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Language: Yakan

Source/Author:  Blust, from Pack (1975), Behren (2002), Molony (1969) 
Notes:  Behrens, D. (2002) Yakan-English dictionary.‭Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Special Monograph Issue, 40.2. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Pack, J. (1975) Yakan-Pilipino-English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Molony, C.H. (1969) Multilingualism and social behavior in the. southern Philippines. Ph.D. dissertation. Stanford, California.



Yakan has borrowed extensively from the Greater Central Philippinnes languages and Malay.

Additions to Word list from "Languages of the Southern Gateway" by SIL 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:Sama-Bajaw 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 47 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above di-ataʔ   1  
191 all kemon   1  
191 all tibuʔuk      
192 and duk      
146 ash abu   1  
173 at di   20  
173 at si   20  
13 back word info bukut   46  
165 bad, evil laʔat   1  
14 belly betteŋ   29  
176 below di-awaʔ   1?  
153 big haje   1?  
97 bird manuk-manuk   1  
147 black ittem   1  
23 blood lahaʔ   1  
15 bone tolaŋ   1  
113 branch word info paŋey   22?  
18 breast susu   1  
56 child anak   1  
131 cloud word info gabun GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 1 L
139 cold word info haggut   35  
166 correct, true bennal Malay loan   L
166 correct, true toʔo toʔo 6  
166 correct, true tuʔun tuʔun not 6  
168 day ellew   1  
10 dirty lege      
10 dirty lemmiʔ   59  
96 dog asu   1  
140 dry word info gaŋu GCPhil. loan, from Tausag   L
140 dry word info tohoʔ   75  
82 dull, blunt tampul   3  
11 dust begumbun   71  
43 ear tayiŋe   1  
119 earth/soil bulak      
98 egg pugad      
204 Eight word info walu'   3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far tala   46  
104 fat/grease lemmek   24  
60 father sama   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
208 Fifty word info limempū'   1, 2  
143 fire ebbut      
111 fish kenna should connect with Barito languages, possible borrowing as should be kenas if native 95  
201 Five word info lime   1  
116 flower sumpiŋ   29  
132 fog      
200 Four word info ampat   1  
117 fruit buaʔ   1  
164 good hap   36  
164 good hatul obvious SE Borneo connections 36  
164 good untul      
118 grass belili   1  
151 green gadduŋ   28  
26 hair word info buu kook   31  
1 hand taŋan innovation from the word for thumb, Malay loan 18 L
184 he/she ie   1  
24 head kok   40  
142 heavy bohat   1  
61 house lumaʔ   1  
194 how? word info saʔiŋge      
57 husband ella   52  
182 I aku   1  
193 if baŋ   20  
174 in, inside di-alem   1  
16 intestines tinaʔi   1  
126 lake      
114 leaf dawen   1  
2 left bibaŋ   24  
4 leg/foot bettis   23  
135 lightning lalat   30  
17 liver buaʔ heart    
17 liver atey      
155 long word info tahaʔ   28  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male lella   36  
103 meat/flesh isi   31  
129 moon bulan   1  
109 mosquito kemmut   1?  
59 mother saʔi      
30 mouth behe   1  
63 name alen   1  
158 narrow kiput   47  
179 near tapit   59  
25 neck kelloŋ   76  
68 needle dalum   1  
163 new baʔahu   1  
167 night saŋem   36  
205 Nine word info siyam Loan from Taosug 9 L
195 no, not dumaʔin      
195 no, not gaʔi      
27 nose   1  
162 old word info bahiʔ      
197 One word info issaʔ   1  
209 One Hundred word info da hatus   4  
210 One Thousand word info de ngibu   5  
190 other seddi [li]   40  
160 painful, sick saki   1  
53 person/human being aʔa   28  
133 rain ulan   1  
102 rat mellek      
149 red peyat   55  
3 right kanawan [<M] 1, 67  
6 road/path lalan   1  
115 root gamut GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 3 L
65 rope lubid Philippines loan 21 L
112 rotten word info buhuk   1  
125 salt asin   3  
121 sand umus      
124 sea tahik   1  
203 Seven word info pitu'   1  
81 sharp talem   1  
154 short word info pandak   1  
19 shoulder baha   1  
161 shy, ashamed iaʔ   1  
202 Six word info ennem   1  
12 skin kuit   1  
128 sky laŋit   1  
152 small dikiʔ   138  
145 smoke word info umbu   34  
106 snake sawe   25  
110 spider koko'   37  
130 star bituʔun   1  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
120 stone batu   1  
105 tail eŋko   1  
206 Ten word info sempū'   5  
178 that ituʔ   16  
178 that ian      
62 thatch/roof sapew   15  
187 they sie   1  
157 thick word info subuk      
156 thin word info nipis   1  
177 this ini|n   1  
183 thou kaʔu   1  
199 Three word info tellu   1  
134 thunder lugung   33  
41 to bite kekkeb   36 L
137 to blow word info tihup possible Malay loan 1, 19  
28 to breathe mag-napas prefix loan from GCPhil, root Malay 29 L
144 to burn word info eggas      
91 to buy belli   1  
38 to chew word info papaʔ   17?, 30  
85 to choose peneʔ   16, 1  
172 to climb word info panaʔik probable GCPhil. loan 1 L
7 to come pitu   31  
39 to cook word info bella   34  
39 to cook word info usik      
196 to count ituŋ   31  
34 to cry taŋis   1  
78 to cut, hack word info mag-poloŋ      
75 to die, be dead -matey   1  
90 to dig kalih   1  
50 to dream teginep   30  
40 to drink inum   1  
37 to eat kakan   1  
37 to eat maŋan   1, 14  
95 to fall word info laboʔ   1  
22 to fear tinalew talew is the base 34  
123 to flow selluy      
101 to fly layaŋ   22  
86 to grow word info sulig Not a malay loan    
86 to grow word info tumbuʔ   1  
44 to hear -takale   26  
171 to hide word info tapuk   13  
72 to hit word info pogpog to hit a hard object like stone or wood 24  
72 to hit word info teuaʔ      
72 to hit word info lubbak to hit a person or animal.    
89 to hold word info kinaputan      
69 to hunt word info panhut      
74 to kill bonoʔ   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable taʔo   1  
33 to laugh saye      
49 to lie down word info pabak   38  
76 to live, be alive ellum   33  
92 to open, uncover luka      
84 to plant eddek      
84 to plant tanem   2  
93 to pound, beat word info bayu   1  
64 to say paʔin      
77 to scratch word info kukut   21  
46 to see kite   1  
67 to sew word info laʔit   2  
70 to shoot word info timbak Malay loan 49 L
51 to sit tiŋkoʔ   81  
48 to sleep tuli   1  
29 to sniff, smell hamut possible borrowing of 31 99  
36 to spit luraʔ   1  
80 to split word info kepak      
88 to squeeze word info tabid possible GCPhil. loan   L
71 to stab, pierce binonoʔ ambush or to kill    
71 to stab, pierce dugsu      
52 to stand teŋge   34  
73 to steal tangkew   1  
42 to suck sessep   1  
87 to swell word info bahaʔ   1  
9 to swim laŋi   1  
21 to think kimmat   71  
21 to think pikil loan of 22? 4 L
94 to throw word info tibag   34  
66 to tie up, fasten iŋket   1  
8 to turn word info bira   4?  
35 to vomit utaʔ   1  
5 to walk leŋŋan   59  
83 to work word info hinaŋ   36  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue dellaʔ   4  
31 tooth impen   1  
207 Twenty word info duwempū'   3, 6  
198 Two word info duwe   1  
138 warm word info panas   1  
122 water word info boheʔ   25  
185 we word info kita   1  
185 we word info kami   2  
141 wet basseʔ   1  
188 what? word info ine   2  
170 when? word info sumian   30  
181 where? word info antag   16  
181 where? word info iŋge      
148 white poteʔ   1  
189 who? word info sine   14  
159 wide lajab   1  
159 wide luha   1  
58 wife anda   36  
136 wind beliu   2  
100 wing peppik or 33? 33  
55 woman/female dende   31  
127 woods/forest gulaŋan GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 2 L
107 worm (earthworm) olet   36  
169 year tahun   1 L
150 yellow binaniŋ   37  
186 you kaʔam   1  

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