https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Mangareva

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
70 to shoot word info      
85 to choose      
106 snake      
178 that      
190 other      
193 if      
1 hand rima   1  
2 left 'ema   11  
3 right maori      
4 leg/foot a'ape      
5 to walk 'ere   6  
6 road/path ara   1  
7 to come a'u   44  
8 to turn word info tīrori      
9 to swim kau   5  
10 dirty paneu      
11 dust e'u   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly kōpū   2  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines manava      
17 liver kakaroumei      
18 breast kuperu      
19 shoulder paku'ivi   8  
21 to think makara      
22 to fear mataku   1  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head o'o   1?  
25 neck kaki   20  
26 hair word info rauo'o   40  
28 to breathe 'au   9  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi   9  
30 mouth 'a'a   1  
31 tooth ni'o   1  
32 tongue arero   15  
33 to laugh kata   7  
34 to cry koa      
35 to vomit ruaki   8, 31  
36 to spit kae      
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
38 to chew word info 'amama   1  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite ngaunga'u   7  
42 to suck omo   7  
43 ear taringa   1  
44 to hear 'akarongo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see nana   103  
46 to see nana   103  
47 to yawn naro      
47 to yawn 'amama   19, 28  
48 to sleep moe   10  
49 to lie down word info 'akaearanga      
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
55 woman/female 'a'ine   1, 106  
56 child toromiki   6, 63  
60 father tinana   1  
61 house 'are   14  
62 thatch/roof paku   50  
63 name ingoa   6  
64 to say ki   43  
67 to sew word info tue   13  
71 to stab, pierce ko   100  
73 to steal kamo   6  
74 to kill tina'i   82  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive ora   6  
77 to scratch word info kene'u      
78 to cut, hack word info 'akakiukiu      
80 to split word info a'ae      
81 sharp koikoi   14, 66  
82 dull, blunt moimoi      
83 to work word info 'anga   10  
84 to plant tanu   2  
87 to swell word info 'akatekire      
88 to squeeze word info kukumu   14  
89 to hold word info tāmau   54  
90 to dig pokopoko      
92 to open, uncover 'u'ure      
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
94 to throw word info kero      
95 to fall word info topa   124  
96 dog kurī   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg māmari moa   6  
99 feather 'uru   1  
100 wing pehau   x  
100 wing pererau   9  
101 to fly rere   11  
102 rat kiore   12  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
104 fat/grease matatere      
105 tail ave      
107 worm (earthworm) iritoke   7  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito kōmanu      
110 spider pūngawerewere   1, 57  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info para   13  
113 branch word info 'a'ie      
114 leaf rau   1  
115 root aka   2  
116 flower tiare   7  
119 earth/soil repo   11  
120 stone po'atu   1, 19  
121 sand one   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow ta'e   10  
124 sea tai   1  
125 salt miti   7  
128 sky rangi   1  
129 moon ma'ina   37, 5  
130 star 'etu   1  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder atutiri   14  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
137 to blow word info pu'i   6  
138 warm word info ma'ana   1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri   1, 52  
140 dry word info maro   13  
141 wet ranga      
142 heavy kikikiki      
143 fire a'i   1  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
144 to burn word info ka'a   62  
145 smoke word info au/ahi   2  
146 ash e'u   67  
147 black kerekere   5  
148 white tea   8  
149 red kura   13  
150 yellow rengarenga   10  
151 green moto   1, 10  
152 small ningore      
153 big ru'aru'a      
154 short word info poto   9  
155 long word info roa   12  
156 thin word info rikiriki      
157 thick word info mātoru   3  
158 narrow āiti   89  
159 wide 'ata'ata      
160 painful, sick mamae   10  
161 shy, ashamed 'akāma   1  
162 old word info te'ito   10  
163 new 'ou   1  
164 good porotu   125  
164 good mariʔe   16  
165 bad, evil kino   9  
166 correct, true mau   10  
167 night   1  
168 day ao   1, 54  
170 when? word info a 'ea   5  
171 to hide word info pupuni   1  
172 to climb word info piki   6  
173 at i/ki   1  
174 in, inside roto   5  
175 above runga   9  
176 below raro   8  
176 below raro   8  
180 far mama'o   13  
181 where? word info 'ea   3, 35  
182 I au   1, 21  
183 thou koe   1  
188 what? word info a'a   1  
189 who? word info ai   1  
191 all kouroa      
192 and e   8  
194 how? word info pe'ea   11  
195 no, not kore   11  
197 One word info ta'i   41  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info 'a   1, 66  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info 'itu   1  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
206 Ten word info rongo'uru   5, 32  
207 Twenty word info takau   4  
208 Fifty word info rima rongo'uru   1, 15  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
52 to stand 'akātū 'aka + tū 2  
184 he/she ia/koia 'ona is used also today due to influence from Tahitian. 1  
117 fruit 'ua 'to fruit' 1  
158 narrow ko/koma/ A narrow place, a strait, a defile (Tgr) 10  
55 woman/female ahine A woman, female (Tgr) x  
175 above ruga Above 9  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
162 old word info taito Ancient, antique (Tgr) x  
110 spider pugaverevere Arraignee (Jnu) x  
110 spider puga/verevere/ Arraignee (Jnu) x  
141 wet maku As moist (Tgr) 10  
173 at i At x  
161 shy, ashamed àkamaa Be ashamed (I) x  
141 wet rari Be wet (Jnu) 9  
117 fruit 'ua Bear fruit 1  
164 good meitetaki Beautiful, good, soft, sweet (Tgr) x  
153 big nui Big, many 11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Bind (Jnu) 14  
97 bird manu Bird, small animal (Jnu) 1  
147 black uri Black, dark 7  
23 blood toto Blood 4  
137 to blow word info agi(agi) Blow gently x  
147 black kere/kere Bluish-black, as very deep sea 5  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
58 wife ve'ine borrowing from Marquesan 5, 68 L
65 rope kaka braided cord made from coconut husk fibers    
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell (I) 7  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud (Tgr) 12  
139 cold word info makariri Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info anu Cold, coldness (Jnu) 8  
65 rope toura Corde, filet (Jnu) 9  
123 to flow ta'e Couler (Jnu) 10  
88 to squeeze word info romi/romi Cover, press upon x  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
90 to dig keri Dig 1  
96 dog kuri Dog x  
50 to dream moemoeaa Dream (Tgr) 7, 27  
40 to drink inu Drink (Jnu) 1  
40 to drink unu Drink (Tgr) 1  
186 you kōrua dual 16  
187 they rāua dual 1  
185 we word info tāua dual incl. 1, 29  
11 dust puèu Dust (I) 1, 74  
43 ear teriga Ear (Jnu) x  
121 sand one Earth, soil (Tgr) 1  
107 worm (earthworm) iri/toke/ Earthworm 7, 80  
180 far mamao Eloigne, de loin (Jnu) x  
54 man/male tamaroa Enfant male, de tout age; se dit aussi des animaux (Jnu) x  
152 small riki/riki Etre petit x  
45 eye mata Face, eye 1  
95 to fall word info àka/too/ Fall straight down (Tgr) 14  
55 woman/female -ìne Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
55 woman/female aine Femme (Jnu) x  
55 woman/female àìne Femme; x  
143 fire ahi Fire, flame (Tgr) x  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
1 hand rima Five; hand-arm 1  
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
116 flower pua Flowers (Jnu) 1  
101 to fly rere Fly, run, jump 11  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 44  
200 Four word info à Four x  
47 to yawn amama Gape, yawn (Tgr) 19, 28  
2 left 'ema Gauche (Rch) 11  
118 grass mutie Grass (Bck1938 13  
151 green moto Green, unripe 1, 10  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
26 hair word info rouro Hair of the head 40  
24 head upoko Head 10  
44 to hear rogo Hear; news 1  
142 heavy teimaha Heavy 46, 66  
72 to hit word info tata hit something until it breaks open (eg, a coconut) 10  
61 house àre House x  
53 person/human being tangata human being; man 1, 66  
209 One Hundred word info rau Hundred.(Source: Pollex) 2  
14 belly manava Innards 9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite It should be noted that Mangareva also demonstrates the form tikei to mean 'cognisant', which appears to be a borrowing from the Rapa Nui metathesized reflex of *kite. 12  
29 to sniff, smell 'ogi Kiss, smell (Tgr) x  
169 year ano L from French   L
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
2 left 'ema Left (Tgr) [Tgr misrepresented glottal stop as h] 11  
4 leg/foot va/vae/ Leg 1, 100  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
68 needle nira loanword from English   L
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen (Jnu) 8  
160 painful, sick mamae Mal, douleur, souffrance (Rch) 10  
53 person/human being tagata Man 1, 66  
54 man/male tangata man; human being 12, 14  
57 husband ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) x  
58 wife ahana Mari (Jnu). Spouse, husband or wife (Tgr) 8?  
129 moon maahìna Moon, month 37, 5  
30 mouth àaàa Mouth (Rch) B. [<] x  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Na(na)ti 13  
63 name igoa Name x  
179 near tata Near 9  
163 new 'ou New 1  
167 night poo Night x  
27 nose i'u Nose 1  
124 sea moana Ocean 10  
104 fat/grease hinu Oil, grease 12  
197 One word info e/taì One x  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand (Tgr) x  
59 mother tinana parent (general) 1  
59 mother tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
60 father tinana Parent who cares well for children; parents generally (Tgr) 1  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
186 you kōtou plural    
187 they rātou plural 1, 72  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound 2  
11 dust èu Poussier x  
71 to stab, pierce 'uki Prick, pierce, stab 1, 8  
170 when? word info ahea Quand sera-ce? (Jnu) x  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
132 fog ko'u Rain-mist (I). low cloud round mountain (Jnu) 1, 47  
102 rat kiore Rat, souris (Rch) 12  
149 red kura Red 13  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rubbish (I) 13  
115 root aka Root 2  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, decayed (Jnu) 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Rough hew; dress timber or stone (Tgr) 1  
36 to spit anuanu Saliva, spittle, to spit (Tgr); salive, crachat, cracher (Jnu) 14, 84  
77 to scratch word info raku/raku Scratch 9  
169 year tau Season, year 1  
186 you korua Second person dual pronoun (Tgr) x  
186 you kotou Second person plural pronoun (Jnu) 16  
144 to burn word info ta'u Set alight, burn, tend fire 8  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
67 to sew word info tui Sew 13  
152 small poto Short x  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
51 to sit no'o Sit 16  
51 to sit no'o sit; stay 16  
128 sky ragi Sky x  
72 to hit word info pa(pa)ki Slap 6  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
119 earth/soil repo Soil, earth, dirt 11  
146 ash ngara'u soot, charcoal 1, 60  
137 to blow word info puì Souffler (Jnu) x  
136 wind hau Souffler, etre bruyant (se dit du vent seul) (Jnu) 10  
57 husband a'ana spouse, usually used to refer to male spouse. Tgr 1898 has it listed for both male and female. 13  
52 to stand tuu Stand 2  
14 belly koopuu Stomach (i) x  
120 stone poàtu Stone (Bck) x  
158 narrow koma/koma Strait, narrow (Tgr) 10  
42 to suck miti Suck 8  
126 lake rano Swamp 1  
126 lake rano swamp 1  
9 to swim kau Swim (Tgr) 5  
105 tail vero Tail of dog (Bck) 10  
105 tail ìku Tail of fish 13  
41 to bite eti Tear with teeth x  
42 to suck omo Teter, sucer (Jnu) 7  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch (I) 1  
19 shoulder pakuhivi The shoulder, point of a paddle, raise a burden from the ground; a name given to a nephew (Tgr) x  
157 thick word info matoru Thick x  
177 this tenei This 7, 1  
196 to count tou'ara This is a counting term for any numeral that is not a multiple of 10. For example twenty is [rua rongo'uru]; 22 is [rua rongo'uru e rua tou'ara]. Not exactly 'to count', but the closest to a counting-type term in the language. 8  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, (previously two thousand) (Jnu).(Source: Pollex) 2  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
94 to throw word info tiri Throw away, reject (Tgr) 9  
134 thunder atutiri Thunder(Tgr) 14  
69 to hunt word info aruaru to chase 7  
39 to cook word info tunu to cook food in the ground oven 9  
95 to fall word info topa To fall from a height 124  
171 to hide word info pu/puni To hide; be enclosed, shut in 1  
73 to steal kamo To steal (Bck) 1938 6  
72 to hit word info patu To strike, give a blow to anyone (Tgr) 7  
66 to tie up, fasten 'akaokonga to tie in a bundle    
95 to fall word info marere Tomber, Fall 12  
32 tongue erero Tongue 15  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
166 correct, true tika True, right, just (Tgr) 9  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
176 below raro Under, below 8  
127 woods/forest vao uninhabited place 14  
127 woods/forest ulu Unplanted 15  
35 to vomit a/rua/ì Vomit x  
138 warm word info maàna Warm x  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
188 what? word info What? x  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? (Jnu) 3, 35  
148 white tea White, blanched (Tgr) 8  
189 who? word info v/ai Who? (I) - no [v] form-MW x  
189 who? word info ai Who? (Jnu) 1  
136 wind matagi Wind x  
79 stick/wood rakau wood, stick, plant, medicine 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, timber, tree 1  
83 to work word info haga Work, labour x  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  

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