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Language: Puyuma (Chihpen F69)

Source/Author:  Ferrell (1969) 
Notes:  Ferrell, R.(1969). Taiwan Aboriginal Groups: Problems in cultural and linguistic classification. Monograph 17: Institute of Ethnology, Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Some slightly different cognacy - see annotations column.

Andreea: replaced /đ/ with /ð/ (cf. book). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 320
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 6
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 30 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ʔiṭáṣ   42  
191 all pəní'aʔ   20  
191 all papí'aʔ   20  
192 and ẓiʔ   41  
146 ash q̂avuʔ   1  
146 ash nasúk   32  
146 ash aabu   1  
173 at      
13 back word info rikuẓán   1  
165 bad, evil ku'aṭə́ŋ   61  
165 bad, evil inatai      
14 belly ti'áɬ   1  
14 belly tteyal Cf S Bunun. L? -EG 1  
176 below luṣúʔ   48  
153 big maq̂iẓáŋ   2  
153 big matina   68  
97 bird q̂áyam   2  
97 bird aiam   2  
147 black q̂oẓq̂oẓə́m   1  
147 black ududŭm   1  
23 blood ðaráq̂   1  
23 blood damok loan 20 l
23 blood modomok loan 20 l
15 bone ʔokák   19  
113 branch word info      
18 breast súsuʔ   1  
56 child ʔalák   1  
56 child mainaian      
131 cloud word info runə́v   79  
131 cloud word info arangit   3  
131 cloud word info kutum   78  
139 cold word info litə́k   83  
139 cold word info lituk   83  
166 correct, true paʔuaʔ   60  
168 day wáriʔ   17  
168 day garum      
10 dirty miliṭáq̂   94  
96 dog su'án   71  
96 dog shaun   71  
96 dog soan   71  
140 dry word info marúm   30  
140 dry word info tarantáŋ      
140 dry word info taŋkár root *kaR (LS) 32  
82 dull, blunt livarú      
82 dull, blunt ʔaði ʔiðaŋán      
11 dust ramə́ŋ      
43 ear taliŋaʔ metathesis 1  
43 ear tangira metathesis 1, 72  
43 ear rangera metathesis 11, 72  
43 ear tungila metathesis 1, 72  
119 earth/soil ðarə́q̂   30  
119 earth/soil dāl   30  
98 egg vəṭinúm   47  
98 egg abetnum   47  
204 Eight word info warúʔ   3  
204 Eight word info waro   3  
204 Eight word info alou   3  
45 eye maṭáʔ   1  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far ʔaðawil   2  
104 fat/grease laulau      
60 father təmamáʔ   1  
60 father ʔamaʔ   1  
99 feather ʔikər      
99 feather pakpak means wing    
99 feather agumalaiam   22  
99 feather húmul   22  
99 feather agumal   22  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire ápui   1  
143 fire apui   1  
143 fire apoi   1  
111 fish vuláu   27  
111 fish kurao   74  
201 Five word info rima   1  
201 Five word info limaʔ   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower q̂ápuṭ   44  
116 flower sasar      
132 fog kutikút   42  
200 Four word info ʔpat   1  
200 Four word info pat   1  
200 Four word info spat   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
117 fruit vu'áq̂   1  
117 fruit sasarm      
164 good q̂inaváʔ   56  
164 good inaba   56  
118 grass ṭarún   53  
118 grass tarung   53  
151 green rəmaʔaraʔát Green 55  
151 green miraak Blue 55  
26 hair word info q̂arvó *qaRbu 16  
26 hair word info aruvo *qaRbu 16  
1 hand limaʔ   1, 64  
1 hand darukap   3, 44  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
184 he/she ʔin ṭáu   14  
184 he/she ʔiẓiuʔ      
184 he/she inadioa      
24 head ṭaŋúruq̂   36  
24 head tangaro   36  
24 head tangal "face" (cauquelin) 36?  
24 head tungrow   36  
142 heavy ʔaruẓún   3  
61 house rumáq̂   1  
61 house aruma   1  
194 how? word info kuðayáu   1  
57 husband      
182 I ti'áqən   1  
182 I -áqən   x  
193 if      
174 in, inside savák   37  
16 intestines ṭinaq̂íʔ   1  
126 lake ʔəvúv   29  
114 leaf viəráq̂   2  
2 left tamawiriʔ   1, 59  
4 leg/foot kuíʔ   59  
135 lightning kəmaklíp   59?  
135 lightning armung      
17 liver q̂áṭai   1  
155 long word info tatəláu   2  
108 louse word info raraṭúʔ      
108 louse word info kuṭúʔ   1  
54 man/male maq̂ínai   58, 107  
54 man/male utu      
54 man/male mainaen   58, 107  
103 meat/flesh q̂alúm      
129 moon q̂ílas   2  
129 moon aburan   1  
109 mosquito pəðpəð   12  
59 mother ta'ínaʔ   1  
59 mother ʔináʔ   1  
30 mouth ʔuðúŋ   75  
30 mouth indan   70  
30 mouth imdan   70  
63 name ŋaðán   1  
158 narrow ləq̂típ   1?  
179 near ʔaðalə́p   78  
25 neck niq̂ə́n highly irreg. Loan ? 94  
25 neck tangdo      
68 needle      
163 new vəkár   39  
167 night parkaðuaʔ      
205 Nine word info 'iwáʔ   5  
205 Nine word info iwa   5  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
195 no, not hazi Source ACD 1  
27 nose ʔunṭán   46  
27 nose antingran   45  
27 nose atenguran   45  
162 old word info maq̂iẓaŋ Old Person 129  
162 old word info ðauðau'án Old Person 101  
197 One word info ʔisáʔ   1  
197 One word info sha   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
197 One word info itu      
209 One Hundred word info saləmán   3  
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other rumaʔ na tau   1  
160 painful, sick nánaʔ   75  
53 person/human being ṭau   1  
53 person/human being atou   1  
133 rain q̂úḍal   1  
133 rain udan   1  
133 rain mandal   1?  
102 rat tutús   34  
149 red ḍaŋḍaráŋ   25 L?
149 red mitaran   25 L?
3 right tarawalán   1, 68  
6 road/path ðaðalán   1  
115 root ramiʔ   3  
115 root ourat      
65 rope ṭáli'   1  
65 rope atali   1  
112 rotten word info matupaq̂   54  
125 salt q̂atəríʔ   27  
125 salt aiam Taiwanese / Min Nan loanword   L
121 sand vuṭə́k   58  
121 sand abuduk   58  
124 sea ləvə́k   51  
124 sea raliaban      
203 Seven word info pitúʔ   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
81 sharp ʔiðaŋán      
154 short word info likəṭíʔ   11  
19 shoulder q̂í'av   53  
19 shoulder ayab   53  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info num   1  
202 Six word info unum   1  
202 Six word info onam   1  
202 Six word info ʔúnə́m   1  
12 skin ruviṭ   61  
128 sky rukúp   55  
128 sky ranget   1  
152 small makitə́ŋ   85  
152 small makitung   85  
145 smoke word info q̂asəván   1  
145 smoke word info ashuban   1  
106 snake ʔunan   54  
106 snake ounan   54  
110 spider kakamáŋ   22  
130 star vituq̂ə́n   1  
130 star atior   45  
130 star teol   45  
79 stick/wood káwiʔ Tree / wood 1  
79 stick/wood aput Tree / wood    
120 stone varasáq   33  
120 stone barasa   33  
105 tail ikur   1  
206 Ten word info pulúq̂   5  
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
206 Ten word info purru   5  
178 that ʔiẓu'á'   13  
62 thatch/roof      
187 they naẓíu   8  
187 they inadioa   8  
157 thick word info kəẓəmə́ɬ   21  
156 thin word info ʔalipíṭ ...-NiS[ ]pit. Irreg. -t 1  
177 this ʔini'áʔ   1  
177 this i-di from Laurent Sagart 13  
183 thou ʔíŋuʔ   24?  
183 thou yoyo   1  
183 thou yu   1  
199 Three word info tərúʔ   1  
199 Three word info tilu   1  
199 Three word info tero   1  
199 Three word info taloh   1  
134 thunder dəruŋ   3  
134 thunder drung   3  
41 to bite kmarát   1  
137 to blow word info mi'úp   1  
28 to breathe məŋáẓ *Seŋa[dz] 61  
144 to burn word info mivərvər Note: Intransitive not Transitive.; Orig. marked as set 23, but Puyuma [v] should correspond to Itbayat [v] not [b]. -EG    
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come mupánaʔ Another form: Dua (Cauquelin) 12  
39 to cook word info ðəmərúʔ   74  
196 to count mi'úp   2  
34 to cry ṭəmaṭaŋís   1  
78 to cut, hack word info lipitau      
75 to die, be dead minatái   1  
75 to die, be dead ua      
90 to dig kərtáu      
90 to dig kmərút   41  
50 to dream      
40 to drink q̂əmáu      
37 to eat ʔémkan   1  
37 to eat amkan   1  
95 to fall word info mutaniʔ   4  
22 to fear makáuð   56  
123 to flow muaq̂ənún   4  
101 to fly muviʔí'   30  
86 to grow word info mar-bua Source ACD: Sprout or grow naturally    
44 to hear kiŋə́l   50  
171 to hide word info v-en-a-vuli Source ACD 1  
72 to hit word info kələbə́ŋau to hit (with fist)    
89 to hold word info ʔarakáu      
69 to hunt word info mətálun   47  
69 to hunt word info q̂əmalup   1  
74 to kill pənatái   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maẓalám *ma-[dz]aNam, LS. from tame animals? BB 74  
33 to laugh likəẓ Final [ẓ] expected to be [ð] -EG 79?  
49 to lie down word info kursaŋẓáɬ      
76 to live, be alive muvaʔáu   51  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say marəŋái   99  
77 to scratch word info homa:táu 61 + metathesis (+ ɭ-deletion)??? Probably not?-EG    
46 to see mənaq̂áu   76  
46 to see naʔuái   76  
67 to sew word info ṭəmq̂í CaqiS 1, 52  
70 to shoot word info pənanáq̂   1  
51 to sit kəmayán   93  
48 to sleep ʔaləpə́q̂   48  
48 to sleep medŭng   49  
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit támaʔ Sputum / Spittle not verb 79  
80 to split word info mtəq̂áv [q] is unexpected w/ [k] in Pilam & Katipul. -EG 66  
88 to squeeze word info pərq̂áu *peReq-aw. Squeeze (in hand). 1  
71 to stab, pierce ʔiluṣ   70  
52 to stand matəkəríẓ      
73 to steal t-em-a-takaw Source ACD: Steal 1  
42 to suck sirəpáu   46  
87 to swell word info vaʀeh Source ACD: to swell 1  
9 to swim pakulimaʔ   69  
21 to think marʔáŋər   57  
21 to think maráŋer   57  
94 to throw word info vuluʔánai   29  
66 to tie up, fasten vəntəvə́t   70  
8 to turn word info muliús   2  
8 to turn word info muliulius   2  
35 to vomit mutáq̂   1  
5 to walk kəmakawan   91?  
83 to work word info kikarún   62  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue sema   1  
31 tooth wáliʔ   2  
31 tooth ware   2  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
198 Two word info ru'aʔ   1  
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
198 Two word info lusa   1?  
138 warm word info saðkúʔ      
122 water word info ẓánum   1 L
122 water word info ane   41  
122 water word info nnai   41  
122 water word info a-tuei      
185 we word info ʔintáʔ   1  
185 we word info ʔiniam   46  
185 we word info itai   1  
141 wet sapənə́q̂   73  
188 what? word info ʔman   16  
188 what? word info manəma *nema 16  
170 when? word info q̂áiðan qa-ija-an 1  
181 where? word info ʔiʔí'an   51  
148 white vulṭíq̂   76  
148 white vulŋán Why [ŋ] instead of [n]? -EG 77  
148 white burnan   77  
189 who? word info ʔiʔmán   2  
159 wide ʔarawái      
58 wife      
136 wind váliʔ   2  
136 wind vare   2  
100 wing pakpak   33  
55 woman/female vavayán   1, 105  
55 woman/female omos      
127 woods/forest kawikawiʔ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) q̂ulə́ð   27  
169 year hami Source ACD 23  
150 yellow malulúq̂   18  
150 yellow malulu   18  
186 you ʔinmúʔ   1  
186 you yu      

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