https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rapanui (Easter Island)

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Rapanui 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand rima   1  
2 left maui   1, 59  
2 left hema   11  
3 right mata'u Right (not left) 5, 13  
3 right kotau   5, 40  
4 leg/foot ba'e Leg; irregular *w > b x  
4 leg/foot va'e   1, 100  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
5 to walk haere Stroll, walk; excursion (Fts) b. [<] 6 L
5 to walk here   6  
6 road/path ara Road 1  
7 to come oho      
7 to come hiho      
8 to turn word info teka Pollex 06: Teka. :Turn, spin (Fts).    
8 to turn word info taviri turn round 90  
8 to turn word info amio      
8 to turn word info tioi      
9 to swim kau To swim (Fts) 5  
10 dirty haba/haba Filthy x  
10 dirty hava muddy, grimy 8  
10 dirty one   x  
10 dirty tahavahava   8  
11 dust huŋa Fine dust (Fts) [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] x  
11 dust ŋa/rahu/ White powder or dust used in tattooing (Fts) x  
11 dust huga reduced to powder [PPN *funga 'small pieces, crumbs, scraps -MW] x  
11 dust garahu embers, soot 1, 68  
11 dust pugaehu   1, 67  
11 dust rehu   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
13 back word info tuaivi Pollex 06: Tuaivi. :Spine, vertebrae, back, loins (Chl). 11  
13 back word info tu'a ivi   11  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly kopu Abdomen, belly, paunch, stomach (Fts) 2  
14 belly manaba Abdomen, belly, stomach (Fts) 9  
14 belly manava   9  
15 bone ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 52, 5  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines kokoma Pollex 06: <Kokoma. :Bowels, guts, intestines (Fts)>. 31  
16 intestines nenenene   1  
17 liver àte Higado (Bxn 1ŋ72) 1  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
18 breast u'u Breast, dug, teat; milk (Fts) 1  
18 breast û   1  
18 breast hu   1  
19 shoulder kapuhibi Shoulder (Fts) 8  
19 shoulder kapuhivi   8  
19 shoulder kekehu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable agi      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite   12  
21 to think mana'u   7  
21 to think manako   7  
22 to fear riaria Tahitian borrowing? Pollex 06: Riaria. :Dread, fear (Fts). 8 L?
22 to fear mataku   1  
23 blood toto Blood (Fts) 4  
24 head puoko Head (Mtx) 10  
25 neck gao   x  
25 neck kaki   20  
26 hair word info huru/huru Hair x  
26 hair word info huruhuru feather x  
26 hair word info oho      
26 hair word info rauoho   40  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
28 to breathe haa   11  
28 to breathe anave unusual loss of initial [m] 1  
29 to sniff, smell hoŋi Kiss, smell 9  
29 to sniff, smell hogi   9  
30 mouth haha Mouth 1  
30 mouth ŋutu Beak, bill, lip, mouth (Fts) x  
30 mouth gutu   2  
30 mouth haha   1  
31 tooth niho Tooth 1  
32 tongue àrero Lengua (organo e idioma) (Bxn 1ŋ72) 15  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
33 to laugh kata Laugh, smile (Fts) 7  
34 to cry tagi To cry, bark, mew (Chl) 1  
34 to cry taŋi Llorar, lamentarse (Egt) 1  
35 to vomit rua Vomit 8  
36 to spit àànu Saliva, escupir (Bxn 1972) 14, 84, 121  
36 to spit aanu   14, 84, 121  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 44  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
40 to drink unu Drink (Fts) 1  
41 to bite gau   7  
42 to suck omo/omo Sip, suck B. [<] 7 L
42 to suck omo Sip, suck (Fts) 7  
42 to suck miti   8  
43 ear tariŋa Ear 1  
43 ear tariga   1  
44 to hear garo'a   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
45 eye mata Eye (Fts) 1  
46 to see tikea   1  
46 to see kite variant: ite 1  
47 to yawn haka/mama Yawn (Fts) 19, 28  
47 to yawn amama   19, 28  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream moe   7  
51 to sit noho Sit 16  
52 to stand tu'u Stand, arrive; mast, shaft (Fts) 2  
52 to stand tutu   2  
53 person/human being taŋata Man 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being tagata man 1, 66, 97  
54 man/male tane Male (Fts) B. [<] 1, 11 L
54 man/male tamaroa   10  
55 woman/female bahine Woman B. [<] 1, 106 L
55 woman/female tama(ha)/hine/ Feminine, female (Fts) 1, 98  
55 woman/female tama   98  
55 woman/female uha      
56 child poki      
57 husband kenu      
58 wife vî'e   5?  
59 mother matu'a   4  
59 mother kui   15  
60 father matu'a   1, 9  
60 father koro   31  
61 house hare House 14  
62 thatch/roof àto Techar exteriomente una casa, bardar un techo (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 1  
62 thatch/roof ato To roof 1  
62 thatch/roof puru      
63 name iŋoa Name 6  
63 name îgoa   6  
64 to say   43  
64 to say tako   128  
65 rope taura Cable, cord, rope, string (Fts) 9  
66 to tie up, fasten ha/ha'u/ Atar, amarra, lazada (Bxn. lŋ72) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten haha'u   11  
66 to tie up, fasten hahi      
67 to sew word info tui/tui Necklace 13  
67 to sew word info tui   13  
67 to sew word info tiha      
68 needle ibi Bone; needle (Fts) 30  
68 needle hika Net-needle (Fts) 9  
68 needle ivi bone, needle 30  
68 needle nira   L  
69 to hunt word info poko      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce huki Drill 1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce oka   67  
71 to stab, pierce hakapau      
72 to hit word info tu'u Pollex 06: Tu`u. :To hit (Fts). 8, 63  
72 to hit word info tutu      
73 to steal kori      
73 to steal kamo   6  
74 to kill tiga'i   82  
74 to kill tahia   8  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
76 to live, be alive ora Alive, healthy, recover from illnes 6  
77 to scratch word info katikati Pollex 06: <Katikati. :Scratch, claw (Chl)>.    
77 to scratch word info raku   9  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku   9  
78 to cut, hack word info a/bahi Break, crack, split, tear B. (Fts) [<] 13 L
78 to cut, hack word info motu To cut 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Carve, model, mould, sculpt (Fts) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info vahi separate 13  
78 to cut, hack word info avahi break, smash 13  
78 to cut, hack word info hore      
78 to cut, hack word info tata   1  
79 stick/wood miro      
80 to split word info ŋahaa   5, 72  
80 to split word info gaha burst 5, 72  
80 to split word info ihi   7  
80 to split word info hahara   5  
81 sharp kaìkaì Sharp 14  
81 sharp ka'i   14  
82 dull, blunt puni   12  
82 dull, blunt mene      
83 to work word info haŋa Work, make, labour, employment (Chl) 10  
83 to work word info aga   10  
84 to plant oka Digging-stick (Bck); lever, stick; to plant (Fts)    
84 to plant tanu   2  
85 to choose vae   10  
85 to choose maiti   6  
86 to grow word info tupu Sprout, be pregnant, germinate, grow (Fts) 1  
86 to grow word info riku      
87 to swell word info ahu   7  
87 to swell word info arakea      
88 to squeeze word info gatu      
88 to squeeze word info taomi   10  
89 to hold word info kuku Tie branches together 12  
89 to hold word info aaru grasp, hold    
89 to hold word info mau   54  
90 to dig ka/karo/ To dig, excavate, hollow, shell (e.g. pick nose, pluck out eye) (Fts) 1?  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
90 to dig kakaro carve a hole 1?  
90 to dig ketuketu      
91 to buy ho'o Buy, sell, trade, exchange B. (Fts) [<] 7 L
91 to buy mono barter    
91 to buy hoko   7  
92 to open, uncover hahata   9  
92 to open, uncover huaki   8  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
94 to throw word info bero Pollex 06: Bero. :Throw; stab. 38  
94 to throw word info vero   38  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
95 to fall word info hiŋa Fall 44  
95 to fall word info topa Fall, descend, dismount 124  
95 to fall word info higa   44  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
96 dog paihega      
97 bird manu Animal, bird, insect (Fts) 1  
98 egg toua Yolk of egg 7  
98 egg mâmari   6  
99 feather huruhuru   1  
100 wing kará      
101 to fly rere Fly, run, leap, jump (Fts) 11  
102 rat kiore Rat (Chl) 12  
102 rat kiora Rat (Thomson)/ 12  
102 rat kio'e Rat (Fts) B. [<] (Note: Marquesan not Pascuan) 12 L
103 meat/flesh kiko Pollex 06: Kiko. :Flesh, meat (Chl). 10  
104 fat/grease nako   14  
105 tail hiku Tail, tail end (Fts) 13  
105 tail vaero   10  
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) koreha   13  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
109 mosquito na'ona'o Pollex 06: Na`ona`o. :Mosquito (Fts). 1, 74  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider hônu   5, 39  
110 spider tukutuku rahinuku   5  
111 fish ika Fish n 1  
111 fish îka   1  
112 rotten word info para Decay (Chl) 13  
112 rotten word info popo/popo Deteriorate (Chl) 14  
112 rotten word info pipiro      
113 branch word info maga   2, 35  
113 branch word info rara   1, 33  
114 leaf rau Sprout (of sweet-potato) 1  
114 leaf rau/pa Leaf 1  
114 leaf raupá   1  
114 leaf rou note: vv au >ou 1  
115 root aka Root 2  
116 flower pua Flower 1  
116 flower hua   72  
117 fruit kai 'food' or 'eat'? -MW    
117 fruit pua unusual *f >p; looks like might be 'flower'    
118 grass mauku Term for every kind of grass (Fts) 58  
118 grass mouku Grass, hay, straw, herbs (Chl) 58  
118 grass pua mouku   58  
119 earth/soil repo Clay (Fts) 11  
119 earth/soil one Sand? (POc *qone) 35  
119 earth/soil karu      
120 stone maka Stone (Chl) 4  
120 stone ma'ea   4  
120 stone poatu Probably po'atu, but pohatu would be expected. Borrowing from MGV? L  
120 stone poatu Probably po'atu, but pohatu would be expected. Borrowing from MGV? L  
120 stone poatu Probably po'atu, but pohatu would be expected. Borrowing from MGV? L  
121 sand one Sand 1  
122 water word info bai Water 2  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tehe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
124 sea moana Blue 10  
124 sea tai   1  
125 salt miti Salt, salty (Fts) 7  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
125 salt kava   47  
126 lake rano Lake formed in crater of a volcano (Fts) 1  
127 woods/forest      
128 sky raŋi Sky 1  
128 sky ragi   1  
129 moon mahina Moon, month (Fts)@ 37, 5  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
129 moon kavake   6  
130 star hetu'u   1  
131 cloud word info kohu Shade, shadow 14  
131 cloud word info ragi 'sky' - MW x  
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
131 cloud word info puŋa      
132 fog kohu Shade, shadow 1, 47  
132 fog kapua   1  
133 rain 'uua   1  
133 rain ua   1  
133 rain ûa   1  
134 thunder patiri Thunder (Fts) 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
134 thunder atutiri possible L from MGV, no [h] 14  
135 lightning 'uira   2  
135 lightning uira   2  
136 wind matagi Wind, air, breeze 1, 66  
136 wind hau squall, tempest (Chl) 10  
136 wind tokerau not a general term for wind-MW. x  
136 wind hahau breeze 10  
137 to blow word info puhi Blow 6  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
138 warm word info hana Hot, warm; heat n.; feel warm (Fts) 1  
138 warm word info mahana Warm, temperate, tepid 1, 72  
139 cold word info takeo   9  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
139 cold word info anounu   8  
140 dry word info paka Scab 12  
140 dry word info paka/paka Dry 12  
140 dry word info pakapaka   12  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
140 dry word info moro   13  
141 wet lali Wet, become wet (rari) 9  
141 wet hehe      
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
141 wet rari   9  
142 heavy pagaha'a possible metathesis?    
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
142 heavy taimaha   46, 66  
143 fire afi fire (Fts) 1  
143 fire ahi   1  
144 to burn word info tutu Ignite, kindle, set fire to (Fts) 6  
145 smoke word info àu Humo (Bxn.1ŋ72) 2  
145 smoke word info au Humo (Egt); smoke (Fts) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Chimney (Fts) 2  
146 ash éoéo   67  
146 ash ehuehu   67  
146 ash ehuehu   67  
146 ash ehuehu   67  
147 black kere/kere Black 5  
147 black 'uri Negro, oscuro (Bxn. 1ŋ72) 7  
147 black uri Black, dark, bruised, obscure (Fts) 7  
147 black uri/uri Black, brown, brunette, tawny (Fts) 7  
147 black kerekere   5  
148 white tea/tea White 8  
148 white teatea   8  
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
148 white ritorito      
149 red mea Rosado (Egt) 1  
149 red herohero bright red 36  
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
149 red eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal    
150 yellow para      
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
150 yellow eŋaeŋa unusual *r>glottal 10  
151 green mata   1  
152 small iti Small 121  
152 small poto Short; concise (Chl) 10  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
152 small korereka   13  
153 big rahi More, much, many (Fts)@ 12  
153 big nui Big 11  
154 short word info poto Short; concise (Chl) x  
154 short word info peti borrowing from French? L?  
154 short word info peti borrowing from French? L?  
154 short word info peti borrowing from French? L?  
155 long word info roa Length 12  
156 thin word info ra'i   5  
157 thick word info matoru Thick (Chl) 3  
157 thick word info eepe possible French borrowing?   L?
158 narrow rikiriki   84  
158 narrow vakavaka      
159 wide kau      
160 painful, sick mumae Pain 10  
160 painful, sick mauìuì Sick, ill (Fts) 1, 12  
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
161 shy, ashamed haa/maa Ashamed, shy; shame (Fts) b. [<] 1 L
162 old word info koroua Decrepit, old age, worn with age (Chl) 9  
162 old word info korohua Decrepit, senile; grow old; senility, old age (Fts) 9  
162 old word info tuuai Antiguo (Egt) x  
162 old word info tuai Old, past (Fts) 48  
163 new ho'ou New 1  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
164 good rivariva      
165 bad, evil kino Bad, perverse (Fts) 9  
166 correct, true titika   9  
167 night poo Night 1  
168 day raa   7  
169 year matahiti Year (Fts) 7  
169 year ta'u Year (obs.) 1  
170 when? word info agahé when (in the past) 5  
171 to hide word info romi      
172 to climb word info eke Climb, embark, mount (Fts). 2  
173 at i At, in, on (Fts) 1  
174 in, inside i At, in, on (Fts) x  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lining (Chl) 5  
175 above ruŋa   9  
175 above ruga   9  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
177 this me'e-nei Me'e-nei. :This (Fts) 1  
177 this nei this, here 1  
178 that era      
179 near hahine Near, next (to), close to, at hand    
179 near tupuaki Close, near, next to, to approach (Fts_ 43?  
180 far kumi      
181 where? word info hee Where? 3, 35  
181 where? word info   3, 35  
182 I au   1, 21  
183 thou kou you 1  
184 he/she ia Third person personal pronoun 1  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun, you (Fts) x  
187 they raúa dual x  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
189 who? word info aai Who? 1  
190 other tahi   7  
191 all tahi      
192 and me   2  
192 and e   8  
192 and ma   2  
192 and pe   24?  
192 and piri      
193 if ana If (Fts) 6  
194 how? word info pehea How? (Chl) 11  
194 how? word info pehe How? [<] 11 L
194 how? word info pe hé   11  
195 no, not kai Negative imperative, caveat 83  
195 no, not ta'e Negacion condicional (Fts)    
195 no, not ina kai   83  
196 to count tataku   8  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
200 Four word info ha   1, 66  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info va'u   3  
205 Nine word info iba   5, 66  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
206 Ten word info aŋahuru   5  
206 Ten word info kauatu   30?  
206 Ten word info kumi      
206 Ten word info kumi      
206 Ten word info kumi      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      
210 One Thousand word info piere      

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