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Language: Amara

Source/Author:  Thurston (1996) 
Notes:  Thurston, W.R. (1996). Amara: An Austronesian language of Northwestern New Britain. In Ross, M.D. Studies in Languages of New Britain and New Ireland. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Ngero-Vitiaz:Vitiaz:Southwest New Britain:Amara 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lume   1  
2 left ŋas left hand 19  
3 right togou right hand    
4 leg/foot ka ruo   1  
5 to walk leila   14  
6 road/path ekreŋ   11  
7 to come me   1  
8 to turn word info pul   33  
8 to turn word info opul iou I turn myself 33  
9 to swim iouiou on surface    
9 to swim kultip underwater 71  
10 dirty mukmuk   18  
11 dust asakir      
11 dust asakirkir      
12 skin kulkulio   1  
13 back word info vine pio      
14 belly kope   2  
15 bone gigio      
16 intestines gorgorio      
17 liver katkate   1  
18 breast kosio      
18 breast nemŋe      
19 shoulder galaŋa      
20 to know, be knowledgeable klele   18  
21 to think      
22 to fear motou   1  
23 blood otopo   12  
24 head gude kane      
25 neck adeŋe      
25 neck guda maganio      
26 hair word info uore   14  
27 nose sŋore ka      
28 to breathe omomod      
28 to breathe opuop      
29 to sniff, smell duŋki      
30 mouth na kane vre   36  
31 tooth na kane vre kokŋe      
32 tongue meme gudio   7  
33 to laugh ŋiŋ   44  
34 to cry taŋ   1  
35 to vomit memto   1  
36 to spit epsok      
36 to spit pre      
37 to eat ken   1  
37 to eat kenen   1  
38 to chew word info ŋas chew betel 12  
39 to cook word info peiou   113  
39 to cook word info some      
40 to drink in   1  
41 to bite kere   1  
42 to suck nem suckle; irregular *u > e 50, 36  
43 ear telŋe gudio   1  
44 to hear loŋo   1, 36  
45 eye mete   1  
46 to see rei   13  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep kono   8  
49 to lie down word info kono   1  
50 to dream kanimnim   1, 37, 40  
51 to sit meitei   150  
52 to stand mid   1  
53 person/human being otogou (s) 1, 40  
53 person/human being otodgoio (pl) 1, 40  
54 man/male adan      
54 man/male auram young man    
54 man/male tamane   1, 14  
54 man/male otogou      
55 woman/female akmaŋ   66  
55 woman/female kmaŋ   66  
56 child ataŋe non firstborn child    
56 child emim   44  
56 child emeretuoŋo first-born child    
56 child etio      
57 husband avadŋile   2  
58 wife akmaŋ      
59 mother akmareŋ tne   1  
59 mother avu   33  
60 father aita      
60 father areŋ teme   1  
60 father teme   1  
61 house eivin   73  
62 thatch/roof ousi   21  
63 name serio      
64 to say kole speak, talk    
65 rope akiom      
65 rope enel      
65 rope epitlakŋo      
65 rope ovuvŋo      
66 to tie up, fasten kaukau   23  
67 to sew word info seisei   2  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info kau      
70 to shoot word info se   38  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info pun   23  
73 to steal kov   15  
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead mo      
75 to die, be dead monei      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info kaurir      
78 to cut, hack word info suput      
78 to cut, hack word info tele   1  
79 stick/wood akai   1  
80 to split word info kapak      
80 to split word info maskak      
80 to split word info pele   1  
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt pumpumŋe   23  
83 to work word info      
84 to plant loulou      
84 to plant se   66  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info rumrum =swollen 31  
88 to squeeze word info vivi   21  
89 to hold word info kiskis   21  
90 to dig kel   1  
90 to dig rege rege=dig up    
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info ur   32  
95 to fall word info makluk      
96 dog ogoune   43  
97 bird emen   1  
98 egg otolio kane   1  
99 feather uore   11  
100 wing vaivaio   16  
101 to fly rourou   1  
102 rat ekiue   3  
103 meat/flesh amasuŋo   54  
103 meat/flesh kurio      
103 meat/flesh tne      
104 fat/grease rum   71  
105 tail egidue   32  
105 tail egudio   32  
106 snake omoto   12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ekid   1  
109 mosquito ovunkin      
110 spider apageigei      
111 fish ouŋa   71  
112 rotten word info morop      
112 rotten word info vnik      
113 branch word info raka   1  
114 leaf akai uore   26  
114 leaf uoruore   26  
115 root remte      
116 flower dukŋe      
117 fruit kane   5  
117 fruit kankane   5  
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone okum   52  
121 sand olov      
121 sand omoge      
122 water word info eiki   9  
123 to flow      
124 sea emeo      
125 salt papak =salty    
126 lake      
127 woods/forest eivur      
128 sky ogru      
129 moon ognumur      
130 star epituk   1  
131 cloud word info eiuek      
132 fog agaugau   1, 55  
133 rain asal      
134 thunder samil      
135 lightning samil      
136 wind akauliŋ omur = southwest tradewinds    
136 wind omur omur = southwest tradewinds    
137 to blow word info usok blow on 42  
138 warm word info menene =hot    
139 cold word info kotitid      
139 cold word info penpenio      
140 dry word info par      
140 dry word info posaŋa   19  
141 wet dokdokŋe      
142 heavy pataŋe   45, 80  
143 fire eiou   1  
144 to burn word info ken   74  
144 to burn word info tin   1  
145 smoke word info omŋo      
145 smoke word info omuŋo      
146 ash okoro   15  
147 black kusuksukŋe      
148 white plaulauŋe      
149 red toptopaŋa      
150 yellow aiŋo   9  
151 green virviriaŋa   21  
152 small kapora se   15  
153 big ui      
154 short word info kmusŋe      
155 long word info muntuk      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick sago   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info vugoŋ ka akmare? = old woman    
162 old word info akmareŋ akmare? = old woman    
163 new uakŋe   1, 26  
164 good ŋaraŋe      
165 bad, evil gidaŋa      
166 correct, true molmol      
167 night vilŋoŋ      
168 day niŋid      
169 year      
170 when? word info naŋame   1, 43  
171 to hide word info kou   66  
171 to hide word info volkou   66  
172 to climb word info paid      
173 at      
174 in, inside ne   1  
174 in, inside ru      
174 in, inside gorio      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this ane   1  
177 this aton      
177 this eane   1  
178 that adi      
178 that eadi      
179 near teuei   67  
180 far melak   21  
181 where? word info naŋai   66  
181 where? word info ŋai   66  
182 I iou   1, 21  
183 thou eŋe   1, 66  
184 he/she io   1  
185 we word info iam   2  
185 we word info ito   1  
186 you emi   1, 13  
186 you eŋe   1, 55  
187 they ide irregular *r > d 1, 70?  
188 what? word info saga   1  
189 who? word info sei   1  
189 who? word info seiŋa   1  
190 other pau      
191 all      
192 and la      
192 and me   2  
192 and vo   27  
193 if vo   28  
194 how? word info sovolaŋa      
195 no, not imna      
195 no, not o      
196 to count tit   18  
197 One word info kapso      
197 One word info kapuk      
198 Two word info ruo   1  
199 Three word info tel   1  
200 Four word info paŋ   1, 67  
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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