https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rapanui (Easter Island)

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Rapanui 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
70 to shoot word info      
106 snake      
127 woods/forest      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand rima   1, 64  
2 left maui   1, 59  
2 left hema   11  
3 right kotau   5, 40  
4 leg/foot va'e   1, 100  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
5 to walk here   6, 9  
7 to come oho      
7 to come hiho      
8 to turn word info amio      
8 to turn word info tioi   10  
10 dirty one   x  
10 dirty tahavahava   8  
11 dust pugaehu   1, 67  
11 dust rehu   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
13 back word info tu'a ivi   11  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly manava   9  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines nenenene   1  
18 breast û   1  
18 breast hu   1  
19 shoulder kapuhivi   8  
19 shoulder kekehu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable agi      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite   12  
21 to think mana'u   7  
21 to think manako   7  
22 to fear mataku   1  
25 neck gao   x  
25 neck kaki   20  
26 hair word info oho   36  
26 hair word info rauoho   40, 36  
28 to breathe haa   11  
29 to sniff, smell hogi   9  
30 mouth gutu   2  
30 mouth haha   1  
36 to spit aanu   14, 84, 121  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
41 to bite gau   7  
42 to suck miti   8  
43 ear tariga   1  
44 to hear garo'a   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
46 to see tikea   1  
47 to yawn amama   19, 28  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream moe   7  
52 to stand tutu   2  
54 man/male tamaroa   10  
55 woman/female tama   98  
55 woman/female uha      
56 child poki      
57 husband kenu      
58 wife vî'e   5?  
59 mother matu'a   4  
59 mother kui   15  
60 father matu'a   9  
60 father koro   31  
62 thatch/roof puru      
63 name îgoa   6  
64 to say   43  
64 to say tako   128  
66 to tie up, fasten haha'u   11  
66 to tie up, fasten hahi      
67 to sew word info tui   13, 16  
67 to sew word info tiha      
68 needle nira   L  
69 to hunt word info poko      
71 to stab, pierce oka   67  
71 to stab, pierce hakapau      
72 to hit word info tutu      
73 to steal kori      
73 to steal kamo   6  
74 to kill tiga'i   82  
74 to kill tahia   8  
77 to scratch word info raku   9  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku   9  
78 to cut, hack word info hore      
78 to cut, hack word info tata   3  
79 stick/wood miro      
80 to split word info ŋahaa   5, 97  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
80 to split word info hahara   5  
81 sharp ka'i   14  
82 dull, blunt puni   12  
82 dull, blunt mene      
83 to work word info aga   10  
84 to plant tanu   2  
85 to choose vae   10  
85 to choose maiti   6  
86 to grow word info riku      
87 to swell word info ahu   7  
87 to swell word info arakea      
88 to squeeze word info gatu      
88 to squeeze word info taomi   10  
89 to hold word info mau   54  
90 to dig ketuketu      
91 to buy hoko   7  
92 to open, uncover hahata   9  
92 to open, uncover huaki   8  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
94 to throw word info vero   38  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
95 to fall word info higa   44  
96 dog paihega      
98 egg mâmari   6  
99 feather huruhuru   1  
100 wing kará      
104 fat/grease nako   14  
105 tail vaero   10  
107 worm (earthworm) koreha   13  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider hônu   5, 39  
110 spider tukutuku rahinuku   5  
111 fish îka   1  
112 rotten word info pipiro      
113 branch word info maga   2, 35  
113 branch word info rara   1  
114 leaf raupá   1  
116 flower hua   72  
118 grass pua mouku   58  
119 earth/soil karu      
120 stone ma'ea   4  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tehe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
128 sky ragi   1  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
130 star hetu'u   1  
131 cloud word info ragi   3  
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
132 fog kapua   1  
133 rain 'uua   1  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain ûa   1  
135 lightning 'uira   2  
135 lightning uira   2  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
139 cold word info takeo   9  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
140 dry word info pakapaka   12  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
141 wet hehe      
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
143 fire ahi   1  
146 ash éoéo   1  
146 ash ehuehu   1  
147 black kerekere   5  
148 white teatea   8  
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
150 yellow para      
151 green mata   1  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
156 thin word info ra'i   5  
158 narrow rikiriki   84  
158 narrow vakavaka      
159 wide kau      
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
164 good rivariva      
166 correct, true titika   9  
168 day raa   7  
171 to hide word info romi      
175 above ruŋa   9  
175 above ruga   9  
178 that era      
180 far kumi      
181 where? word info   3, 35  
182 I au   1, 21  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
190 other tahi   7  
191 all tahi      
192 and me   2, 46  
192 and e   8  
192 and ma   2  
192 and pe   24?  
192 and piri      
194 how? word info pe hé   11  
195 no, not ina kai   10, 83  
196 to count tataku   8  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
200 Four word info ha   1, 66  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info va'u   3  
205 Nine word info iba   5, 44, 66  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 44, 66  
206 Ten word info aŋahuru   5  
206 Ten word info kauatu   30  
206 Ten word info kumi   11  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
117 fruit kai 'food' or 'eat'? -MW    
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
14 belly kopu Abdomen, belly, paunch, stomach (Fts) 2  
14 belly manaba Abdomen, belly, stomach (Fts) 9  
76 to live, be alive ora Alive, healthy, recover from illnes 6  
97 bird manu Animal, bird, insect (Fts) 1  
162 old word info tuuai Antiguo (Egt) x  
173 at i At, in, on (Fts) 1  
174 in, inside i At, in, on (Fts) x  
66 to tie up, fasten ha/ha'u/ Atar, amarra, lazada (Bxn. lŋ72) 11  
165 bad, evil kino Bad, perverse (Fts) 9  
91 to buy mono barter    
30 mouth ŋutu Beak, bill, lip, mouth (Fts) x  
153 big nui Big 11  
147 black kere/kere Black 5  
147 black uri/uri Black, brown, brunette, tawny (Fts) 7  
147 black uri Black, dark, bruised, obscure (Fts) 7  
23 blood toto Blood (Fts) 4  
137 to blow word info puhi Blow 6  
124 sea moana Blue 10  
68 needle ivi bone, needle 30  
15 bone ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 52, 5  
68 needle ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 30  
78 to cut, hack word info avahi break, smash 13  
18 breast u'u Breast, dug, teat; milk (Fts) 1  
136 wind hahau breeze 10  
149 red herohero bright red 36  
80 to split word info gaha burst 5, 97  
65 rope taura Cable, cord, rope, string (Fts) 9  
90 to dig kakaro carve a hole 1, 67  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Carve, model, mould, sculpt (Fts) 1  
145 smoke word info auahi Chimney (Fts) 2  
119 earth/soil repo Clay (Fts) 11  
172 to climb word info eke Climb, embark, mount (Fts). 32  
179 near tupuaki Close, near, next to, to approach (Fts_ 43?  
112 rotten word info para Decay (Chl) 13  
162 old word info koroua Decrepit, old age, worn with age (Chl) 9  
162 old word info korohua Decrepit, senile; grow old; senility, old age (Fts) 9  
112 rotten word info popo/popo Deteriorate (Chl) 14  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
84 to plant oka Digging-stick (Bck); lever, stick; to plant (Fts)    
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
71 to stab, pierce huki Drill 1, 8  
40 to drink unu Drink (Fts) 1  
140 dry word info paka/paka Dry 12  
187 they raúa dual x  
120 stone poatu DUP    
120 stone poatu DUP    
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
154 short word info peti DUP x  
154 short word info peti DUP x  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  
43 ear tariŋa Ear 1  
11 dust garahu embers, soot x  
45 eye mata Eye (Fts) 1  
95 to fall word info hiŋa Fall 44  
95 to fall word info topa Fall, descend, dismount 124  
26 hair word info huruhuru feather x  
55 woman/female tama(ha)/hine/ Feminine, female (Fts) 1, 98  
10 dirty haba/haba Filthy x  
11 dust huŋa Fine dust (Fts) [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
143 fire afi fire (Fts) 1  
111 fish ika Fish n 1  
116 flower pua Flower 1  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, leap, jump (Fts) 11  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 47  
89 to hold word info aaru grasp, hold    
118 grass mouku Grass, hay, straw, herbs (Chl) 58  
26 hair word info huru/huru Hair 31  
24 head puoko Head (Mtx) 10  
17 liver àte Higado (Bxn 1ŋ72) 1  
138 warm word info hana Hot, warm; heat n.; feel warm (Fts) 1  
61 house hare House 14  
194 how? word info pehea How? (Chl) 11  
145 smoke word info àu Humo (Bxn.1ŋ72) 2  
145 smoke word info au Humo (Egt); smoke (Fts) 2  
193 if ana If (Fts) 6  
144 to burn word info tutu Ignite, kindle, set fire to (Fts) 1, 6  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lining (Chl) 5  
29 to sniff, smell hoŋi Kiss, smell 9  
154 short word info peti L from French   L
157 thick word info eepe L from French   L
102 rat kio'e L from Marquesan 12 L
5 to walk haere L from Tahitian 6 L
22 to fear riaria L from Tahitian 8 L
54 man/male tane L from Tahitian 1, 11 L
55 woman/female bahine L from Tahitian 1, 106 L
78 to cut, hack word info a/bahi L from Tahitian 13 L
91 to buy ho'o L from Tahitian 7 L
161 shy, ashamed haa/maa L from Tahitian 1 L
194 how? word info pehe L from Tahitian 11 L
126 lake rano Lake formed in crater of a volcano (Fts) 1  
33 to laugh kata Laugh, smile (Fts) 7  
114 leaf rau/pa Leaf 1  
4 leg/foot ba'e Leg; irregular *w > b x  
155 long word info roa Length 12, 105  
32 tongue àrero Lengua (organo e idioma) (Bxn 1ŋ72) 15  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
34 to cry taŋi Llorar, lamentarse (Egt) 1  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
53 person/human being taŋata Man 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being tagata man 1, 66, 97  
177 this me'e-nei Me'e-nei. :This (Fts) 1  
129 moon mahina Moon, month (Fts)@ 37, 5  
153 big rahi More, much, many (Fts)@ 12  
30 mouth haha Mouth 1  
10 dirty hava muddy, grimy 8  
63 name iŋoa Name 6  
179 near hahine Near, next (to), close to, at hand    
67 to sew word info tui/tui Necklace 13, 16  
195 no, not ta'e Negacion condicional (Fts)    
195 no, not kai Negative imperative, caveat 10, 83  
147 black 'uri Negro, oscuro (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 7  
68 needle hika Net-needle (Fts) 9  
163 new ho'ou New 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
136 wind tokerau not a general term for wind-MW. x  
114 leaf rou note: vv au >ou 1  
162 old word info tuai Old, past (Fts) 48  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
160 painful, sick mumae Pain 10  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
120 stone poatu po'atu 1, 19  
77 to scratch word info katikati Pollex 06: <Katikati. :Scratch, claw (Chl)>.    
16 intestines kokoma Pollex 06: <Kokoma. :Bowels, guts, intestines (Fts)>. 31  
94 to throw word info bero Pollex 06: Bero. :Throw; stab. 38  
103 meat/flesh kiko Pollex 06: Kiko. :Flesh, meat (Chl). 10  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
109 mosquito na'ona'o Pollex 06: Na`ona`o. :Mosquito (Fts). 1, 74  
8 to turn word info teka Pollex 06: Teka. :Turn, spin (Fts).    
13 back word info tuaivi Pollex 06: Tuaivi. :Spine, vertebrae, back, loins (Chl). 11  
72 to hit word info tu'u Pollex 06: Tu`u. :To hit (Fts). 8, 63  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
142 heavy pagaha'a possible metathesis?    
102 rat kiore Rat (Chl) 12  
102 rat kiora Rat (Thomson)/ 12  
11 dust huga reduced to powder [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
3 right mata'u Right (not left) 5, 13  
6 road/path ara Road 1  
115 root aka Root 2  
149 red mea Rosado (Egt) 1  
36 to spit àànu Saliva, escupir (Bxn 1972) 14, 84, 121  
125 salt miti Salt, salty (Fts) 7  
121 sand one Sand 1  
119 earth/soil one Sand? (POc *qone) 35  
140 dry word info paka Scab 12  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun, you (Fts) x  
78 to cut, hack word info vahi separate 13  
131 cloud word info kohu Shade, shadow 14  
132 fog kohu Shade, shadow 1, 47  
81 sharp kaìkaì Sharp 14  
152 small poto Short; concise (Chl) 10  
154 short word info poto Short; concise (Chl) x  
19 shoulder kapuhibi Shoulder (Fts) 8  
160 painful, sick mauìuì Sick, ill (Fts) 1, 12  
42 to suck omo Sip, suck (Fts) 7  
42 to suck omo/omo Sip, suck B. [<] 7  
51 to sit noho Sit 16  
128 sky raŋi Sky 1  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10, 109  
152 small iti Small 1  
114 leaf rau Sprout (of sweet-potato) 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Sprout, be pregnant, germinate, grow (Fts) 1  
136 wind hau squall, tempest (Chl) 10  
52 to stand tu'u Stand, arrive; mast, shaft (Fts) 2  
120 stone maka Stone (Chl) 4  
105 tail hiku Tail, tail end (Fts) 13  
62 thatch/roof àto Techar exteriomente una casa, bardar un techo (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 1  
118 grass mauku Term for every kind of grass (Fts) 58  
157 thick word info matoru Thick (Chl) 3  
184 he/she ia Third person personal pronoun 1  
177 this nei this, here 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
134 thunder patiri Thunder (Fts) 14  
89 to hold word info kuku Tie branches together 12  
34 to cry tagi To cry, bark, mew (Chl) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info motu To cut 54, 14  
90 to dig ka/karo/ To dig, excavate, hollow, shell (e.g. pick nose, pluck out eye) (Fts) 1, 67  
62 thatch/roof ato To roof 1  
9 to swim kau To swim (Fts) 5  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
31 tooth niho Tooth 1  
8 to turn word info taviri turn round 90  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
117 fruit pua unusual *f >p; looks like might be 'flower'    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
28 to breathe anave unusual loss of initial [m] 1  
46 to see kite variant: ite 1  
35 to vomit rua Vomit 8  
138 warm word info mahana Warm, temperate, tepid 1, 72  
122 water word info bai Water 2  
141 wet lali Wet, become wet (rari) 9  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
170 when? word info agahé when (in the past) 5  
181 where? word info hee Where? 3, 35  
148 white tea/tea White 8  
11 dust ŋa/rahu/ White powder or dust used in tattooing (Fts) x  
189 who? word info aai Who? 1  
136 wind matagi Wind, air, breeze 1, 66  
83 to work word info haŋa Work, make, labour, employment (Chl) 10  
47 to yawn haka/mama Yawn (Fts) 19, 28  
169 year matahiti Year (Fts) 7  
169 year ta'u Year (obs.) 1  
98 egg toua Yolk of egg 7  
183 thou kou you 1  

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