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Language: Ponapean

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Rehg & Sohl (1979) 
Notes:  Rehg, K.L. & Sohl, D.G. (1979). Ponapean-English Dictionary. Pali Language Texts. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Ponapeic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
7 to come koh-      
9 to swim pap      
13 back word info tihnsowe back    
16 intestines kepwe things(stuff)?    
16 intestines pwise manure?; 'faeces' < PCMic *pwuta[ei] - see Bender et al. (2003)    
19 shoulder pwopwe      
21 to think madamadau      
25 neck [tepin]were      
26 hair word info pitenmoaŋ      
27 nose tumwe      
28 to breathe esiŋek      
33 to laugh kouruhr      
38 to chew word info rukoa      
41 to bite ŋalis      
42 to suck kuhl      
42 to suck mihk to suck    
50 to dream oure|men      
52 to stand kesihnen      
64 to say dene      
64 to say nda      
66 to tie up, fasten pire      
66 to tie up, fasten salih      
67 to sew word info dehk      
70 to shoot word info kasikih      
71 to stab, pierce katuk      
72 to hit word info keme      
72 to hit word info en lel to hit    
82 dull, blunt kons      
86 to grow word info os      
88 to squeeze word info iŋidpene      
88 to squeeze word info weŋid      
89 to hold word info kol      
91 to buy natihada      
92 to open, uncover ritiŋ (anything hinged)    
95 to fall word info lempehdi      
95 to fall word info pwupw      
98 egg damaŋo      
98 egg kutohr      
101 to fly pihr      
105 tail pwaidai      
106 snake sinek     L
108 louse word info likarak      
110 spider likan [spider sp.]    
112 rotten word info mwokuhr      
116 flower kapwat      
118 grass dihpw      
123 to flow pwil      
125 salt soahl     L
126 lake leh      
131 cloud word info depwek      
132 fog toahkoi      
134 thunder nahnsapwe      
135 lightning ipihp      
135 lightning lioal      
137 to blow word info ipihp      
141 wet wisekesek      
143 fire kisiniei      
149 red weitahta      
151 green pohndipw      
153 big laud      
155 long word info aŋed      
155 long word info reirei      
161 shy, ashamed mwomwitik      
165 bad, evil sakanakan      
165 bad, evil suwed      
171 to hide word info ruk      
178 that -o -o (far)    
190 other tei      
192 and oh      
194 how? word info dahduwe      
195 no, not soh      
1 hand lime   1  
6 road/path ahl   1  
12 skin kihl   1  
17 liver eh   1  
18 breast dihdi   1  
22 to fear masak   1  
23 blood nta   1  
34 to cry seŋ   1  
35 to vomit mmwus   1  
37 to eat kaŋ   1  
43 ear saleŋ   1  
44 to hear roŋ   1  
45 eye pwoaren|mas   1  
48 to sleep meir   1  
49 to lie down word info wohnohn   1  
59 mother ihn   1  
60 father sahm   1  
62 thatch/roof oahs cp loahN 'fly' 1  
65 rope sahl   1  
75 to die, be dead meh|la   1  
79 stick/wood tuh|ke   1  
85 to choose pil   1  
97 bird men|pihr   1  
105 tail iki   1  
109 mosquito amwise   1  
113 branch word info rah   1  
114 leaf teh   1  
117 fruit wah   1  
124 sea sehd   1  
124 sea seed   1  
128 sky lahŋ   1  
130 star usu   1  
136 wind ahŋ   1  
143 fire ahi   1  
156 thin word info menipinip   1  
160 painful, sick medek   1  
167 night pwohŋ   1  
173 at ni[n]   1  
174 in, inside loale   1  
176 below pah   1  
178 that en en (near hearer) 1  
180 far doh   1  
183 thou kow   1  
183 thou kowe   1  
184 he/she ih   1  
186 you kumwail   1  
197 One word info ehd   1  
198 Two word info ria-u   1  
199 Three word info siluh   1  
201 Five word info limɛ-ysɛk   1  
201 Five word info lim-mɛn   1  
201 Five word info lima-w   1  
201 Five word info lima-   1  
202 Six word info wɛnɛ-   1  
202 Six word info oun   1  
202 Six word info aun   1  
203 Seven word info isu-u   1  
203 Seven word info isi-   1  
203 Seven word info (e)-is   1  
208 Fifty word info limɛ-ŋowl   1  
208 Fifty word info limɛ-ŋowl   1  
177 this e[t]   1, 18  
185 we word info kiht   1, 42  
61 house ihmw   1, 48  
188 what? word info dah   1, 52  
40 to drink nim reflex of PMic *nima 'drinkable object, with possessive classifier' 1, 59  
169 year [soun]pahr   1, 69  
187 they ihr   1, 70  
200 Four word info palu   1, 71  
76 to live, be alive mour   1, 76  
80 to split word info pwaik pwal is the cognate - JCM 1, 76  
59 mother nohno   1, 83  
179 near keren irregular *ŋ > n 1, 98  
16 intestines mwasahl intestines 1, 13  
63 name ahd   1, 18  
170 when? word info iahd   1, 24  
58 wife pwoud   10  
103 meat/flesh uduk   10  
107 worm (earthworm) kamwetel   10  
153 big lap   10  
196 to count wadek   10  
11 dust pwelipar   101  
68 needle dikek   11  
139 cold word info kopou   11  
140 dry word info mad   11  
148 white pwetepwet   11  
8 to turn word info wikidek   12  
77 to scratch word info karipwude   12  
154 short word info mwotomwot   12  
163 new kapw   12  
166 correct, true pwuŋ   12  
182 I ŋehi   12  
2 left palimeiŋ   13  
54 man/male ohl   13  
119 earth/soil pwehl   13  
121 sand pihk   13  
158 narrow teh|tik   13  
94 to throw word info kese   14  
118 grass reh   14  
81 sharp keŋ   14, 68  
57 husband pwoud   16  
102 rat kitik 'mouse; < 'rat' + 'little' 16, 66  
127 woods/forest namwel   17  
127 woods/forest wahl   17  
32 tongue lahu   18  
32 tongue loh   18  
46 to see kilaŋ   18  
51 to sit mwohd   18, 101  
47 to yawn maudel mau- segment is cognate 19  
78 to cut, hack word info sepe (into pieces) 19  
36 to spit kendip   19, 55  
15 bone tih   2  
52 to stand uh   2  
67 to sew word info deidei   2  
145 smoke word info adi   2  
175 above powe   2  
93 to pound, beat word info suk   20, 2  
209 One Hundred word info (e)-pwiki   20, 36  
207 Twenty word info rieisek   23  
133 rain keteu   24  
162 old word info mah   25  
157 thick word info mosul   3  
181 where? word info iawasa   3  
193 if ma   3  
204 Eight word info walu-u   3  
204 Eight word info wali-   3  
204 Eight word info wɛli-   3  
204 Eight word info wɛlɛ-   3  
204 Eight word info (ɛ)-wɛl   3  
31 tooth ŋih   30  
99 feather wine   30  
5 to walk alu loan? 34 L
104 fat/grease wih   34  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ese   35  
83 to work word info doadoahk   35  
30 mouth ahu   36  
164 good mwahu   38  
41 to bite ke   38, 73  
122 water word info pihl   4  
210 One Thousand word info -kid   45  
120 stone takai   47  
60 father pahpa   48  
205 Nine word info duwa-   5  
206 Ten word info -ŋowl   5  
3 right palimaun   5, 36  
112 rotten word info mat   50  
115 root kaleu   51  
115 root kalo   51  
90 to dig weir   56  
55 woman/female lih   6  
84 to plant poadok   6  
168 day rahn   6  
129 moon sounpwoŋ month 61  
4 leg/foot neh   63  
24 head moahŋ   64  
24 head mong nge   64  
71 to stab, pierce doakoa   67  
53 person/human being aramas   67, 70  
56 child seri   7  
96 dog kidi   7  
100 wing peh   7  
129 moon maram   7  
146 ash pehs   7  
191 all koaros   73  
10 dirty pwelipwel   74  
138 warm word info karakar   76  
73 to steal pirapa   8  
147 black toantoal   8  
172 to climb word info daur   8  
172 to climb word info dou   8  
152 small pwidikidik   81  
29 to sniff, smell ned   87  
14 belly kapehd   89  
111 fish mwahmw   89  
87 to swell word info mpwosada   9  
142 heavy toutou   9  
150 yellow oaŋoahŋ   9  
189 who? word info ihs   9  
159 wide teh|lap   9, 48  
69 to hunt word info kesik tihe to hunt deer 90  
69 to hunt word info kesik pwihk to hunt pigs 90  
74 to kill kemehla   91  
144 to burn word info isik   93  
39 to cook word info inim   96  

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