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Language: Ponapean

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Rehg & Sohl (1979) 
Notes:  Rehg, K.L. & Sohl, D.G. (1979). Ponapean-English Dictionary. Pali Language Texts. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Ponapeic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lime   1  
2 left palimeiŋ   13  
3 right palimaun   5, 36  
4 leg/foot neh   63  
5 to walk alu loan, cognate in Tongan ?   L
6 road/path ahl   1  
7 to come koh-      
8 to turn word info wikidek   12  
9 to swim pap      
10 dirty pwelipwel   74  
11 dust pwelipar   101  
12 skin kihl   1  
13 back word info tihnsowe back    
14 belly kapehd   89  
15 bone tih   2  
16 intestines kepwe things(stuff)?    
16 intestines pwise manure?; 'faeces' < PCMic *pwuta[ei] - see Bender et al. (2003)    
16 intestines mwasahl intestines 1, 13  
17 liver eh   1  
18 breast dihdi   1  
19 shoulder pwopwe      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ese   35  
21 to think madamadau      
22 to fear masak   1  
23 blood nta   1  
24 head moahŋ   64  
24 head mong nge   64  
25 neck [tepin]were      
26 hair word info pitenmoaŋ      
27 nose tumwe      
28 to breathe esiŋek      
29 to sniff, smell ned   87  
30 mouth ahu   36  
31 tooth ŋih   30  
32 tongue lahu   18  
32 tongue loh   18  
33 to laugh kouruhr      
34 to cry seŋ   1  
35 to vomit mmwus   1  
36 to spit kendip   19, 55  
37 to eat kaŋ   1  
38 to chew word info rukoa      
39 to cook word info inim   96  
40 to drink nim reflex of PMic *nima 'drinkable object, with possessive classifier' 1, 59  
41 to bite ke   38, 73  
41 to bite ŋalis      
42 to suck kuhl      
42 to suck mihk to suck    
43 ear saleŋ   1  
44 to hear roŋ   1  
45 eye pwoaren|mas   1  
46 to see kilaŋ   18  
47 to yawn maudel mau- segment is cognate 19  
48 to sleep meir   1  
49 to lie down word info wohnohn   1  
50 to dream oure|men      
51 to sit mwohd   18, 101  
52 to stand uh   2  
52 to stand kesihnen      
53 person/human being aramas   67, 70  
54 man/male ohl   13  
55 woman/female lih   6  
56 child seri   7  
57 husband pwoud   16  
58 wife pwoud   10  
59 mother ihn   1  
59 mother nohno   1, 83  
60 father sahm   1  
60 father pahpa   48  
61 house ihmw   1, 48  
62 thatch/roof oahs cp loahN 'fly' 1  
63 name ahd   1, 18  
64 to say dene      
64 to say nda      
65 rope sahl   1  
66 to tie up, fasten pire      
66 to tie up, fasten salih      
67 to sew word info dehk      
67 to sew word info deidei   2  
68 needle dikek   11  
69 to hunt word info kesik tihe to hunt deer 90  
69 to hunt word info kesik pwihk to hunt pigs 90  
70 to shoot word info kasikih      
71 to stab, pierce katuk      
71 to stab, pierce doakoa   67  
72 to hit word info keme      
72 to hit word info en lel to hit    
73 to steal pirapa   8  
74 to kill kemehla   91  
75 to die, be dead meh|la   1  
76 to live, be alive mour   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info karipwude   12  
78 to cut, hack word info sepe (into pieces) 19  
79 stick/wood tuh|ke   1  
80 to split word info pwaik pwal is the cognate - JCM 1, 76  
81 sharp keŋ   14, 68  
82 dull, blunt kons      
83 to work word info doadoahk   35  
84 to plant poadok   6  
85 to choose pil   1  
86 to grow word info os      
87 to swell word info mpwosada   9  
88 to squeeze word info iŋidpene      
88 to squeeze word info weŋid      
89 to hold word info kol      
90 to dig weir   56  
91 to buy natihada      
92 to open, uncover ritiŋ (anything hinged)    
93 to pound, beat word info suk   20, 2  
94 to throw word info kese   14  
95 to fall word info lempehdi      
95 to fall word info pwupw      
96 dog kidi   7  
97 bird men|pihr   1  
98 egg damaŋo      
98 egg kutohr      
99 feather wine   30  
100 wing peh   7  
101 to fly pihr      
102 rat kitik 'mouse; < 'rat' + 'little' 16, 66  
103 meat/flesh uduk   10  
104 fat/grease wih   34  
105 tail pwaidai      
105 tail iki   1  
106 snake sinek     L
107 worm (earthworm) kamwetel   10  
108 louse word info likarak      
109 mosquito amwise   1  
110 spider likan [spider sp.]    
111 fish mwahmw   89  
112 rotten word info mat   50  
112 rotten word info mwokuhr      
113 branch word info rah   1  
114 leaf teh   1  
115 root kaleu   51  
115 root kalo   51  
116 flower kapwat      
117 fruit wah   1  
118 grass dihpw      
118 grass reh   14  
119 earth/soil pwehl   13  
120 stone takai   47  
121 sand pihk   13  
122 water word info pihl   4  
123 to flow pwil      
124 sea sehd   1  
124 sea seed   1  
125 salt soahl     L
126 lake leh      
127 woods/forest namwel   17  
127 woods/forest wahl   17  
128 sky lahŋ   1  
129 moon maram   7  
129 moon sounpwoŋ month 61  
130 star usu   1  
131 cloud word info depwek      
132 fog toahkoi      
133 rain keteu   24  
134 thunder nahnsapwe      
135 lightning ipihp      
135 lightning lioal      
136 wind ahŋ   1  
137 to blow word info ipihp      
138 warm word info karakar   76  
139 cold word info kopou   11  
140 dry word info mad   11  
141 wet wisekesek      
142 heavy toutou   9  
143 fire ahi   1  
143 fire kisiniei      
144 to burn word info isik   93  
145 smoke word info adi   2  
146 ash pehs   7  
147 black toantoal   8  
148 white pwetepwet   11  
149 red weitahta      
150 yellow oaŋoahŋ   9  
151 green pohndipw      
152 small pwidikidik   81  
153 big laud      
153 big lap   10  
154 short word info mwotomwot   12  
155 long word info aŋed      
155 long word info reirei      
156 thin word info menipinip   1  
157 thick word info mosul   3  
158 narrow teh|tik   13  
159 wide teh|lap   9, 48  
160 painful, sick medek   1  
161 shy, ashamed mwomwitik      
162 old word info mah   25  
163 new kapw   12  
164 good mwahu   38  
165 bad, evil sakanakan      
165 bad, evil suwed      
166 correct, true pwuŋ   12  
167 night pwohŋ   1  
168 day rahn   6  
169 year [soun]pahr   1, 69  
170 when? word info iahd   1, 24  
171 to hide word info ruk      
172 to climb word info daur   8  
172 to climb word info dou   8  
173 at ni[n]   1  
174 in, inside loale   1  
175 above powe   2  
176 below pah   1  
177 this e[t]   1, 18  
178 that en en (near hearer) 1  
178 that -o -o (far)    
179 near keren irregular *ŋ > n 1, 98  
180 far doh   1  
181 where? word info iawasa   3  
182 I ŋehi   12  
183 thou kow   1  
183 thou kowe   1  
184 he/she ih   1  
185 we word info kiht   1, 42  
186 you kumwail   1  
187 they ihr   1, 70  
188 what? word info dah   1, 52  
189 who? word info ihs   9  
190 other tei      
191 all koaros   73  
192 and oh      
193 if ma   3  
194 how? word info dahduwe      
195 no, not soh      
196 to count wadek   10  
197 One word info ehd   1  
198 Two word info ria-u   1  
199 Three word info siluh   1  
200 Four word info palu   1, 71  
201 Five word info limɛ-ysɛk   1  
201 Five word info lim-mɛn   1  
201 Five word info lima-w   1  
201 Five word info lima-   1  
202 Six word info wɛnɛ-   1  
202 Six word info oun   1  
202 Six word info aun   1  
203 Seven word info isu-u   1  
203 Seven word info isi-   1  
203 Seven word info (e)-is   1  
204 Eight word info walu-u   3  
204 Eight word info wali-   3  
204 Eight word info wɛli-   3  
204 Eight word info wɛlɛ-   3  
204 Eight word info (ɛ)-wɛl   3  
205 Nine word info duwa-   5  
206 Ten word info -ŋowl   5  
207 Twenty word info rieisek   23  
208 Fifty word info limɛ-ŋowl   1  
208 Fifty word info limɛ-ŋowl   1  
209 One Hundred word info (e)-pwiki   20, 36  
210 One Thousand word info -kid   45  

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