https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna, East

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above à/luga/ Above 9  
175 above à/luga/ Above 9  
191 all fuli Postposed particle meaning all, every (Bgs) 14  
191 all kaatoa Etre rassemble, etre en complet; tout, tous (determinant nominal) (Mfr) 13  
192 and mo And, together with (Bgs) 9  
146 ash galafu Ashes (Bgs) 67, 60  
146 ash mugālafu   67, 60  
146 ash lefu Ashes (Mfr) 67  
173 at i   1  
173 at teì(teì) Sur le point de...presque, peu s'en faut, peu peu s'en est fallu (Gzl) [<] x  
173 at i   1  
173 at ki   20?  
13 back word info paapaatuà Small/flat of back (Bgs) 11  
13 back word info tu'a   11  
165 bad, evil kino Mauvais (Gzl) 9  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen (Gzl) 8  
14 belly manava   9  
14 belly tina'e belly of a pregnant woman 19, 34  
176 below lalo Below, under 8  
153 big lasi Big, great (Bgs) 12  
97 bird manu Animal (Gzl), animal, bird (i) 1  
147 black 'uli Black, dark 7  
23 blood toto Blood (Bgs) 4  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
113 branch word info laàlaà Small branch 1  
113 branch word info laàkau Arbre, arbrisseau; bois, plante 1, 4  
18 breast uu Breast 1  
56 child tama Child, boy (Bgs) 6  
56 child tamaliki Petits enfants de deux sexes (Gzl) 6, 63  
131 cloud word info ko/kofu Brouillard, vapeur (Gzl) 14  
131 cloud word info ào Cloud 12  
139 cold word info makalili Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info momoko Cold (Bgs) 10  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, true, correct (Bgs) 8  
168 day ào Day, daylight (Bgs) 1, 54  
168 day àso Day (period of time) 1, 54  
10 dirty kele/kele Dirty 10  
10 dirty palapala Wet (as soiled clothing) 7  
96 dog kulii Dog 7  
140 dry word info masa   11  
140 dry word info maloo   13  
82 dull, blunt matatuka   49  
11 dust efu Dust (Bgs) 1  
43 ear taliga Ear (Bgs) 1  
119 earth/soil kele Earth 10  
119 earth/soil kele/kele Dirty 10  
98 egg fua   5  
98 egg niuniu white of egg    
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
180 far mama'o Distant, far off (Bgs) 13  
180 far taumama'o Profond 1, 13  
104 fat/grease gako Animal fat (Bgs) 14  
104 fat/grease sinu/sinu Oil 12  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
99 feather fulu Hair, feather 1  
208 Fifty word info kaulima   13  
143 fire afi Fire 1  
111 fish matu Pollex 06: Matu. :A fish (Bgs) 32  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info lima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower fiti Flower (Bgs) 8  
116 flower see Flower, blossom (Bgs) 9  
132 fog ko/kofu Brouillard, vapeur (Gzl) 1  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
117 fruit fua Fruit, bear fruit 1  
164 good maalie Good (Bgs) 16  
118 grass mutie Pelouse, gazon 13  
151 green moto Unripe, green (Bgs) 1, 10  
26 hair word info fulu Hair, feather 31  
26 hair word info lau ulu Cheveux de la tete (Gzl) 40  
1 hand lima Five, hand 1, 64  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
24 head 'ulu/poko/ Skull 10, 62  
24 head 'ulu Head 1  
142 heavy mamafa Heavy (Bgs) 46  
61 house kaaiga Maison, habitation famille, parente 6  
61 house fale House 14  
194 how? word info feefee/àki How? 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefe'eki How? (Bgs) 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefe'aki How? (Bgs) 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefeàki DUP x  
57 husband àavaga Spouse, marry (Bgs) 13  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) 1, 21  
182 I kau Phrase internal first person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
182 I -ku person singular (Possessive) x  
193 if pee Pollex 06: Pee. :Like (resembling), or, if (Bgs). 28  
193 if kapau   1  
174 in, inside loto Inside 5  
16 intestines tina'e Intestines, pregnant (Bgs) 1  
16 intestines vāvā   11  
126 lake namo Large shallow area on reef (Bgs) 7  
114 leaf lau Leaf 1  
2 left sema Left (Hand) 11  
4 leg/foot va'e Leg 1, 100  
135 lightning 'uila Lightning (Bgs) 2  
17 liver àte Liver (Bgs) 1  
155 long word info loa Long 12, 105  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
108 louse word info tuma Bodylouse 3  
54 man/male tagata Man, person (Bgs) 12, 14  
103 meat/flesh kano Flesh of animal, fish, fruit; flavour (Bgs) 14  
103 meat/flesh kanofi Flesh (not vegetable, except coconut) (Bgs) 14  
129 moon maasina Moon, month (Bgs) 37, 5  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother tinana Mother, dam 1  
30 mouth gutu Mouth 2  
63 name igoa Name 6  
158 narrow kiu   1  
158 narrow lau'iki'iki   84  
179 near nei Pollex 06: Nei. :Here, near speaker. 31  
179 near ofi   45  
25 neck 'ua Neck (Bgs) 18  
68 needle sika Shuttle used for net making (Bgs) 9  
163 new fo'ou New 1  
167 night poo/'uli DUP entry x  
167 night poo'uli Night, be night B. [<] 1, 10  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 44, 66  
195 no, not leè Not, negativiser (Bgs) 111  
195 no, not leè/ai No, not, non-existent (Bgs) x  
195 no, not 'eè/ai No, not, non-existent. This may be replacing lee`ai (Bgs) x  
195 no, not lè/ikiai see Not yet (Bgs) x  
195 no, not lee/ài No (Bgs) 111, 83  
195 no, not see Negativiser (Bgs) 13  
27 nose isu Nose 1  
162 old word info matu'a Pollex 06: Matu`a. :Old (of people). 1  
162 old word info matu'a   1  
197 One word info tasi One (Bgs) 41  
209 One Hundred word info lau Hundred.(Source: Pollex) 2  
209 One Hundred word info kaulelau   2  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 3  
190 other kese   8  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain 10  
160 painful, sick aleale Feel hungry, sick; nausea (Bgs)    
160 painful, sick masaki Sickness 1  
53 person/human being tagata Man, person (Bgs) 1, 66, 97  
133 rain 'ua-ina Rain, to rain (Bgs) 1  
102 rat kimoa Pollex 06: Kimoa. :Rat. 14  
102 rat kimoa   14  
149 red (soa)soata Red (Gzl) [<] x  
149 red kula Red 13  
149 red mea Reddish 1  
149 red me/melo Rouge (Gzl) 1, 16  
3 right 'atamai Intelligent, expert, clever; right (not left) (Bgs) 7  
6 road/path kauala Roadside 1  
6 road/path ala Road 1  
115 root aka Root 2  
65 rope maea Cord, cable (Bgs) 10  
65 rope taula Ancre, cable (Gzl) 9  
112 rotten word info pala Rotten 13  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, as thatch, wood 14  
125 salt pa'atai Pollex 06: <Pa`atai. :Salt (Bgs)>. 20, 19  
125 salt pa'atai   20, 19  
121 sand 'one Sand (Bgs) 1  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
124 sea tai Shallow sea over the reef as opposed to the open ocean (Moana); the shore as opposed to inland (`uta); tide (Bgs) 1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp kakai Affile, aiguise, tranchant (Gzl) 14  
81 sharp fakakaa Sharpen 14, 15  
154 short word info leka Short, dwarfish 8  
19 shoulder uma Epaule (Gzl). Aile (de poule) (Mfr) 10  
161 shy, ashamed luma Shame, shameful (Bgs) 4  
161 shy, ashamed maa Ashamed (Bgs) 1  
202 Six word info ono Six. (Source: Pollex) 1  
12 skin kili Skin 1  
128 sky lagi Sky 1  
152 small li/liki/ Small (Bgs) 66  
152 small ìkiìki L likely from Tongan 66 L
145 smoke word info àu Smoke (Bgs) 2  
145 smoke word info 'afu   2  
145 smoke word info aau-sia Enfume (Mfr) [<] x  
106 snake gata Serpent 12  
110 spider kaleveleve Spider, spiderweb 1  
130 star fetu'u Star (Bgs) 1  
79 stick/wood laàkau Arbre, arbrisseau; bois, plante 1  
120 stone fatu Stone 1  
120 stone maka Stone; to hurl a stone with a sling (Gzl) 4  
105 tail siku Tail, end (Bgs) 13  
206 Ten word info kau/agafulu/ Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof inaki A section of thatch one lath wide, horizontally and from ridge to eave, vertically (Bgs) 11  
62 thatch/roof àto Thatch (Bgs) 1  
187 they lāua (dual) x  
187 they (dual) x  
187 they lătou (plural) 1, 72  
187 they lotou (plural) 1, 72  
157 thick word info maatolu Thick (Bgs) 3  
157 thick word info maatotolu (Mfr) 3  
156 thin word info manifi Thin (Bgs) 1  
177 this leinei This (Bgs) 1  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed subject pronoun (Bgs) 5  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed subject pronoun(Bgs) 5  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
199 Three word info tolu Three (Bgs) 1  
134 thunder mana   37  
134 thunder      
41 to bite kati/kati Nibble in small pieces (Bgs) 1, 55  
41 to bite 'u/'uti Bite (Bgs) 9  
41 to bite 'uu Mordre; porter a la bouche (Gzl) 8  
137 to blow word info agi Blow (of wind 8  
137 to blow word info pu/pusi/ breeze) 6  
137 to blow word info taili Blow (as a wind instrument) 11  
28 to breathe ga/àki/ Haletant, ensoufle 10  
28 to breathe maanava Breath, breathe (Bgs) 1  
28 to breathe ga'ega'esā out of breath 10, 11  
144 to burn word info tutu Set fire to 1, 6  
144 to burn word info susunu   106  
91 to buy fakatau   9  
91 to buy totogi   10?  
38 to chew word info gau Chew (as sugar-cane) 8  
85 to choose fili Select, choose 1  
172 to climb word info kake Monter, grimper (Gzl) 32  
7 to come àu Arriver, venir, parvenir (Mfr) 44  
39 to cook word info saka Boil food in a container over a fire (Bgs) 2  
39 to cook word info ta'o Cook (in oven) (I) 10  
196 to count lau Read, recite (Bgs), Compter 62  
34 to cry tagi Pleurer, gemir, cris d'animaux (Gzl) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info vasi Diviser, couper en morceaux 13  
78 to cut, hack word info isi Split, divide, separate (Wms) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info kamu Couper, rogner, raccourcir.(Gzl) 15  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut with scissors, clip 9  
78 to cut, hack word info sele Knife, cut 16  
78 to cut, hack word info talai Trim branches off tree 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tu'uti Couper, trancher (Gzl) 17  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
90 to dig kenu Dig (Bgs) 6  
50 to dream moe/miti/ Dream (Bgs) 7, 36  
50 to dream moemiti Dream (Bgs) 7, 36  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 47  
37 to eat omaki Boire en mangeant x  
95 to fall word info malele Chavirer, se renverser (Gzl) 12  
95 to fall word info siga Fall v 44  
95 to fall word info too Tomber, choir (Gzl) 14  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
22 to fear ìi Be afraid, frightened (Bgs) 9  
123 to flow sali Flow, fall (of water) (Bgs) 24  
123 to flow tafe Couler, s'{couler (Gzl) 10  
101 to fly lele Fly, run quickly (Bgs) 11  
86 to grow word info somo grow, shoot, sprout, grow up.(Rch) 7  
44 to hear logo Hear, news 1  
171 to hide word info mu(muni) Se cacher 1, 67  
72 to hit word info paki/a Brise, abattu; blessure mort (Rch) 6  
72 to hit word info paatuu Strike (Bgs) [<] 7  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat, thrash 12  
72 to hit word info taa Frapper, battre, couper, tailler (Gzl) 10  
89 to hold word info kuku Embrace, hold in arms (Bgs) 12  
89 to hold word info sapo Take in the hand, catch (Bgs) 15  
69 to hunt word info feua to hunt or to fish    
69 to hunt word info fana to hunt with a gun 53  
74 to kill tamate   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatino Think, decide; be determined, decided (Bgs) 17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ìlo/a To know something (Bgs) 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable masani Be accustomed to, familiar with (Bgs) 14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto Clever, knowledgeable (Bgs) 15  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep (Bgs) 6  
76 to live, be alive ma'uli Life, alive (Bgs) 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover sufegi   9  
84 to plant too Planter, semer (Gzl) 4  
93 to pound, beat word info soka French: piler    
64 to say pati      
77 to scratch word info aku Pollex 06: Aku/aku. :Scratch, scrape out (Bgs). 9  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
46 to see kite Appear in distance; be seen (Bgs) 1  
46 to see ma/mata Look at (Bgs) 8  
46 to see matamata See, look at (Gzl) 8  
46 to see tio   132  
67 to sew word info tui Sew (Bgs) 13, 16  
70 to shoot word info kalolo      
51 to sit nofo Sit, dwell 16  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep (Bgs) 10, 109  
29 to sniff, smell sogi Touch noses 9  
36 to spit kisu Spray out from the mouth (e.g. chewed-up medicinal leaves or water) (Bgs) 14, 56  
36 to spit àànu Spit (Bgs) 14, 84, 121  
80 to split word info fakapaisi   4  
88 to squeeze word info koko/ì Squeeze, press on (Bgs) 9  
88 to squeeze word info lo/lomi/ Press on, massage 10  
88 to squeeze word info kukumi Squeeze with hands, grasp (Bgs) 14  
71 to stab, pierce sokaì Embrocher 67  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, stick into (as hypodermic needle) (Bgs) 1, 8  
52 to stand tu'u Stand, upright, to be 2  
73 to steal kaiaà Steal (Bgs) 7  
73 to steal kaiàa Steal (Bgs) 7  
42 to suck komo To suck on (as a cigarette) (Bgs) 7  
42 to suck miti/miti Suck, lick (Bgs) 8  
42 to suck mi/miti/ Suck (Gzl),(i) 8  
42 to suck momi Eat with lips only, suck 71  
42 to suck umi/a Se dit d'une femelle qui est tetee, qui nourrit des petites (Rch) 12  
87 to swell word info fu/fula/ Swollen, as a boil 7  
9 to swim kakau Swim 5  
9 to swim ka/kau/ Swim 5  
21 to think masalo Think, be of the opinion that (Bgs) 8  
21 to think manatu Penser; se rappeler (intransitif) (Mfr) 9  
94 to throw word info pèesi Jeter, rejeter (Gzl) 12  
94 to throw word info àtu/fi Jeter avec force, lancer, abattre (Rch) 13  
94 to throw word info tii Jeter, lancer (Gzl) 9  
66 to tie up, fasten liilii Tie up, wrap around, wind (as fishing line) (Bgs) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten noa/kie Ceinture 15  
66 to tie up, fasten noa/'ua S'etrangler 15  
8 to turn word info tafuli Pollex 06: Tafuli. :Turn (Bgs). 15  
8 to turn word info fuli   15  
35 to vomit lu/lua/ Vomit (Bgs) 8  
35 to vomit lua/ki Vomit (Bgs) 8, 31  
5 to walk sa'ele Go (on foot) (Bgs) 6  
5 to walk ano could be related to paNaw but lacks initial f 2  
83 to work word info gaa'oi To work; work (Bgs) 11  
47 to yawn maavava Yawn 19  
32 tongue àlelo Tongue (Bgs) 15  
31 tooth nifo Tooth 1  
207 Twenty word info kaulua   5  
198 Two word info lua Two 1  
138 warm word info maafana Warm 1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
185 we word info maa First person dual exclusive preposed pronoun (Bgs) 2  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
141 wet maaluu Pollex 06: Maaluu. :Damp, wet (Bgs). 123  
141 wet mātu'u damp clothes x  
141 wet vikuviku for the head 10, 48  
141 wet fakasasau by dew    
141 wet taitaia by salted water    
188 what? word info aa What? 1  
170 when? word info aafea When? (future) (Bgs) 5  
181 where? word info fea Where? 3, 35  
148 white tea Blanc, blanche (Gzl) 8  
189 who? word info ai Who? 1  
159 wide lau-lasi Broad, wide (Bgs) 73, 9  
58 wife finematuà wife (Bgs), (Rch) 5, 9  
136 wind matagi Wind n 1, 66  
136 wind savili Rough (of sea) by wind 11  
100 wing kapakau Wing 1, 59  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
55 woman/female fa/fine/ Female 1, 106  
127 woods/forest 'ulu Grovem clump (Bgs) 15  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
169 year ta'u Yam season 1  
150 yellow fe/felo/ Yellow (Bgs) 11  
186 you koutou 2nd person plural pronoun (Bgs) (Mfr) 16  
186 you kotou Short form of 2nd person plural pronoun (Bgs) 16  
186 you koulua Second person dual pronoun, you, free form (Bgs) x  
186 you koutou Second person plural pronoun in nu 16  

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