https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rapanui (Easter Island)

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Rapanui 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
70 to shoot word info      
106 snake      
127 woods/forest      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
7 to come oho      
7 to come hiho      
8 to turn word info teka Pollex 06: Teka. :Turn, spin (Fts).    
8 to turn word info amio      
19 shoulder kekehu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable agi      
55 woman/female uha      
56 child poki      
57 husband kenu      
62 thatch/roof puru      
66 to tie up, fasten hahi      
67 to sew word info tiha      
69 to hunt word info poko      
71 to stab, pierce hakapau      
72 to hit word info tutu      
73 to steal kori      
77 to scratch word info katikati Pollex 06: <Katikati. :Scratch, claw (Chl)>.    
78 to cut, hack word info hore      
79 stick/wood miro      
82 dull, blunt mene      
84 to plant oka Digging-stick (Bck); lever, stick; to plant (Fts)    
86 to grow word info riku      
87 to swell word info arakea      
88 to squeeze word info gatu      
89 to hold word info aaru grasp, hold    
90 to dig ketuketu      
91 to buy mono barter    
96 dog paihega      
100 wing kará      
112 rotten word info pipiro      
117 fruit kai 'food' or 'eat'? -MW    
117 fruit pua unusual *f >p; looks like might be 'flower'    
119 earth/soil karu      
120 stone poatu DUP    
120 stone poatu DUP    
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
141 wet hehe      
142 heavy pagaha'a possible metathesis?    
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
150 yellow para      
154 short word info peti L from French   L
157 thick word info eepe L from French   L
158 narrow vakavaka      
159 wide kau      
164 good rivariva      
171 to hide word info romi      
178 that era      
179 near hahine Near, next (to), close to, at hand    
180 far kumi      
191 all tahi      
192 and piri      
195 no, not ta'e Negacion condicional (Fts)    
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
6 road/path ara Road 1  
11 dust rehu   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
16 intestines nenenene   1  
17 liver àte Higado (Bxn 1ŋ72) 1  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
18 breast u'u Breast, dug, teat; milk (Fts) 1  
18 breast û   1  
18 breast hu   1  
22 to fear mataku   1  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
28 to breathe anave unusual loss of initial [m] 1  
30 mouth haha Mouth 1  
30 mouth haha   1  
31 tooth niho Tooth 1  
34 to cry tagi To cry, bark, mew (Chl) 1  
34 to cry taŋi Llorar, lamentarse (Egt) 1  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
40 to drink unu Drink (Fts) 1  
43 ear tariŋa Ear 1  
43 ear tariga   1  
44 to hear garo'a   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
45 eye mata Eye (Fts) 1  
46 to see tikea   1  
46 to see kite variant: ite 1  
62 thatch/roof àto Techar exteriomente una casa, bardar un techo (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 1  
62 thatch/roof ato To roof 1  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Carve, model, mould, sculpt (Fts) 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Sprout, be pregnant, germinate, grow (Fts) 1  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
97 bird manu Animal, bird, insect (Fts) 1  
99 feather huruhuru   1  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
111 fish ika Fish n 1  
111 fish îka   1  
113 branch word info rara   1  
114 leaf rau Sprout (of sweet-potato) 1  
114 leaf rau/pa Leaf 1  
114 leaf raupá   1  
114 leaf rou note: vv au >ou 1  
116 flower pua Flower 1  
121 sand one Sand 1  
124 sea tai   1  
126 lake rano Lake formed in crater of a volcano (Fts) 1  
128 sky raŋi Sky 1  
128 sky ragi   1  
130 star hetu'u   1  
132 fog kapua   1  
133 rain 'uua   1  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain ûa   1  
138 warm word info hana Hot, warm; heat n.; feel warm (Fts) 1  
143 fire afi fire (Fts) 1  
143 fire ahi   1  
146 ash éoéo   1  
146 ash ehuehu   1  
149 red mea Rosado (Egt) 1  
151 green mata   1  
152 small iti Small 1  
161 shy, ashamed haa/maa L from Tahitian 1 L
163 new ho'ou New 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
169 year ta'u Year (obs.) 1  
173 at i At, in, on (Fts) 1  
177 this me'e-nei Me'e-nei. :This (Fts) 1  
177 this nei this, here 1  
183 thou kou you 1  
184 he/she ia Third person personal pronoun 1  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
189 who? word info aai Who? 1  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
4 leg/foot va'e   1, 100  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
120 stone poatu po'atu 1, 19  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
132 fog kohu Shade, shadow 1, 47  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
90 to dig ka/karo/ To dig, excavate, hollow, shell (e.g. pick nose, pluck out eye) (Fts) 1, 67  
90 to dig kakaro carve a hole 1, 67  
71 to stab, pierce huki Drill 1, 8  
55 woman/female bahine L from Tahitian 1, 106 L
54 man/male tane L from Tahitian 1, 11 L
160 painful, sick mauìuì Sick, ill (Fts) 1, 12  
182 I au   1, 21  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 47  
2 left maui   1, 59  
144 to burn word info tutu Ignite, kindle, set fire to (Fts) 1, 6  
136 wind matagi Wind, air, breeze 1, 66  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
200 Four word info ha   1, 66  
53 person/human being taŋata Man 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being tagata man 1, 66, 97  
11 dust pugaehu   1, 67  
138 warm word info mahana Warm, temperate, tepid 1, 72  
109 mosquito na'ona'o Pollex 06: Na`ona`o. :Mosquito (Fts). 1, 74  
55 woman/female tama(ha)/hine/ Feminine, female (Fts) 1, 98  
8 to turn word info tioi   10  
24 head puoko Head (Mtx) 10  
54 man/male tamaroa   10  
83 to work word info haŋa Work, make, labour, employment (Chl) 10  
83 to work word info aga   10  
85 to choose vae   10  
88 to squeeze word info taomi   10  
103 meat/flesh kiko Pollex 06: Kiko. :Flesh, meat (Chl). 10  
105 tail vaero   10  
123 to flow tehe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
124 sea moana Blue 10  
136 wind hau squall, tempest (Chl) 10  
136 wind hahau breeze 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
152 small poto Short; concise (Chl) 10  
160 painful, sick mumae Pain 10  
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10, 109  
195 no, not kai Negative imperative, caveat 10, 83  
195 no, not ina kai   10, 83  
2 left hema   11  
13 back word info tuaivi Pollex 06: Tuaivi. :Spine, vertebrae, back, loins (Chl). 11  
13 back word info tu'a ivi   11  
13 back word info tua   11  
28 to breathe haa   11  
66 to tie up, fasten ha/ha'u/ Atar, amarra, lazada (Bxn. lŋ72) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten haha'u   11  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, leap, jump (Fts) 11  
119 earth/soil repo Clay (Fts) 11  
153 big nui Big 11  
194 how? word info pehea How? (Chl) 11  
194 how? word info pehe L from Tahitian 11 L
194 how? word info pe hé   11  
206 Ten word info kumi   11  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite   12  
82 dull, blunt puni   12  
89 to hold word info kuku Tie branches together 12  
102 rat kiore Rat (Chl) 12  
102 rat kiora Rat (Thomson)/ 12  
102 rat kio'e L from Marquesan 12 L
140 dry word info paka Scab 12  
140 dry word info paka/paka Dry 12  
140 dry word info pakapaka   12  
153 big rahi More, much, many (Fts)@ 12  
155 long word info roa Length 12, 105  
95 to fall word info topa Fall, descend, dismount 124  
64 to say tako   128  
78 to cut, hack word info a/bahi L from Tahitian 13 L
78 to cut, hack word info vahi separate 13  
78 to cut, hack word info avahi break, smash 13  
105 tail hiku Tail, tail end (Fts) 13  
107 worm (earthworm) koreha   13  
112 rotten word info para Decay (Chl) 13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
67 to sew word info tui/tui Necklace 13, 16  
67 to sew word info tui   13, 16  
61 house hare House 14  
81 sharp kaìkaì Sharp 14  
81 sharp ka'i   14  
104 fat/grease nako   14  
112 rotten word info popo/popo Deteriorate (Chl) 14  
131 cloud word info kohu Shade, shadow 14  
134 thunder patiri Thunder (Fts) 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
36 to spit àànu Saliva, escupir (Bxn 1972) 14, 84, 121  
36 to spit aanu   14, 84, 121  
32 tongue àrero Lengua (organo e idioma) (Bxn 1ŋ72) 15  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
59 mother kui   15  
51 to sit noho Sit 16  
47 to yawn haka/mama Yawn (Fts) 19, 28  
47 to yawn amama   19, 28  
14 belly kopu Abdomen, belly, paunch, stomach (Fts) 2  
30 mouth gutu   2  
52 to stand tu'u Stand, arrive; mast, shaft (Fts) 2  
52 to stand tutu   2  
84 to plant tanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
115 root aka Root 2  
122 water word info bai Water 2  
122 water word info vai   2  
135 lightning 'uira   2  
135 lightning uira   2  
145 smoke word info àu Humo (Bxn.1ŋ72) 2  
145 smoke word info au Humo (Egt); smoke (Fts) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Chimney (Fts) 2  
192 and ma   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
113 branch word info maga   2, 35  
192 and me   2, 46  
25 neck kaki   20  
192 and pe   24?  
78 to cut, hack word info tata   3  
131 cloud word info ragi   3  
157 thick word info matoru Thick (Chl) 3  
204 Eight word info va'u   3  
181 where? word info hee Where? 3, 35  
181 where? word info   3, 35  
68 needle ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 30  
68 needle ivi bone, needle 30  
206 Ten word info kauatu   30  
16 intestines kokoma Pollex 06: <Kokoma. :Bowels, guts, intestines (Fts)>. 31  
26 hair word info huru/huru Hair 31  
60 father koro   31  
172 to climb word info eke Climb, embark, mount (Fts). 32  
119 earth/soil one Sand? (POc *qone) 35  
26 hair word info oho   36  
149 red herohero bright red 36  
129 moon mahina Moon, month (Fts)@ 37, 5  
94 to throw word info bero Pollex 06: Bero. :Throw; stab. 38  
94 to throw word info vero   38  
23 blood toto Blood (Fts) 4  
59 mother matu'a   4  
120 stone maka Stone (Chl) 4  
120 stone ma'ea   4  
26 hair word info rauoho   40, 36  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
64 to say   43  
179 near tupuaki Close, near, next to, to approach (Fts_ 43?  
95 to fall word info hiŋa Fall 44  
95 to fall word info higa   44  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
162 old word info tuai Old, past (Fts) 48  
9 to swim kau To swim (Fts) 5  
80 to split word info hahara   5  
110 spider tukutuku rahinuku   5  
147 black kere/kere Black 5  
147 black kerekere   5  
156 thin word info ra'i   5  
170 when? word info agahé when (in the past) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lining (Chl) 5  
206 Ten word info aŋahuru   5  
3 right mata'u Right (not left) 5, 13  
110 spider hônu   5, 39  
3 right kotau   5, 40  
205 Nine word info iba   5, 44, 66  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 44, 66  
80 to split word info ŋahaa   5, 97  
80 to split word info gaha burst 5, 97  
15 bone ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 52, 5  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
89 to hold word info mau   54  
78 to cut, hack word info motu To cut 54, 14  
118 grass mauku Term for every kind of grass (Fts) 58  
118 grass mouku Grass, hay, straw, herbs (Chl) 58  
118 grass pua mouku   58  
58 wife vî'e   5?  
5 to walk haere L from Tahitian 6 L
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
63 name iŋoa Name 6  
63 name îgoa   6  
73 to steal kamo   6  
76 to live, be alive ora Alive, healthy, recover from illnes 6  
85 to choose maiti   6  
98 egg mâmari   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
137 to blow word info puhi Blow 6  
193 if ana If (Fts) 6  
5 to walk here   6, 9  
71 to stab, pierce oka   67  
21 to think mana'u   7  
21 to think manako   7  
33 to laugh kata Laugh, smile (Fts) 7  
41 to bite gau   7  
42 to suck omo/omo Sip, suck B. [<] 7  
42 to suck omo Sip, suck (Fts) 7  
50 to dream moe   7  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
87 to swell word info ahu   7  
91 to buy ho'o L from Tahitian 7 L
91 to buy hoko   7  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
98 egg toua Yolk of egg 7  
125 salt miti Salt, salty (Fts) 7  
147 black 'uri Negro, oscuro (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 7  
147 black uri Black, dark, bruised, obscure (Fts) 7  
147 black uri/uri Black, brown, brunette, tawny (Fts) 7  
168 day raa   7  
169 year matahiti Year (Fts) 7  
190 other tahi   7  
116 flower hua   72  
10 dirty hava muddy, grimy 8  
10 dirty tahavahava   8  
19 shoulder kapuhibi Shoulder (Fts) 8  
19 shoulder kapuhivi   8  
22 to fear riaria L from Tahitian 8 L
35 to vomit rua Vomit 8  
42 to suck miti   8  
74 to kill tahia   8  
92 to open, uncover huaki   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
148 white tea/tea White 8  
148 white teatea   8  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
192 and e   8  
196 to count tataku   8  
72 to hit word info tu'u Pollex 06: Tu`u. :To hit (Fts). 8, 63  
74 to kill tiga'i   82  
158 narrow rikiriki   84  
14 belly manaba Abdomen, belly, stomach (Fts) 9  
14 belly manava   9  
29 to sniff, smell hoŋi Kiss, smell 9  
29 to sniff, smell hogi   9  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
60 father matu'a   9  
65 rope taura Cable, cord, rope, string (Fts) 9  
68 needle hika Net-needle (Fts) 9  
77 to scratch word info raku   9  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku   9  
92 to open, uncover hahata   9  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
139 cold word info takeo   9  
141 wet lali Wet, become wet (rari) 9  
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
162 old word info koroua Decrepit, old age, worn with age (Chl) 9  
162 old word info korohua Decrepit, senile; grow old; senility, old age (Fts) 9  
165 bad, evil kino Bad, perverse (Fts) 9  
166 correct, true titika   9  
175 above ruŋa   9  
175 above ruga   9  
8 to turn word info taviri turn round 90  
11 dust huŋa Fine dust (Fts) [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
11 dust huga reduced to powder [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
55 woman/female tama   98  
68 needle nira   L  
4 leg/foot ba'e Leg; irregular *w > b x  
10 dirty haba/haba Filthy x  
10 dirty one   x  
11 dust ŋa/rahu/ White powder or dust used in tattooing (Fts) x  
11 dust garahu embers, soot x  
25 neck gao   x  
26 hair word info huruhuru feather x  
30 mouth ŋutu Beak, bill, lip, mouth (Fts) x  
136 wind tokerau not a general term for wind-MW. x  
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
154 short word info poto Short; concise (Chl) x  
154 short word info peti DUP x  
154 short word info peti DUP x  
162 old word info tuuai Antiguo (Egt) x  
174 in, inside i At, in, on (Fts) x  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun, you (Fts) x  
187 they raúa dual x  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  

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