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Language: Puyuma (Chihpen F69)

Source/Author:  Ferrell (1969) 
Notes:  Ferrell, R.(1969). Taiwan Aboriginal Groups: Problems in cultural and linguistic classification. Monograph 17: Institute of Ethnology, Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Some slightly different cognacy - see annotations column.

Andreea: replaced /đ/ with /ð/ (cf. book). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 320
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 6
 
Classification:  Austronesian:Puyuma 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 30 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand limaʔ   1, 64  
1 hand darukap   3, 44  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
2 left tamawiriʔ   1, 59  
3 right tarawalán   1, 68  
4 leg/foot kuíʔ   59  
5 to walk kəmakawan   91?  
6 road/path ðaðalán   1  
7 to come mupánaʔ Another form: Dua (Cauquelin) 12  
8 to turn word info muliús   2  
8 to turn word info muliulius   2  
9 to swim pakulimaʔ   69  
10 dirty miliṭáq̂   94  
11 dust ramə́ŋ      
12 skin ruviṭ   61  
13 back word info rikuẓán   1  
14 belly ti'áɬ   1  
14 belly tteyal Cf S Bunun. L? -EG 1  
15 bone ʔokák   19  
16 intestines ṭinaq̂íʔ   1  
17 liver q̂áṭai   1  
18 breast súsuʔ   1  
19 shoulder q̂í'av   53  
19 shoulder ayab   53  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maẓalám *ma-[dz]aNam, LS. from tame animals? BB 74  
21 to think marʔáŋər   57  
21 to think maráŋer   57  
22 to fear makáuð   56  
23 blood ðaráq̂   1  
23 blood damok loan 20 l
23 blood modomok loan 20 l
24 head ṭaŋúruq̂   36  
24 head tangaro   36  
24 head tangal "face" (cauquelin) 36?  
24 head tungrow   36  
25 neck niq̂ə́n highly irreg. Loan ? 94  
25 neck tangdo      
26 hair word info q̂arvó *qaRbu 16  
26 hair word info aruvo *qaRbu 16  
27 nose ʔunṭán   46  
27 nose antingran   45  
27 nose atenguran   45  
28 to breathe məŋáẓ *Seŋa[dz] 61  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth ʔuðúŋ   75  
30 mouth indan   70  
30 mouth imdan   70  
31 tooth wáliʔ   2  
31 tooth ware   2  
32 tongue sema   1  
33 to laugh likəẓ Final [ẓ] expected to be [ð] -EG 79?  
34 to cry ṭəmaṭaŋís   1  
35 to vomit mutáq̂   1  
36 to spit támaʔ Sputum / Spittle not verb 79  
37 to eat ʔémkan   1  
37 to eat amkan   1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info ðəmərúʔ   74  
40 to drink q̂əmáu      
41 to bite kmarát   1  
42 to suck sirəpáu   46  
43 ear taliŋaʔ metathesis 1  
43 ear tangira metathesis 1, 72  
43 ear rangera metathesis 11, 72  
43 ear tungila metathesis 1, 72  
44 to hear kiŋə́l   50  
45 eye maṭáʔ   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see mənaq̂áu   76  
46 to see naʔuái   76  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep ʔaləpə́q̂   48  
48 to sleep medŭng   49  
49 to lie down word info kursaŋẓáɬ      
50 to dream      
51 to sit kəmayán   93  
52 to stand matəkəríẓ      
53 person/human being ṭau   1  
53 person/human being atou   1  
54 man/male maq̂ínai   58, 107  
54 man/male utu      
54 man/male mainaen   58, 107  
55 woman/female vavayán   1, 105  
55 woman/female omos      
56 child ʔalák   1  
56 child mainaian      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother ta'ínaʔ   1  
59 mother ʔináʔ   1  
60 father təmamáʔ   1  
60 father ʔamaʔ   1  
61 house rumáq̂   1  
61 house aruma   1  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name ŋaðán   1  
64 to say marəŋái   99  
65 rope ṭáli'   1  
65 rope atali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten vəntəvə́t   70  
67 to sew word info ṭəmq̂í CaqiS 1, 52  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info mətálun   47  
69 to hunt word info q̂əmalup   1  
70 to shoot word info pənanáq̂   1  
71 to stab, pierce ʔiluṣ   70  
72 to hit word info kələbə́ŋau to hit (with fist)    
73 to steal t-em-a-takaw Source ACD: Steal 1  
74 to kill pənatái   2  
75 to die, be dead minatái   1  
75 to die, be dead ua      
76 to live, be alive muvaʔáu   51  
77 to scratch word info homa:táu 61 + metathesis (+ ɭ-deletion)??? Probably not?-EG    
78 to cut, hack word info lipitau      
79 stick/wood káwiʔ Tree / wood 1  
79 stick/wood aput Tree / wood    
80 to split word info mtəq̂áv [q] is unexpected w/ [k] in Pilam & Katipul. -EG 66  
81 sharp ʔiðaŋán      
82 dull, blunt livarú      
82 dull, blunt ʔaði ʔiðaŋán      
83 to work word info kikarún   62  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info mar-bua Source ACD: Sprout or grow naturally    
87 to swell word info vaʀeh Source ACD: to swell 1  
88 to squeeze word info pərq̂áu *peReq-aw. Squeeze (in hand). 1  
89 to hold word info ʔarakáu      
90 to dig kərtáu      
90 to dig kmərút   41  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info vuluʔánai   29  
95 to fall word info mutaniʔ   4  
96 dog su'án   71  
96 dog shaun   71  
96 dog soan   71  
97 bird q̂áyam   2  
97 bird aiam   2  
98 egg vəṭinúm   47  
98 egg abetnum   47  
99 feather ʔikər      
99 feather pakpak means wing    
99 feather agumalaiam   22  
99 feather húmul   22  
99 feather agumal   22  
100 wing pakpak   33  
101 to fly muviʔí'   30  
102 rat tutús   34  
103 meat/flesh q̂alúm      
104 fat/grease laulau      
105 tail ikur   1  
106 snake ʔunan   54  
106 snake ounan   54  
107 worm (earthworm) q̂ulə́ð   27  
108 louse word info raraṭúʔ      
108 louse word info kuṭúʔ   1  
109 mosquito pəðpəð   12  
110 spider kakamáŋ   22  
111 fish vuláu   27  
111 fish kurao   74  
112 rotten word info matupaq̂   54  
113 branch word info      
114 leaf viəráq̂   2  
115 root ramiʔ   3  
115 root ourat      
116 flower q̂ápuṭ   44  
116 flower sasar      
117 fruit vu'áq̂   1  
117 fruit sasarm      
118 grass ṭarún   53  
118 grass tarung   53  
119 earth/soil ðarə́q̂   30  
119 earth/soil dāl   30  
120 stone varasáq   33  
120 stone barasa   33  
121 sand vuṭə́k   58  
121 sand abuduk   58  
122 water word info ẓánum   1 L
122 water word info ane   41  
122 water word info nnai   41  
122 water word info a-tuei      
123 to flow muaq̂ənún   4  
124 sea ləvə́k   51  
124 sea raliaban      
125 salt q̂atəríʔ   27  
125 salt aiam Taiwanese / Min Nan loanword   L
126 lake ʔəvúv   29  
127 woods/forest kawikawiʔ   2  
128 sky rukúp   55  
128 sky ranget   1  
129 moon q̂ílas   2  
129 moon aburan   1  
130 star vituq̂ə́n   1  
130 star atior   45  
130 star teol   45  
131 cloud word info runə́v   79  
131 cloud word info arangit   3  
131 cloud word info kutum   78  
132 fog kutikút   42  
133 rain q̂úḍal   1  
133 rain udan   1  
133 rain mandal   1?  
134 thunder dəruŋ   3  
134 thunder drung   3  
135 lightning kəmaklíp   59?  
135 lightning armung      
136 wind váliʔ   2  
136 wind vare   2  
137 to blow word info mi'úp   1  
138 warm word info saðkúʔ      
139 cold word info litə́k   83  
139 cold word info lituk   83  
140 dry word info marúm   30  
140 dry word info tarantáŋ      
140 dry word info taŋkár root *kaR (LS) 32  
141 wet sapənə́q̂   73  
142 heavy ʔaruẓún   3  
143 fire ápui   1  
143 fire apui   1  
143 fire apoi   1  
144 to burn word info mivərvər Note: Intransitive not Transitive.; Orig. marked as set 23, but Puyuma [v] should correspond to Itbayat [v] not [b]. -EG    
145 smoke word info q̂asəván   1  
145 smoke word info ashuban   1  
146 ash q̂avuʔ   1  
146 ash nasúk   32  
146 ash aabu   1  
147 black q̂oẓq̂oẓə́m   1  
147 black ududŭm   1  
148 white vulṭíq̂   76  
148 white vulŋán Why [ŋ] instead of [n]? -EG 77  
148 white burnan   77  
149 red ḍaŋḍaráŋ   25 L?
149 red mitaran   25 L?
150 yellow malulúq̂   18  
150 yellow malulu   18  
151 green rəmaʔaraʔát Green 55  
151 green miraak Blue 55  
152 small makitə́ŋ   85  
152 small makitung   85  
153 big maq̂iẓáŋ   2  
153 big matina   68  
154 short word info likəṭíʔ   11  
155 long word info tatəláu   2  
156 thin word info ʔalipíṭ ...-NiS[ ]pit. Irreg. -t 1  
157 thick word info kəẓəmə́ɬ   21  
158 narrow ləq̂típ   1?  
159 wide ʔarawái      
160 painful, sick nánaʔ   75  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info maq̂iẓaŋ Old Person 129  
162 old word info ðauðau'án Old Person 101  
163 new vəkár   39  
164 good q̂inaváʔ   56  
164 good inaba   56  
165 bad, evil ku'aṭə́ŋ   61  
165 bad, evil inatai      
166 correct, true paʔuaʔ   60  
167 night parkaðuaʔ      
168 day wáriʔ   17  
168 day garum      
169 year hami Source ACD 23  
170 when? word info q̂áiðan qa-ija-an 1  
171 to hide word info v-en-a-vuli Source ACD 1  
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside savák   37  
175 above ʔiṭáṣ   42  
176 below luṣúʔ   48  
177 this ʔini'áʔ   1  
177 this i-di from Laurent Sagart 13  
178 that ʔiẓu'á'   13  
179 near ʔaðalə́p   78  
180 far ʔaðawil   2  
181 where? word info ʔiʔí'an   51  
182 I ti'áqən   1  
182 I -áqən   x  
183 thou ʔíŋuʔ   24?  
183 thou yoyo   1  
183 thou yu   1  
184 he/she ʔin ṭáu   14  
184 he/she ʔiẓiuʔ      
184 he/she inadioa      
185 we word info ʔintáʔ   1  
185 we word info ʔiniam   46  
185 we word info itai   1  
186 you ʔinmúʔ   1  
186 you yu      
187 they naẓíu   8  
187 they inadioa   8  
188 what? word info ʔman   16  
188 what? word info manəma *nema 16  
189 who? word info ʔiʔmán   2  
190 other rumaʔ na tau   1  
191 all pəní'aʔ   20  
191 all papí'aʔ   20  
192 and ẓiʔ   41  
193 if      
194 how? word info kuðayáu   1  
195 no, not hazi Source ACD 1  
196 to count mi'úp   2  
197 One word info ʔisáʔ   1  
197 One word info sha   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
197 One word info itu      
198 Two word info ru'aʔ   1  
198 Two word info lua   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
198 Two word info lusa   1?  
199 Three word info tərúʔ   1  
199 Three word info tilu   1  
199 Three word info tero   1  
199 Three word info taloh   1  
200 Four word info ʔpat   1  
200 Four word info pat   1  
200 Four word info spat   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
201 Five word info limaʔ   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info num   1  
202 Six word info unum   1  
202 Six word info onam   1  
202 Six word info ʔúnə́m   1  
203 Seven word info pitúʔ   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info warúʔ   3  
204 Eight word info waro   3  
204 Eight word info alou   3  
205 Nine word info 'iwáʔ   5  
205 Nine word info iwa   5  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
206 Ten word info pulúq̂   5  
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
206 Ten word info purru   5  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
207 Twenty word info makavəṭaq̂án   17  
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info saləmán   3  
210 One Thousand word info      

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