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Language: Puyuma (Chihpen F69)

Source/Author:  Ferrell (1969) 
Notes:  Ferrell, R.(1969). Taiwan Aboriginal Groups: Problems in cultural and linguistic classification. Monograph 17: Institute of Ethnology, Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Some slightly different cognacy - see annotations column.

Andreea: replaced /đ/ with /ð/ (cf. book). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 320
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 6
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
Map 
 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 30 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
29 to sniff, smell      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
68 needle      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
113 branch word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
193 if      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
205 Nine word info 'iwáʔ   5  
182 I -áqən   x  
122 water word info a-tuei      
146 ash aabu   1  
98 egg abetnum   47  
121 sand abuduk   58  
129 moon aburan   1  
99 feather agumal   22  
99 feather agumalaiam   22  
97 bird aiam   2  
125 salt aiam Taiwanese / Min Nan loanword   L
204 Eight word info alou   3  
37 to eat amkan   1  
122 water word info ane   41  
27 nose antingran   45  
143 fire apoi   1  
143 fire apui   1  
79 stick/wood aput Tree / wood    
131 cloud word info arangit   3  
135 lightning armung      
61 house aruma   1  
26 hair word info aruvo *qaRbu 16  
145 smoke word info ashuban   1  
65 rope atali   1  
27 nose atenguran   45  
130 star atior   45  
53 person/human being atou   1  
19 shoulder ayab   53  
120 stone barasa   33  
148 white burnan   77  
23 blood damok loan 20 l
1 hand darukap   3, 44  
134 thunder drung   3  
119 earth/soil dāl   30  
134 thunder dəruŋ   3  
168 day garum      
169 year hami Source ACD 23  
195 no, not hazi Source ACD 1  
77 to scratch word info homa:táu 61 + metathesis (+ ɭ-deletion)??? Probably not?-EG    
99 feather húmul   22  
177 this i-di from Laurent Sagart 13  
105 tail ikur   1  
30 mouth imdan   70  
164 good inaba   56  
184 he/she inadioa      
187 they inadioa   8  
165 bad, evil inatai      
30 mouth indan   70  
185 we word info itai   1  
197 One word info itu      
205 Nine word info iwa   5  
110 spider kakamáŋ   22  
127 woods/forest kawikawiʔ   2  
83 to work word info kikarún   62  
44 to hear kiŋə́l   50  
41 to bite kmarát   1  
90 to dig kmərút   41  
165 bad, evil ku'aṭə́ŋ   61  
111 fish kurao   74  
49 to lie down word info kursaŋẓáɬ      
132 fog kutikút   42  
131 cloud word info kutum   78  
4 leg/foot kuíʔ   59  
194 how? word info kuðayáu   1  
108 louse word info kuṭúʔ   1  
79 stick/wood káwiʔ Tree / wood 1  
72 to hit word info kələbə́ŋau to hit (with fist)    
5 to walk kəmakawan   91?  
135 lightning kəmaklíp   59?  
51 to sit kəmayán   93  
90 to dig kərtáu      
157 thick word info kəẓəmə́ɬ   21  
104 fat/grease laulau      
154 short word info likəṭíʔ   11  
33 to laugh likəẓ Final [ẓ] expected to be [ð] -EG 79?  
201 Five word info lima   1  
1 hand limaʔ   1, 64  
201 Five word info limaʔ   1  
78 to cut, hack word info lipitau      
139 cold word info lituk   83  
139 cold word info litə́k   83  
82 dull, blunt livarú      
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info lusa   1?  
176 below luṣúʔ   48  
158 narrow ləq̂típ   1?  
124 sea ləvə́k   51  
54 man/male mainaen   58, 107  
56 child mainaian      
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
152 small makitung   85  
152 small makitə́ŋ   85  
22 to fear makáuð   56  
150 yellow malulu   18  
150 yellow malulúq̂   18  
133 rain mandal   1?  
188 what? word info manəma *nema 16  
162 old word info maq̂iẓaŋ Old Person 129  
153 big maq̂iẓáŋ   2  
54 man/male maq̂ínai   58, 107  
86 to grow word info mar-bua Source ACD: Sprout or grow naturally    
21 to think maráŋer   57  
140 dry word info marúm   30  
64 to say marəŋái   99  
21 to think marʔáŋər   57  
45 eye mata   1  
153 big matina   68  
112 rotten word info matupaq̂   54  
52 to stand matəkəríẓ      
45 eye maṭáʔ   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maẓalám *ma-[dz]aNam, LS. from tame animals? BB 74  
48 to sleep medŭng   49  
137 to blow word info mi'úp   1  
196 to count mi'úp   2  
10 dirty miliṭáq̂   94  
75 to die, be dead minatái   1  
151 green miraak Blue 55  
149 red mitaran   25 L?
144 to burn word info mivərvər Note: Intransitive not Transitive.; Orig. marked as set 23, but Puyuma [v] should correspond to Itbayat [v] not [b]. -EG    
23 blood modomok loan 20 l
80 to split word info mtəq̂áv [q] is unexpected w/ [k] in Pilam & Katipul. -EG 66  
123 to flow muaq̂ənún   4  
8 to turn word info muliulius   2  
8 to turn word info muliús   2  
7 to come mupánaʔ Another form: Dua (Cauquelin) 12  
95 to fall word info mutaniʔ   4  
35 to vomit mutáq̂   1  
76 to live, be alive muvaʔáu   51  
101 to fly muviʔí'   30  
46 to see mənaq̂áu   76  
69 to hunt word info mətálun   47  
28 to breathe məŋáẓ *Seŋa[dz] 61  
146 ash nasúk   32  
46 to see naʔuái   76  
187 they naẓíu   8  
25 neck niq̂ə́n highly irreg. Loan ? 94  
122 water word info nnai   41  
202 Six word info num   1  
160 painful, sick nánaʔ   75  
55 woman/female omos      
202 Six word info onam   1  
106 snake ounan   54  
115 root ourat      
99 feather pakpak means wing    
100 wing pakpak   33  
9 to swim pakulimaʔ   69  
191 all papí'aʔ   20  
167 night parkaðuaʔ      
200 Four word info pat   1  
166 correct, true paʔuaʔ   60  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
203 Seven word info pitúʔ   1  
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
206 Ten word info pulúq̂   5  
206 Ten word info purru   5  
70 to shoot word info pənanáq̂   1  
74 to kill pənatái   2  
191 all pəní'aʔ   20  
88 to squeeze word info pərq̂áu *peReq-aw. Squeeze (in hand). 1  
109 mosquito pəðpəð   12  
103 meat/flesh q̂alúm      
26 hair word info q̂arvó *qaRbu 16  
145 smoke word info q̂asəván   1  
125 salt q̂atəríʔ   27  
146 ash q̂avuʔ   1  
164 good q̂inaváʔ   56  
147 black q̂oẓq̂oẓə́m   1  
107 worm (earthworm) q̂ulə́ð   27  
170 when? word info q̂áiðan qa-ija-an 1  
116 flower q̂ápuṭ   44  
97 bird q̂áyam   2  
17 liver q̂áṭai   1  
19 shoulder q̂í'av   53  
129 moon q̂ílas   2  
133 rain q̂úḍal   1  
69 to hunt word info q̂əmalup   1  
40 to drink q̂əmáu      
124 sea raliaban      
115 root ramiʔ   3  
11 dust ramə́ŋ      
43 ear rangera metathesis 11, 72  
128 sky ranget   1  
108 louse word info raraṭúʔ      
13 back word info rikuẓán   1  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
201 Five word info rima   1  
198 Two word info ru'aʔ   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
128 sky rukúp   55  
190 other rumaʔ na tau   1  
61 house rumáq̂   1  
131 cloud word info runə́v   79  
12 skin ruviṭ   61  
151 green rəmaʔaraʔát Green 55  
197 One word info sa   1  
209 One Hundred word info saləmán   3  
141 wet sapənə́q̂   73  
116 flower sasar      
117 fruit sasarm      
174 in, inside savák   37  
138 warm word info saðkúʔ      
32 tongue sema   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
197 One word info sha   1  
96 dog shaun   71  
42 to suck sirəpáu   46  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
96 dog soan   71  
200 Four word info spat   1  
96 dog su'án   71  
18 breast súsuʔ   1  
73 to steal t-em-a-takaw Source ACD: Steal 1  
59 mother ta'ínaʔ   1  
43 ear taliŋaʔ metathesis 1  
199 Three word info taloh   1  
2 left tamawiriʔ   1, 59  
24 head tangal "face" (cauquelin) 36?  
24 head tangaro   36  
25 neck tangdo      
43 ear tangira metathesis 1, 72  
140 dry word info tarantáŋ      
3 right tarawalán   1, 68  
118 grass tarung   53  
155 long word info tatəláu   2  
140 dry word info taŋkár root *kaR (LS) 32  
130 star teol   45  
199 Three word info tero   1  
182 I ti'áqən   1  
14 belly ti'áɬ   1  
199 Three word info tilu   1  
14 belly tteyal Cf S Bunun. L? -EG 1  
43 ear tungila metathesis 1, 72  
24 head tungrow   36  
102 rat tutús   34  
36 to spit támaʔ Sputum / Spittle not verb 79  
60 father təmamáʔ   1  
199 Three word info tərúʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead ua      
133 rain udan   1  
147 black ududŭm   1  
202 Six word info unum   1  
54 man/male utu      
171 to hide word info v-en-a-vuli Source ACD 1  
120 stone varasáq   33  
136 wind vare   2  
55 woman/female vavayán   1, 105  
87 to swell word info vaʀeh Source ACD: to swell 1  
130 star vituq̂ə́n   1  
114 leaf viəráq̂   2  
117 fruit vu'áq̂   1  
94 to throw word info vuluʔánai   29  
111 fish vuláu   27  
148 white vulŋán Why [ŋ] instead of [n]? -EG 77  
148 white vulṭíq̂   76  
121 sand vuṭə́k   58  
136 wind váliʔ   2  
163 new vəkár   39  
66 to tie up, fasten vəntəvə́t   70  
98 egg vəṭinúm   47  
31 tooth ware   2  
204 Eight word info waro   3  
204 Eight word info warúʔ   3  
31 tooth wáliʔ   2  
168 day wáriʔ   17  
183 thou yoyo   1  
183 thou yu   1  
186 you yu      
143 fire ápui   1  
23 blood ðaráq̂   1  
119 earth/soil ðarə́q̂   30  
162 old word info ðauðau'án Old Person 101  
6 road/path ðaðalán   1  
39 to cook word info ðəmərúʔ   74  
63 name ŋaðán   1  
156 thin word info ʔalipíṭ ...-NiS[ ]pit. Irreg. -t 1  
56 child ʔalák   1  
48 to sleep ʔaləpə́q̂   48  
60 father ʔamaʔ   1  
89 to hold word info ʔarakáu      
159 wide ʔarawái      
142 heavy ʔaruẓún   3  
179 near ʔaðalə́p   78  
180 far ʔaðawil   2  
82 dull, blunt ʔaði ʔiðaŋán      
99 feather ʔikər      
71 to stab, pierce ʔiluṣ   70  
184 he/she ʔin ṭáu   14  
177 this ʔini'áʔ   1  
185 we word info ʔiniam   46  
186 you ʔinmúʔ   1  
185 we word info ʔintáʔ   1  
59 mother ʔináʔ   1  
197 One word info ʔisáʔ   1  
81 sharp ʔiðaŋán      
189 who? word info ʔiʔmán   2  
181 where? word info ʔiʔí'an   51  
175 above ʔiṭáṣ   42  
184 he/she ʔiẓiuʔ      
178 that ʔiẓu'á'   13  
188 what? word info ʔman   16  
15 bone ʔokák   19  
200 Four word info ʔpat   1  
106 snake ʔunan   54  
27 nose ʔunṭán   46  
30 mouth ʔuðúŋ   75  
37 to eat ʔémkan   1  
183 thou ʔíŋuʔ   24?  
202 Six word info ʔúnə́m   1  
126 lake ʔəvúv   29  
149 red ḍaŋḍaráŋ   25 L?
118 grass ṭarún   53  
53 person/human being ṭau   1  
24 head ṭaŋúruq̂   36  
16 intestines ṭinaq̂íʔ   1  
65 rope ṭáli'   1  
34 to cry ṭəmaṭaŋís   1  
67 to sew word info ṭəmq̂í CaqiS 1, 52  
192 and ẓiʔ   41  
122 water word info ẓánum   1 L

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