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Language: Puyuma (Chihpen F69)

Source/Author:  Ferrell (1969) 
Notes:  Ferrell, R.(1969). Taiwan Aboriginal Groups: Problems in cultural and linguistic classification. Monograph 17: Institute of Ethnology, Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Some slightly different cognacy - see annotations column.

Andreea: replaced /đ/ with /ð/ (cf. book). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 320
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 6
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 30 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
29 to sniff, smell      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
62 thatch/roof      
68 needle      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
113 branch word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
193 if      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
11 dust ramə́ŋ      
25 neck tangdo      
40 to drink q̂əmáu      
49 to lie down word info kursaŋẓáɬ      
52 to stand matəkəríẓ      
54 man/male utu      
55 woman/female omos      
56 child mainaian      
72 to hit word info kələbə́ŋau to hit (with fist)    
75 to die, be dead ua      
77 to scratch word info homa:táu 61 + metathesis (+ ɭ-deletion)??? Probably not?-EG    
78 to cut, hack word info lipitau      
79 stick/wood aput Tree / wood    
81 sharp ʔiðaŋán      
82 dull, blunt livarú      
82 dull, blunt ʔaði ʔiðaŋán      
86 to grow word info mar-bua Source ACD: Sprout or grow naturally    
89 to hold word info ʔarakáu      
90 to dig kərtáu      
99 feather ʔikər      
99 feather pakpak means wing    
103 meat/flesh q̂alúm      
104 fat/grease laulau      
108 louse word info raraṭúʔ      
115 root ourat      
116 flower sasar      
117 fruit sasarm      
122 water word info a-tuei      
124 sea raliaban      
125 salt aiam Taiwanese / Min Nan loanword   L
135 lightning armung      
138 warm word info saðkúʔ      
140 dry word info tarantáŋ      
144 to burn word info mivərvər Note: Intransitive not Transitive.; Orig. marked as set 23, but Puyuma [v] should correspond to Itbayat [v] not [b]. -EG    
159 wide ʔarawái      
165 bad, evil inatai      
167 night parkaðuaʔ      
168 day garum      
184 he/she ʔiẓiuʔ      
184 he/she inadioa      
186 you yu      
197 One word info itu      
43 ear tangira metathesis 1, 72  
6 road/path ðaðalán   1  
13 back word info rikuẓán   1  
14 belly ti'áɬ   1  
14 belly tteyal Cf S Bunun. L? -EG 1  
16 intestines ṭinaq̂íʔ   1  
17 liver q̂áṭai   1  
18 breast súsuʔ   1  
23 blood ðaráq̂   1  
32 tongue sema   1  
34 to cry ṭəmaṭaŋís   1  
35 to vomit mutáq̂   1  
37 to eat ʔémkan   1  
37 to eat amkan   1  
41 to bite kmarát   1  
43 ear taliŋaʔ metathesis 1  
45 eye maṭáʔ   1  
45 eye mata   1  
53 person/human being ṭau   1  
53 person/human being atou   1  
56 child ʔalák   1  
59 mother ta'ínaʔ   1  
59 mother ʔináʔ   1  
60 father təmamáʔ   1  
60 father ʔamaʔ   1  
61 house rumáq̂   1  
61 house aruma   1  
63 name ŋaðán   1  
65 rope ṭáli'   1  
65 rope atali   1  
69 to hunt word info q̂əmalup   1  
70 to shoot word info pənanáq̂   1  
73 to steal t-em-a-takaw Source ACD: Steal 1  
75 to die, be dead minatái   1  
79 stick/wood káwiʔ Tree / wood 1  
87 to swell word info vaʀeh Source ACD: to swell 1  
88 to squeeze word info pərq̂áu *peReq-aw. Squeeze (in hand). 1  
105 tail ikur   1  
108 louse word info kuṭúʔ   1  
117 fruit vu'áq̂   1  
122 water word info ẓánum   1 L
128 sky ranget   1  
129 moon aburan   1  
130 star vituq̂ə́n   1  
133 rain q̂úḍal   1  
133 rain udan   1  
137 to blow word info mi'úp   1  
143 fire ápui   1  
143 fire apui   1  
143 fire apoi   1  
145 smoke word info q̂asəván   1  
145 smoke word info ashuban   1  
146 ash q̂avuʔ   1  
146 ash aabu   1  
147 black q̂oẓq̂oẓə́m   1  
147 black ududŭm   1  
156 thin word info ʔalipíṭ ...-NiS[ ]pit. Irreg. -t 1  
170 when? word info q̂áiðan qa-ija-an 1  
171 to hide word info v-en-a-vuli Source ACD 1  
177 this ʔini'áʔ   1  
182 I ti'áqən   1  
183 thou yoyo   1  
183 thou yu   1  
185 we word info ʔintáʔ   1  
185 we word info itai   1  
186 you ʔinmúʔ   1  
190 other rumaʔ na tau   1  
194 how? word info kuðayáu   1  
195 no, not hazi Source ACD 1  
197 One word info ʔisáʔ   1  
197 One word info sha   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
198 Two word info ru'aʔ   1  
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info tərúʔ   1  
199 Three word info tilu   1  
199 Three word info tero   1  
199 Three word info taloh   1  
200 Four word info ʔpat   1  
200 Four word info pat   1  
200 Four word info spat   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
201 Five word info limaʔ   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info num   1  
202 Six word info unum   1  
202 Six word info onam   1  
202 Six word info ʔúnə́m   1  
203 Seven word info pitúʔ   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
55 woman/female vavayán   1, 105  
67 to sew word info ṭəmq̂í CaqiS 1, 52  
2 left tamawiriʔ   1, 59  
1 hand limaʔ   1, 64  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
3 right tarawalán   1, 68  
43 ear tungila metathesis 1, 72  
162 old word info ðauðau'án Old Person 101  
154 short word info likəṭíʔ   11  
43 ear rangera metathesis 11, 72  
7 to come mupánaʔ Another form: Dua (Cauquelin) 12  
109 mosquito pəðpəð   12  
162 old word info maq̂iẓaŋ Old Person 129  
177 this i-di from Laurent Sagart 13  
178 that ʔiẓu'á'   13  
184 he/she ʔin ṭáu   14  
26 hair word info q̂arvó *qaRbu 16  
26 hair word info aruvo *qaRbu 16  
188 what? word info ʔman   16  
188 what? word info manəma *nema 16  
168 day wáriʔ   17  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
150 yellow malulúq̂   18  
150 yellow malulu   18  
15 bone ʔokák   19  
133 rain mandal   1?  
158 narrow ləq̂típ   1?  
198 Two word info lusa   1?  
8 to turn word info muliús   2  
8 to turn word info muliulius   2  
31 tooth wáliʔ   2  
31 tooth ware   2  
74 to kill pənatái   2  
97 bird q̂áyam   2  
97 bird aiam   2  
114 leaf viəráq̂   2  
127 woods/forest kawikawiʔ   2  
129 moon q̂ílas   2  
136 wind váliʔ   2  
136 wind vare   2  
153 big maq̂iẓáŋ   2  
155 long word info tatəláu   2  
180 far ʔaðawil   2  
189 who? word info ʔiʔmán   2  
196 to count mi'úp   2  
23 blood damok loan 20 l
23 blood modomok loan 20 l
191 all pəní'aʔ   20  
191 all papí'aʔ   20  
157 thick word info kəẓəmə́ɬ   21  
99 feather agumalaiam   22  
99 feather húmul   22  
99 feather agumal   22  
110 spider kakamáŋ   22  
169 year hami Source ACD 23  
183 thou ʔíŋuʔ   24?  
149 red ḍaŋḍaráŋ   25 L?
149 red mitaran   25 L?
107 worm (earthworm) q̂ulə́ð   27  
111 fish vuláu   27  
125 salt q̂atəríʔ   27  
94 to throw word info vuluʔánai   29  
126 lake ʔəvúv   29  
115 root ramiʔ   3  
131 cloud word info arangit   3  
134 thunder dəruŋ   3  
134 thunder drung   3  
142 heavy ʔaruẓún   3  
204 Eight word info warúʔ   3  
204 Eight word info waro   3  
204 Eight word info alou   3  
209 One Hundred word info saləmán   3  
1 hand darukap   3, 44  
101 to fly muviʔí'   30  
119 earth/soil ðarə́q̂   30  
119 earth/soil dāl   30  
140 dry word info marúm   30  
140 dry word info taŋkár root *kaR (LS) 32  
146 ash nasúk   32  
100 wing pakpak   33  
120 stone varasáq   33  
120 stone barasa   33  
102 rat tutús   34  
24 head ṭaŋúruq̂   36  
24 head tangaro   36  
24 head tungrow   36  
24 head tangal "face" (cauquelin) 36?  
174 in, inside savák   37  
163 new vəkár   39  
95 to fall word info mutaniʔ   4  
123 to flow muaq̂ənún   4  
90 to dig kmərút   41  
122 water word info ane   41  
122 water word info nnai   41  
192 and ẓiʔ   41  
132 fog kutikút   42  
175 above ʔiṭáṣ   42  
116 flower q̂ápuṭ   44  
27 nose antingran   45  
27 nose atenguran   45  
130 star atior   45  
130 star teol   45  
27 nose ʔunṭán   46  
42 to suck sirəpáu   46  
185 we word info ʔiniam   46  
69 to hunt word info mətálun   47  
98 egg vəṭinúm   47  
98 egg abetnum   47  
48 to sleep ʔaləpə́q̂   48  
176 below luṣúʔ   48  
48 to sleep medŭng   49  
205 Nine word info 'iwáʔ   5  
205 Nine word info iwa   5  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
206 Ten word info pulúq̂   5  
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
206 Ten word info purru   5  
44 to hear kiŋə́l   50  
76 to live, be alive muvaʔáu   51  
124 sea ləvə́k   51  
181 where? word info ʔiʔí'an   51  
19 shoulder q̂í'av   53  
19 shoulder ayab   53  
118 grass ṭarún   53  
118 grass tarung   53  
106 snake ʔunan   54  
106 snake ounan   54  
112 rotten word info matupaq̂   54  
128 sky rukúp   55  
151 green rəmaʔaraʔát Green 55  
151 green miraak Blue 55  
22 to fear makáuð   56  
164 good q̂inaváʔ   56  
164 good inaba   56  
21 to think marʔáŋər   57  
21 to think maráŋer   57  
121 sand vuṭə́k   58  
121 sand abuduk   58  
54 man/male maq̂ínai   58, 107  
54 man/male mainaen   58, 107  
4 leg/foot kuíʔ   59  
135 lightning kəmaklíp   59?  
166 correct, true paʔuaʔ   60  
12 skin ruviṭ   61  
28 to breathe məŋáẓ *Seŋa[dz] 61  
165 bad, evil ku'aṭə́ŋ   61  
83 to work word info kikarún   62  
80 to split word info mtəq̂áv [q] is unexpected w/ [k] in Pilam & Katipul. -EG 66  
153 big matina   68  
9 to swim pakulimaʔ   69  
30 mouth indan   70  
30 mouth imdan   70  
66 to tie up, fasten vəntəvə́t   70  
71 to stab, pierce ʔiluṣ   70  
96 dog su'án   71  
96 dog shaun   71  
96 dog soan   71  
141 wet sapənə́q̂   73  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maẓalám *ma-[dz]aNam, LS. from tame animals? BB 74  
39 to cook word info ðəmərúʔ   74  
111 fish kurao   74  
30 mouth ʔuðúŋ   75  
160 painful, sick nánaʔ   75  
46 to see mənaq̂áu   76  
46 to see naʔuái   76  
148 white vulṭíq̂   76  
148 white vulŋán Why [ŋ] instead of [n]? -EG 77  
148 white burnan   77  
131 cloud word info kutum   78  
179 near ʔaðalə́p   78  
36 to spit támaʔ Sputum / Spittle not verb 79  
131 cloud word info runə́v   79  
33 to laugh likəẓ Final [ẓ] expected to be [ð] -EG 79?  
187 they naẓíu   8  
187 they inadioa   8  
139 cold word info litə́k   83  
139 cold word info lituk   83  
152 small makitə́ŋ   85  
152 small makitung   85  
5 to walk kəmakawan   91?  
51 to sit kəmayán   93  
10 dirty miliṭáq̂   94  
25 neck niq̂ə́n highly irreg. Loan ? 94  
64 to say marəŋái   99  
182 I -áqən   x  

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