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Language: Kove

Source/Author:  A. Chowning 
Notes:  Chowning, A. (1996) Relations among languages of West New Britain: an assessment of recent theories and evidence. Pp. 7-62 In M.D. Ross, Ed. Studies in Languages of New Britain and New Ireland. 1: Austronesian Languages of the North New Guinea Cluster in Northwestern New Britain. Pacific Linguistics, C-135. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Ngero-Vitiaz:Ngero:Bariai 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above sae   25  
191 all to      
191 all tosalai      
192 and ɣa   1  
146 ash mola      
173 at pani   8  
13 back word info ruɣu      
165 bad, evil sasi < POc *saqat-i 1, 58  
14 belly apo 2 0r 10? 2  
176 below sio      
153 big paka      
97 bird manu   1  
147 black kasoka   91  
23 blood siŋi   59  
15 bone tuatua   1, 10  
113 branch word info voka   52  
18 breast turu   1  
56 child kekele      
131 cloud word info vuvuhi vuvuhi = 128 21  
131 cloud word info bubu vuvuhi = 128 21  
139 cold word info pulipuli      
139 cold word info lukuluku      
166 correct, true tutui 'straight' 6  
168 day waro   1, 54  
10 dirty ŋahaŋa      
96 dog kauwa   17  
140 dry word info mamasa   11  
82 dull, blunt matatura 'sharp' + 'not' x  
82 dull, blunt matatupo 'sharp' + 'not' x  
11 dust kahu   1  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil tano   1  
98 egg kaka      
204 Eight word info lima gatolu      
45 eye mata   1  
180 far vahi      
104 fat/grease mona   1, 65  
60 father tama   1  
99 feather launi   24  
208 Fifty word info sanga ululima   1, 6  
143 fire eai   1  
111 fish iha   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower puhu   13  
116 flower koko   67  
132 fog ɣauɣau   1, 55  
200 Four word info paŋe   1, 67  
117 fruit tautau   46  
164 good doko   54  
118 grass uɣu 'Imperata'    
151 green vivihiŋa   21  
26 hair word info launi   40  
1 hand nima   1, 66  
1 hand lima   1  
184 he/she i(veai)   1  
24 head vola   81  
142 heavy ai uha tau 'its weight great' 15?  
61 house luma   1  
194 how? word info maro      
57 husband aroa   2  
182 I eiau   1, 21  
193 if ivaro      
174 in, inside ai lolo 'its interior' 1  
16 intestines moɣali   19  
126 lake      
114 leaf laulau   1  
114 leaf launi   1  
2 left ɣaɣala   14  
4 leg/foot ahe   1  
135 lightning pelaka   26, 28  
17 liver ate(a)te   1  
155 long word info raerae   12  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
54 man/male tamone   1, 14  
103 meat/flesh meramera   21  
129 moon taiko   10  
109 mosquito makinikini   47  
59 mother tina   1  
30 mouth awa   36  
63 name era   66  
158 narrow      
179 near somoli      
25 neck ɣaɣalu   124  
68 needle salumu   1  
163 new pau   1, 26  
167 night voŋi   1  
205 Nine word info lima gapange      
195 no, not mao 'not' 73  
27 nose nuru   27  
162 old word info paka 'big'    
197 One word info ere   1  
197 One word info kehe-tauere   32  
209 One Hundred word info vuno   55  
210 One Thousand word info vuno vana      
190 other pape      
160 painful, sick rivali sick    
160 painful, sick eaieai to hurt 108  
53 person/human being ava   90  
53 person/human being pana   86  
133 rain awaha < *apaRat 'monsoon' 61  
102 rat kuruke   3, 86  
149 red siŋisiŋia   50  
3 right tau   5, 25  
6 road/path erapu   69  
115 root wawahi   2  
65 rope waho   2  
112 rotten word info vusa   9, 74  
112 rotten word info vura   9, 74  
125 salt      
121 sand lavu      
121 sand tano tano = 119 94  
121 sand vovala      
124 sea tari   1  
203 Seven word info lima gahua      
81 sharp karikariŋa      
154 short word info volovolo   6  
19 shoulder wala   1  
161 shy, ashamed mamaia 'shame' 1  
202 Six word info lima gaere      
12 skin kulikuli   1  
12 skin tini body 31  
128 sky vuvuhi      
152 small kahaku      
152 small ɣiɣihiti metathesis of *qitik 121  
145 smoke word info vosu   23  
106 snake mota   12  
110 spider ɣaliki      
130 star motala      
79 stick/wood rumola      
120 stone patu   1  
105 tail hihiu   1  
206 Ten word info sanga ulu   5  
178 that diana   1  
178 that duawa      
62 thatch/roof usu   21  
187 they si pana      
187 they si asiri <*a-sizi 63  
157 thick word info matolutolu   3  
156 thin word info manipinipi   1  
177 this diene      
183 thou u(veau)      
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder balibali i kukururu   2, 64  
41 to bite ɣoɣo      
137 to blow word info lele      
28 to breathe uhu 'breath' 45  
144 to burn word info ani =37 74  
91 to buy oli   1  
38 to chew word info ŋau   8  
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info rae   2  
7 to come nama   1, 73  
39 to cook word info nono   108  
196 to count ware   10  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info keti   122  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig sale   10  
50 to dream anunu-ɣu 'my soul' X  
40 to drink unu   1, 50  
37 to eat ali      
37 to eat ani   1  
95 to fall word info tapu   81  
22 to fear matauri   1  
123 to flow silele   16  
101 to fly hoho   1  
86 to grow word info tuvu   1  
44 to hear loŋo-ni   1, 36  
171 to hide word info mura   52  
171 to hide word info kuku   11  
72 to hit word info hau   60  
89 to hold word info kisi   21  
69 to hunt word info paŋo   16  
69 to hunt word info wana kauwa      
74 to kill hau ɣa i mate 'hit and he dies' 49, 2  
74 to kill sulu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable atai   35  
33 to laugh ŋiŋi   44  
49 to lie down word info eno   1  
76 to live, be alive mororo   42  
92 to open, uncover rere      
84 to plant roa      
84 to plant uwe      
93 to pound, beat word info watu      
64 to say vaɣa (=21)    
64 to say varo (=21) 30?  
77 to scratch word info kaho   1  
46 to see kona   20  
67 to sew word info ralei   50  
67 to sew word info riri      
70 to shoot word info gnali      
51 to sit roa 'seat oneself' 18, 152  
48 to sleep eno   8  
29 to sniff, smell nuri   97  
36 to spit taluani      
36 to spit burari   35  
80 to split word info pala   88  
88 to squeeze word info vivi   21  
71 to stab, pierce ɣali   92  
52 to stand ɣunu      
73 to steal panaho   1, 58  
42 to suck ruru   25  
87 to swell word info vini      
9 to swim waia      
9 to swim nao   51  
21 to think vaɣa believe 40  
21 to think mata i nana think about (lit. eye follows) 91  
94 to throw word info taro   125  
66 to tie up, fasten vono      
66 to tie up, fasten lauri      
66 to tie up, fasten piti   12  
8 to turn word info palele or 11?    
35 to vomit lua   8  
5 to walk lalao   1, 69  
83 to work word info karo      
83 to work word info umo   1  
47 to yawn awa maŋaŋa 'mouth open'    
32 tongue mae   7  
31 tooth luo   1, 35  
207 Twenty word info sanga uluhua      
198 Two word info hua   1  
138 warm word info wanawana   1  
122 water word info eau   21  
185 we word info ta(ita)   1  
185 we word info ya(yai)   2  
141 wet kua      
141 wet petaka   18  
188 what? word info saua   1  
170 when? word info ŋera   1, 24  
181 where? word info sora   83  
148 white kaŋakaŋa      
189 who? word info sei s 1  
189 who? word info sapara pl    
159 wide paka      
58 wife aroa   1  
136 wind namule   44 L
100 wing vaɣe   16  
100 wing vagevage   16  
55 woman/female tamine   1, 98  
127 woods/forest sahu      
107 worm (earthworm) motamota   10  
169 year awahalolo 'rainy season' 12  
169 year hai 'dry season' 79  
150 yellow eaŋoeaŋo   9  
186 you ami(amiu)   1, 13  

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