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Language: Siraya F69

Source/Author:  Ferrell (1969) 
Notes:  Ferrell, R.(1969). Taiwan Aboriginal Groups: Problems in cultural and linguistic classification. Monograph 17: Institute of Ethnology, Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Some slightly different cognacy - see annotations column. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 390
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Southwest 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 88 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
28 to breathe      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
41 to bite      
47 to yawn      
71 to stab, pierce      
73 to steal      
77 to scratch word info      
80 to split word info      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
101 to fly      
123 to flow      
132 fog      
157 thick word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
180 far      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
190 other      
193 if      
208 Fifty word info      
169 year tawil from Sander Adelaar (pers. comm. to laurent Sagart 1999) 'agricultural season' 1, 22  
148 white -pule   111  
145 smoke word info ahto   93  
97 bird aiam   2  
97 bird ajajam   2  
56 child allack   1  
56 child allak   1  
54 man/male ama   125  
54 man/male amama   125  
177 this ana   43  
62 thatch/roof apang   74  
143 fire apoy   1  
143 fire apui   1  
195 no, not asi   20  
195 no, not assey   20  
96 dog assou   1  
96 dog asu   1  
178 that ata   2  
130 star atating akai   67  
130 star attatillingagey   67  
133 rain audal   1  
152 small ausyng   102  
18 breast ave "Upper breast"    
146 ash avo   1  
97 bird ayam   2  
124 sea baung   5  
57 husband bi-ka (Chulo-hsien), "Husband"    
58 wife bi-ka (Chulo-hsien), "Husband" 74  
40 to drink bi-ti-ta (Chulo-hsien), "To drink alcoholic drink"    
24 head bong-ngo (Chulo-hsien) 2  
72 to hit word info bouckbouck to hit (with fist) 120  
14 belly bu-ek (Chulo-hsien)    
128 sky bu-lim (Chulo-hsien) 21  
26 hair word info bukaun   1  
79 stick/wood bukung Tree / wood    
106 snake bulai etymon: *buNay 29  
24 head bungu   2  
129 moon buran   1 L?
26 hair word info but-sek (Chulo-hsien) 1.65  
53 person/human being cagoulong   72  
54 man/male cagoulong   59  
79 stick/wood caiou Tree / wood 1  
166 correct, true camamang X    
188 what? word info camang   40  
183 thou cau In mouchouna cau "Where are you going?", and ni moucckouna cau "From where do you come?" 1  
64 to say comma "To say" 124  
108 louse word info conto Perhaps a misreading of couto in the original manuscripts 1  
108 louse word info couto   1  
32 tongue dadila dadila 4  
32 tongue dadilah dadila 4  
1 hand dadukam      
122 water word info dalum   1  
60 father dama   1  
17 liver dapling      
6 road/path darang   1  
59 mother dena   1  
111 fish dhyng   29, 79  
70 to shoot word info dougey      
119 earth/soil doulang      
198 Two word info duha   1  
134 thunder dungdung irreg. loss of -R- 3, 98  
167 night euvanang   82  
23 blood gama   44, 39  
23 blood gamach   44, 39  
134 thunder giltag   71  
104 fat/grease gimach If cognate, very irreg. -EG. Irreg is artefact of spelling. MR. 2  
78 to cut, hack word info gmapit      
44 to hear gmilingig   1, 27  
83 to work word info gmisong      
27 nose gogos   77  
27 nose gongos   77  
27 nose gungus   77  
114 leaf haba SA: -b-?? 44  
118 grass hah-but-kat (Chulo-hsien)    
61 house hamadung      
114 leaf hapa   44  
118 grass havour      
181 where? word info hino   1  
183 thou hou im hou should be imhou x  
200 Four word info hpat   1  
116 flower i-sip (Chulo-hsien) 52  
105 tail ikog   1  
99 feather ilil   78  
55 woman/female ina ina 30  
59 mother ina   1  
55 woman/female inina in(a)-ina 30  
37 to eat input      
183 thou inuhu X typo for imhu 28  
153 big isang   2  
116 flower isib   52  
116 flower isip   52  
59 mother jena   1  
59 mother ji-lat (Chulo-hsien)    
104 fat/grease jmagh If cognate, very irreg. -EG. SA: is regular 2  
39 to cook word info juku      
20 to know, be knowledgeable k<m>alang      
183 thou ka X    
192 and ka   1  
209 One Hundred word info kagatougant ka-Ratu[s]-an 4  
53 person/human being kak-ko-lang (Chulo-hsien), In ma-tok-ke-kak-ko-lang "many people" 72  
75 to die, be dead kapatei   1  
90 to dig kari   1  
10 dirty katil      
13 back word info kator      
54 man/male kaxuloung   59  
57 husband ke-ka-lo (Chulo-hsien), "Wife"    
58 wife ke-ka-lo (Chulo-hsien), "Wife" 74  
206 Ten word info keteng      
37 to eat kmang   1  
90 to dig kmari   1  
46 to see kmitta   1  
196 to count kmoutkout   88  
76 to live, be alive koroch      
204 Eight word info kougipat   1, 35  
107 worm (earthworm) kourey   2  
205 Nine word info kuda   7  
25 neck kuduak      
206 Ten word info kytti   33  
76 to live, be alive kàuag   84  
204 Eight word info kàughpa   1, 35  
145 smoke word info labu      
68 needle lakim      
25 neck lalo      
121 sand lapun      
121 sand li'igh   76  
1 hand li-ma (Chulo-hsien) 1, 64  
121 sand ligig   76  
9 to swim lmangoy   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable m-umxa      
37 to eat ma-bok-kiet-ta (Chulo-hsien), "To eat boiled rice"    
124 sea ma-ong (Chulo-hsien) 5  
75 to die, be dead ma-tai (Chulo-hsien) 1  
165 bad, evil mabulin      
125 salt machat      
142 heavy mackdoung   52, 83  
152 small mackousing   102  
33 to laugh macktlig      
34 to cry madagam      
191 all madagoa      
138 warm word info madalat   113  
10 dirty madidung      
151 green madossiang Green / Blue    
164 good magani   106  
164 good maganig   106  
144 to burn word info magiskag Note: Intransitive not Transitive.    
49 to lie down word info magoutoucong      
8 to turn word info magouvering magou- = 'do reverse'; -vering 'turn' 4  
155 long word info mahadat   27?  
141 wet mahala   120  
155 long word info mahangdag   103  
139 cold word info maharmil   132  
139 cold word info mahaumung      
153 big maizang   2  
150 yellow makouliang   1  
154 short word info makusing      
11 dust mal      
160 painful, sick malam   92  
69 to hunt word info malup   1  
171 to hide word info malup      
194 how? word info mamang   86  
34 to cry mangi   1  
82 dull, blunt mangihit   26  
117 fruit mangus      
170 when? word info manno   87  
147 black maoudim   44  
75 to die, be dead mapatey   1  
7 to come mapil      
148 white mapoule   111  
7 to come mapunakuli   3  
144 to burn word info marabong Note: Intransitive not Transitive.    
64 to say mararamig      
164 good mariang   139  
49 to lie down word info mariku      
5 to walk marisip      
10 dirty marocksong      
10 dirty marosock   110  
64 to say masasuu   126  
81 sharp maschingat   102  
140 dry word info maskag root *kaR (LS) 32  
158 narrow masocko      
159 wide massourach      
64 to say massousou   126  
45 eye mata   1  
168 day matakuh      
205 Nine word info matauda   7  
33 to laugh matawa   1  
45 eye matta   1  
22 to fear mattacot this might be a Malay loan although the ma prefix i would then be hard to explain.BB. 1 L?
33 to laugh mattauwa   1  
33 to laugh mattawa   1  
166 correct, true mattictick      
50 to dream mattimalling   50  
205 Nine word info mattouda   7  
152 small mausing   102  
17 liver mauwach   47  
17 liver mauwah   47  
165 bad, evil mavitig      
37 to eat mavock      
160 painful, sick maàlam   92  
89 to hold word info megua      
149 red meip-hang   80  
48 to sleep mesip   108  
112 rotten word info michtoey   112  
40 to drink miit   71  
137 to blow word info mioup   1  
149 red mipgang   80  
51 to sit miraong   57  
52 to stand mitouko      
112 rotten word info mitoupack   91  
3 right monal   1, 68  
30 mouth motaus   88  
76 to live, be alive mougag   84  
2 left mougy   1, 59  
5 to walk mounounang      
7 to come mouqua X : = 'to go to' (SA)    
30 mouth moutous   88  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mouvana *bajaq 2  
3 right mouwal   1, 68  
40 to drink mudadarang      
30 mouth mulut loan   L
83 to work word info muuma   1  
63 name nanana   1  
63 name nanang   1  
27 nose ngong-ngo-su (Chulo-hsien) 77  
184 he/she ni      
202 Six word info ninnam   1  
202 Six word info nnum   1  
119 earth/soil nài   38  
133 rain o-tat (Chulo-hsien) 1  
18 breast oho   1  
133 rain oudal   1  
3 right ouwal   1, 68  
21 to think pagdimdim   13  
200 Four word info pagpat   1?  
91 to buy paila   72  
70 to shoot word info palto   24  
74 to kill papakey   2  
100 wing papalis   2  
100 wing paparyl   2  
8 to turn word info parit *paliC 104  
79 stick/wood parànnàh Tree / wood 23  
115 root patar   65  
85 to choose peri   1  
113 branch word info pihil   64  
204 Eight word info pipa   1  
203 Seven word info pipito   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
98 egg popak   55  
98 egg popgag   55  
44 to hear pouramang      
131 cloud word info pourarey      
119 earth/soil pourough      
156 thin word info pulipig ...-Ni[ ]-piS; irreg. -S 1, 69  
203 Seven word info pytto   1  
79 stick/wood pærænnæh Tree / wood 23  
107 worm (earthworm) qalo:qót      
131 cloud word info rabu   1  
122 water word info ralaum   1  
60 father rama   1  
122 water word info rarum   1  
198 Two word info rauha   1  
110 spider rauwa   1  
59 mother rena   1  
99 feather ribing      
135 lightning rickat   1, 89  
13 back word info ricos   1  
109 mosquito rikig   2  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
201 Five word info rima   1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
201 Five word info ririma   1  
90 to dig rmavack      
119 earth/soil rouckat      
25 neck ruch always with i in G dial. 1  
122 water word info salom   1  
60 father sama   1  
4 leg/foot sapal "Foot" 55  
197 One word info sasaab SA: -b is typo for -t 1  
191 all sasaan      
197 One word info sasat   1  
176 below sasim   20, 37  
198 Two word info sasoa keteang      
207 Twenty word info sasoa keteang SA: keteang < *ki tian 2  
197 One word info sat   1  
209 One Hundred word info sat kagatougang   4  
210 One Thousand word info sat katounoung   24  
206 Ten word info sat keteang   33  
59 mother sena   1  
53 person/human being sidaia      
134 thunder singding irreg. loss of -R- 3, 98  
29 to sniff, smell smasangog   26, 70  
42 to suck smippsip   1  
170 when? word info so      
207 Twenty word info sosoa keteang SA: keteang < *ki tian 2  
34 to cry t'angit'angi   1  
53 person/human being ta'u   1  
61 house ta-lok (Chulo-hsien) 56  
25 neck taang      
19 shoulder tago   80  
102 rat tagonliang   70  
102 rat tagouliang   70  
19 shoulder tagu   80  
200 Four word info tahat      
16 intestines talamey "Large intestines" 97  
61 house tallach   56  
61 house tallagh   56  
74 to kill tamalpoch "Murderer" 32  
179 near tamang   120  
43 ear tangela   1, 72  
43 ear tangira   1, 72  
65 rope tarych   1  
199 Three word info tauro   1  
169 year tauwil   1, 22  
162 old word info tbong SA: X delete Old Person    
4 leg/foot teng-teng (Chulo-hsien)    
111 fish tging   29, 79  
111 fish theng (Chulo-hsien) 29, 79  
111 fish thing   29, 79  
111 fish thung   29, 79  
189 who? word info timang < ti mang) 2  
4 leg/foot titil "Foot"    
67 to sew word info tmahy [Ct]aSiq 1  
50 to dream tmaling   50  
84 to plant tmalum Initial t- is slightly odd, possible L from Paiwan? -EG (SA: not sure why that would be odd) 2  
27 nose togunut      
174 in, inside tou X    
95 to fall word info touasing      
179 near touhili "Close to" 119  
181 where? word info toumang   90  
4 leg/foot toural      
15 bone toural   1  
174 in, inside tourbo "inside" 41  
199 Three word info toutouro   1  
111 fish tug   29, 79  
202 Six word info tunum   1  
201 Five word info turima   1  
199 Three word info turu   1  
133 rain udau   1  
24 head uho      
118 grass uzu   52  
103 meat/flesh vaat   37  
163 new vaho   1  
163 new vahæu   1  
125 salt vaija   41  
126 lake valanga   48  
12 skin validt doublet 2, 29  
64 to say vanavana      
18 breast vangonga , "Lower-most breast"    
124 sea vaong   5  
136 wind vare   2  
26 hair word info vaukugh   1  
106 snake vaulei etymon: *buNay 29  
24 head vaungo   2  
129 moon vaural   1  
14 belly vauyl   81  
175 above vavau   2  
125 salt veia   41  
167 night vignanang   82  
94 to throw word info vioul   122  
72 to hit word info vlavlat to hit (with fist)    
117 fruit voa   1  
116 flower voiou      
24 head vongo   2  
117 fruit voua   1  
127 woods/forest vouchong   53  
14 belly vouil   81  
26 hair word info voukig   1  
26 hair word info vouking   1  
106 snake voulei etymon: *buNay 29  
106 snake vouly etymon: *buNay 29  
129 moon vourel   1  
66 to tie up, fasten vugot   50  
128 sky vullum Bob: Also 'cloud'. < PAN *buNum 'k.o. cloud' (LS) 21  
131 cloud word info vullum Also means 'sky' < *buNum, cf. 'sky', set #21 (LS) 115  
168 day wagi   17  
31 tooth wali   2  
31 tooth walig   2  
31 tooth walit   2  
119 earth/soil wanan      
31 tooth wangan      
103 meat/flesh wat   37  
120 stone wattu   1  
168 day wài   17  
60 father ya-ma (Chulo-hsien) 1  
182 I ya-u   1  
182 I yao   1  
191 all ymmut   96  
23 blood àmagh   44, 39  
167 night àuvan   82  
147 black æudim   44  

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