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Language: Yakan

Source/Author:  Blust, from Pack (1975), Behren (2002), Molony (1969) 
Notes:  Behrens, D. (2002) Yakan-English dictionary.‭Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Special Monograph Issue, 40.2. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Pack, J. (1975) Yakan-Pilipino-English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Molony, C.H. (1969) Multilingualism and social behavior in the. southern Philippines. Ph.D. dissertation. Stanford, California.



Yakan has borrowed extensively from the Greater Central Philippinnes languages and Malay.

Additions to Word list from "Languages of the Southern Gateway" by SIL 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:Sama-Bajaw 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 47 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
47 to yawn      
126 lake      
132 fog      
10 dirty lege      
17 liver buaʔ heart    
17 liver atey      
33 to laugh saye      
39 to cook word info usik      
59 mother saʔi      
64 to say paʔin      
69 to hunt word info panhut      
71 to stab, pierce binonoʔ ambush or to kill    
71 to stab, pierce dugsu      
72 to hit word info teuaʔ      
72 to hit word info lubbak to hit a person or animal.    
78 to cut, hack word info mag-poloŋ      
80 to split word info kepak      
84 to plant eddek      
86 to grow word info sulig Not a malay loan    
88 to squeeze word info tabid possible GCPhil. loan   L
89 to hold word info kinaputan      
92 to open, uncover luka      
98 egg pugad      
102 rat mellek      
119 earth/soil bulak      
121 sand umus      
123 to flow selluy      
140 dry word info gaŋu GCPhil. loan, from Tausag   L
143 fire ebbut      
144 to burn word info eggas      
157 thick word info subuk      
162 old word info bahiʔ      
164 good untul      
166 correct, true bennal Malay loan   L
178 that ian      
181 where? word info iŋge      
191 all tibuʔuk      
192 and duk      
194 how? word info saʔiŋge      
195 no, not dumaʔin      
195 no, not gaʔi      
6 road/path lalan   1  
9 to swim laŋi   1  
12 skin kuit   1  
15 bone tolaŋ   1  
16 intestines tinaʔi   1  
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder baha   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable taʔo   1  
23 blood lahaʔ   1  
27 nose   1  
30 mouth behe   1  
31 tooth impen   1  
34 to cry taŋis   1  
35 to vomit utaʔ   1  
36 to spit luraʔ   1  
37 to eat kakan   1  
40 to drink inum   1  
42 to suck sessep   1  
43 ear tayiŋe   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see kite   1  
48 to sleep tuli   1  
56 child anak   1  
60 father sama   1  
61 house lumaʔ   1  
63 name alen   1  
66 to tie up, fasten iŋket   1  
68 needle dalum   1  
73 to steal tangkew   1  
74 to kill bonoʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead -matey   1  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
81 sharp talem   1  
86 to grow word info tumbuʔ   1  
87 to swell word info bahaʔ   1  
90 to dig kalih   1  
91 to buy belli   1  
93 to pound, beat word info bayu   1  
95 to fall word info laboʔ   1  
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird manuk-manuk   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
105 tail eŋko   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
112 rotten word info buhuk   1  
114 leaf dawen   1  
117 fruit buaʔ   1  
118 grass belili   1  
120 stone batu   1  
124 sea tahik   1  
128 sky laŋit   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bituʔun   1  
131 cloud word info gabun GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 1 L
133 rain ulan   1  
138 warm word info panas   1  
141 wet basseʔ   1  
142 heavy bohat   1  
146 ash abu   1  
147 black ittem   1  
148 white poteʔ   1  
154 short word info pandak   1  
156 thin word info nipis   1  
159 wide lajab   1  
159 wide luha   1  
160 painful, sick saki   1  
161 shy, ashamed iaʔ   1  
163 new baʔahu   1  
165 bad, evil laʔat   1  
168 day ellew   1  
169 year tahun   1 L
172 to climb word info panaʔik probable GCPhil. loan 1 L
174 in, inside di-alem   1  
175 above di-ataʔ   1  
177 this ini|n   1  
182 I aku   1  
183 thou kaʔu   1  
184 he/she ie   1  
185 we word info kita   1  
186 you kaʔam   1  
187 they sie   1  
191 all kemon   1  
197 One word info issaʔ   1  
198 Two word info duwe   1  
199 Three word info tellu   1  
200 Four word info ampat   1  
201 Five word info lime   1  
202 Six word info ennem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu'   1  
37 to eat maŋan   1, 14  
137 to blow word info tihup possible Malay loan 1, 19  
208 Fifty word info limempū'   1, 2  
3 right kanawan [<M] 1, 67  
171 to hide word info tapuk   13  
152 small dikiʔ   138  
189 who? word info sine   14  
62 thatch/roof sapew   15  
178 that ituʔ   16  
181 where? word info antag   16  
85 to choose peneʔ   16, 1  
38 to chew word info papaʔ   17?, 30  
1 hand taŋan innovation from the word for thumb, Malay loan 18 L
109 mosquito kemmut   1?  
153 big haje   1?  
176 below di-awaʔ   1?  
67 to sew word info laʔit   2  
84 to plant tanem   2  
127 woods/forest gulaŋan GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 2 L
136 wind beliu   2  
185 we word info kami   2  
188 what? word info ine   2  
173 at di   20  
173 at si   20  
193 if baŋ   20  
65 rope lubid Philippines loan 21 L
77 to scratch word info kukut   21  
101 to fly layaŋ   22  
113 branch word info paŋey   22?  
4 leg/foot bettis   23  
2 left bibaŋ   24  
72 to hit word info pogpog to hit a hard object like stone or wood 24  
104 fat/grease lemmek   24  
106 snake sawe   25  
122 water word info boheʔ   25  
44 to hear -takale   26  
53 person/human being aʔa   28  
151 green gadduŋ   28  
155 long word info tahaʔ   28  
14 belly betteŋ   29  
28 to breathe mag-napas prefix loan from GCPhil, root Malay 29 L
116 flower sumpiŋ   29  
82 dull, blunt tampul   3  
115 root gamut GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 3 L
125 salt asin   3  
204 Eight word info walu'   3  
207 Twenty word info duwempū'   3, 6  
50 to dream teginep   30  
135 lightning lalat   30  
170 when? word info sumian   30  
7 to come pitu   31  
26 hair word info buu kook   31  
55 woman/female dende   31  
103 meat/flesh isi   31  
196 to count ituŋ   31  
76 to live, be alive ellum   33  
100 wing peppik or 33? 33  
134 thunder lugung   33  
22 to fear tinalew talew is the base 34  
39 to cook word info bella   34  
52 to stand teŋge   34  
94 to throw word info tibag   34  
145 smoke word info umbu   34  
139 cold word info haggut   35  
41 to bite kekkeb   36 L
54 man/male lella   36  
58 wife anda   36  
83 to work word info hinaŋ   36  
107 worm (earthworm) olet   36  
164 good hap   36  
164 good hatul obvious SE Borneo connections 36  
167 night saŋem   36  
110 spider koko'   37  
150 yellow binaniŋ   37  
49 to lie down word info pabak   38  
21 to think pikil loan of 22? 4 L
32 tongue dellaʔ   4  
209 One Hundred word info da hatus   4  
24 head kok   40  
190 other seddi [li]   40  
13 back word info bukut   46  
180 far tala   46  
158 narrow kiput   47  
70 to shoot word info timbak Malay loan 49 L
8 to turn word info bira   4?  
206 Ten word info sempū'   5  
210 One Thousand word info de ngibu   5  
57 husband ella   52  
149 red peyat   55  
5 to walk leŋŋan   59  
10 dirty lemmiʔ   59  
179 near tapit   59  
166 correct, true toʔo toʔo 6  
166 correct, true tuʔun tuʔun not 6  
11 dust begumbun   71  
21 to think kimmat   71  
140 dry word info tohoʔ   75  
25 neck kelloŋ   76  
51 to sit tiŋkoʔ   81  
205 Nine word info siyam Loan from Taosug 9 L
111 fish kenna should connect with Barito languages, possible borrowing as should be kenas if native 95  
29 to sniff, smell hamut possible borrowing of 31 99  

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