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Language: Jawe

Source/Author:  F. OZANNE-RIVIERRE & A-G.HAUDRICOURT 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.
- If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
- If more than one word in Jawe, has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
- As the authors provide sometimes the lexical item form within and out of a possessive construction (note that there is two types of possession in this language : alienable and unalienable), we have decided to retain the corresponding forms provided for unalienable possession, althought the possessive personal pronoun itself has not been retained. Only the word with a dash (for instance 'cii-', 'his/her skin') has been entered along with the world out of possessive contructions, when showed by the authors
Some worlds have different forms depending on the geographical location. Those locations to which are related those different forms are put in parenthesis ('Y' is for the Yambe location, and 'W' for the Wevia location) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ᵐbwan-      
191 all      
192 and ma:      
146 ash ⁿdap   1  
173 at le      
13 back word info ⁿɟai-      
165 bad, evil khẽnuk (Y)    
165 bad, evil knenuk (W)    
14 belly ⁿɟic The word when out of a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟie- The word when in a possessive construction    
176 below kare-      
153 big hac      
97 bird manik      
147 black phom      
23 blood kura The word when out of a possessive construction    
23 blood kura:- The word when in a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu The word when out of a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu:- The word when in a possessive construction    
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k      
18 breast thi   1  
56 child hʝaok      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
139 cold word info cauk (Y)    
139 cold word info hwaⁿɟo (W)    
166 correct, true ⁿɟueⁿɟuk      
168 day mala      
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
96 dog cawek      
140 dry word info      
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc (W)    
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿdilic (Y)    
43 ear ⁿɟe:na The word when out of a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:ne- The word when in a possessive construction    
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
98 egg phi The word when out of a possessive construction    
98 egg phi:- The word when in a possessive construction    
98 egg phiʝe The word when in a construction similar to 'the egg of-'    
204 Eight word info ni-ҫe:n      
45 eye thivae-      
180 far ho:t      
104 fat/grease ⁿgere:c      
60 father cãu- (Y)    
60 father cnau- (W)    
99 feather puni- The word when out of a possessive construction    
99 feather pun-manik The word when in a possessive construction    
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire ʝa:k      
143 fire ʝa:-      
111 fish nuk      
201 Five word info nim      
116 flower mu:-      
132 fog kathek (Y)    
132 fog karek (W)    
200 Four word info phoec      
117 fruit pwe-      
164 good kop      
118 grass      
151 green phũɲ (Y)    
151 green pmuɲ (W)    
26 hair word info pun-ᵐbwa      
1 hand hi      
184 he/she ɣe      
24 head ᵐbwa-      
142 heavy pwaluk      
61 house ŋa      
61 house ŋe-      
194 how? word info ҫueve      
57 husband kalo:-      
182 I mo      
193 if phwãne (Y)    
193 if pmwane (W)    
174 in, inside re-      
16 intestines ho:ŋa The word when out of a possessive construction    
16 intestines ho:ŋe- The word when in a possessive construction    
126 lake ⁿdan      
114 leaf ⁿdo      
114 leaf ⁿdo:-      
2 left mo      
2 left mo:-      
4 leg/foot he-      
135 lightning hɲonim      
17 liver kec The word when out of a possessive construction    
17 liver kei- The word when in a possessive construction    
155 long word info hwalic      
108 louse word info ci:k b.    
54 man/male -kaʝuk      
54 man/male -ɣaʝuk      
103 meat/flesh hmai-      
103 meat/flesh hmave-      
129 moon hwanuk      
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
59 mother cẽ- (Y)    
59 mother cne- (W)    
30 mouth hwa-      
63 name ʝat      
63 name ʝale-      
158 narrow uᵐbec      
179 near le phile-      
25 neck no:-      
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
163 new kaʝa Those lexical items are used for humans; for new objects, those items are combined with 'gaa', illustrated as followed : 'ga: kaʝa'    
167 night ⁿgen      
205 Nine word info ni-phoec      
195 no, not heve Negative polarity sentence marker    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no'    
27 nose hwãⁿdi-      
162 old word info vai      
197 One word info ҫi:c (Y)    
197 One word info ҫe:c (W)    
209 One Hundred word info nim kac      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick phali:c      
53 person/human being kac      
133 rain kut      
102 rat ci:ᵐbwi      
149 red mia      
3 right ⁿɟue-hi-      
6 road/path hwa:ran      
115 root wa:-      
65 rope wẽk Means 'rope', or 'liana'    
112 rotten word info hɲat   118  
125 salt kon (Y)    
125 salt ⁿɟalik (W)    
121 sand kon      
124 sea ⁿdalik      
203 Seven word info ni-ҫeluk      
81 sharp cec      
154 short word info khũᵐbut a. (Y)    
154 short word info hu:m a. (W)    
154 short word info terep b.    
19 shoulder pue-hi-      
161 shy, ashamed ka-hũn shy    
161 shy, ashamed maʝic ashamed    
202 Six word info ni-ҫi:c (Y)    
202 Six word info ni ҫe:c (W)    
12 skin ci:-      
128 sky poa      
152 small pwen-mwaɲ      
145 smoke word info hmu      
145 smoke word info hmu:-      
106 snake      
110 spider na:k (W)    
110 spider ka-tha-thuara:k (Y)    
130 star piuk      
79 stick/wood ʝek      
79 stick/wood ʝeɣe-      
120 stone paik      
105 tail thiŋe-      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu      
178 that -ŋa Used for far away from the speaker participants    
62 thatch/roof ᵐbwan-ŋa      
187 they ⁿdele      
157 thick word info huⁿɟu      
156 thin word info terep      
177 this -ⁿda      
183 thou ⁿɟo      
199 Three word info ҫe:n      
134 thunder niuk      
41 to bite hwi: Means 'to bite in order to eat meat'    
137 to blow word info thai a.    
137 to blow word info üi b.    
28 to breathe po-hʝeen hɲana      
144 to burn word info teɣec      
91 to buy uvi      
38 to chew word info hwei b. Means ' to chew some bark or magnania'    
85 to choose hɲamwi      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come he-me Means 'to come toward the speaker'    
39 to cook word info pwe-ilek      
196 to count phine:      
34 to cry hʝe      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ᵐbuna      
75 to die, be dead mac      
90 to dig hʝai 'To dig, to havest (yam)'    
50 to dream      
40 to drink khũⁿduk 'to drink water'    
40 to drink khũⁿdi (Y) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink knuⁿduk 'to drink water'    
40 to drink knuⁿdi (W) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink phelo 'to drink a tea'    
40 to drink pheloi 'to drink a tisane'    
37 to eat hu:      
95 to fall word info kholok Means 'to fall by it self'    
95 to fall word info tawa 'Means 'to fall (for instance, a coconut)'    
95 to fall word info tiluk (Y)    
95 to fall word info pwaot Means 'to fall' without any other specification    
22 to fear harat      
123 to flow hʝe      
101 to fly tan      
86 to grow word info te:p Used for plants    
86 to grow word info cim Means 'to grow', 'to spread' for the branches or parts of a plant    
44 to hear tena      
171 to hide word info ta-kuluk      
171 to hide word info ta-õ:ᵐba (Y)    
171 to hide word info ta-thiɲam (W)    
72 to hit word info ka:i 'To hit/strike/kill' without any further specification    
89 to hold word info cimwi      
69 to hunt word info vap      
69 to hunt word info vai      
74 to kill ka:i      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina      
33 to laugh ŋa:n      
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
76 to live, be alive maric      
92 to open, uncover tavi      
84 to plant tei      
93 to pound, beat word info te:-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the hands (coffee beans for instance)'    
93 to pound, beat word info co-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the feet'    
64 to say pe:i      
77 to scratch word info ʝaɣi      
46 to see noⁿɟa (Y)    
46 to see ã:ni (W)    
46 to see noⁿɟa (W)    
67 to sew word info thiⁿgic      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit taⁿgo      
48 to sleep khẽiɣa (Y)    
48 to sleep kneule:ŋ (W)    
29 to sniff, smell ⁿgoni      
36 to spit ҫuma      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile:      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand cu:t      
73 to steal ⁿgune:      
42 to suck huli Means 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
9 to swim hʝo:m 'to swim with the head above the water surface'    
9 to swim nem 'to swim with the head under the water surface'    
21 to think nemi      
21 to think nenemi      
94 to throw word info thai      
66 to tie up, fasten tha:      
8 to turn word info thewe:      
35 to vomit ũⁿɟa      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info po-poɣa      
47 to yawn oahem      
32 tongue kuvema-      
31 tooth paʝoa-      
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (Y)    
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (W)    
198 Two word info ҫeluk      
138 warm word info hinu      
122 water word info we      
185 we word info ⁿdeʝe incl.    
185 we word info ⁿdeve excl.    
141 wet ᵐbela (Y)    
141 wet moⁿguk (W)    
188 what? word info ⁿda      
170 when? word info thẽ:n (Y)    
170 when? word info tne:n (W)    
181 where? word info pe Used either with movement or without movement    
148 white pulo      
189 who? word info weⁿde      
159 wide kalava      
58 wife ŋane-      
136 wind ⁿda:n      
100 wing hi- manik      
55 woman/female hnemo      
127 woods/forest kuc      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe      
169 year ⁿɟak      
150 yellow kari      
186 you ⁿɟa:      

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