https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tuvalu

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima Five; hand-arm 1  
2 left maui Pollex 06: Maui. :Left (not right). 1, 59  
3 right matau Right (not left) 5, 13  
4 leg/foot tapuvae Calf of leg 40  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
5 to walk saale Go, walk (I. Howard 1981) 6  
6 road/path ala/tuu Road, path (Rby) 1  
7 to come      
8 to turn word info ui Pollex 06: Ui. :TaKe a direction, turn, go (all involving choice from several options) (Nks). 15  
9 to swim kakau Swim 5  
10 dirty palapala Mud (Rby) 7  
11 dust pa/efu/ Dust (Rby) 1, 74  
11 dust pa/efu/ Pollex 06: <Pa/efu/. :Dust (Rby). 1, 74  
12 skin      
13 back word info      
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
14 belly koopuu Gullet 2  
14 belly manava Adam's apple 9  
14 belly alo Belly, seat of the emotions, entrails (Bsr) 10  
15 bone ivi Bone; energy; strong (of people) (Rby) 52, 5  
16 intestines gaakau Gut, intestines (Rby) 12  
16 intestines vava (Rby) 11  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
18 breast uu Breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable matau Clever, experienced, right hand [<] 1 L
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa Know; understanding 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kkafi Know well, be familiar with 16  
21 to think manatu Think, have an idea, have an opinion (Rby) 9  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, fear 1  
23 blood toto Blood 4  
24 head ulu Head 1  
25 neck kaakii Throat (Rby) 20  
25 neck Neck (Rby) 18  
26 hair word info fulu/fulu Hair, fur 31  
26 hair word info fulu Feather, hair on arms 31  
26 hair word info lauulu Hair of head (Bsr) 40  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
28 to breathe maanava Breathe (Bsr) 1  
29 to sniff, smell hohoŋi Smell 9  
30 mouth      
31 tooth nifo Tooth 1  
32 tongue alelo Tongue 15  
33 to laugh kata Laugh, laughter (Rby) 7  
34 to cry      
35 to vomit lua Vomit 8  
36 to spit puaki Rinse mouth and spit out 16  
36 to spit anu (v.) 14, 84  
37 to eat kai Food, eat 1, 44  
38 to chew word info lamu Pollex 06: Lamu. :Chew (Rby). 7  
39 to cook word info tunu Pollex 06: Tunu. :Cook (Rby). 9  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
41 to bite      
42 to suck miti Sip, suck up 8  
43 ear taliga Ear 1  
44 to hear      
45 eye mata Face, eye 1  
46 to see      
47 to yawn maavava   19  
47 to yawn maavaava   19  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream miti Dream 36  
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
52 to stand tuu   2  
53 person/human being tagata Man 1, 66  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
55 woman/female -fine Female 1, 41  
56 child tamaliki Child, children 6, 63  
57 husband aavaga Marry, spouse, intended spouse 13  
58 wife ama Wife (jocular) 2  
59 mother maatua Pollex 06: Maatua. :Mother, parents (Nks). 4  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
61 house hale House 14  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
63 name igoa Name 6  
64 to say      
65 rope maea Rope of foreign manufacture (Rby) 10  
66 to tie up, fasten fa/fau Lash 11  
66 to tie up, fasten lii/lii Bind, gird 14  
66 to tie up, fasten noa To bind, tie 15  
67 to sew word info tui Thread on a string (as fish) (Rby) 13  
68 needle paki/au/ Tattooing pen 1  
69 to hunt word info tu/tuli Pollex 06: Tu/tuli/. :Hunt; be sent away by someone who dislikes you. 8  
70 to shoot word info fana Shoot with a gun (Rby) 1  
71 to stab, pierce ho/hoka/ Insert an instrument 67  
71 to stab, pierce huki Pierce (Rby) 1, 8  
72 to hit word info paa Beat (e.g. a drum) 13?  
72 to hit word info patu Kick 7  
72 to hit word info taa Beat, chop 10  
72 to hit word info tuki Strike, pound 8  
73 to steal kaiaa Steal 7  
73 to steal k/kamo/ Stalk, steal (I.Howard 1981 6  
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead mate Die, dead. death; funeral wake (Rby) 1  
76 to live, be alive ola Alive, healthy, recover from illness 6  
77 to scratch word info alati Scratch, as when itchy (Rby) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info ihi Split cut, clip (Bsr) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info motu To cut, break (of string), be separated 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info he/hele/ Cut off a piece 16  
78 to cut, hack word info talai Hew, carve 1?  
79 stick/wood aakau Tree, stick, plant, penis 1  
80 to split word info ma/faa Broken (of a vessel); split (Rby) 5, 72  
81 sharp kai Sharp (Rby) 14  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info haga Work, attend to one's task (Rby) 10  
84 to plant      
85 to choose fili Select, choose 1  
86 to grow word info homo come into leaf, sprout (of coconut from husk.(Rby) 7  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow; shoot (of plant) (Rby) 1  
87 to swell word info fete Swollen, to swell (Rby) 5  
87 to swell word info fe/fete/ To swell (Rby) 5  
87 to swell word info fu/fula To swell, swollen 7  
88 to squeeze word info lomi Press upon, massage 10  
88 to squeeze word info tau Wring, squeeze (Rby) 13  
88 to squeeze word info kukumi Squeeze, strangle (Rby) 14  
89 to hold word info puke Hold, catch, restrain 13  
89 to hold word info tago Grasp, hold, touch 14  
90 to dig keli Dig 1  
90 to dig kenu Dig 6  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover ta/tala Pollex 06: Ta/tala/. :Open. 10  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Strike, pound 20, 2  
94 to throw word info tupe Pollex 06: Tupe. :Throw. 66  
94 to throw word info pei Pollex 06: Pei. :Break coconut, head, canoe, cup (Rby); cast, toss, throw (Bsr). 12  
95 to fall word info higa To topple (Rby) 44  
95 to fall word info too Fall, drop, sink (of the sun) 14  
96 dog kulii Dog 7  
97 bird manu lele Bird 1  
98 egg fua Pollex 06: Fua. :Fruit, egg, testicle, bear fruit 5  
99 feather fulu Pollex -6: Fulu. :Feather, hair on arms. 1  
100 wing kapakau Wing, arm, lateral fin 1, 59  
101 to fly eva Fly, jump, hop (Rby) 12  
101 to fly kopa Flap wing    
102 rat kimoa Pollex 06: Kimoa. :Rat (Nks). 14  
103 meat/flesh kanofi Flesh, of fruit, animal, man (Rby) 14  
104 fat/grease hinu Oil, grease 12  
105 tail velo Tail (not of fish) (Rby) 10  
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu Pollex 06: Kelemutu. :Earthworm. 9  
108 louse word info kutu Louse 1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
110 spider pogaaleveleve Spider (Rby) 1, 57  
110 spider pogaa/leveleve/ Spider (Rby) 1, 57  
111 fish ika Fish n 1  
112 rotten word info popo Rotten (of tree, house, canoe, fruit etc.) (Rby) 14  
113 branch word info laalaa Small branch (Bsn) 1, 33  
113 branch word info aakau Tree, stick, plant, penis 1, 4  
114 leaf      
115 root aka Root 2  
116 flower      
117 fruit fua Fruit, egg, testicle, bear fruit 1  
118 grass mauku Term for about fifteen kinds of grass (Rby) 58  
119 earth/soil kele Soil 10  
120 stone fatu Stone (Rby) 1  
121 sand fuu (Rby) 3? L?
122 water word info vai Water 2  
123 to flow      
124 sea moana Ocean 10  
124 sea vaha Ocean 12 L?
125 salt miti Sauce of salt-water, coconut cream and onions (Bsr) 7  
126 lake namo Lagoon 7  
127 woods/forest ulu Grove of trees (Rby) 15  
127 woods/forest vao Forest (Rby) 14  
128 sky lagi Sky 1  
129 moon masina Moon (Fny) 37, 5  
130 star fetuu Star, shine (of stars) (Rby) 1  
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
133 rain ua Rain 1  
134 thunder fatitili Thunder (Rby) 14  
134 thunder mana   37  
135 lightning lapa Lightning flash@d 9  
136 wind matagi Wind; blow (of wind) (Rby) 1, 66  
137 to blow word info agi Blow (of wind) (Rby) 8  
137 to blow word info puhi Blow with mouth 6  
138 warm word info ma/fana Warm; rebake 1, 72  
139 cold word info makalili Cold 1, 52  
139 cold word info moko/tia Chilly, freezing (Bsr) 10  
140 dry word info maloo Dry (of body) (Rby) 13  
141 wet hihiu (Rby) 11  
141 wet si(s)iu (Bsr) 11  
142 heavy mamafa Heavy 46, 67  
143 fire afi Fire 1  
144 to burn word info tuugina Be set alight, burnt (Rby) 1, 7  
144 to burn word info tutu Set alight (Rby) 1, 6  
145 smoke word info au To smoke 2  
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white tea White 8  
149 red kula Red 13  
149 red mea/mea/ Red, as sunburnt skin (Bsr) 1  
149 red mmelo Reddish (Bsr) 1, 16  
150 yellow fe/felo Yellow; pale complexioned (Rby) 11  
150 yellow hega/hega Yellow (Rby) 12  
151 green moto Green, unripe (Bsr) 1, 10  
152 small liki Small (of person or chicken) (Rby) 66  
152 small pukupuku Short and fat (of people) 12  
153 big fuaefa Large (Rby) 13  
153 big lahi Big 12  
153 big nui Full (of belly) 11  
153 big lau/efa/ Wide (Rby) 13  
154 short word info pukupuku Short and fat (of people) 3  
155 long word info loa Long, tall, high 12  
156 thin word info manifi Thin 1  
156 thin word info pakapaka Emaciated 6  
157 thick word info maatolu Thick; third night of the moon (Rby) 3  
158 narrow lau/liki Pollex 06: Lau/liki. :Narrow (Johnson). 84  
159 wide lafalafa Width, side, go sideways (Bsr) 48  
160 painful, sick usu Hurt, ache (NTO) (FFI) (Nks) 13  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain 10  
160 painful, sick mahaki Sick, sick person, illness 1  
161 shy, ashamed maa Feel ashamed (Rby); embarrassed (Fny) 1  
161 shy, ashamed mamaa Feel ashamed (Plural) (Rby) 1  
162 old word info matua Pollex 06: Matua. :Old (of people). 1  
163 new foou New 1  
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true tonu Right, correct; straight 8  
167 night poo Night, day (as time unit) 1  
167 night poouli Night, dark [<] B 1, 10 L
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
168 day aho Day (24 hour period) 1, 54  
169 year tau/naga Year 1  
170 when? word info aafea When? (in the future) (Rby) 5  
171 to hide word info mmuni Hide (Fny). Hide an object 1, 67  
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above mau/aluŋa/ Above 9  
176 below lalo Under, below; the bottom (Rby) 8  
177 this      
178 that      
179 near pili Pollex 06: Pili. :Near (Rby). 30  
180 far mama'o Distant, far off 13  
181 where? word info fea Where? 3, 35  
182 I au I, me (Nks) 1, 21  
182 I kau (Ply 1970) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular possessive (Rby)0 x  
183 thou ke Thou (preverbal subject pronoun) (Rby) 5  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
183 thou koe You (Sing.) 1  
184 he/she ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
185 we word info maa First person dual exclusive subject and possessive preposed pronoun (Rby) 2  
185 we word info t/tou/ We, our (inclusive) plural preverbal and posessive form) (Rby) 39  
186 you ke Thou (preverbal subject pronoun) (Rby) 1  
186 you koulua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
186 you koutou Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) 16  
187 they      
188 what? word info aa What? 1  
189 who? word info ai Who? 1  
190 other      
191 all katoa All, the full complement (Rby) 13  
192 and maa And (with numerals) 2  
192 and mo And, with (Fny) 9  
193 if me/ehe mea If [<] 5 L
194 how? word info feefea How? how so? (Nks) 11  
194 how? word info peehea How? (Nce) 11  
194 how? word info peefea How? (Sce) 11  
194 how? word info peehee How? (Nukulaelae) (Bsr) 11  
195 no, not hee Negative; to be not the case (Rby) 13  
196 to count lau Count, recite 8, 62  
196 to count lau To count 8, 62  
196 to count tau Count, read (Rby) 8  
197 One word info tahi One 14, 48  
198 Two word info      
199 Three word info tolu Three 1  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
201 Five word info lima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info rau One hundred bonito or nuts (Rby), a hundred of anything (Fny).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand, Thousand (Rby).(Source: Pollex) 3  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, Thousand (Rby).(Source: Pollex) 2  

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