https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Malay (Bahasa Indonesia)

Source/Author:  R. Blust, from Echols & Shadily 
Notes:  Echols, J M. & Shadily, H. (1989). An Indonesian-English Dictionary. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 3rd edition.

SA: "Sanskrit" stands for loanwords from any period between Classical Sanskrit and Middle Indian 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Malayic:Malay 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 319 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info berputar X to turn (completely, 180 degrees)    
29 to sniff, smell menghidu X not common: = Minangkabau?    
64 to say berkata < Sanskrit   L
182 I saya (formal) lit. (your) servant, < Sanskrit   L
184 he/she beliau he/she (respectful)    
186 you kalian Indonesian only (lit. (you) all')    
186 you anda      
4 leg/foot kaki   1  
6 road/path jalan   1  
6 road/path jalanan X 1  
12 skin kulit   1  
15 bone tulang   1  
17 liver hati   1  
18 breast susu 1. woman's breasts, 2. milk [more often the latter, although originally it meant the former] 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tahu   1  
22 to fear takut   1  
23 blood darah   1  
25 neck léhér   1  
27 nose hidung   1  
33 to laugh tertawa   1  
34 to cry menangis   1  
35 to vomit muntah   1  
36 to spit meludah   1  
37 to eat makan   1  
39 to cook word info menanak to cook (rice only) 1  
40 to drink minum   1  
42 to suck mengisap   1  
43 ear telinga   1  
44 to hear mendengar   1  
45 eye mata   1  
52 to stand berdiri   1  
56 child anak   1  
61 house rumah   1  
62 thatch/roof atap   1  
65 rope tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten mengikat   1  
68 needle jarum   1  
70 to shoot word info memanah To shoot with bow 1  
71 to stab, pierce menusuk   1  
72 to hit word info memalu to hit (with a hammer) 1  
74 to kill membunuh   1  
75 to die, be dead mati   1  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
80 to split word info membelah   1  
81 sharp tajam   1  
85 to choose memilih   1  
86 to grow word info tumbuh   1  
89 to hold word info menggenggam   1  
91 to buy membeli   1  
92 to open, uncover membuka   1  
98 egg telur   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
105 tail ékor   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito nyamuk   1  
110 spider laba-laba   1  
111 fish ikan   1  
113 branch word info dahan   1  
114 leaf daun   1  
116 flower bunga   1  
117 fruit buah-buahan X "fruits (the category, in general)" 1  
117 fruit buah fruit 1  
117 fruit sebiji buah X "a piece of fruit" 1  
119 earth/soil tanah   1  
120 stone batu   1  
123 to flow mengalir   1  
126 lake danau   1  
128 sky langit   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bintang   1  
131 cloud word info awan   1  
132 fog kabut   1  
133 rain hujan   1  
135 lightning kilat   1  
136 wind angin   1  
138 warm word info panas hot 1  
139 cold word info dingin   1  
141 wet basah   1  
142 heavy berat   1  
143 fire api   1  
146 ash abu   1  
147 black hitam   1  
148 white putih   1  
149 red mérah   1  
150 yellow kuning   1  
153 big raya big, but limited in use like Indonesia raya, jalan raya (boulevard/big road), hari raya (holiday/big day), jagat raya (universe), etc 1  
160 painful, sick sakit   1  
162 old word info tua old (for people) 1  
163 new baru   1  
165 bad, evil jahat   1  
166 correct, true benar   1  
169 year tahun   1  
171 to hide word info bersembunyi   1  
172 to climb word info naik 1. ascend [person on stairs, balloon in air, bubble in water], 2. mount/ride [a horse, carriage, car, train, airplane] 1  
174 in, inside [di] dalam   1  
175 above [di] atas   1  
176 below di bawah   1  
177 this ini   1  
180 far jauh   1  
182 I aku (informal) 1  
183 thou eŋkau   1  
185 we word info kita   1  
188 what? word info apa   1  
197 One word info esa 'one' (only used to express the oneness of God) 1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
200 Four word info empat   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info enam   1  
197 One word info satu   1, 16  
137 to blow word info bertiup the wind blows (< *t(V)- + *Seiup) 1, 19  
137 to blow word info meniup a person blows (something) 1, 19  
208 Fifty word info lima puluh   1, 2  
90 to dig menggali   1, 35  
50 to dream bermimpi   1, 37  
2 left kiri   1, 42  
156 thin word info tipis   1, 44  
48 to sleep tidur   1, 70  
3 right kanan   1, 73  
76 to live, be alive hidup   1, 82  
183 thou kamu   10  
205 Nine word info sembilan   10  
138 warm word info haŋat warm 112  
18 breast dada X "breast, chest" - not gender-specific 12  
59 mother ibu   12  
63 name nama Sanskrit nāma (nāman) 'name' 12 L
170 when? word info kapan Indonesian only, < Javanese 12 L
189 who? word info siapa   12  
93 to pound, beat word info memukul to beat, hit, strike [bell, drum, dog, etc.] 13  
170 when? word info bila   13  
7 to come datang   14  
193 if kalau Sanskrit jaka + Arabic law 'if' 14 L
38 to chew word info mengunyah   16  
178 that itu   16  
187 they meréka < (Old) Javanese marika, a demonstrative pronoun (SA) 16 L
19 shoulder bahu < Sanskrit 17 L
31 tooth gigi   17  
97 bird burung   17  
168 day hari   17  
1 hand tangan   18  
101 to fly terbang   18  
121 sand pasir   18  
125 salt garam orig. "garam sira" 'grain of salt' 18  
184 he/she [d]ia   18  
192 and dan   18  
39 to cook word info memasak   19  
47 to yawn menguap [<kuap] 19  
73 to steal mencuri < Indian languages 19 L
87 to swell word info membengkak   19  
54 man/male laki-laki   2  
67 to sew word info menjahit   2  
84 to plant menanam   2  
106 snake ular   2  
115 root akar   2  
122 water word info air   2  
185 we word info kami   2  
190 other lain   2  
26 hair word info rambut   20  
53 person/human being orang   20  
77 to scratch word info menggaruk to scratch (an itch) 20  
161 shy, ashamed malu   20  
167 night malam   20  
173 at di   20  
181 where? word info dimana   20  
5 to walk berjalan   21  
41 to bite gigit   21  
21 to think berfikir < Arabic 22 L
102 rat tikus   22  
140 dry word info kering   22  
9 to swim berenang   23  
46 to see melihat   23  
69 to hunt word info berburu   23  
83 to work word info bekerja < Sanskrit 23 L
107 worm (earthworm) cacing   23  
194 how? word info bagaimana   23  
8 to turn word info bélok to turn (halfway, 90 degrees) 24  
13 back word info punggung   24  
16 intestines usus < Javanese 24 L
104 fat/grease lemak   24  
155 long word info panjang   24  
144 to burn word info membakar   25  
151 green hijau   25  
100 wing sayap   26  
103 meat/flesh daging   26  
157 thick word info tebal   26  
30 mouth mulut   27  
72 to hit word info memukul   27  
96 dog anjing   27  
118 grass rumput   27  
49 to lie down word info berbaring   28  
152 small kecil   28  
153 big besar   28  
179 near dekat   28  
28 to breathe bernapas < Arabic 29 L
55 woman/female perempuan   29  
78 to cut, hack word info menetak hack 3  
82 dull, blunt tumpul   3  
207 Twenty word info dua puluh   3, 6  
29 to sniff, smell mencium "to kiss; smell" 30  
134 thunder guntur   30  
10 dirty kotor   31  
71 to stab, pierce menikam   31  
164 good bagus for things 31  
196 to count menghitung   31  
14 belly perut   32  
58 wife isteri Sanskrit strī 'woman; wife; female' 33 L
164 good baik for people 33  
191 all semua < Sanskrit 33 L
172 to climb word info mendaki to climb [up a slope, a mountain] 34  
51 to sit duduk   35  
95 to fall word info jatuh   38  
203 Seven word info tujuh   4  
204 Eight word info delapan   4  
209 One Hundred word info seratus   4  
32 tongue lidah metathesis 4, 31  
78 to cut, hack word info memotong cut 41  
57 husband suami < Sanskrit 42 L
88 to squeeze word info memeras   42  
94 to throw word info melémparkan   44  
24 head kepala < Sanskrit 45 L
159 wide lébar   48  
70 to shoot word info menémbak   49  
145 smoke word info asap   49  
60 father bapak *b-apa-k, ult. < Dravidian 5 L
206 Ten word info sepuluh   5  
210 One Thousand word info seribu   5  
77 to scratch word info mencakar to scratch (for the purpose of hurting) 54  
112 rotten word info busuk   56  
172 to climb word info memanjat to climb [up a tree] 56  
11 dust debu   58  
124 sea laut   6  
154 short word info péndék   68  
158 narrow sempit   68  
195 no, not tidak < *tey 'not' + *ada 'there is) + end glottal stop 68, 109  
127 woods/forest hutan   7  
199 Three word info tiga   8  
93 to pound, beat word info menumbuk to pound [e.g. to unhusk rice] 9  
162 old word info lama X old (for things) x  

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