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Language: Kove

Source/Author:  A. Chowning 
Notes:  Chowning, A. (1996) Relations among languages of West New Britain: an assessment of recent theories and evidence. Pp. 7-62 In M.D. Ross, Ed. Studies in Languages of New Britain and New Ireland. 1: Austronesian Languages of the North New Guinea Cluster in Northwestern New Britain. Pacific Linguistics, C-135. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Ngero-Vitiaz:Ngero:Bariai 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
85 to choose      
125 salt      
126 lake      
158 narrow      
4 leg/foot ahe   1  
174 in, inside ai lolo 'its interior' 1  
142 heavy ai uha tau 'its weight great' 15?  
37 to eat ali      
186 you ami(amiu)   1, 13  
37 to eat ani   1  
144 to burn word info ani =37 74  
50 to dream anunu-ɣu 'my soul' X  
14 belly apo 2 0r 10? 2  
57 husband aroa   2  
58 wife aroa   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable atai   35  
17 liver ate(a)te   1  
53 person/human being ava   90  
30 mouth awa   36  
47 to yawn awa maŋaŋa 'mouth open'    
133 rain awaha < *apaRat 'monsoon' 61  
169 year awahalolo 'rainy season' 12  
134 thunder balibali i kukururu   2, 64  
131 cloud word info bubu vuvuhi = 128 21  
36 to spit burari   35  
178 that diana   1  
177 this diene      
164 good doko   54  
178 that duawa      
143 fire eai   1  
160 painful, sick eaieai to hurt 108  
122 water word info eau   21  
150 yellow eaŋoeaŋo   9  
182 I eiau   1, 21  
48 to sleep eno   8  
49 to lie down word info eno   1  
63 name era   66  
6 road/path erapu   69  
197 One word info ere   1  
70 to shoot word info gnali      
169 year hai 'dry season' 79  
72 to hit word info hau   60  
74 to kill hau ɣa i mate 'hit and he dies' 49, 2  
105 tail hihiu   1  
101 to fly hoho   1  
198 Two word info hua   1  
184 he/she i(veai)   1  
111 fish iha   1  
193 if ivaro      
152 small kahaku      
77 to scratch word info kaho   1  
11 dust kahu   1  
98 egg kaka      
81 sharp karikariŋa      
83 to work word info karo      
147 black kasoka   91  
96 dog kauwa   17  
148 white kaŋakaŋa      
197 One word info kehe-tauere   32  
56 child kekele      
78 to cut, hack word info keti   122  
89 to hold word info kisi   21  
116 flower koko   67  
46 to see kona   20  
141 wet kua      
171 to hide word info kuku   11  
12 skin kulikuli   1  
102 rat kuruke   3, 86  
5 to walk lalao   1, 69  
114 leaf laulau   1  
26 hair word info launi   40  
99 feather launi   24  
114 leaf launi   1  
66 to tie up, fasten lauri      
121 sand lavu      
137 to blow word info lele      
1 hand lima   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info lima gaere      
203 Seven word info lima gahua      
205 Nine word info lima gapange      
204 Eight word info lima gatolu      
44 to hear loŋo-ni   1, 36  
35 to vomit lua   8  
139 cold word info lukuluku      
61 house luma   1  
31 tooth luo   1, 35  
32 tongue mae   7  
109 mosquito makinikini   47  
161 shy, ashamed mamaia 'shame' 1  
140 dry word info mamasa   11  
156 thin word info manipinipi   1  
97 bird manu   1  
195 no, not mao 'not' 73  
194 how? word info maro      
45 eye mata   1  
21 to think mata i nana think about (lit. eye follows) 91  
82 dull, blunt matatupo 'sharp' + 'not' x  
82 dull, blunt matatura 'sharp' + 'not' x  
22 to fear matauri   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
157 thick word info matolutolu   3  
103 meat/flesh meramera   21  
146 ash mola      
104 fat/grease mona   1, 65  
76 to live, be alive mororo   42  
106 snake mota   12  
130 star motala      
107 worm (earthworm) motamota   10  
16 intestines moɣali   19  
171 to hide word info mura   52  
7 to come nama   1, 73  
136 wind namule   44 L
9 to swim nao   51  
1 hand nima   1, 66  
39 to cook word info nono   108  
29 to sniff, smell nuri   97  
27 nose nuru   27  
91 to buy oli   1  
153 big paka      
159 wide paka      
162 old word info paka 'big'    
80 to split word info pala   88  
8 to turn word info palele or 11?    
53 person/human being pana   86  
73 to steal panaho   1, 58  
173 at pani   8  
190 other pape      
120 stone patu   1  
163 new pau   1, 26  
200 Four word info paŋe   1, 67  
69 to hunt word info paŋo   16  
135 lightning pelaka   26, 28  
141 wet petaka   18  
66 to tie up, fasten piti   12  
116 flower puhu   13  
139 cold word info pulipuli      
172 to climb word info rae   2  
155 long word info raerae   12  
67 to sew word info ralei   50  
92 to open, uncover rere      
67 to sew word info riri      
160 painful, sick rivali sick    
51 to sit roa 'seat oneself' 18, 152  
84 to plant roa      
79 stick/wood rumola      
42 to suck ruru   25  
13 back word info ruɣu      
175 above sae   25  
127 woods/forest sahu      
90 to dig sale   10  
68 needle salumu   1  
206 Ten word info sanga ulu   5  
207 Twenty word info sanga uluhua      
208 Fifty word info sanga ululima   1, 6  
189 who? word info sapara pl    
165 bad, evil sasi < POc *saqat-i 1, 58  
188 what? word info saua   1  
189 who? word info sei s 1  
187 they si asiri <*a-sizi 63  
187 they si pana      
123 to flow silele   16  
176 below sio      
23 blood siŋi   59  
149 red siŋisiŋia   50  
179 near somoli      
181 where? word info sora   83  
74 to kill sulu      
185 we word info ta(ita)   1  
129 moon taiko   10  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
36 to spit taluani      
60 father tama   1  
55 woman/female tamine   1, 98  
54 man/male tamone   1, 14  
119 earth/soil tano   1  
121 sand tano tano = 119 94  
95 to fall word info tapu   81  
124 sea tari   1  
94 to throw word info taro   125  
3 right tau   5, 25  
117 fruit tautau   46  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
59 mother tina   1  
12 skin tini body 31  
191 all to      
199 Three word info tolu   1  
191 all tosalai      
15 bone tuatua   1, 10  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
18 breast turu   1  
166 correct, true tutui 'straight' 6  
86 to grow word info tuvu   1  
183 thou u(veau)      
28 to breathe uhu 'breath' 45  
83 to work word info umo   1  
40 to drink unu   1, 50  
62 thatch/roof usu   21  
84 to plant uwe      
118 grass uɣu 'Imperata'    
100 wing vagevage   16  
180 far vahi      
64 to say varo (=21) 30?  
21 to think vaɣa believe 40  
64 to say vaɣa (=21)    
100 wing vaɣe   16  
87 to swell word info vini      
88 to squeeze word info vivi   21  
151 green vivihiŋa   21  
113 branch word info voka   52  
24 head vola   81  
154 short word info volovolo   6  
66 to tie up, fasten vono      
145 smoke word info vosu   23  
121 sand vovala      
167 night voŋi   1  
209 One Hundred word info vuno   55  
210 One Thousand word info vuno vana      
112 rotten word info vura   9, 74  
112 rotten word info vusa   9, 74  
128 sky vuvuhi      
131 cloud word info vuvuhi vuvuhi = 128 21  
65 rope waho   2  
9 to swim waia      
19 shoulder wala   1  
69 to hunt word info wana kauwa      
138 warm word info wanawana   1  
196 to count ware   10  
168 day waro   1, 54  
93 to pound, beat word info watu      
115 root wawahi   2  
185 we word info ya(yai)   2  
10 dirty ŋahaŋa      
38 to chew word info ŋau   8  
170 when? word info ŋera   1, 24  
33 to laugh ŋiŋi   44  
192 and ɣa   1  
71 to stab, pierce ɣali   92  
110 spider ɣaliki      
132 fog ɣauɣau   1, 55  
2 left ɣaɣala   14  
25 neck ɣaɣalu   124  
152 small ɣiɣihiti metathesis of *qitik 121  
41 to bite ɣoɣo      
52 to stand ɣunu      

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