https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Malayo-Polynesian

Source/Author:  Blust (1993) 
Notes:  Blust, R. (1999). Subgrouping, circularity and extinction: Some issues in Austronesian comparative linguistics. In Zeitoun, E., & Li, P. J-K., Selected Papers From the 8th International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. Taipei, Taiwan: Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Andreea: changed entry 10, to replace capital [D] with [d] ('dirty'). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:(Proto) 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 18 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above *i-taqas   1  
175 above *i-babaw   2  
191 all *amin   1  
192 and *ka   1  
192 and *ma   2  
146 ash *qabu   1  
173 at *i   1  
173 at *di   20  
13 back word info *likud   1  
165 bad, evil *zaqat   1  
14 belly *tian   1  
14 belly *kempuŋ   2  
176 below *i babaq   1  
153 big *ma-ʀaya   1  
97 bird *manuk   1  
97 bird *qayam   2  
147 black *ma-qitem   1  
23 blood *daʀaq   1  
15 bone *tuqelan   1  
15 bone *tuqelaŋ doublets treated as one set 1  
113 branch word info *daqan   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
56 child *anak   1  
131 cloud word info *ʀabun   1  
139 cold word info *ma-diŋdiŋ   1  
166 correct, true *ma-bener   1  
168 day *qalejaw   1  
10 dirty *cemed (?) 26  
96 dog *asu   1  
140 dry word info *ma-ʀaŋaw   1  
82 dull, blunt *pundul   1  
82 dull, blunt *dumpul   3  
11 dust *qabuk Doublets *apuk and *qabuk classified together as the p/b merger in Oceanic makes discrimination impossible. 1  
11 dust *qapuk Doublets *apuk and *qabuk classified together as the p/b merger in Oceanic makes discrimination impossible. 1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil *tanaq   1  
119 earth/soil *taneq   1  
98 egg *qateluʀ   1, 61  
98 egg *qiteluʀ   1  
204 Eight word info      
45 eye *mata   1  
180 far *ma-zauq   1  
104 fat/grease *meñak   1, 65  
104 fat/grease *himaʀ   2  
104 fat/grease *miñak   1  
60 father *t-ama   1  
99 feather *bulu   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire *hapuy   1  
111 fish *hikan   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
116 flower *buŋa   1  
132 fog *kabut   1  
200 Four word info *epat   1  
117 fruit *buaq   1  
164 good *ma-pia   1  
118 grass *baliji   1  
151 green *mataq   1  
26 hair word info *buhek   1, 65  
1 hand *qalíma Reid reconstruction. *qa-líma < *limá "five" 1  
184 he/she *si-ia   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
142 heavy *ma-beʀeqat   1, 63  
61 house *ʀumaq house, family dwelling 1  
61 house *balay house, building for public use 14  
61 house *banua land, village, house, country, sky, heaven    
194 how? word info *kuja   1  
194 how? word info *kua   1  
57 husband *bana   1  
57 husband *qasawa   2  
182 I *i-aku   1  
193 if *ka   1  
193 if *nu   2, 70  
174 in, inside *i-dalem   1  
16 intestines *tinaqi   1  
126 lake *danaw   1  
114 leaf *dahun   1  
2 left *ka-wiʀi   1, 42  
4 leg/foot *qaqay   1  
135 lightning *kilat 1 and 2 might be the same cognate 1  
135 lightning *qusilaq   2  
17 liver *qatay   1  
155 long word info *anaduq   1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
54 man/male *laki   2  
54 man/male *ma-ʀuqanay   1  
103 meat/flesh *hesi   1  
103 meat/flesh *isi   31  
129 moon *bulan   1  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
59 mother *t-ina   1  
30 mouth *baqbaq   1  
63 name *ŋajan   1  
158 narrow *kepit   48  
179 near *ma-azani   1, 35  
25 neck *liqeʀ   1  
68 needle *zaʀum   1  
163 new *ma-baqeʀu   1  
167 night *beʀŋi   1  
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not *qazi   1  
195 no, not *diaq      
27 nose *ijuŋ   1  
27 nose *ujuŋ   1  
162 old word info *ma-tuqah   1  
197 One word info *esa   1  
197 One word info *isa   1  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other *duma   1  
190 other *laqin   2  
160 painful, sick *ma-sakit   1  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
133 rain *quzan   1  
102 rat *labaw   1  
149 red *ma-iʀaq   1  
3 right *ka-wanan   1, 62  
6 road/path *zalan   1  
115 root *uʀat   1  
115 root *wakaʀ   2  
65 rope *talih   1  
112 rotten word info *ma-buʀuk   1  
112 rotten word info *ma-busuk   56  
125 salt *qasiʀa   1  
125 salt *timus   2  
121 sand *qenay   1  
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *laud ocean(wards) 6  
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp *ma-tazem   1  
81 sharp *tazim   1  
154 short word info *ma-babaq   54  
19 shoulder *qabaʀa   1  
161 shy, ashamed *ma-hiaq   1  
202 Six word info      
12 skin *kulit   1  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
152 small *dikiq   138  
152 small *kedi   2  
145 smoke word info *qebel   1  
145 smoke word info *qasu   2  
106 snake *nipay   1  
106 snake *hulaʀ   2  
110 spider *lawaq   1  
130 star *bituqen   1  
79 stick/wood *kahiw   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
105 tail *ikuʀ   1  
206 Ten word info      
178 that *i na   1  
62 thatch/roof *qatep   1  
187 they *si-ida   1  
157 thick word info *ma-kapal   1  
156 thin word info *ma-nipis   1  
177 this *i ni   1  
183 thou *i-kahu   1  
199 Three word info *telu   1  
134 thunder *gurgur overlap between these proto-forms 1  
134 thunder *kudug overlap between these proto-forms 2, 96  
134 thunder *deruŋ overlap between these proto-forms 3  
41 to bite *kaʀat   1  
137 to blow word info *hiup   1  
28 to breathe *mañawa   1  
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
91 to buy *beli   1  
38 to chew word info *mamaq   1  
85 to choose *piliq   1  
172 to climb word info *pa-nahik   1, 61  
172 to climb word info *dakih   34  
7 to come *maʀi   1  
39 to cook word info *tanek   1  
39 to cook word info *zakan   2  
196 to count *ihap   2  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀaq   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tektek   3  
75 to die, be dead *m-atay   1  
90 to dig *kali   1  
50 to dream *hipi   1, 42  
40 to drink *inum   1  
37 to eat *kaen   1  
95 to fall word info *nabuq   1  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
123 to flow *qaliʀ   1  
123 to flow *qaluʀ   1  
123 to flow *saliʀ   24  
101 to fly *ʀebek   1  
101 to fly *layap   2  
86 to grow word info *tu[m]buq   1  
44 to hear *deŋeʀ   1  
171 to hide word info *buni   1  
72 to hit word info *palu   1  
89 to hold word info *gemgem   1  
69 to hunt word info *qanup   1  
74 to kill *bunuq   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taqu   1  
33 to laugh *tawa   1  
49 to lie down word info *qinep   1  
76 to live, be alive *ma-qudip   1  
92 to open, uncover *buka   1  
84 to plant *mula   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *bayu   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuktuk   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tutu   20  
64 to say *kaʀi   1  
64 to say *tutur   2  
77 to scratch word info *kaʀaw   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
67 to sew word info *tahiq   1  
67 to sew word info *zaqit   2  
70 to shoot word info *panaq   1  
51 to sit *tudan   1  
48 to sleep *tiduʀ   1  
48 to sleep *tuduʀ   1  
29 to sniff, smell *hajek   1  
36 to spit *luzaq   1  
80 to split word info *belaq   1  
80 to split word info *silaq   40  
88 to squeeze word info *pereq   1  
88 to squeeze word info *peʀes   42  
71 to stab, pierce *suksuk   1  
52 to stand *diʀi   1  
52 to stand *tuqud   2  
73 to steal *takaw   1  
42 to suck *sepsep   1  
87 to swell word info *baʀeq   1  
9 to swim *laŋuy   1  
9 to swim *naŋuy   1, 45  
21 to think *demdem   13  
94 to throw word info *tudaq   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *hiket   1  
8 to turn word info *biliŋ doublets *biliŋ *ileŋ 4  
8 to turn word info *puter   1  
35 to vomit *utaq   1  
5 to walk *lakaw   1  
5 to walk *paNaw   2  
83 to work word info *quma   1  
47 to yawn *ma-huab   19  
32 tongue *dilaq   4  
32 tongue *hema   1  
31 tooth *ipen   1, 50  
31 tooth *nipen   1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info *duha   1  
138 warm word info *ma-panas      
122 water word info *danum   1  
122 water word info *wahiʀ   2  
185 we word info *i-kita   1  
185 we word info *kami   2, 52  
141 wet *ma-baseq   1  
188 what? word info *apa   1, 66  
188 what? word info *-anu   2, 18  
170 when? word info *p-ijan   1, 26  
181 where? word info *i nu   1  
148 white *ma-putiq   1  
189 who? word info *i-sai   1  
159 wide *ma-labeʀ   49  
58 wife *qasawa   1  
136 wind *haŋin   1  
100 wing *kapak   1  
100 wing *panid   2  
55 woman/female *bahi   1  
127 woods/forest *alas   1  
127 woods/forest *kahiw-kahiw-an   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *kalati distinguish from qali-wati, LS 1, 69  
107 worm (earthworm) *qali-wati distinguish from *kalati, LS 1  
169 year *taqun   1  
150 yellow *ma-kunij   1  
186 you *i-kamu   1  
186 you *kamiu   1, 13  

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