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Language: Yakan

Source/Author:  Blust, from Pack (1975), Behren (2002), Molony (1969) 
Notes:  Behrens, D. (2002) Yakan-English dictionary.‭Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Special Monograph Issue, 40.2. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Pack, J. (1975) Yakan-Pilipino-English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Molony, C.H. (1969) Multilingualism and social behavior in the. southern Philippines. Ph.D. dissertation. Stanford, California.



Yakan has borrowed extensively from the Greater Central Philippinnes languages and Malay.

Additions to Word list from "Languages of the Southern Gateway" by SIL 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:Sama-Bajaw 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 47 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
47 to yawn      
126 lake      
132 fog      
75 to die, be dead -matey   1  
44 to hear -takale   26  
146 ash abu   1  
182 I aku   1  
63 name alen   1  
200 Four word info ampat   1  
56 child anak   1  
58 wife anda   36  
181 where? word info antag   16  
125 salt asin   3  
96 dog asu   1  
17 liver atey      
53 person/human being aʔa   28  
19 shoulder baha   1  
87 to swell word info bahaʔ   1  
162 old word info bahiʔ      
141 wet basseʔ   1  
120 stone batu   1  
93 to pound, beat word info bayu   1  
193 if baŋ   20  
163 new baʔahu   1  
11 dust begumbun   71  
30 mouth behe   1  
118 grass belili   1  
136 wind beliu   2  
39 to cook word info bella   34  
91 to buy belli   1  
166 correct, true bennal Malay loan   L
14 belly betteŋ   29  
4 leg/foot bettis   23  
2 left bibaŋ   24  
150 yellow binaniŋ   37  
71 to stab, pierce binonoʔ ambush or to kill    
8 to turn word info bira   4?  
130 star bituʔun   1  
142 heavy bohat   1  
122 water word info boheʔ   25  
74 to kill bonoʔ   1  
17 liver buaʔ heart    
117 fruit buaʔ   1  
112 rotten word info buhuk   1  
13 back word info bukut   46  
119 earth/soil bulak      
129 moon bulan   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
26 hair word info buu kook   31  
209 One Hundred word info da hatus   4  
68 needle dalum   1  
114 leaf dawen   1  
210 One Thousand word info de ngibu   5  
32 tongue dellaʔ   4  
55 woman/female dende   31  
173 at di   20  
174 in, inside di-alem   1  
175 above di-ataʔ   1  
176 below di-awaʔ   1?  
152 small dikiʔ   138  
71 to stab, pierce dugsu      
192 and duk      
195 no, not dumaʔin      
198 Two word info duwe   1  
207 Twenty word info duwempū'   3, 6  
143 fire ebbut      
84 to plant eddek      
144 to burn word info eggas      
57 husband ella   52  
168 day ellew   1  
76 to live, be alive ellum   33  
202 Six word info ennem   1  
105 tail eŋko   1  
131 cloud word info gabun GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 1 L
151 green gadduŋ   28  
115 root gamut GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 3 L
140 dry word info gaŋu GCPhil. loan, from Tausag   L
195 no, not gaʔi      
127 woods/forest gulaŋan GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 2 L
139 cold word info haggut   35  
153 big haje   1?  
29 to sniff, smell hamut possible borrowing of 31 99  
164 good hap   36  
164 good hatul obvious SE Borneo connections 36  
83 to work word info hinaŋ   36  
178 that ian      
161 shy, ashamed iaʔ   1  
184 he/she ie   1  
31 tooth impen   1  
188 what? word info ine   2  
177 this ini|n   1  
40 to drink inum   1  
103 meat/flesh isi   31  
197 One word info issaʔ   1  
147 black ittem   1  
196 to count ituŋ   31  
178 that ituʔ   16  
181 where? word info iŋge      
66 to tie up, fasten iŋket   1  
37 to eat kakan   1  
90 to dig kalih   1  
185 we word info kami   2  
3 right kanawan [<M] 1, 67  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
186 you kaʔam   1  
183 thou kaʔu   1  
41 to bite kekkeb   36 L
25 neck kelloŋ   76  
109 mosquito kemmut   1?  
191 all kemon   1  
111 fish kenna should connect with Barito languages, possible borrowing as should be kenas if native 95  
80 to split word info kepak      
21 to think kimmat   71  
89 to hold word info kinaputan      
158 narrow kiput   47  
185 we word info kita   1  
46 to see kite   1  
24 head kok   40  
110 spider koko'   37  
12 skin kuit   1  
77 to scratch word info kukut   21  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
95 to fall word info laboʔ   1  
23 blood lahaʔ   1  
159 wide lajab   1  
6 road/path lalan   1  
135 lightning lalat   30  
101 to fly layaŋ   22  
9 to swim laŋi   1  
128 sky laŋit   1  
165 bad, evil laʔat   1  
67 to sew word info laʔit   2  
10 dirty lege      
54 man/male lella   36  
104 fat/grease lemmek   24  
10 dirty lemmiʔ   59  
5 to walk leŋŋan   59  
201 Five word info lime   1  
208 Fifty word info limempū'   1, 2  
72 to hit word info lubbak to hit a person or animal.    
65 rope lubid Philippines loan 21 L
134 thunder lugung   33  
159 wide luha   1  
92 to open, uncover luka      
61 house lumaʔ   1  
36 to spit luraʔ   1  
28 to breathe mag-napas prefix loan from GCPhil, root Malay 29 L
78 to cut, hack word info mag-poloŋ      
97 bird manuk-manuk   1  
45 eye mata   1  
37 to eat maŋan   1, 14  
102 rat mellek      
156 thin word info nipis   1  
107 worm (earthworm) olet   36  
49 to lie down word info pabak   38  
138 warm word info panas   1  
172 to climb word info panaʔik probable GCPhil. loan 1 L
154 short word info pandak   1  
69 to hunt word info panhut      
38 to chew word info papaʔ   17?, 30  
113 branch word info paŋey   22?  
64 to say paʔin      
85 to choose peneʔ   16, 1  
100 wing peppik or 33? 33  
149 red peyat   55  
21 to think pikil loan of 22? 4 L
7 to come pitu   31  
203 Seven word info pitu'   1  
72 to hit word info pogpog to hit a hard object like stone or wood 24  
148 white poteʔ   1  
98 egg pugad      
160 painful, sick saki   1  
60 father sama   1  
62 thatch/roof sapew   15  
106 snake sawe   25  
33 to laugh saye      
167 night saŋem   36  
59 mother saʔi      
194 how? word info saʔiŋge      
190 other seddi [li]   40  
123 to flow selluy      
206 Ten word info sempū'   5  
42 to suck sessep   1  
173 at si   20  
187 they sie   1  
189 who? word info sine   14  
205 Nine word info siyam Loan from Taosug 9 L
157 thick word info subuk      
86 to grow word info sulig Not a malay loan    
170 when? word info sumian   30  
116 flower sumpiŋ   29  
18 breast susu   1  
88 to squeeze word info tabid possible GCPhil. loan   L
155 long word info tahaʔ   28  
124 sea tahik   1  
169 year tahun   1 L
180 far tala   46  
81 sharp talem   1  
82 dull, blunt tampul   3  
84 to plant tanem   2  
73 to steal tangkew   1  
179 near tapit   59  
171 to hide word info tapuk   13  
43 ear tayiŋe   1  
1 hand taŋan innovation from the word for thumb, Malay loan 18 L
34 to cry taŋis   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable taʔo   1  
50 to dream teginep   30  
199 Three word info tellu   1  
72 to hit word info teuaʔ      
52 to stand teŋge   34  
94 to throw word info tibag   34  
191 all tibuʔuk      
137 to blow word info tihup possible Malay loan 1, 19  
70 to shoot word info timbak Malay loan 49 L
22 to fear tinalew talew is the base 34  
16 intestines tinaʔi   1  
51 to sit tiŋkoʔ   81  
140 dry word info tohoʔ   75  
15 bone tolaŋ   1  
166 correct, true toʔo toʔo 6  
48 to sleep tuli   1  
86 to grow word info tumbuʔ   1  
166 correct, true tuʔun tuʔun not 6  
133 rain ulan   1  
145 smoke word info umbu   34  
121 sand umus      
164 good untul      
39 to cook word info usik      
35 to vomit utaʔ   1  
27 nose   1  
204 Eight word info walu'   3  

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