https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rapanui (Easter Island)

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Rapanui 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ruŋa   9  
175 above ruga   9  
191 all tahi      
192 and me   2, 46  
192 and e   8  
192 and ma   2  
192 and pe   24?  
192 and piri      
146 ash éoéo   1  
146 ash ehuehu   1  
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
146 ash ehuehu DUP x  
173 at i At, in, on (Fts) 1  
13 back word info tuaivi Pollex 06: Tuaivi. :Spine, vertebrae, back, loins (Chl). 11  
13 back word info tu'a ivi   11  
13 back word info tua   11  
165 bad, evil kino Bad, perverse (Fts) 9  
14 belly kopu Abdomen, belly, paunch, stomach (Fts) 2  
14 belly manaba Abdomen, belly, stomach (Fts) 9  
14 belly manava   9  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
153 big rahi More, much, many (Fts)@ 12  
153 big nui Big 11  
97 bird manu Animal, bird, insect (Fts) 1  
147 black kere/kere Black 5  
147 black 'uri Negro, oscuro (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 7  
147 black uri Black, dark, bruised, obscure (Fts) 7  
147 black uri/uri Black, brown, brunette, tawny (Fts) 7  
147 black kerekere   5  
23 blood toto Blood (Fts) 4  
15 bone ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 52, 5  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
113 branch word info maga   2, 35  
113 branch word info rara   1  
18 breast u'u Breast, dug, teat; milk (Fts) 1  
18 breast û   1  
18 breast hu   1  
56 child poki      
131 cloud word info kohu Shade, shadow 14  
131 cloud word info ragi   3  
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
139 cold word info takeo   9  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
166 correct, true titika   9  
168 day raa   7  
10 dirty haba/haba Filthy x  
10 dirty hava muddy, grimy 8  
10 dirty one   x  
10 dirty tahavahava   8  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
96 dog paihega      
140 dry word info paka Scab 12  
140 dry word info paka/paka Dry 12  
140 dry word info pakapaka   12  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
82 dull, blunt puni   12  
82 dull, blunt mene      
11 dust huŋa Fine dust (Fts) [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
11 dust ŋa/rahu/ White powder or dust used in tattooing (Fts) x  
11 dust huga reduced to powder [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] 90  
11 dust garahu embers, soot x  
11 dust pugaehu   1, 67  
11 dust rehu   1  
43 ear tariŋa Ear 1  
43 ear tariga   1  
119 earth/soil repo Clay (Fts) 11  
119 earth/soil one Sand? (POc *qone) 35  
119 earth/soil karu      
98 egg toua Yolk of egg 7  
98 egg mâmari   6  
204 Eight word info va'u   3  
45 eye mata Eye (Fts) 1  
180 far kumi      
104 fat/grease nako   14  
60 father matu'a   9  
60 father koro   31  
99 feather huruhuru   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire afi fire (Fts) 1  
143 fire ahi   1  
111 fish ika Fish n 1  
111 fish îka   1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
116 flower pua Flower 1  
116 flower hua   72  
132 fog kohu Shade, shadow 1, 47  
132 fog kapua   1  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
200 Four word info ha   1, 66  
117 fruit kai 'food' or 'eat'? -MW    
117 fruit pua unusual *f >p; looks like might be 'flower'    
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
164 good rivariva      
118 grass mauku Term for every kind of grass (Fts) 58  
118 grass mouku Grass, hay, straw, herbs (Chl) 58  
118 grass pua mouku   58  
151 green mata   1  
26 hair word info huru/huru Hair 31  
26 hair word info huruhuru feather x  
26 hair word info oho   36  
26 hair word info rauoho   40, 36  
1 hand rima   1, 64  
184 he/she ia Third person personal pronoun 1  
24 head puoko Head (Mtx) 10  
142 heavy pagaha'a possible metathesis?    
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
61 house hare House 14  
194 how? word info pehea How? (Chl) 11  
194 how? word info pehe L from Tahitian 11 L
194 how? word info pe hé   11  
57 husband kenu      
182 I au   1, 21  
193 if ana If (Fts) 6  
174 in, inside i At, in, on (Fts) x  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lining (Chl) 5  
16 intestines kokoma Pollex 06: <Kokoma. :Bowels, guts, intestines (Fts)>. 31  
16 intestines nenenene   1  
126 lake rano Lake formed in crater of a volcano (Fts) 1  
114 leaf rau Sprout (of sweet-potato) 1  
114 leaf rau/pa Leaf 1  
114 leaf raupá   1  
114 leaf rou note: vv au >ou 1  
2 left maui   1, 59  
2 left hema   11  
4 leg/foot ba'e Leg; irregular *w > b x  
4 leg/foot va'e   1, 100  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
135 lightning 'uira   2  
135 lightning uira   2  
17 liver àte Higado (Bxn 1ŋ72) 1  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
155 long word info roa Length 12, 105  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
54 man/male tane L from Tahitian 1, 11 L
54 man/male tamaroa   10  
103 meat/flesh kiko Pollex 06: Kiko. :Flesh, meat (Chl). 10  
129 moon mahina Moon, month (Fts)@ 37, 5  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
109 mosquito na'ona'o Pollex 06: Na`ona`o. :Mosquito (Fts). 1, 74  
109 mosquito namu   1  
59 mother matu'a   4  
59 mother kui   15  
30 mouth haha Mouth 1  
30 mouth ŋutu Beak, bill, lip, mouth (Fts) x  
30 mouth gutu   2  
30 mouth haha   1  
63 name iŋoa Name 6  
63 name îgoa   6  
158 narrow rikiriki   84  
158 narrow vakavaka      
179 near hahine Near, next (to), close to, at hand    
179 near tupuaki Close, near, next to, to approach (Fts_ 43?  
25 neck gao   x  
25 neck kaki   20  
68 needle ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 30  
68 needle hika Net-needle (Fts) 9  
68 needle ivi bone, needle 30  
68 needle nira   L  
163 new ho'ou New 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
205 Nine word info iba   5, 44, 66  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 44, 66  
195 no, not kai Negative imperative, caveat 10, 83  
195 no, not ta'e Negacion condicional (Fts)    
195 no, not ina kai   10, 83  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
162 old word info koroua Decrepit, old age, worn with age (Chl) 9  
162 old word info korohua Decrepit, senile; grow old; senility, old age (Fts) 9  
162 old word info tuuai Antiguo (Egt) x  
162 old word info tuai Old, past (Fts) 48  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
190 other tahi   7  
160 painful, sick mumae Pain 10  
160 painful, sick mauìuì Sick, ill (Fts) 1, 12  
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
53 person/human being taŋata Man 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being tagata man 1, 66, 97  
133 rain 'uua   1  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain ûa   1  
102 rat kiore Rat (Chl) 12  
102 rat kiora Rat (Thomson)/ 12  
102 rat kio'e L from Marquesan 12 L
149 red mea Rosado (Egt) 1  
149 red herohero bright red 36  
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
3 right mata'u Right (not left) 5, 13  
3 right kotau   5, 40  
6 road/path ara Road 1  
115 root aka Root 2  
65 rope taura Cable, cord, rope, string (Fts) 9  
112 rotten word info para Decay (Chl) 13  
112 rotten word info popo/popo Deteriorate (Chl) 14  
112 rotten word info pipiro      
125 salt miti Salt, salty (Fts) 7  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
121 sand one Sand 1  
124 sea moana Blue 10  
124 sea tai   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
81 sharp kaìkaì Sharp 14  
81 sharp ka'i   14  
154 short word info poto Short; concise (Chl) x  
154 short word info peti L from French   L
154 short word info peti DUP x  
154 short word info peti DUP x  
19 shoulder kapuhibi Shoulder (Fts) 8  
19 shoulder kapuhivi   8  
19 shoulder kekehu      
161 shy, ashamed haa/maa L from Tahitian 1 L
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
128 sky raŋi Sky 1  
128 sky ragi   1  
152 small iti Small 1  
152 small poto Short; concise (Chl) 10  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
145 smoke word info àu Humo (Bxn.1ŋ72) 2  
145 smoke word info au Humo (Egt); smoke (Fts) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Chimney (Fts) 2  
106 snake      
110 spider hônu   5, 39  
110 spider tukutuku rahinuku   5  
130 star hetu'u   1  
79 stick/wood miro      
120 stone maka Stone (Chl) 4  
120 stone ma'ea   4  
120 stone poatu po'atu 1, 19  
120 stone poatu DUP    
120 stone poatu DUP    
105 tail hiku Tail, tail end (Fts) 13  
105 tail vaero   10  
206 Ten word info aŋahuru   5  
206 Ten word info kauatu   30  
206 Ten word info kumi   11  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  
206 Ten word info kumi DUP x  
178 that era      
62 thatch/roof àto Techar exteriomente una casa, bardar un techo (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 1  
62 thatch/roof ato To roof 1  
62 thatch/roof puru      
187 they raúa dual x  
157 thick word info matoru Thick (Chl) 3  
157 thick word info eepe L from French   L
156 thin word info ra'i   5  
177 this me'e-nei Me'e-nei. :This (Fts) 1  
177 this nei this, here 1  
183 thou kou you 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
134 thunder patiri Thunder (Fts) 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
41 to bite gau   7  
137 to blow word info puhi Blow 6  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
28 to breathe haa   11  
28 to breathe anave unusual loss of initial [m] 1  
144 to burn word info tutu Ignite, kindle, set fire to (Fts) 1, 6  
91 to buy ho'o L from Tahitian 7 L
91 to buy mono barter    
91 to buy hoko   7  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
85 to choose vae   10  
85 to choose maiti   6  
172 to climb word info eke Climb, embark, mount (Fts). 32  
7 to come oho      
7 to come hiho      
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
196 to count tataku   8  
34 to cry tagi To cry, bark, mew (Chl) 1  
34 to cry taŋi Llorar, lamentarse (Egt) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info a/bahi L from Tahitian 13 L
78 to cut, hack word info motu To cut 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Carve, model, mould, sculpt (Fts) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info vahi separate 13  
78 to cut, hack word info avahi break, smash 13  
78 to cut, hack word info hore      
78 to cut, hack word info tata   3  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
90 to dig ka/karo/ To dig, excavate, hollow, shell (e.g. pick nose, pluck out eye) (Fts) 1, 67  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
90 to dig kakaro carve a hole 1, 67  
90 to dig ketuketu      
50 to dream moe   7  
40 to drink unu Drink (Fts) 1  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 47  
95 to fall word info hiŋa Fall 44  
95 to fall word info topa Fall, descend, dismount 124  
95 to fall word info higa   44  
22 to fear riaria L from Tahitian 8 L
22 to fear mataku   1  
123 to flow tehe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, leap, jump (Fts) 11  
86 to grow word info tupu Sprout, be pregnant, germinate, grow (Fts) 1  
86 to grow word info riku      
44 to hear garo'a   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
171 to hide word info romi      
72 to hit word info tu'u Pollex 06: Tu`u. :To hit (Fts). 8, 63  
72 to hit word info tutu      
89 to hold word info kuku Tie branches together 12  
89 to hold word info aaru grasp, hold    
89 to hold word info mau   54  
69 to hunt word info poko      
74 to kill tiga'i   82  
74 to kill tahia   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable agi      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite   12  
33 to laugh kata Laugh, smile (Fts) 7  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
76 to live, be alive ora Alive, healthy, recover from illnes 6  
92 to open, uncover hahata   9  
92 to open, uncover huaki   8  
84 to plant oka Digging-stick (Bck); lever, stick; to plant (Fts)    
84 to plant tanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
64 to say   43  
64 to say tako   128  
77 to scratch word info katikati Pollex 06: <Katikati. :Scratch, claw (Chl)>.    
77 to scratch word info raku   9  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku   9  
46 to see tikea   1  
46 to see kite variant: ite 1  
67 to sew word info tui/tui Necklace 13, 16  
67 to sew word info tui   13, 16  
67 to sew word info tiha      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit noho Sit 16  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10, 109  
29 to sniff, smell hoŋi Kiss, smell 9  
29 to sniff, smell hogi   9  
36 to spit àànu Saliva, escupir (Bxn 1972) 14, 84, 121  
36 to spit aanu   14, 84, 121  
80 to split word info ŋahaa   5, 97  
80 to split word info gaha burst 5, 97  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
80 to split word info hahara   5  
88 to squeeze word info gatu      
88 to squeeze word info taomi   10  
71 to stab, pierce huki Drill 1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce oka   67  
71 to stab, pierce hakapau      
52 to stand tu'u Stand, arrive; mast, shaft (Fts) 2  
52 to stand tutu   2  
73 to steal kori      
73 to steal kamo   6  
42 to suck omo/omo Sip, suck B. [<] 7  
42 to suck omo Sip, suck (Fts) 7  
42 to suck miti   8  
87 to swell word info ahu   7  
87 to swell word info arakea      
9 to swim kau To swim (Fts) 5  
21 to think mana'u   7  
21 to think manako   7  
94 to throw word info bero Pollex 06: Bero. :Throw; stab. 38  
94 to throw word info vero   38  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
66 to tie up, fasten ha/ha'u/ Atar, amarra, lazada (Bxn. lŋ72) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten haha'u   11  
66 to tie up, fasten hahi      
8 to turn word info teka Pollex 06: Teka. :Turn, spin (Fts).    
8 to turn word info taviri turn round 90  
8 to turn word info amio      
8 to turn word info tioi   10  
35 to vomit rua Vomit 8  
5 to walk haere L from Tahitian 6 L
5 to walk here   6, 9  
83 to work word info haŋa Work, make, labour, employment (Chl) 10  
83 to work word info aga   10  
47 to yawn haka/mama Yawn (Fts) 19, 28  
47 to yawn amama   19, 28  
32 tongue àrero Lengua (organo e idioma) (Bxn 1ŋ72) 15  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
31 tooth niho Tooth 1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
138 warm word info hana Hot, warm; heat n.; feel warm (Fts) 1  
138 warm word info mahana Warm, temperate, tepid 1, 72  
122 water word info bai Water 2  
122 water word info vai   2  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
141 wet lali Wet, become wet (rari) 9  
141 wet hehe      
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
170 when? word info agahé when (in the past) 5  
181 where? word info hee Where? 3, 35  
181 where? word info   3, 35  
148 white tea/tea White 8  
148 white teatea   8  
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
189 who? word info aai Who? 1  
159 wide kau      
58 wife vî'e   5?  
136 wind matagi Wind, air, breeze 1, 66  
136 wind hau squall, tempest (Chl) 10  
136 wind tokerau not a general term for wind-MW. x  
136 wind hahau breeze 10  
100 wing kará      
55 woman/female bahine L from Tahitian 1, 106 L
55 woman/female tama(ha)/hine/ Feminine, female (Fts) 1, 98  
55 woman/female tama   98  
55 woman/female uha      
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm) koreha   13  
169 year matahiti Year (Fts) 7  
169 year ta'u Year (obs.) 1  
150 yellow para      
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun, you (Fts) x  

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