https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Mangareva

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
70 to shoot word info      
85 to choose      
106 snake      
178 that      
190 other      
193 if      
200 Four word info 'a   1, 66  
30 mouth 'a'a   1  
113 branch word info 'a'ie      
55 woman/female 'a'ine   1, 106  
49 to lie down word info 'akaearanga      
78 to cut, hack word info 'akakiukiu      
66 to tie up, fasten 'akaokonga to tie in a bundle    
44 to hear 'akarongo   1  
87 to swell word info 'akatekire      
161 shy, ashamed 'akāma   1  
52 to stand 'akātū 'aka + tū 2  
38 to chew word info 'amama   1  
47 to yawn 'amama   19, 28  
83 to work word info 'anga   10  
61 house 'are   14  
159 wide 'ata'ata      
28 to breathe 'au   9  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? (Jnu) 3, 35  
181 where? word info 'ea   3, 35  
2 left 'ema Left (Tgr) [Tgr misrepresented glottal stop as h] 11  
2 left 'ema Gauche (Rch) 11  
2 left 'ema   11  
5 to walk 'ere   6  
130 star 'etu   1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info 'itu   1  
29 to sniff, smell 'ogi Kiss, smell (Tgr) x  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell (I) 7  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi   9  
163 new 'ou New 1  
163 new 'ou   1  
92 to open, uncover 'u'ure      
117 fruit 'ua Bear fruit 1  
117 fruit 'ua 'to fruit' 1  
71 to stab, pierce 'uki Prick, pierce, stab 1, 8  
99 feather 'uru   1  
55 woman/female -ìne Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
170 when? word info a 'ea   5  
188 what? word info a'a   1  
80 to split word info a'ae      
57 husband a'ana spouse, usually used to refer to male spouse. Tgr 1898 has it listed for both male and female. 13  
4 leg/foot a'ape      
143 fire a'i   1  
7 to come a'u   44  
35 to vomit a/rua/ì Vomit x  
137 to blow word info agi(agi) Blow gently x  
57 husband ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) x  
58 wife ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) 8?  
170 when? word info ahea Quand sera-ce? (Jnu) x  
143 fire ahi Fire, flame (Tgr) x  
55 woman/female ahine A woman, female (Tgr) x  
189 who? word info ai Who? (Jnu) 1  
189 who? word info ai   1  
55 woman/female aine Femme (Jnu) x  
115 root aka Root 2  
115 root aka   2  
47 to yawn amama Gape, yawn (Tgr) 19, 28  
169 year ano L from French   L
139 cold word info anu Cold, coldness (Jnu) 8  
36 to spit anuanu Saliva, spittle, to spit (Tgr); salive, crachat, cracher (Jnu) 14, 84  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud (Tgr) 12  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
168 day ao   1, 54  
6 road/path ara   1  
32 tongue arero   15  
69 to hunt word info aruaru to chase 7  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch (I) 1  
134 thunder atutiri Thunder(Tgr) 14  
134 thunder atutiri   14  
182 I au   1, 21  
145 smoke word info au/ahi   2  
105 tail ave      
188 what? word info What? x  
192 and e   8  
11 dust e'u   1  
146 ash e'u   67  
197 One word info e/taì One x  
32 tongue erero Tongue 15  
41 to bite eti Tear with teeth x  
83 to work word info haga Work, labour x  
136 wind hau Souffler, etre bruyant (se dit du vent seul) (Jnu) 10  
104 fat/grease hinu Oil, grease 12  
173 at i At x  
27 nose i'u Nose 1  
173 at i/ki   1  
184 he/she ia/koia 'ona is used also today due to influence from Tahitian. 1  
63 name igoa Name x  
111 fish ika   1  
63 name ingoa   6  
40 to drink inu Drink (Jnu) 1  
40 to drink inu   1  
107 worm (earthworm) iri/toke/ Earthworm 7, 80  
107 worm (earthworm) iritoke   7  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
144 to burn word info ka'a   62  
36 to spit kae      
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 44  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
65 rope kaka braided cord made from coconut husk fibers    
17 liver kakaroumei      
25 neck kaki   20  
73 to steal kamo To steal (Bck) 1938 6  
73 to steal kamo   6  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand (Tgr) x  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
33 to laugh kata   7  
9 to swim kau Swim (Tgr) 5  
9 to swim kau   5  
77 to scratch word info kene'u      
147 black kere/kere Bluish-black, as very deep sea 5  
147 black kerekere   5  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
94 to throw word info kero      
64 to say ki   43  
142 heavy kikikiki      
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
165 bad, evil kino   9  
102 rat kiore Rat, souris (Rch) 12  
102 rat kiore   12  
12 skin kiri   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite It should be noted that Mangareva also demonstrates the form tikei to mean 'cognisant', which appears to be a borrowing from the Rapa Nui metathesized reflex of *kite. 12  
71 to stab, pierce ko   100  
132 fog ko'u Rain-mist (I). low cloud round mountain (Jnu) 1, 47  
158 narrow ko/koma/ A narrow place, a strait, a defile (Tgr) 10  
34 to cry koa      
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe   1  
81 sharp koikoi   14, 66  
158 narrow koma/koma Strait, narrow (Tgr) 10  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen (Jnu) 8  
14 belly koopuu Stomach (i) x  
195 no, not kore   11  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun (Tgr) x  
186 you kotou Second person plural pronoun (Jnu) 16  
191 all kouroa      
88 to squeeze word info kukumu   14  
18 breast kuperu      
149 red kura Red 13  
149 red kura   13  
96 dog kuri Dog x  
96 dog kurī   7  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito kōmanu      
14 belly kōpū   2  
186 you kōrua dual 16  
186 you kōtou plural    
138 warm word info ma'ana   1, 72  
129 moon ma'ina   37, 5  
129 moon maahìna Moon, month 37, 5  
21 to think makara   8?  
139 cold word info makariri Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info makariri   1, 52  
141 wet maku As moist (Tgr) 10  
180 far mama'o   13  
160 painful, sick mamae Mal, douleur, souffrance (Rch) 10  
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
180 far mamao Eloigne, de loin (Jnu) x  
14 belly manava Innards 9  
16 intestines manava      
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, (previously two thousand) (Jnu).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
97 bird manu Bird, small animal (Jnu) 1  
97 bird manu   1  
3 right maori      
95 to fall word info marere Tomber, Fall 12  
164 good mariʔe   16  
140 dry word info maro   13  
45 eye mata Face, eye 1  
45 eye mata   1  
136 wind matagi Wind x  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
22 to fear mataku   1  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
104 fat/grease matatere      
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
157 thick word info matoru Thick x  
166 correct, true mau   10  
138 warm word info maàna Warm x  
164 good meitetaki Beautiful, good, soft, sweet (Tgr) x  
42 to suck miti Suck 8  
125 salt miti   7  
124 sea moana Ocean 10  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
48 to sleep moe   10  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
50 to dream moemoeaa Dream (Tgr) 7, 27  
82 dull, blunt moimoi      
151 green moto Green, unripe 1, 10  
151 green moto   1, 10  
118 grass mutie Grass (Bck1938 13  
98 egg māmari moa   6  
157 thick word info mātoru   3  
46 to see nana   103  
46 to see nana   103  
47 to yawn naro      
66 to tie up, fasten nati Na(na)ti 13  
146 ash ngara'u soot, charcoal 1, 60  
41 to bite ngaunga'u   7  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
31 tooth ni'o   1  
152 small ningore      
68 needle nira loanword from English   L
51 to sit no'o Sit 16  
51 to sit no'o sit; stay 16  
153 big nui Big, many 11  
24 head o'o   1?  
42 to suck omo Teter, sucer (Jnu) 7  
42 to suck omo   7  
121 sand one Earth, soil (Tgr) 1  
121 sand one   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
76 to live, be alive ora   6  
72 to hit word info pa(pa)ki Slap 6  
62 thatch/roof paku   50  
19 shoulder paku'ivi   8  
19 shoulder pakuhivi The shoulder, point of a paddle, raise a burden from the ground; a name given to a nephew (Tgr) x  
10 dirty paneu      
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rubbish (I) 13  
112 rotten word info para   13  
72 to hit word info patu To strike, give a blow to anyone (Tgr) 7  
194 how? word info pe'ea   11  
100 wing pehau   x  
100 wing pererau   9  
172 to climb word info piki   6  
120 stone po'atu   1, 19  
90 to dig pokopoko      
167 night poo Night x  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, decayed (Jnu) 14  
164 good porotu   125  
152 small poto Short x  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
154 short word info poto   9  
120 stone poàtu Stone (Bck) x  
137 to blow word info pu'i   6  
171 to hide word info pu/puni To hide; be enclosed, shut in 1  
116 flower pua Flowers (Jnu) 1  
110 spider puga/verevere/ Arraignee (Jnu) x  
110 spider pugaverevere Arraignee (Jnu) x  
171 to hide word info pupuni   1  
11 dust puèu Dust (I) 1, 74  
137 to blow word info puì Souffler (Jnu) x  
167 night   1  
110 spider pūngawerewere   1, 57  
128 sky ragi Sky x  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, timber, tree 1  
79 stick/wood rakau wood, stick, plant, medicine 1  
77 to scratch word info raku/raku Scratch 9  
141 wet ranga      
128 sky rangi   1  
126 lake rano Swamp 1  
126 lake rano swamp 1  
141 wet rari Be wet (Jnu) 9  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
176 below raro   8  
176 below raro   8  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
114 leaf rau   1  
209 One Hundred word info rau Hundred.(Source: Pollex) 2  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
26 hair word info rauo'o   40  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
150 yellow rengarenga   10  
119 earth/soil repo Soil, earth, dirt 11  
119 earth/soil repo   11  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, jump 11  
101 to fly rere   11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Bind (Jnu) 14  
152 small riki/riki Etre petit x  
156 thin word info rikiriki      
1 hand rima Five; hand-arm 1  
1 hand rima   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
201 Five word info rima   1  
208 Fifty word info rima rongo'uru   1, 15  
155 long word info roa   12  
44 to hear rogo Hear; news 1  
88 to squeeze word info romi/romi Cover, press upon x  
206 Ten word info rongo'uru   5, 32  
174 in, inside roto   5  
26 hair word info rouro Hair of the head 40  
153 big ru'aru'a      
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
35 to vomit ruaki   8, 31  
175 above ruga Above 9  
175 above runga   9  
187 they rātou plural 1, 72  
187 they rāua dual 1  
123 to flow ta'e Couler (Jnu) 10  
123 to flow ta'e   10  
197 One word info ta'i   41  
144 to burn word info ta'u Set alight, burn, tend fire 8  
53 person/human being tagata Man 1, 66  
124 sea tai   1  
162 old word info taito Ancient, antique (Tgr) x  
207 Twenty word info takau   4  
54 man/male tamaroa Enfant male, de tout age; se dit aussi des animaux (Jnu) x  
53 person/human being tangata human being; man 1, 66  
54 man/male tangata man; human being 12, 14  
84 to plant tanu   2  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Rough hew; dress timber or stone (Tgr) 1  
43 ear taringa   1  
72 to hit word info tata hit something until it breaks open (eg, a coconut) 10  
179 near tata Near 9  
169 year tau Season, year 1  
162 old word info te'ito   10  
148 white tea White, blanched (Tgr) 8  
148 white tea   8  
142 heavy teimaha Heavy 46, 66  
177 this tenei This 7, 1  
43 ear teriga Ear (Jnu) x  
116 flower tiare   7  
166 correct, true tika True, right, just (Tgr) 9  
74 to kill tina'i   82  
59 mother tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
59 mother tinana parent (general) 1  
60 father tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
60 father tinana   1  
94 to throw word info tiri Throw away, reject (Tgr) 9  
95 to fall word info topa To fall from a height 124  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
56 child toromiki   6, 63  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
23 blood toto Blood 4  
23 blood toto   4  
196 to count tou'ara This is a counting term for any numeral that is not a multiple of 10. For example twenty is [rua rongo'uru]; 22 is [rua rongo'uru e rua tou'ara]. Not exactly 'to count', but the closest to a counting-type term in the language. 8  
65 rope toura Corde, filet (Jnu) 9  
13 back word info tua   11  
67 to sew word info tue   13  
67 to sew word info tui Sew 13  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
39 to cook word info tunu to cook food in the ground oven 9  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
52 to stand tuu Stand 2  
89 to hold word info tāmau   54  
185 we word info tāua dual incl. 1, 29  
8 to turn word info tīrori      
133 rain ua Rain 1  
133 rain ua   1  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
127 woods/forest ulu Unplanted 15  
40 to drink unu Drink (Tgr) 1  
24 head upoko Head 10  
147 black uri Black, dark 7  
189 who? word info v/ai Who? (I) - no [v] form-MW x  
4 leg/foot va/vae/ Leg 1, 100  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
122 water word info vai   2  
127 woods/forest vao uninhabited place 14  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
58 wife ve'ine borrowing from Marquesan 5, 68 L
105 tail vero Tail of dog (Bck) 10  
200 Four word info à Four x  
30 mouth àaàa Mouth (Rch) B. [<] x  
95 to fall word info àka/too/ Fall straight down (Tgr) 14  
161 shy, ashamed àkamaa Be ashamed (I) x  
61 house àre House x  
55 woman/female àìne Femme; x  
11 dust èu Poussier x  
105 tail ìku Tail of fish 13  
158 narrow āiti   89  

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