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Language: Ma'anyan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Hudson (1967) 
Notes:  Hudson, Alfred B. (1967) Padju Epat: The Ethnography and Social Structure of a Ma'anyan Dajak Group in Southeastern Borneo. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, 1967. 
Problems:  pe'e 'leg, foot' belongs in 22 and has no relation to set 25: it comes from *paqa 'thigh' (compare Malay paha) and has a regular Malagasy cognate fè 'thigh' 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:East:Central-South:South 
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Showing 3 of 123 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk takia      
8 to turn word info melok < Malay   L
9 to swim katamah      
10 dirty murun      
10 dirty bere      
11 dust ewuŋ possibly < *qabuh but not regular    
18 breast dubdob X rubbish: pl.delete    
18 breast umu      
20 to know, be knowledgeable karasa ult. < Malay < Sanskrit   L
22 to fear aŋheʔey      
28 to breathe mi-hewuk      
29 to sniff, smell ñiuk      
34 to cry nuŋkaw      
40 to drink ŋoʔot      
42 to suck umuʔ      
46 to see ŋiniʔ < *indiq    
47 to yawn hahayam      
49 to lie down word info mankadiŋ      
51 to sit maharuŋ      
54 man/male upu      
57 husband matue upu      
58 wife matue wawey      
62 thatch/roof wuwungan X = 'roof ridge' (not 'roof')    
64 to say ŋeaw < eaw 'voice'    
66 to tie up, fasten nuruk      
67 to sew word info ikamit      
69 to hunt word info mukaʔ      
72 to hit word info nampar     L
80 to split word info nuhiʔ      
81 sharp kumat      
82 dull, blunt palelep      
83 to work word info bagawi < Banjar Malay   L
88 to squeeze word info mèât      
88 to squeeze word info nyejè      
89 to hold word info negey      
93 to pound, beat word info meweh to beat    
94 to throw word info nawut      
102 rat aliŋeket small = 'mouse'    
103 meat/flesh lunek      
107 worm (earthworm) saʔasiŋ     L
113 branch word info paka      
123 to flow mareh      
125 salt raŋi      
126 lake danaw < Malay   L
127 woods/forest jumpun      
134 thunder kelat X = lightning    
138 warm word info malaiŋ hot (in general)    
139 cold word info marisak      
146 ash ewuŋ      
149 red mariaŋ      
150 yellow madintaŋ      
151 green kakuriŋ      
153 big hanteʔ      
154 short word info imeʔ im'ɛ < *imba    
155 long word info amaw am'aw < *ambaw    
159 wide hanteʔ      
160 painful, sick mekum feverish    
160 painful, sick mahanang ill    
161 shy, ashamed amangan      
164 good maʔeh      
165 bad, evil murun      
170 when? word info hantekawe      
171 to hide word info sadinaʔ      
172 to climb word info mamai      
178 that iruʔ      
179 near riʔet      
181 where? word info haŋawe haŋ 'at' + awe 'what, which'    
183 thou hañuʔ not related to hianao    
184 he/she hañe      
185 we word info kita X wrong    
191 all katuluh      
194 how? word info kalaʔawe kala 'like' + awe 'what, which'    
195 no, not puaŋ      
196 to count nan-reken < Dutch reken(en)   L
6 road/path lalan   1  
12 skin kudit   1  
15 bone taʔulaŋ   1  
16 intestines sanaʔi   1  
17 liver atey   1  
23 blood iraʔ Dahl 1951: must be a back formation of *mi-ra 'to bleed' 1  
24 head uluʔ   1  
27 nose uruŋ   1  
30 mouth wawaʔ aru/wawa' deleted = face 1  
31 tooth dipen   1  
36 to spit i|rura   1  
37 to eat kuman   1  
44 to hear ñandriŋey   1  
45 eye mate   1  
50 to dream nganupi   1  
52 to stand minri   1  
59 mother ineh   1  
60 father amah   1  
63 name ŋaran   1  
65 rope tadi   1  
74 to kill manuʔ X, delete 1  
74 to kill munuʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead matey   1  
84 to plant ŋamule   1  
85 to choose pidi   1  
86 to grow word info tumuʔ   1  
90 to dig ŋadi   1  
91 to buy midi   1  
92 to open, uncover nguka initial w (< PMP *b) lost 1  
95 to fall word info lawuʔ   1  
96 dog ant|ahuʔ   1  
98 egg ateluy   1  
99 feather wulu   1  
102 rat walawaw   1  
106 snake anipe   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
110 spider ganraŋ|lawaʔ   1  
112 rotten word info buruk   1  
114 leaf rawen   1  
116 flower wuŋe generally speaking flower is not a very Austronesian concept 1  
117 fruit wuaʔ   1  
119 earth/soil taneʔ   1  
120 stone watu   1  
124 sea tahik   1  
128 sky laŋit   1  
129 moon wulan   1  
131 cloud word info rakun   1  
133 rain uran   1  
135 lightning kêlat   1  
142 heavy ma-weʔat   1  
143 fire apuy   1  
147 black maʔintem   1  
157 thick word info makapan   1  
162 old word info matuʔeh   1  
163 new baʔu   1  
163 new wa'u   1  
168 day andraw   1  
169 year taʔun   1  
176 below haŋ imbe haŋ 'at' + im'e (imbe) 'bottom' 1  
182 I aku   1  
189 who? word info hieʔ < *si + *ia '3sg' 1  
197 One word info isaʔ   1  
198 Two word info rueh   1  
199 Three word info telo   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
201 Five word info dime   1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
105 tail ukuy   1, 59  
109 mosquito mamuʔ   1, 101  
55 woman/female wawey   1, 105  
141 wet wehuʔ   1, 116  
208 Fifty word info dime pulu   1, 2  
2 left kawiʔ   1, 42  
3 right kawan   1, 62  
187 they here < PMP *sida 'they' 1, 67  
122 water word info ranuʔ   10 10
177 this iti   10  
193 if amun   10  
180 far lawit   100  
56 child iaʔ   101  
39 to cook word info nandru' k in nandruk is wrong, should be glottal stop 102  
33 to laugh kakihiʔ   107  
76 to live, be alive belum   11  
138 warm word info ka'i heat (weather, sun) 111  
19 shoulder papale   12  
61 house lewuʔ   12  
174 in, inside hawuaŋ   13  
25 neck diuŋ irregular but still related to *biung in other SE Barito languages 131  
68 needle pilus   14  
62 thatch/roof hapaw   15  
53 person/human being ulun   17  
97 bird wuruŋ recent, < Malay (orig. term related to Tunjung and Paser *mpulu (23) 17 L
1 hand taŋan   18  
87 to swell word info bakah   19  
144 to burn word info nutuŋ   19  
156 thin word info mariris   1?  
115 root wakat   2  
145 smoke word info atuk   2  
190 other lain   2 L
175 above haŋamau haŋ 'at' + am'aw (ambaw) 'top' 2, 27  
185 we word info takam (incl.) 2, 75  
41 to bite ŋikit   20  
167 night kamalem   20  
77 to scratch word info ikukut   21  
197 One word info eraŋ also erai 'oneself' 21  
4 leg/foot peʔe   22  
21 to think bafikir loan of 22 22 L
140 dry word info kariŋ   22  
173 at haŋ   22  
71 to stab, pierce ñuduk   23  
100 wing elat   23  
104 fat/grease taweʔ   23  
13 back word info puŋuŋ   24  
121 sand karasik   24  
136 wind riwut   24  
148 white mahilak   27  
132 fog amun   27, 35  
137 to blow word info ñiwut   28  
14 belly wuntuŋ   29  
78 to cut, hack word info netik   3  
204 Eight word info balu   3  
204 Eight word info walu   3  
207 Twenty word info ruam pulu   3, 6  
26 hair word info wulu   31  
48 to sleep manreʔ   34  
152 small halus   34  
32 tongue lelaʔ   4  
209 One Hundred word info jatuh   4, 15  
118 grass rikut   45  
111 fish kenah   46, 95  
70 to shoot word info nimak   49  
43 ear siluʔ   4?  
205 Nine word info su'ey   5  
206 Ten word info sapulu(h)   5  
210 One Thousand word info saribu   5 L
73 to steal ngalat   57  
79 stick/wood wataŋ   6  
166 correct, true kapinuʔu < PMP *tuquh 6  
188 what? word info inun   61  
38 to chew word info me'empa   66  
38 to chew word info mempa   66  
192 and anriʔ   67  
158 narrow hipit   68  
7 to come hawiʔ SA: S. Sulawesi loan in Ma'anyan and Malagasy (?) 70  
35 to vomit nuaʔ < *maN- + *luaq 8  
186 you naun   9  
130 star wawahiaŋ   90  
146 ash walenun   95  
101 to fly s-um-idiŋ   97  

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