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Language: Ma'anyan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Hudson (1967) 
Notes:  Hudson, Alfred B. (1967) Padju Epat: The Ethnography and Social Structure of a Ma'anyan Dajak Group in Southeastern Borneo. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, 1967. 
Problems:  pe'e 'leg, foot' belongs in 22 and has no relation to set 25: it comes from *paqa 'thigh' (compare Malay paha) and has a regular Malagasy cognate fè 'thigh' 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill + Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:East:Central-South:South 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 123 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand taŋan   18  
2 left kawiʔ   1, 42  
3 right kawan   1, 62  
4 leg/foot peʔe   22  
5 to walk takia      
6 road/path lalan   1  
7 to come hawiʔ SA: S. Sulawesi loan in Ma'anyan and Malagasy (?) 70  
8 to turn word info melok < Malay   L
9 to swim katamah      
10 dirty murun      
10 dirty bere      
11 dust ewuŋ possibly < *qabuh but not regular    
12 skin kudit   1  
13 back word info puŋuŋ   24  
14 belly wuntuŋ   29  
15 bone taʔulaŋ   1  
16 intestines sanaʔi   1  
17 liver atey   1  
18 breast dubdob X rubbish: pl.delete    
18 breast umu      
19 shoulder papale   12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable karasa ult. < Malay < Sanskrit   L
21 to think bafikir loan of 22 22 L
22 to fear aŋheʔey      
23 blood iraʔ Dahl 1951: must be a back formation of *mi-ra 'to bleed' 1  
24 head uluʔ   1  
25 neck diuŋ irregular but still related to *biung in other SE Barito languages 131  
26 hair word info wulu   31  
27 nose uruŋ   1  
28 to breathe mi-hewuk      
29 to sniff, smell ñiuk      
30 mouth wawaʔ aru/wawa' deleted = face 1  
31 tooth dipen   1  
32 tongue lelaʔ   4  
33 to laugh kakihiʔ   107  
34 to cry nuŋkaw      
35 to vomit nuaʔ < *maN- + *luaq 8  
36 to spit i|rura   1  
37 to eat kuman   1  
38 to chew word info me'empa   66  
38 to chew word info mempa   66  
39 to cook word info nandru' k in nandruk is wrong, should be glottal stop 102  
40 to drink ŋoʔot      
41 to bite ŋikit   20  
42 to suck umuʔ      
43 ear siluʔ   4?  
44 to hear ñandriŋey   1  
45 eye mate   1  
46 to see ŋiniʔ < *indiq    
47 to yawn hahayam      
48 to sleep manreʔ   34  
49 to lie down word info mankadiŋ      
50 to dream nganupi   1  
51 to sit maharuŋ      
52 to stand minri   1  
53 person/human being ulun   17  
54 man/male upu      
55 woman/female wawey   1, 105  
56 child iaʔ   101  
57 husband matue upu      
58 wife matue wawey      
59 mother ineh   1  
60 father amah   1  
61 house lewuʔ   12  
62 thatch/roof hapaw   15  
62 thatch/roof wuwungan X = 'roof ridge' (not 'roof')    
63 name ŋaran   1  
64 to say ŋeaw < eaw 'voice'    
65 rope tadi   1  
66 to tie up, fasten nuruk      
67 to sew word info ikamit      
68 needle pilus   14  
69 to hunt word info mukaʔ      
70 to shoot word info nimak   49  
71 to stab, pierce ñuduk   23  
72 to hit word info nampar     L
73 to steal ngalat   57  
74 to kill manuʔ X, delete 1  
74 to kill munuʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead matey   1  
76 to live, be alive belum   11  
77 to scratch word info ikukut   21  
78 to cut, hack word info netik   3  
79 stick/wood wataŋ   6  
80 to split word info nuhiʔ      
81 sharp kumat      
82 dull, blunt palelep      
83 to work word info bagawi < Banjar Malay   L
84 to plant ŋamule   1  
85 to choose pidi   1  
86 to grow word info tumuʔ   1  
87 to swell word info bakah   19  
88 to squeeze word info mèât      
88 to squeeze word info nyejè      
89 to hold word info negey      
90 to dig ŋadi   1  
91 to buy midi   1  
92 to open, uncover nguka initial w (< PMP *b) lost 1  
93 to pound, beat word info meweh to beat    
94 to throw word info nawut      
95 to fall word info lawuʔ   1  
96 dog ant|ahuʔ   1  
97 bird wuruŋ recent, < Malay (orig. term related to Tunjung and Paser *mpulu (23) 17 L
98 egg ateluy   1  
99 feather wulu   1  
100 wing elat   23  
101 to fly s-um-idiŋ   97  
102 rat aliŋeket small = 'mouse'    
102 rat walawaw   1  
103 meat/flesh lunek      
104 fat/grease taweʔ   23  
105 tail ukuy   1, 59  
106 snake anipe   1  
107 worm (earthworm) saʔasiŋ     L
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito mamuʔ   1, 101  
110 spider ganraŋ|lawaʔ   1  
111 fish kenah   46, 95  
112 rotten word info buruk   1  
113 branch word info paka      
114 leaf rawen   1  
115 root wakat   2  
116 flower wuŋe generally speaking flower is not a very Austronesian concept 1  
117 fruit wuaʔ   1  
118 grass rikut   45  
119 earth/soil taneʔ   1  
120 stone watu   1  
121 sand karasik   24  
122 water word info ranuʔ   10 10
123 to flow mareh      
124 sea tahik   1  
125 salt raŋi      
126 lake danaw < Malay   L
127 woods/forest jumpun      
128 sky laŋit   1  
129 moon wulan   1  
130 star wawahiaŋ   90  
131 cloud word info rakun   1  
132 fog amun   27, 35  
133 rain uran   1  
134 thunder kelat X = lightning    
135 lightning kêlat   1  
136 wind riwut   24  
137 to blow word info ñiwut   28  
138 warm word info malaiŋ hot (in general)    
138 warm word info ka'i heat (weather, sun) 111  
139 cold word info marisak      
140 dry word info kariŋ   22  
141 wet wehuʔ   1, 116  
142 heavy ma-weʔat   1  
143 fire apuy   1  
144 to burn word info nutuŋ   19  
145 smoke word info atuk   2  
146 ash ewuŋ      
146 ash walenun   95  
147 black maʔintem   1  
148 white mahilak   27  
149 red mariaŋ      
150 yellow madintaŋ      
151 green kakuriŋ      
152 small halus   34  
153 big hanteʔ      
154 short word info imeʔ im'ɛ < *imba    
155 long word info amaw am'aw < *ambaw    
156 thin word info mariris   1?  
157 thick word info makapan   1  
158 narrow hipit   68  
159 wide hanteʔ      
160 painful, sick mekum feverish    
160 painful, sick mahanang ill    
161 shy, ashamed amangan      
162 old word info matuʔeh   1  
163 new baʔu   1  
163 new wa'u   1  
164 good maʔeh      
165 bad, evil murun      
166 correct, true kapinuʔu < PMP *tuquh 6  
167 night kamalem   20  
168 day andraw   1  
169 year taʔun   1  
170 when? word info hantekawe      
171 to hide word info sadinaʔ      
172 to climb word info mamai      
173 at haŋ   22  
174 in, inside hawuaŋ   13  
175 above haŋamau haŋ 'at' + am'aw (ambaw) 'top' 2, 27  
176 below haŋ imbe haŋ 'at' + im'e (imbe) 'bottom' 1  
177 this iti   10  
178 that iruʔ      
179 near riʔet      
180 far lawit   100  
181 where? word info haŋawe haŋ 'at' + awe 'what, which'    
182 I aku   1  
183 thou hañuʔ not related to hianao    
184 he/she hañe      
185 we word info takam (incl.) 2, 75  
185 we word info kita X wrong    
186 you naun   9  
187 they here < PMP *sida 'they' 1, 67  
188 what? word info inun   61  
189 who? word info hieʔ < *si + *ia '3sg' 1  
190 other lain   2 L
191 all katuluh      
192 and anriʔ   67  
193 if amun   10  
194 how? word info kalaʔawe kala 'like' + awe 'what, which'    
195 no, not puaŋ      
196 to count nan-reken < Dutch reken(en)   L
197 One word info isaʔ   1  
197 One word info eraŋ also erai 'oneself' 21  
198 Two word info rueh   1  
199 Three word info telo   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
201 Five word info dime   1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info balu   3  
204 Eight word info walu   3  
205 Nine word info su'ey   5  
206 Ten word info sapulu(h)   5  
207 Twenty word info ruam pulu   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info dime pulu   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info jatuh   4, 15  
210 One Thousand word info saribu   5 L

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