https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Minangkabau

Source/Author:  Agusli hana 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Malayic:Malay 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
186 you      
11 dust abu from ash 1  
146 ash abu   1  
26 hair word info abuaʔ   1, 53  
122 water word info aie   2  
59 mother amaʔ   35  
182 I ambo   9  
200 Four word info ampeʔ   1  
202 Six word info anam   1  
56 child anaʔ [=boy] 1  
136 wind angin   1  
96 dog anjiaŋ   27  
60 father apaʔ ultimately < Dravidian 12 L
143 fire api   1  
188 what? word info apo   1  
145 smoke word info asoʔ   49  
62 thatch/roof atok X 1  
62 thatch/roof atoʔ   1  
17 liver atĭ   1  
131 cloud word info awan   1  
183 thou      
50 to dream ba-rasian      
28 to breathe baaŋoʔ aŋoʔ < *həŋap (SA) 37  
69 to hunt word info baburu   23  
49 to lie down word info bagoleʔ   54  
5 to walk bajalan   21  
83 to work word info bakarajo karajo < Sanskrit 23 L
166 correct, true bana   1  
21 to think bapikie loan of 22? 22 L
9 to swim baranaŋ   23  
142 heavy bareʔ   1  
163 new baru   1  
141 wet basah orig. busah: had a typo 1  
120 stone batu   1  
166 correct, true batua   23  
194 how? word info baʔa < baʔ + *aha    
170 when? word info bilo   13  
58 wife bini   5  
130 star bintang   1  
117 fruit buah-buahan   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
82 dull, blunt buntu      
137 to blow word info burambuih   30  
97 bird buruaŋ   17  
112 rotten word info busuaʔ   56  
56 child buyuaŋ [=boy]    
116 flower buŋo   1  
19 shoulder bāu < Sanskrit 17 L
107 worm (earthworm) caciaŋ   23  
197 One word info cieʔ      
103 meat/flesh dagiaŋ   26  
113 branch word info dahan   1  
179 near dakeʔ   28  
192 and dan   18  
126 lake danau   1  
23 blood darah   1  
7 to come dataŋ   14  
114 leaf daun   1  
173 at di   20  
175 above di ateh   1  
176 below di bawah   1  
174 in, inside di dalam   1  
181 where? word info dima      
139 cold word info diŋin   1  
51 to sit duduaʔ   35  
198 Two word info duo   1  
207 Twenty word info duo puluah   3, 6  
164 good eloʔ   68  
153 big gadaŋ   27  
33 to laugh galaʔ   108  
125 salt garam   18 L
31 tooth gigi   17  
104 fat/grease gomoʔ   26  
134 thunder guruah   1  
168 day hari   17  
27 nose iduaŋ   1  
76 to live, be alive iduiʔ   1, 82  
86 to grow word info iduiʔ X SA: (ma-iduyʔ 'to light'; if used at all as 'to grow' it would have a transitive meaning' 13  
151 green ijau   25  
111 fish ikan   1  
177 this iko      
105 tail ikua   1  
195 no, not indaʔ   109  
147 black itam   1  
165 bad, evil jaeʔ   1  
95 to fall word info jatuah   38  
180 far jauah   1  
180 far juuah X (typo) 1  
132 fog kabuiʔ   1  
193 if kalau SA: < Sanskrit jaka + Arabic law 14 L
24 head kapalo Skt kapala 'skull' 45 L
140 dry word info kariaŋ   22  
121 sand kasiaʔ   24  
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
8 to turn word info keloʔ   25  
152 small keteʔ   28  
2 left kida   56  
135 lightning kileʔ   1  
185 we word info kito   1  
177 this ko      
12 skin kulik X (= orthographic) (SA) 1  
12 skin kuliʔ (= phonological) (SA) 1  
10 dirty kumuah   35  
150 yellow kuniaŋ   1  
47 to yawn kuoʔ      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
183 thou kāu   1  
6 road/path labuah      
190 other lain   2  
57 husband laki   28  
54 man/male laki-laki   2  
48 to sleep laloʔ < *ləl(aə)p    
124 sea lauiʔ   6  
110 spider lawah-lawah   1  
159 wide laweh   1?  
128 sky laŋiʔ   1  
32 tongue lidah metathesis 4, 31  
25 neck lihie   1  
201 Five word info limo   1  
208 Fifty word info limo puluah   1, 2  
196 to count maetoŋ   31  
29 to sniff, smell maidu      
123 to flow mailie   56  
42 to suck maisoʔ   1  
37 to eat makan   1  
167 night malam   20  
46 to see malieʔ   23  
36 to spit maliue < liuə 'saliva' (SA) 54  
161 shy, ashamed malu   20  
94 to throw word info mam-bae   119  
89 to hold word info mamaciʔ < paciʔ    
89 to hold word info mamaeiʔ X contains typo: e -> c    
39 to cook word info mamasaʔ   19  
144 to burn word info mambaka   25  
80 to split word info mambalah   1  
91 to buy mambali   1  
87 to swell word info mambaŋka   19  
92 to open, uncover mambuka   1  
74 to kill mambunuah   1  
85 to choose mamilieh   1  
84 to plant mananam   2  
34 to cry manaŋih   1  
73 to steal manciloʔ   18  
102 rat manciʔ   28  
44 to hear mandaŋa   1  
171 to hide word info mandoʔ      
70 to shoot word info manembaʔ   49  
66 to tie up, fasten mangabeʔ      
71 to stab, pierce manikam   31  
67 to sew word info manjaiʔ   2  
72 to hit word info manokoʔ   25  
93 to pound, beat word info manumbuəʔ   9  
88 to squeeze word info maramoh   1  
75 to die, be dead mati   1  
45 eye mato   1  
90 to dig maŋali   1  
78 to cut, hack word info maŋareʔ SA: < *kərat 139  
64 to say maŋeceʔ   26  
77 to scratch word info maŋgauiʔ   44  
41 to bite maŋgigiʔ   21  
38 to chew word info maŋuñah   16  
40 to drink minun   1  
30 mouth muncuaŋ   47  
35 to vomit mutah   1  
172 to climb word info naiaʔ   1  
63 name namo < Sanskrit 12 L
55 woman/female padusi      
138 warm word info paneh   1  
155 long word info panjaŋ SA: typo cleaned up 24  
14 belly paruit ? should be paruyʔ (SA) 32  
154 short word info pendeʔ SA: typo cleaned up 68  
68 needle pinjaiʔ   5  
148 white putiah   1  
13 back word info puŋguaŋ   24  
187 they raŋ tu lit. 'those people' (SA)    
109 mosquito raŋiʔ   21  
127 woods/forest rimbo   37  
61 house rumah   1  
118 grass rumpuiʔ   27  
191 all sadoño (SA) < *se-ada-ña 'all there is, the lot of it'    
160 painful, sick sakiʔ   1  
204 Eight word info salapan   34  
205 Nine word info sambilan   10  
158 narrow sampi   68  
206 Ten word info sapuluah   5  
209 One Hundred word info saratuih   4  
210 One Thousand word info saribu   5  
100 wing sayoʔ   26  
189 who? word info sia < *si-aha 58  
149 red sirah   1, 35  
3 right suoʔ      
18 breast susu   1  
157 thick word info taba   26  
101 to fly tabaŋ   18  
52 to stand tagaʔ   26  
81 sharp tajam   1  
22 to fear takuiʔ SA: takuyʔ 1  
65 rope tali   1  
43 ear taliŋo   1  
98 egg talua   1  
16 intestines tambonsu      
119 earth/soil tanah   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tau   1  
169 year taun   1  
1 hand taŋan   18  
7 to come tibo X = 'to arrive'    
199 Three word info tigo   8  
156 thin word info tipih   1, 44  
178 that tu   16  
203 Seven word info tujuah   4  
15 bone tulang   1  
86 to grow word info tumbuah   1  
162 old word info tuo   1  
4 leg/foot tuŋkai      
133 rain ujan   1  
106 snake ula   2  
53 person/human being uraŋ   20  
115 root ureʔ   1  
183 thou wauŋ      
184 he/she ño   2  

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