudu UM: kùd 2?, 40  
153 big bàkul   5  
154 short word info pàndak K: pandak 1  
154 short word info kendar K: pandak    
155 long word info male   5  
155 long word info madieta   7  
156 thin word info manipa UM: manipu 1  
157 thick word info tembu K: tembi 7  
158 narrow handipal UM: kicung K: ngipit 6  
159 wide bàlar UM: mbàlar 2  
160 painful, sick katiu   41  
161 shy, ashamed màki   1  
162 old word info kawieda K: kaweda 5  
163 new bidung K: mbiding    
163 new biding K: mbiding    
164 good hàm   6  
164 good hàmu   6  
165 bad, evil da hàm UM: tenggul K: nda hàmu 4  
165 bad, evil da hàmu UM: tenggul K: nda hàmu 4  
166 correct, true padenung   5  
167 night ridung K: rudung, ridung 7  
168 day hade K: hadei    
169 year ndaung   1  
169 year ndaungu   1  
170 when? word info pirang   1, 65  
171 to hide word info kawunung   1  
172 to climb word info hai   4  
173 at la la 2  
173 at lehu la 2  
174 in, inside coda UM: noda K nuda    
175 above co dieta   5  
175 above no dieta K: no deta 5  
176 below co wa UM: no wa 1  
176 below no wawa UM: no wa 1  
177 this yana UM: ya K: yena    
178 that nílo   6  
178 that nai      
178 that nelo   6  
179 near maranu UM: lihung K: mareni 1?  
179 near lihi UM: lihung K: mareni    
179 near lihu UM: lihung K: mareni    
180 far marau K: marauwu 1, 6  
181 where? word info la nggida   5  
182 I nyungga   3  
183 thou nyum   2  
183 thou nyumu   2  
184 he/she nyuna   2  
185 we word info nyuta inclusive 1  
185 we word info numa exclusive 2  
186 you nyim   14  
186 you nyimi   14  
187 they nyuda   4, 1  
188 what? word info nggara   5  
188 what? word info nggàra   5  
189 who? word info hèra K: hèra mu 5  
189 who? word info hèram K: hèra mu 5  
190 other hawaing   3  
191 all bolu daba UM: bolu ndaba K mbolu ndàba na 7  
191 all wobul UM: bolu ndaba K mbolu ndàba na 7  
192 and dàng K: dàngu 4  
192 and danu K: dàngu 4  
193 if jàka UM: jièka 4  
194 how? word info nggak hamana UM: gàkina K: nggàki wàna 6  
194 how? word info nggaku hama UM: gàkina K: nggàki wàna 6  
195 no, not nda.a K: ndea 2  
196 to count dica K: díha 5  
197 One word info hau   76  
197 One word info dica   1  
198 Two word info dua K: dàmbu 1  
198 Two word info dambu   3  
199 Three word info tail   1  
199 Three word info tailu   1  
200 Four word info pat   1  
200 Four word info patu   1  
21 to think pikur loanword 22 L

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