https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna, East

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
178 that      
134 thunder      
145 smoke word info 'afu   2  
3 right 'atamai Intelligent, expert, clever; right (not left) (Bgs) 7  
195 no, not 'eè/ai No, not, non-existent. This may be replacing lee`ai (Bgs) x  
121 sand 'one Sand (Bgs) 1  
41 to bite 'u/'uti Bite (Bgs) 9  
25 neck 'ua Neck (Bgs) 18  
133 rain 'ua-ina Rain, to rain (Bgs) 1  
135 lightning 'uila Lightning (Bgs) 2  
147 black 'uli Black, dark 7  
24 head 'ulu Head 1  
127 woods/forest 'ulu Grovem clump (Bgs) 15  
24 head 'ulu/poko/ Skull 10, 62  
41 to bite 'uu Mordre; porter a la bouche (Gzl) 8  
149 red (soa)soata Red (Gzl) [<] x  
182 I -ku person singular (Possessive) x  
188 what? word info aa What? 1  
170 when? word info aafea When? (future) (Bgs) 5  
145 smoke word info aau-sia Enfume (Mfr) [<] x  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 3  
143 fire afi Fire 1  
137 to blow word info agi Blow (of wind 8  
189 who? word info ai Who? 1  
115 root aka Root 2  
77 to scratch word info aku Pollex 06: Aku/aku. :Scratch, scrape out (Bgs). 9  
6 road/path ala Road 1  
160 painful, sick aleale Feel hungry, sick; nausea (Bgs)    
5 to walk ano could be related to paNaw but lacks initial f 2  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) 1, 21  
11 dust efu Dust (Bgs) 1  
55 woman/female fa/fine/ Female 1, 106  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
81 sharp fakakaa Sharpen 14, 15  
80 to split word info fakapaisi   4  
141 wet fakasasau by dew    
91 to buy fakatau   9  
61 house fale House 14  
69 to hunt word info fana to hunt with a gun 53  
120 stone fatu Stone 1  
150 yellow fe/felo/ Yellow (Bgs) 11  
181 where? word info fea Where? 3, 35  
194 how? word info feefee/àki How? 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefe'aki How? (Bgs) 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefe'eki How? (Bgs) 11, 52  
194 how? word info fefeàki DUP x  
130 star fetu'u Star (Bgs) 1  
69 to hunt word info feua to hunt or to fish    
85 to choose fili Select, choose 1  
58 wife finematuà wife (Bgs), (Rch) 5, 9  
116 flower fiti Flower (Bgs) 8  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
163 new fo'ou New 1  
87 to swell word info fu/fula/ Swollen, as a boil 7  
98 egg fua   5  
117 fruit fua Fruit, bear fruit 1  
8 to turn word info fuli   15  
191 all fuli Postposed particle meaning all, every (Bgs) 14  
26 hair word info fulu Hair, feather 31  
99 feather fulu Hair, feather 1  
28 to breathe ga'ega'esā out of breath 10, 11  
28 to breathe ga/àki/ Haletant, ensoufle 10  
83 to work word info gaa'oi To work; work (Bgs) 11  
104 fat/grease gako Animal fat (Bgs) 14  
146 ash galafu Ashes (Bgs) 67, 60  
106 snake gata Serpent 12  
38 to chew word info gau Chew (as sugar-cane) 8  
30 mouth gutu Mouth 2  
173 at i   1  
173 at i   1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
63 name igoa Name 6  
111 fish ika   1  
62 thatch/roof inaki A section of thatch one lath wide, horizontally and from ridge to eave, vertically (Bgs) 11  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
78 to cut, hack word info isi Split, divide, separate (Wms) 10  
27 nose isu Nose 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 44, 66  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
9 to swim ka/kau/ Swim 5  
61 house kaaiga Maison, habitation famille, parente 6  
191 all kaatoa Etre rassemble, etre en complet; tout, tous (determinant nominal) (Mfr) 13  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 47  
73 to steal kaiaà Steal (Bgs) 7  
73 to steal kaiàa Steal (Bgs) 7  
81 sharp kakai Affile, aiguise, tranchant (Gzl) 14  
9 to swim kakau Swim 5  
172 to climb word info kake Monter, grimper (Gzl) 32  
110 spider kaleveleve Spider, spiderweb 1  
70 to shoot word info kalolo      
78 to cut, hack word info kamu Couper, rogner, raccourcir.(Gzl) 15  
103 meat/flesh kano Flesh of animal, fish, fruit; flavour (Bgs) 14  
103 meat/flesh kanofi Flesh (not vegetable, except coconut) (Bgs) 14  
100 wing kapakau Wing 1, 59  
193 if kapau   1  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
41 to bite kati/kati Nibble in small pieces (Bgs) 1, 55  
182 I kau Phrase internal first person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
206 Ten word info kau/agafulu/ Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
6 road/path kauala Roadside 1  
209 One Hundred word info kaulelau   2  
208 Fifty word info kaulima   13  
207 Twenty word info kaulua   5  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed subject pronoun (Bgs) 5  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed subject pronoun(Bgs) 5  
119 earth/soil kele Earth 10  
10 dirty kele/kele Dirty 10  
119 earth/soil kele/kele Dirty 10  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
90 to dig kenu Dig (Bgs) 6  
190 other kese   8  
173 at ki   20?  
12 skin kili Skin 1  
102 rat kimoa Pollex 06: Kimoa. :Rat. 14  
102 rat kimoa   14  
165 bad, evil kino Mauvais (Gzl) 9  
36 to spit kisu Spray out from the mouth (e.g. chewed-up medicinal leaves or water) (Bgs) 14, 56  
46 to see kite Appear in distance; be seen (Bgs) 1  
158 narrow kiu   1  
131 cloud word info ko/kofu Brouillard, vapeur (Gzl) 14  
132 fog ko/kofu Brouillard, vapeur (Gzl) 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
88 to squeeze word info koko/ì Squeeze, press on (Bgs) 9  
42 to suck komo To suck on (as a cigarette) (Bgs) 7  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen (Gzl) 8  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut with scissors, clip 9  
186 you kotou Short form of 2nd person plural pronoun (Bgs) 16  
186 you koulua Second person dual pronoun, you, free form (Bgs) x  
186 you koutou 2nd person plural pronoun (Bgs) (Mfr) 16  
186 you koutou Second person plural pronoun in nu 16  
89 to hold word info kuku Embrace, hold in arms (Bgs) 12  
88 to squeeze word info kukumi Squeeze with hands, grasp (Bgs) 14  
149 red kula Red 13  
96 dog kulii Dog 7  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
128 sky lagi Sky 1  
176 below lalo Below, under 8  
153 big lasi Big, great (Bgs) 12  
114 leaf lau Leaf 1  
196 to count lau Read, recite (Bgs), Compter 62  
209 One Hundred word info lau Hundred.(Source: Pollex) 2  
26 hair word info lau ulu Cheveux de la tete (Gzl) 40  
158 narrow lau'iki'iki   84  
159 wide lau-lasi Broad, wide (Bgs) 73, 9  
79 stick/wood laàkau Arbre, arbrisseau; bois, plante 1  
113 branch word info laàkau Arbre, arbrisseau; bois, plante 1, 4  
113 branch word info laàlaà Small branch 1  
195 no, not lee/ài No (Bgs) 111, 83  
146 ash lefu Ashes (Mfr) 67  
177 this leinei This (Bgs) 1  
154 short word info leka Short, dwarfish 8  
101 to fly lele Fly, run quickly (Bgs) 11  
195 no, not leè Not, negativiser (Bgs) 111  
195 no, not leè/ai No, not, non-existent (Bgs) x  
152 small li/liki/ Small (Bgs) 66  
66 to tie up, fasten liilii Tie up, wrap around, wind (as fishing line) (Bgs) 14  
1 hand lima Five, hand 1, 64  
201 Five word info lima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
88 to squeeze word info lo/lomi/ Press on, massage 10  
155 long word info loa Long 12, 105  
44 to hear logo Hear, news 1  
174 in, inside loto Inside 5  
187 they lotou (plural) 1, 72  
35 to vomit lu/lua/ Vomit (Bgs) 8  
198 Two word info lua Two 1  
35 to vomit lua/ki Vomit (Bgs) 8, 31  
161 shy, ashamed luma Shame, shameful (Bgs) 4  
195 no, not lè/ikiai see Not yet (Bgs) x  
187 they (dual) x  
187 they lāua (dual) x  
187 they lătou (plural) 1, 72  
76 to live, be alive ma'uli Life, alive (Bgs) 1, 76  
46 to see ma/mata Look at (Bgs) 8  
161 shy, ashamed maa Ashamed (Bgs) 1  
185 we word info maa First person dual exclusive preposed pronoun (Bgs) 2  
138 warm word info maafana Warm 1, 72  
164 good maalie Good (Bgs) 16  
141 wet maaluu Pollex 06: Maaluu. :Damp, wet (Bgs). 123  
28 to breathe maanava Breath, breathe (Bgs) 1  
129 moon maasina Moon, month (Bgs) 37, 5  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatino Think, decide; be determined, decided (Bgs) 17  
157 thick word info maatolu Thick (Bgs) 3  
157 thick word info maatotolu (Mfr) 3  
47 to yawn maavava Yawn 19  
65 rope maea Cord, cable (Bgs) 10  
120 stone maka Stone; to hurl a stone with a sling (Gzl) 4  
139 cold word info makalili Cold, chilly 1, 52  
95 to fall word info malele Chavirer, se renverser (Gzl) 12  
140 dry word info maloo   13  
180 far mama'o Distant, far off (Bgs) 13  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain 10  
142 heavy mamafa Heavy (Bgs) 46  
134 thunder mana   37  
21 to think manatu Penser; se rappeler (intransitif) (Mfr) 9  
14 belly manava   9  
156 thin word info manifi Thin (Bgs) 1  
97 bird manu Animal (Gzl), animal, bird (i) 1  
140 dry word info masa   11  
160 painful, sick masaki Sickness 1  
21 to think masalo Think, be of the opinion that (Bgs) 8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable masani Be accustomed to, familiar with (Bgs) 14  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
136 wind matagi Wind n 1, 66  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
46 to see matamata See, look at (Gzl) 8  
82 dull, blunt matatuka   49  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
111 fish matu Pollex 06: Matu. :A fish (Bgs) 32  
162 old word info matu'a Pollex 06: Matu`a. :Old (of people). 1  
162 old word info matu'a   1  
149 red me/melo Rouge (Gzl) 1, 16  
149 red mea Reddish 1  
42 to suck mi/miti/ Suck (Gzl),(i) 8  
42 to suck miti/miti Suck, lick (Bgs) 8  
192 and mo And, together with (Bgs) 9  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep (Bgs) 10, 109  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep (Bgs) 6  
50 to dream moe/miti/ Dream (Bgs) 7, 36  
50 to dream moemiti Dream (Bgs) 7, 36  
42 to suck momi Eat with lips only, suck 71  
139 cold word info momoko Cold (Bgs) 10  
151 green moto Unripe, green (Bgs) 1, 10  
171 to hide word info mu(muni) Se cacher 1, 67  
146 ash mugālafu   67, 60  
118 grass mutie Pelouse, gazon 13  
141 wet mātu'u damp clothes x  
126 lake namo Large shallow area on reef (Bgs) 7  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
179 near nei Pollex 06: Nei. :Here, near speaker. 31  
31 tooth nifo Tooth 1  
98 egg niuniu white of egg    
66 to tie up, fasten noa/'ua S'etrangler 15  
66 to tie up, fasten noa/kie Ceinture 15  
51 to sit nofo Sit, dwell 16  
179 near ofi   45  
37 to eat omaki Boire en mangeant x  
202 Six word info ono Six. (Source: Pollex) 1  
125 salt pa'atai Pollex 06: <Pa`atai. :Salt (Bgs)>. 20, 19  
125 salt pa'atai   20, 19  
13 back word info paapaatuà Small/flat of back (Bgs) 11  
72 to hit word info paatuu Strike (Bgs) [<] 7  
72 to hit word info paki/a Brise, abattu; blessure mort (Rch) 6  
112 rotten word info pala Rotten 13  
10 dirty palapala Wet (as soiled clothing) 7  
64 to say pati      
193 if pee Pollex 06: Pee. :Like (resembling), or, if (Bgs). 28  
167 night poo'uli Night, be night B. [<] 1, 10  
167 night poo/'uli DUP entry x  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten, as thatch, wood 14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto Clever, knowledgeable (Bgs) 15  
137 to blow word info pu/pusi/ breeze) 6  
94 to throw word info pèesi Jeter, rejeter (Gzl) 12  
5 to walk sa'ele Go (on foot) (Bgs) 6  
39 to cook word info saka Boil food in a container over a fire (Bgs) 2  
123 to flow sali Flow, fall (of water) (Bgs) 24  
89 to hold word info sapo Take in the hand, catch (Bgs) 15  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat, thrash 12  
136 wind savili Rough (of sea) by wind 11  
116 flower see Flower, blossom (Bgs) 9  
195 no, not see Negativiser (Bgs) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info sele Knife, cut 16  
2 left sema Left (Hand) 11  
95 to fall word info siga Fall v 44  
68 needle sika Shuttle used for net making (Bgs) 9  
105 tail siku Tail, end (Bgs) 13  
104 fat/grease sinu/sinu Oil 12  
29 to sniff, smell sogi Touch noses 9  
93 to pound, beat word info soka French: piler    
71 to stab, pierce sokaì Embrocher 67  
86 to grow word info somo grow, shoot, sprout, grow up.(Rch) 7  
92 to open, uncover sufegi   9  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, stick into (as hypodermic needle) (Bgs) 1, 8  
144 to burn word info susunu   106  
39 to cook word info ta'o Cook (in oven) (I) 10  
169 year ta'u Yam season 1  
72 to hit word info taa Frapper, battre, couper, tailler (Gzl) 10  
123 to flow tafe Couler, s'{couler (Gzl) 10  
8 to turn word info tafuli Pollex 06: Tafuli. :Turn (Bgs). 15  
53 person/human being tagata Man, person (Bgs) 1, 66, 97  
54 man/male tagata Man, person (Bgs) 12, 14  
34 to cry tagi Pleurer, gemir, cris d'animaux (Gzl) 1  
124 sea tai Shallow sea over the reef as opposed to the open ocean (Moana); the shore as opposed to inland (`uta); tide (Bgs) 1  
137 to blow word info taili Blow (as a wind instrument) 11  
141 wet taitaia by salted water    
78 to cut, hack word info talai Trim branches off tree 1  
43 ear taliga Ear (Bgs) 1  
56 child tama Child, boy (Bgs) 6  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
56 child tamaliki Petits enfants de deux sexes (Gzl) 6, 63  
74 to kill tamate   2  
197 One word info tasi One (Bgs) 41  
65 rope taula Ancre, cable (Gzl) 9  
180 far taumama'o Profond 1, 13  
148 white tea Blanc, blanche (Gzl) 8  
173 at teì(teì) Sur le point de...presque, peu s'en faut, peu peu s'en est fallu (Gzl) [<] x  
94 to throw word info tii Jeter, lancer (Gzl) 9  
14 belly tina'e belly of a pregnant woman 19, 34  
16 intestines tina'e Intestines, pregnant (Bgs) 1  
59 mother tinana Mother, dam 1  
46 to see tio   132  
199 Three word info tolu Three (Bgs) 1  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, true, correct (Bgs) 8  
84 to plant too Planter, semer (Gzl) 4  
95 to fall word info too Tomber, choir (Gzl) 14  
23 blood toto Blood (Bgs) 4  
91 to buy totogi   10?  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
13 back word info tu'a   11  
52 to stand tu'u Stand, upright, to be 2  
78 to cut, hack word info tu'uti Couper, trancher (Gzl) 17  
67 to sew word info tui Sew (Bgs) 13, 16  
108 louse word info tuma Bodylouse 3  
144 to burn word info tutu Set fire to 1, 6  
19 shoulder uma Epaule (Gzl). Aile (de poule) (Mfr) 10  
42 to suck umi/a Se dit d'une femelle qui est tetee, qui nourrit des petites (Rch) 12  
18 breast uu Breast 1  
4 leg/foot va'e Leg 1, 100  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
78 to cut, hack word info vasi Diviser, couper en morceaux 13  
141 wet vikuviku for the head 10, 48  
16 intestines vāvā   11  
175 above à/luga/ Above 9  
175 above à/luga/ Above 9  
57 husband àavaga Spouse, marry (Bgs) 13  
32 tongue àlelo Tongue (Bgs) 15  
131 cloud word info ào Cloud 12  
168 day ào Day, daylight (Bgs) 1, 54  
168 day àso Day (period of time) 1, 54  
17 liver àte Liver (Bgs) 1  
62 thatch/roof àto Thatch (Bgs) 1  
94 to throw word info àtu/fi Jeter avec force, lancer, abattre (Rch) 13  
7 to come àu Arriver, venir, parvenir (Mfr) 44  
145 smoke word info àu Smoke (Bgs) 2  
36 to spit àànu Spit (Bgs) 14, 84, 121  
22 to fear ìi Be afraid, frightened (Bgs) 9  
152 small ìkiìki L likely from Tongan 66 L
20 to know, be knowledgeable ìlo/a To know something (Bgs) 13  

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