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Language: Kapingamarangi

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
19 shoulder      
47 to yawn      
57 husband      
62 thatch/roof      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
83 to work word info      
86 to grow word info      
92 to open, uncover      
102 rat      
106 snake      
118 grass      
125 salt      
132 fog      
151 green      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
193 if      
202 Six word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
2 left tauihara   1, 42  
5 to walk heehee   4  
10 dirty tokoria      
11 dust bopobo      
21 to think hakapau      
26 hair word info ŋahuru   29, 3  
28 to breathe manawa   1  
28 to breathe toki      
29 to sniff, smell tuŋu   45  
33 to laugh katakata   7  
36 to spit pui   15  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
42 to suck u   25  
48 to sleep khi      
74 to kill taliki      
82 dull, blunt mariri      
88 to squeeze word info hakapui   8?  
89 to hold word info tahi   17  
96 dog (ti)pana      
99 feather ngahuru   1  
105 tail huku   13?  
107 worm (earthworm) patupatu      
116 flower akai   37  
131 cloud word info kororangi   36?  
140 dry word info mango   1  
150 yellow lau puke      
153 big tamana      
156 thin word info rahirahi   5  
158 narrow huka      
165 bad, evil huaaitu      
168 day a      
168 day aal   7?  
168 day raani   6  
175 above nua   9?  
176 below rara   8  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
178 that tera      
179 near hoho      
180 far mokoa   13?  
187 they tikaula      
190 other tei   7?  
190 other huai      
195 no, not tee (Clk) 13  
195 no, not haka/ree/ (Clk) 11?  
141 wet thiu (Ebt). (t < *s frequent) 11  
141 wet tiu (Lbr) 11  
145 smoke word info huiahi (Lbr) (<uhiahi ?) 2  
1 hand lima 64Pollex 06: Lima. :Hand, arm, five (Lbr). 1  
191 all hua/kotoa/ All (Ebt) 13  
191 all huo/godoo/ All (Lbr) 13  
65 rope taura Anchor, rope (Ebt) 9  
146 ash lehu Ashes (Lbr) 67  
146 ash rehu Ashes,ash (Ebt) 67  
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai Axe (Ebt) 1  
13 back word info dua Back (of a person) (Lbr) 11  
39 to cook word info tao Bake (Ebt) 10  
161 shy, ashamed hila/hila Bashful, shy, ashamed (Lbr) 3  
97 bird manu Bird 1  
23 blood toto Blood (Ebt) 4  
23 blood dodo Blood (Lbr) 4  
15 bone iwi Bone 52, 5  
18 breast uu Breast (Lbr) 1  
129 moon maahina Bright, light of the moon (Lbr) 37, 5  
91 to buy hui Buy, sell, pay 8  
94 to throw word info dili Cast, throw, fish with casting net (Lbr) 9  
38 to chew word info ngau Chew (Ebt),(Lbr) 8  
38 to chew word info ngungu Chew, masticate solids which make noise (Lbr) 9  
56 child tama Child 6  
85 to choose hili Choose, select (Lbr) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info here Chop, chop down (Ebt) 16  
172 to climb word info hiti Climb from one height to another, as from tree to tree (Ebt) 6  
110 spider lewelewe/ina Cobweb, spider (Lbr) 1  
139 cold word info makariri Cold 1, 52  
7 to come hani Come (Singular) 42?  
39 to cook word info daa Cook in earth oven (Lbr) 10  
166 correct, true donu Correct, true, straight (Lbr) 8  
196 to count dau Count (Lbr) 8  
34 to cry tangi Cry, weep (Ebt) 1  
34 to cry dangi Cry, weep (Lbr) 1  
124 sea moana Deep ocean 10  
75 to die, be dead mate Die (Ebt) 1  
75 to die, be dead made Die (Lbr) 1  
90 to dig keri Dig v (Ebt) 1  
90 to dig geli Dig v (Lbr) 1  
50 to dream miti Dream (Ebt) 36  
50 to dream midi Dream (Lbr) 36  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
43 ear taringa Ear (Ebt) 1  
43 ear dalinga Ear (Lbr) 1  
37 to eat gai Eat (Lbr) 1, 44  
45 eye golo/mada/ Eye (Lbr) 1, 18  
45 eye mata Face, eye (Ebt) 1  
95 to fall word info hinga Fall aside, collapse (Lbr) 44  
95 to fall word info hina Fall down (Ebt) 44  
60 father dama/na Father, uncle (Lbr) 1  
22 to fear madagu Fear, be afraid (Lbr) 1  
143 fire ahi Fire (Lbr) 1  
185 we word info gida/ua First person dual exclusive marker (Lbr) 1, 29  
185 we word info gida/dou First person plural exclusive marker (Lbr) 1, 39  
111 fish iga Fish (Lbr) 1  
201 Five word info lima Five, hand n (Ebt).(Source: Pollex 2006) 1  
109 mosquito lamu Flies, mosquitoes (Lbr) 1  
4 leg/foot vae FOOT (Ebt) 1, 100  
4 leg/foot wae FOOT (Lbr) 1, 100  
200 Four word info haa Four (Lbr) 1, 66  
163 new hou Fresh (Ebt) 1  
117 fruit hua Fruit of; intestine of tridacna 1  
5 to walk taahao Go for a walk, stroll (Ebt) 7  
5 to walk haere Go, come (Ebt) 6  
164 good maria Good (Ebt) 16  
164 good malia Good (Lbr) 16  
164 good humalia Good, goodness (Lbr) 16  
77 to scratch word info llagu Grab, claw v (Lbr) 9  
26 hair word info hulu Hair (Lbr) 31  
201 Five word info rima Hand, arm, five (Lbr) (Source: Pollex 2006) 1  
184 he/she ia He, she (Lbr) 1  
108 louse word info gudu Head louse (Lbr) 1  
44 to hear longo Hear (Lbr) 1  
44 to hear rongo Hear, feel, listen (Ebt) 1  
142 heavy taa/maha/ Heavy (Ebt) 46, 66  
142 heavy daa/maha/ Heavy (Lbr) 46, 66  
78 to cut, hack word info dalai Hew, carve (Lbr) 1?  
61 house hale House (Lbr) 14  
194 how? word info pehee How [<] 11 L
194 how? word info be hee How? (Lbr) 11  
209 One Hundred word info lau Hundred (Lbr).(Source: Pollex) 2  
160 painful, sick mhae Hurt, sore 10  
182 I au I, me (Lbr) 1, 21  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon (Ebt) 5  
174 in, inside lodo Inside, within (Lbr) 5  
16 intestines tinae Intestines, stomach (Ebt) 1  
144 to burn word info dudu Kindle fire or lantern (Lbr) 6  
78 to cut, hack word info hele Knife, cut (Lbr) 16  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloo Know, knowledge (Lbr) 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa Know, understand (Ebt) 13  
124 sea tai Lagoon (Ebt) 1  
126 lake roto Lagoon (Lbr) 6  
124 sea dai Lagoonward (Lbr) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten hau Lash, tie (Lbr) 11  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Ebt) 1  
114 leaf rou Leaf (Ebt) 1  
114 leaf lau Leaf (Lbr) 1  
123 to flow hari Leak, trickle, shed, flow 24  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down 6  
135 lightning ira Lightning (Ebt) 2  
135 lightning ila Lightning (Lbr) 2  
17 liver ate Liver (Ebt) 1  
17 liver ade Liver (Lbr) 1  
104 fat/grease kiris Loan - English 'Grease'   L
155 long word info l/loo/ Long (Plural) (used only in compounds) (Lbr) 12  
155 long word info loo Long (used only in compounds) (Lbr) 12  
71 to stab, pierce hugi Make a small hole in something (Lbr) 1, 8  
54 man/male taane Male (Ebt) 1, 11  
54 man/male daane Male (Lbr) 1, 11  
103 meat/flesh kano Meat, penis (Ebt) 14  
129 moon mahina Moon (Ebt) 37, 5  
109 mosquito ramu/kai tangata Mosquito (Ebt) 1  
59 mother tinana Mother, dam (Ebt) 1  
59 mother dinana Mother, dam (Lbr) 1  
30 mouth haha Mouth 1  
30 mouth ngutu Mouth, beak (Ebt) 2  
30 mouth ngudu Mouth, beak (Lbr) 2  
63 name ingoo Name (Lbr) 6  
14 belly kona Navel 8  
25 neck ua Neck 18  
68 needle higa Net needle (Lbr) 9  
163 new hoou New (Lbr) 1  
167 night po Night (Ebt) 1  
167 night boo Night (Lbr) 1  
205 Nine word info hiwa Nine (Lbr)[>].(Source: Pollex) 5  
27 nose uuhiu Nose (Ebt) 1  
27 nose uhi Nose (Lbr) 1  
162 old word info tuai Old, slow, late (Ebt) 48  
197 One word info tahi One (Ebt) 41  
197 One word info dahi One (Lbr) 41  
53 person/human being tangata Person (Ebt) 1, 66  
53 person/human being dangada Person (Lbr) 1, 66  
58 wife awanga Pollex 06: Awanga. :Wife. 8  
24 head libogo Pollex 06: Libogo. :Head. 10  
192 and maangi Pollex 06: Maa. :And, for. 2  
101 to fly maangi Pollex 06: Maangi. :Fly, flap, as wings. 68  
8 to turn word info magau Pollex 06: Magau. :To turn in one direction, to make a curve to one direction.    
80 to split word info mahaa Pollex 06: Mahaa. :Split (Lbr). 5, 72  
98 egg ngoko Pollex 06: Ngoko. :Egg (Ebt). 36  
1 hand rima Pollex 06: Rima. :Five, hand n (Ebt). 1  
84 to plant tanu Pollex 06: Tanu. :Bury, plant (Ebt). 2  
64 to say tapa Pollex 06: Tapa. :Say (Ebt).    
204 Eight word info walu Pollex 06: Walu. :Eight (Lbr). 3  
204 Eight word info waru Pollex 06: Waru. :Eight (Ebt). 3  
72 to hit word info tugi Pound, hit accidentally (Lbr) 8  
93 to pound, beat word info tugi Pound, hit accidentally (Lbr) 2  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
149 red mhee Red (Ebt) 1  
149 red mmee Reddish (Lbr) 1  
3 right tau Right (not left) [<] 5, 25 L?
3 right tonu Right (not left) [<]   L?
166 correct, true tonu Right, correct, real (Ebt) 8  
6 road/path ala Road, path (Lbr) 1  
115 root aga Root of tree or plant (Lbr) 2  
112 rotten word info bobo Rotten, decayed, old (Lbr) 14  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, of wood (Ebt) 14  
121 sand one/one Sand 1  
119 earth/soil gele Sand (in compounds only) (Lbr) 10  
119 earth/soil kere/kere Sand, dirt (Ebt) 10  
77 to scratch word info lodi Scratch, rasp (Lbr) 10  
169 year tau Season (Ebt),(Lbr) 1  
186 you goolua Second person dual pronoun, you (Lbr) x  
183 thou goe Second person singular, thou (Lbr) 1  
183 thou goe Second person singular, thou (Lbr) 1  
46 to see mada See, look (used only in compounds) (Lbr) 8  
144 to burn word info tungi Set light to (Ebt) 7  
203 Seven word info hidu Seven (Lbr).(Source: Pollex) 1  
67 to sew word info dui Sew, pierce (Lbr) 13  
81 sharp gaa Sharp (Knife) 14, 15  
154 short word info poto Short (Ebt) 9  
51 to sit noho Sit, dwell 16  
12 skin gili Skin (Lbr) 1  
12 skin kiri Skin, bark (Ebt) 1  
128 sky langi Sky (Lbr) 1  
152 small bodo Small, diminutive (Lbr) 10  
154 short word info bodo Small, diminutive (Lbr) 9  
29 to sniff, smell hongi Smell, kiss 9  
145 smoke word info au/seahi Smoke 2  
76 to live, be alive ora Soul, life, salvation 6  
71 to stab, pierce daalo Stab, spear, inject, puncture (Lbr) 10  
52 to stand tuu Stand, be upright (Ebt) 2  
52 to stand duu Stand, be upright (Lbr) 2  
130 star hetuu Star (Ebt) 1  
130 star heduu Star (Lbr) 1  
73 to steal gaihaa Steal, theft (Lbr) 7  
120 stone hadu Stone, rock (Lbr) 1  
72 to hit word info ta Strike (Ebt) 10  
72 to hit word info badu Strike (Lbr) 7  
72 to hit word info patu Strike with small blows, kick (Ebt) 7  
72 to hit word info haka/paki/ Strike, drive away 6  
87 to swell word info haka/hura/ ki taha Swell up    
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
206 Ten word info matangahoru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
157 thick word info matoru Thick (Ebt) 3  
157 thick word info maadolu Thick (object) (Lbr) 3  
210 One Thousand word info mana Thousand (Lbr).(Source: Pollex) 2  
67 to sew word info tui Thread pierced objects, sew (I) (Lbr) 13  
199 Three word info toru Three (Ebt) 1  
199 Three word info dolu Three (Lbr) 1  
94 to throw word info maka Throw 11  
94 to throw word info tiri Throw hard (Ebt) 9  
134 thunder atili Thunder (Lbr) 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tuu To cut (Lbr) 17  
32 tongue horore Tongue [<] 15 L
31 tooth niha Tooth 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, stick, cross (Plumeria rubra) (Ebt) 1  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, stick, cross, (Plumeria rubra) (Ebt) 1, 4  
198 Two word info rua Two (Ebt) 1  
198 Two word info lua Two (Lbr) 1  
147 black uli Used in compounds and idioms (Lbr) 7  
65 rope moea Very thick rope, especially as used for hauling whales (Obs) 10  
35 to vomit rua/rua Vomit (Ebt) 8  
35 to vomit lua/luai Vomit (Lbr) 8, 31  
5 to walk haele Walk (Lbr) 6  
138 warm word info mahana Warm, hot (Lbr) 1, 72  
122 water word info wai Water (Ebt),(Lbr) 2  
188 what? word info aha What? (Lbr) 1  
181 where? word info hee Where 3, 35  
148 white kene White 10  
189 who? word info ai Who? (Lbr) 1  
159 wide rhaha Wide (Ebt) 48  
159 wide balaha Width (Lbr) 48  
136 wind matangi Wind (Ebt) 1, 66  
136 wind madangi Wind (Lbr) 1, 66  
137 to blow word info angi/angi Windy (Lbr) 8  
100 wing bakau manu Wing of a bird; shoulder 1, 59  
55 woman/female ahina Woman (Lbr) 1, 106, 116  
79 stick/wood laagau Wood, tree (Lbr) 1  
127 woods/forest wao WOODS (Ebt) 14  
56 child dama lligi Young children (Lbr) 6, 63  

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