https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Mangareva

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ruga Above 9  
175 above runga   9  
191 all kouroa      
192 and e   8  
146 ash e'u   67  
146 ash ngara'u soot, charcoal 1, 60  
173 at i At x  
173 at i/ki   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
165 bad, evil kino   9  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen (Jnu) 8  
14 belly koopuu Stomach (i) x  
14 belly manava Innards 9  
14 belly kōpū   2  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
176 below raro   8  
176 below raro   8  
153 big nui Big, many 11  
153 big ru'aru'a      
97 bird manu Bird, small animal (Jnu) 1  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black kere/kere Bluish-black, as very deep sea 5  
147 black uri Black, dark 7  
147 black kerekere   5  
23 blood toto Blood 4  
23 blood toto   4  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
113 branch word info 'a'ie      
18 breast kuperu      
56 child toromiki   6, 63  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud (Tgr) 12  
139 cold word info makariri Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info anu Cold, coldness (Jnu) 8  
139 cold word info makariri   1, 52  
166 correct, true tika True, right, just (Tgr) 9  
166 correct, true mau   10  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
168 day ao   1, 54  
10 dirty paneu      
96 dog kuri Dog x  
96 dog kurī   7  
140 dry word info maro   13  
82 dull, blunt moimoi      
11 dust puèu Dust (I) 1, 74  
11 dust èu Poussier x  
11 dust e'u   1  
43 ear teriga Ear (Jnu) x  
43 ear taringa   1  
119 earth/soil repo Soil, earth, dirt 11  
119 earth/soil repo   11  
98 egg māmari moa   6  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
45 eye mata Face, eye 1  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far mamao Eloigne, de loin (Jnu) x  
180 far mama'o   13  
104 fat/grease hinu Oil, grease 12  
104 fat/grease matatere      
60 father tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
60 father tinana   1  
99 feather 'uru   1  
208 Fifty word info rima rongo'uru   1, 15  
143 fire ahi Fire, flame (Tgr) x  
143 fire a'i   1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
116 flower pua Flowers (Jnu) 1  
116 flower tiare   7  
132 fog ko'u Rain-mist (I). low cloud round mountain (Jnu) 1, 47  
200 Four word info à Four x  
200 Four word info 'a   1, 66  
117 fruit 'ua Bear fruit 1  
117 fruit 'ua 'to fruit' 1  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
164 good meitetaki Beautiful, good, soft, sweet (Tgr) x  
164 good porotu   125  
164 good mariʔe   16  
118 grass mutie Grass (Bck1938 13  
151 green moto Green, unripe 1, 10  
151 green moto   1, 10  
26 hair word info rouro Hair of the head 40  
26 hair word info rauo'o   40  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand (Tgr) x  
1 hand rima Five; hand-arm 1  
1 hand rima   1  
184 he/she ia/koia 'ona is used also today due to influence from Tahitian. 1, 42  
24 head upoko Head 10  
24 head o'o   1?  
142 heavy teimaha Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy kikikiki      
61 house àre House x  
61 house 'are   14  
194 how? word info pe'ea   11  
57 husband ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) x  
57 husband a'ana spouse, usually used to refer to male spouse. Tgr 1898 has it listed for both male and female. 13  
182 I au   1, 21  
193 if      
174 in, inside roto   5  
16 intestines manava      
126 lake rano Swamp 1  
126 lake rano swamp 1  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
114 leaf rau   1  
2 left 'ema Left (Tgr) [Tgr misrepresented glottal stop as h] 11  
2 left 'ema Gauche (Rch) 11  
2 left 'ema   11  
4 leg/foot va/vae/ Leg 1, 100  
4 leg/foot a'ape      
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
17 liver kakaroumei      
155 long word info roa   12  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male tamaroa Enfant male, de tout age; se dit aussi des animaux (Jnu) x  
54 man/male tangata man; human being 12, 14  
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
129 moon maahìna Moon, month 37, 5  
129 moon ma'ina   37, 5  
109 mosquito kōmanu      
59 mother tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
59 mother tinana parent (general) 1  
30 mouth àaàa Mouth (Rch) B. [<] x  
30 mouth 'a'a   1  
30 mouth haha   1  
63 name igoa Name x  
63 name ingoa   6  
158 narrow koma/koma Strait, narrow (Tgr) 10  
158 narrow ko/koma/ A narrow place, a strait, a defile (Tgr) 10  
158 narrow āiti   89  
179 near tata Near 9  
25 neck kaki   20  
68 needle nira loanword from English   L
163 new 'ou New 1  
163 new 'ou   1  
167 night poo Night x  
167 night   1  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
195 no, not kore   11  
27 nose i'u Nose 1  
162 old word info taito Ancient, antique (Tgr) x  
162 old word info te'ito   10  
197 One word info e/taì One x  
197 One word info ta'i   41  
209 One Hundred word info rau Hundred.(Source: Pollex) 2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, (previously two thousand) (Jnu).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
190 other      
160 painful, sick mamae Mal, douleur, souffrance (Rch) 10  
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
53 person/human being tagata Man 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being tangata human being; man 1, 66, 97  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
133 rain ua   1  
102 rat kiore Rat, souris (Rch) 12  
102 rat kiore   12  
149 red kura Red 13  
149 red kura   13  
3 right maori      
6 road/path ara   1  
115 root aka Root 2  
115 root aka   2  
65 rope toura Corde, filet (Jnu) 9  
65 rope kaka braided cord made from coconut husk fibers    
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rubbish (I) 13  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, decayed (Jnu) 14  
112 rotten word info para   13  
125 salt miti   7  
121 sand one Earth, soil (Tgr) 1  
121 sand one   1  
124 sea moana Ocean 10  
124 sea tai   1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info 'itu   1  
81 sharp koikoi   14, 66  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
154 short word info poto   9  
19 shoulder pakuhivi The shoulder, point of a paddle, raise a burden from the ground; a name given to a nephew (Tgr) x  
19 shoulder paku'ivi   8  
161 shy, ashamed àkamaa Be ashamed (I) x  
161 shy, ashamed 'akāma   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
128 sky ragi Sky x  
128 sky rangi   1  
152 small riki/riki Etre petit x  
152 small poto Short x  
152 small ningore      
145 smoke word info au/ahi   2  
106 snake      
110 spider pugaverevere Arraignee (Jnu) x  
110 spider puga/verevere/ Arraignee (Jnu) x  
110 spider pūngawerewere   1, 57  
130 star 'etu   1  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, timber, tree 1  
79 stick/wood rakau wood, stick, plant, medicine 1  
120 stone poàtu Stone (Bck) x  
120 stone po'atu   1, 19  
105 tail ìku Tail of fish 13  
105 tail vero Tail of dog (Bck) 10  
105 tail ave      
206 Ten word info rongo'uru   5, 32  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch (I) 1  
62 thatch/roof paku   50  
187 they rāua dual x  
187 they rātou plural 1, 72  
157 thick word info matoru Thick x  
157 thick word info mātoru   3  
156 thin word info rikiriki      
177 this tenei This 7, 1  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe   1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
134 thunder atutiri Thunder(Tgr) 14  
134 thunder atutiri   14  
41 to bite eti Tear with teeth x  
41 to bite ngaunga'u   7  
137 to blow word info agi(agi) Blow gently x  
137 to blow word info puì Souffler (Jnu) x  
137 to blow word info pu'i   6  
28 to breathe 'au   9  
144 to burn word info ta'u Set alight, burn, tend fire 8  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
144 to burn word info ka'a   62  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell (I) 7  
38 to chew word info 'amama   1  
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info piki   6  
7 to come a'u   44  
39 to cook word info tunu to cook food in the ground oven 9  
196 to count tou'ara This is a counting term for any numeral that is not a multiple of 10. For example twenty is [rua rongo'uru]; 22 is [rua rongo'uru e rua tou'ara]. Not exactly 'to count', but the closest to a counting-type term in the language. 8  
34 to cry koa      
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Rough hew; dress timber or stone (Tgr) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info 'akakiukiu      
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
90 to dig pokopoko      
50 to dream moemoeaa Dream (Tgr) 7, 27  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
40 to drink inu Drink (Jnu) 1  
40 to drink unu Drink (Tgr) 1  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 44  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
95 to fall word info marere Tomber, Fall 12  
95 to fall word info àka/too/ Fall straight down (Tgr) 14  
95 to fall word info topa To fall from a height 124  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
22 to fear mataku   1  
123 to flow ta'e Couler (Jnu) 10  
123 to flow ta'e   10  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, jump 11  
101 to fly rere   11  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
44 to hear rogo Hear; news 1  
44 to hear 'akarongo   1  
171 to hide word info pu/puni To hide; be enclosed, shut in 1  
171 to hide word info pupuni   1  
72 to hit word info pa(pa)ki Slap 6  
72 to hit word info patu To strike, give a blow to anyone (Tgr) 7  
72 to hit word info tata hit something until it breaks open (eg, a coconut) 10  
89 to hold word info tāmau   54  
69 to hunt word info aruaru to chase 7  
74 to kill tina'i   82  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite It should be noted that Mangareva also demonstrates the form tikei to mean 'cognisant', which appears to be a borrowing from the Rapa Nui metathesized reflex of *kite. 12  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
33 to laugh kata   7  
49 to lie down word info 'akaearanga      
76 to live, be alive ora   6  
92 to open, uncover 'u'ure      
84 to plant tanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
64 to say ki   43  
77 to scratch word info raku/raku Scratch 9  
77 to scratch word info kene'u      
46 to see nana   103  
46 to see nana   103  
67 to sew word info tui Sew 13  
67 to sew word info tue   13  
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit no'o Sit 16  
51 to sit no'o sit; stay 16  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
48 to sleep moe   10  
29 to sniff, smell 'ogi Kiss, smell (Tgr) x  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi   9  
36 to spit anuanu Saliva, spittle, to spit (Tgr); salive, crachat, cracher (Jnu) 14, 84, 121  
36 to spit kae      
80 to split word info a'ae      
88 to squeeze word info romi/romi Cover, press upon x  
88 to squeeze word info kukumu   14  
71 to stab, pierce 'uki Prick, pierce, stab 1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce ko   100  
52 to stand tuu Stand 2  
52 to stand 'akātū 'aka + tū 2  
73 to steal kamo To steal (Bck) 1938 6  
73 to steal kamo   6  
42 to suck miti Suck 8  
42 to suck omo Teter, sucer (Jnu) 7  
42 to suck omo   7  
87 to swell word info 'akatekire      
9 to swim kau Swim (Tgr) 5  
9 to swim kau   5  
21 to think makara      
94 to throw word info tiri Throw away, reject (Tgr) 9  
94 to throw word info kero      
66 to tie up, fasten rii Bind (Jnu) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Na(na)ti 13  
66 to tie up, fasten 'akaokonga to tie in a bundle    
8 to turn word info tīrori      
35 to vomit a/rua/ì Vomit x  
35 to vomit ruaki   8, 31  
5 to walk 'ere   6  
83 to work word info haga Work, labour x  
83 to work word info 'anga   10  
47 to yawn amama Gape, yawn (Tgr) 19, 28  
47 to yawn naro      
47 to yawn 'amama   19, 28  
32 tongue erero Tongue 15  
32 tongue arero   15  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
31 tooth ni'o   1  
207 Twenty word info takau   4  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
138 warm word info maàna Warm x  
138 warm word info ma'ana   1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
122 water word info vai   2  
185 we word info tāua dual incl. 1, 29  
141 wet rari Be wet (Jnu) 9  
141 wet maku As moist (Tgr) 10  
141 wet ranga      
188 what? word info What? x  
188 what? word info a'a   1  
170 when? word info ahea Quand sera-ce? (Jnu) x  
170 when? word info a 'ea   5  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? (Jnu) 3, 35  
181 where? word info 'ea   3, 35  
148 white tea White, blanched (Tgr) 8  
148 white tea   8  
189 who? word info ai Who? (Jnu) 1  
189 who? word info v/ai Who? (I) - no [v] form-MW x  
189 who? word info ai   1  
159 wide 'ata'ata      
58 wife ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) 8?  
58 wife ve'ine borrowing from Marquesan 5, 68 L
136 wind matagi Wind x  
136 wind hau Souffler, etre bruyant (se dit du vent seul) (Jnu) 10  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
100 wing pehau   x  
100 wing pererau   9  
55 woman/female aine Femme (Jnu) x  
55 woman/female ahine A woman, female (Tgr) x  
55 woman/female àìne Femme; x  
55 woman/female -ìne Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
55 woman/female 'a'ine   1, 106  
127 woods/forest ulu Unplanted 15  
127 woods/forest vao uninhabited place 14  
107 worm (earthworm) iri/toke/ Earthworm 7, 80  
107 worm (earthworm) iritoke   7  
169 year tau Season, year 1  
169 year ano L from French   L
150 yellow rengarenga   10  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun (Tgr) x  
186 you kotou Second person plural pronoun (Jnu) 16  
186 you kōrua dual 16  
186 you kōtou plural 16  

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