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Language: Old Javanese

Source/Author:  Dictionaries, among others Zoetmulder 1982 
Notes:  Zoetmulder, P.J. (1982). Old Javanese-English Dictionary, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Revo Arka Giri Soekatno  Checked By: Revo Arka Giri Soekatno 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Javanese 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand taŋan   18  
2 left kèri   1, 42  
3 right kanan   1, 73  
4 leg/foot jöŋ   65  
5 to walk laku   1  
5 to walk lampah   42  
6 road/path hawan      
7 to come təka   17  
8 to turn word info putěr X SA: = swirl around 1  
8 to turn word info mèŋgok-mèŋgok 'to turn left and right' 97  
9 to swim laŋhuy   1  
10 dirty rigěd   34  
11 dust awu   1  
12 skin kulit   1  
13 back word info gěgěr   26  
14 belly wětěŋ   29  
15 bone tahulan   1  
16 intestines usus   24  
17 liver ati   1  
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder pun.d.ak   67  
20 to know, be knowledgeable wruh   4  
21 to think hid.ěp      
22 to fear ma-takut   1  
23 blood râh   1  
24 head hulu   1  
25 neck gulû   39  
25 neck těŋgěk      
26 hair word info rambut   20  
27 nose iruŋ   1  
28 to breathe amběgan   27  
29 to sniff, smell ambu   25  
30 mouth tutuk   26  
30 mouth caŋkəm   101  
31 tooth huntu   18  
32 tongue ilat   4, 25  
33 to laugh guyu   29  
33 to laugh g-um-uyu   29  
34 to cry tangis X 1  
34 to cry manaŋis   1  
35 to vomit wutah X 1  
35 to vomit umutah   1  
35 to vomit mutah   1  
36 to spit idu X 32  
36 to spit maŋ-idu   32  
37 to eat paŋan X 1, 14  
37 to eat umaŋan   1, 14  
38 to chew word info aŋemah root is kemah (SA) 68  
39 to cook word info tasak X 19  
39 to cook word info t-um-asak   19  
40 to drink inum   1  
41 to bite sahut   82  
41 to bite gugut X    
42 to suck sěsěp   1  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
44 to hear rěŋö   1  
44 to hear d.ěŋěr prob. < Malay (SA) 1 L
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see lihat   23  
46 to see l-um-ihat   23  
47 to yawn a-ŋhwap   19  
48 to sleep turû   1  
49 to lie down word info g<um>uliŋ   54  
50 to dream ipi X 1  
50 to dream aŋ-ipi   1  
50 to dream i-ni-pi X 1  
51 to sit luŋguh   38  
52 to stand ad.ěg   22  
53 person/human being wwaŋ   20  
54 man/male jalu   26  
55 woman/female wadwan   18  
56 child anak   1  
57 husband laki   28  
58 wife wini   5  
58 wife bini   5  
59 mother ina   1  
59 mother rena   1, 93  
59 mother ibu   12  
60 father râma   1, 49  
60 father yayah   22  
60 father bapa   5  
61 house umah   1  
62 thatch/roof atěp   1  
63 name ŋaran   1  
64 to say aŋ-liŋ   57  
65 rope tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten ikět   1  
66 to tie up, fasten um-ikět   1  
67 to sew word info jahit   2  
68 needle dom   1  
69 to hunt word info buru   23  
70 to shoot word info panah   1  
71 to stab, pierce tusuk   1  
72 to hit word info puh      
72 to hit word info pupuh      
72 to hit word info amupuh      
72 to hit word info p-in-upuh      
73 to steal alap SA: 'to takeaway, steal' in oldest texts    
74 to kill pati X = noun 22  
74 to kill amati   2  
75 to die, be dead pati X = noun 1  
75 to die, be dead mati   1  
76 to live, be alive hurip   1  
76 to live, be alive ma-hurip   1  
77 to scratch word info kukur   21  
78 to cut, hack word info tětěk   3  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
80 to split word info pilah   1?  
81 sharp lan.d.ěp   34  
82 dull, blunt kět.ul   80, 59  
83 to work word info gaway X = noun 21  
83 to work word info gawe X = noun 21  
83 to work word info g-um-away   21  
83 to work word info g-um-awe X = later development 21  
84 to plant taněm   2  
85 to choose pilih   1  
86 to grow word info tuwuh   1  
86 to grow word info t-um-uwuh   1  
87 to swell word info běh X 1  
87 to swell word info böh X = noun 1  
87 to swell word info buh X 1  
87 to swell word info aběh X = later development 1  
87 to swell word info aböh   1  
87 to swell word info abuh X = later development 1  
88 to squeeze word info pěrěs   42  
89 to hold word info gěgěm   1  
90 to dig gali   1  
91 to buy wěli X 1  
91 to buy aměli   1  
91 to buy winěli X 1  
91 to buy kawěli X 1  
92 to open, uncover buka   1  
93 to pound, beat word info tutu SA: to pound rice 20  
94 to throw word info habalaŋ      
95 to fall word info tiba   36  
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird manuk   1  
98 egg hantiga X complicated borrowing history 19 L
98 egg hantəlu   1  
99 feather wulu   1  
100 wing hělar   23  
101 to fly iběr   34  
102 rat tikus   22  
103 meat/flesh maŋsa < Sanskrit   L
103 meat/flesh isi   31  
104 fat/grease wuduk      
104 fat/grease miñak X = k.o. butter used in rituals 1  
105 tail ikû   1  
106 snake ulâ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) caciŋ   23  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
109 mosquito namuk   1  
110 spider lalawâ actually a bat not spider 1  
111 fish iwak   25  
112 rotten word info wûk   1  
113 branch word info paŋ   20, 62  
114 leaf ron   1  
115 root akar   2  
116 flower wuŋa   1  
117 fruit wwah   1  
118 grass sukět   28  
119 earth/soil tanah   1  
119 earth/soil rât SA: < *daRat 'firm land'    
120 stone watu   1  
121 sand ěni   1  
122 water word info wway   2  
122 water word info wwe   2  
123 to flow hili   56  
123 to flow ili X 56  
123 to flow hilir X 56  
123 to flow ilir X 56  
124 sea tasik   1  
125 salt wuyah   15  
126 lake ranu   1  
127 woods/forest alas   1  
128 sky langit   1  
129 moon wulan   1  
130 star wintaŋ   1  
131 cloud word info megha Sanskrit loan 113 L
132 fog kabut   1  
133 rain udan   1  
134 thunder gěrěh   1  
134 thunder guruh X 1  
135 lightning kilat   1  
136 wind haŋin   1  
136 wind aŋin X 1  
137 to blow word info tyup   1, 19  
138 warm word info panas X 1  
138 warm word info ma-panas   1  
138 warm word info a-panas   1  
139 cold word info tis X 44  
139 cold word info ma-tis   44  
139 cold word info a-tis   44  
140 dry word info sat X    
140 dry word info a-sat      
141 wet tělěs   117  
142 heavy bwat X 1  
142 heavy a-bwat   1  
142 heavy bot X 1  
142 heavy a-bot X 1  
143 fire apuy   1  
144 to burn word info tunu   1  
145 smoke word info kukus      
146 ash awu   1  
147 black hirěŋ   32  
147 black irěng X 32  
148 white pět.ak   1  
149 red habaŋ   33  
150 yellow kuniŋ   1  
151 green wilis      
151 green hijo   25  
152 small d.ěmit   23  
153 big göŋ X    
153 big gěŋ X    
153 big guŋ X    
153 big a-göŋ      
153 big a-gěŋ X    
153 big a-guŋ X    
154 short word info pan.d.ak   1  
155 long word info dawâ   33  
156 thin word info tipis   1, 44  
157 thick word info kanděl   45  
158 narrow hapit   1  
158 narrow apit   1  
159 wide lwâ   1?  
160 painful, sick sakit   1  
160 painful, sick ma-sakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed wiraŋ SA: poss. related to Sundanese era    
162 old word info tuha   1  
163 new hañar   16  
163 new añar   16  
164 good apik (Mod. Jav.)   32  
165 bad, evil hala      
166 correct, true běněr   1  
167 night wěŋi   1  
168 day rahina   11  
168 day dina   11  
168 day dintěn   11  
169 year tahun   1  
170 when? word info kapan   12  
171 to hide word info wuni   1  
172 to climb word info nek   1  
172 to climb word info panek   1  
172 to climb word info um-a-nek   1  
173 at ri   20  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside dalěm   1  
175 above ruhur      
176 below sor   22  
176 below i-sor   22  
176 below an.d.ap   19  
177 this iki   12  
178 that iku      
179 near parek   27  
180 far doh   1  
180 far ma-doh   1, 6  
181 where? word info ndi      
182 I aku   1  
182 I kami      
182 I ŋwaŋ   3?  
182 I nghulun     27
183 thou ko   1  
183 thou ŋko   1  
183 thou kamu   10  
183 thou kita      
184 he/she sira   1?  
185 we word info kami   2  
186 you kamu   1  
186 you kita      
187 they sira   1  
188 what? word info mapa   1  
189 who? word info syapa   12  
190 other lyan   2  
191 all kabeh   31  
192 and kalawan   17  
193 if yan      
194 how? word info mapa      
194 how? word info riŋ apa      
195 no, not tan      
196 to count hituŋ   31  
197 One word info sa-tuŋgal SA: lit. 'one' + 'united, unique' 1  
197 One word info tuŋgal X    
198 Two word info rwa   1  
198 Two word info ro   1  
199 Three word info tělu   1  
199 Three word info tiga   8  
200 Four word info pat   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info nəm   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info wwalu      
205 Nine word info saŋa   12  
206 Ten word info sapuluh   5  
207 Twenty word info rwa-ŋ-puluh      
208 Fifty word info lima-ŋ puluh      
209 One Hundred word info sâtus      
210 One Thousand word info sêwu      
210 One Thousand word info sa-iwu      

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