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Language: Jawe

Source/Author:  F. OZANNE-RIVIERRE & A-G.HAUDRICOURT 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.
- If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
- If more than one word in Jawe, has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
- As the authors provide sometimes the lexical item form within and out of a possessive construction (note that there is two types of possession in this language : alienable and unalienable), we have decided to retain the corresponding forms provided for unalienable possession, althought the possessive personal pronoun itself has not been retained. Only the word with a dash (for instance 'cii-', 'his/her skin') has been entered along with the world out of possessive contructions, when showed by the authors
Some worlds have different forms depending on the geographical location. Those locations to which are related those different forms are put in parenthesis ('Y' is for the Yambe location, and 'W' for the Wevia location) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Showing all of 31 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
50 to dream      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
80 to split word info      
106 snake      
118 grass      
140 dry word info      
172 to climb word info      
190 other      
191 all      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
177 this -ⁿda      
54 man/male -kaʝuk      
178 that -ŋa Used for far away from the speaker participants    
54 man/male -ɣaʝuk      
46 to see ã:ni (W)    
139 cold word info cauk (Y)    
96 dog cawek      
60 father cãu- (Y)    
81 sharp cec      
59 mother cẽ- (Y)    
12 skin ci:-      
108 louse word info ci:k b.    
102 rat ci:ᵐbwi      
86 to grow word info cim Means 'to grow', 'to spread' for the branches or parts of a plant    
89 to hold word info cimwi      
60 father cnau- (W)    
59 mother cne- (W)    
93 to pound, beat word info co-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the feet'    
52 to stand cu:t      
153 big hac      
22 to fear harat      
4 leg/foot he-      
7 to come he-me Means 'to come toward the speaker'    
195 no, not heve Negative polarity sentence marker    
1 hand hi      
100 wing hi- manik      
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina      
138 warm word info hinu      
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
103 meat/flesh hmai-      
103 meat/flesh hmave-      
145 smoke word info hmu      
145 smoke word info hmu:-      
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿdilic (Y)    
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc (W)    
55 woman/female hnemo      
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
180 far ho:t      
16 intestines ho:ŋa The word when out of a possessive construction    
16 intestines ho:ŋe- The word when in a possessive construction    
37 to eat hu:      
154 short word info hu:m a. (W)    
42 to suck huli Means 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
157 thick word info huⁿɟu      
30 mouth hwa-      
6 road/path hwa:ran      
155 long word info hwalic      
129 moon hwanuk      
27 nose hwãⁿdi-      
139 cold word info hwaⁿɟo (W)    
38 to chew word info hwei b. Means ' to chew some bark or magnania'    
41 to bite hwi: Means 'to bite in order to eat meat'    
85 to choose hɲamwi      
112 rotten word info hɲat   118  
135 lightning hɲonim      
90 to dig hʝai 'To dig, to havest (yam)'    
56 child hʝaok      
34 to cry hʝe      
123 to flow hʝe      
9 to swim hʝo:m 'to swim with the head above the water surface'    
161 shy, ashamed ka-hũn shy    
110 spider ka-tha-thuara:k (Y)    
72 to hit word info ka:i 'To hit/strike/kill' without any further specification    
74 to kill ka:i      
53 person/human being kac      
159 wide kalava      
57 husband kalo:-      
176 below kare-      
132 fog karek (W)    
150 yellow kari      
132 fog kathek (Y)    
163 new kaʝa Those lexical items are used for humans; for new objects, those items are combined with 'gaa', illustrated as followed : 'ga: kaʝa'    
17 liver kec The word when out of a possessive construction    
17 liver kei- The word when in a possessive construction    
48 to sleep khẽiɣa (Y)    
165 bad, evil khẽnuk (Y)    
95 to fall word info kholok Means 'to fall by it self'    
154 short word info khũᵐbut a. (Y)    
40 to drink khũⁿdi (Y) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink khũⁿduk 'to drink water'    
165 bad, evil knenuk (W)    
48 to sleep kneule:ŋ (W)    
40 to drink knuⁿdi (W) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink knuⁿduk 'to drink water'    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no'    
121 sand kon      
125 salt kon (Y)    
164 good kop      
127 woods/forest kuc      
23 blood kura The word when out of a possessive construction    
23 blood kura:- The word when in a possessive construction    
133 rain kut      
32 tongue kuvema-      
173 at le      
179 near le phile-      
192 and ma:      
75 to die, be dead mac      
168 day mala      
97 bird manik      
76 to live, be alive maric      
161 shy, ashamed maʝic ashamed    
149 red mia      
2 left mo      
182 I mo      
2 left mo:-      
141 wet moⁿguk (W)    
116 flower mu:-      
110 spider na:k (W)    
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
9 to swim nem 'to swim with the head under the water surface'    
21 to think nemi      
21 to think nenemi      
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
202 Six word info ni ҫe:c (W)    
205 Nine word info ni-phoec      
204 Eight word info ni-ҫe:n      
203 Seven word info ni-ҫeluk      
202 Six word info ni-ҫi:c (Y)    
201 Five word info nim      
209 One Hundred word info nim kac      
134 thunder niuk      
25 neck no:-      
46 to see noⁿɟa (Y)    
46 to see noⁿɟa (W)    
111 fish nuk      
47 to yawn oahem      
120 stone paik      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu      
31 tooth paʝoa-      
181 where? word info pe Used either with movement or without movement    
64 to say pe:i      
160 painful, sick phali:c      
40 to drink phelo 'to drink a tea'    
40 to drink pheloi 'to drink a tisane'    
98 egg phi The word when out of a possessive construction    
98 egg phi:- The word when in a possessive construction    
196 to count phine:      
98 egg phiʝe The word when in a construction similar to 'the egg of-'    
200 Four word info phoec      
147 black phom      
151 green phũɲ (Y)    
193 if phwãne (Y)    
130 star piuk      
151 green pmuɲ (W)    
193 if pmwane (W)    
28 to breathe po-hʝeen hɲana      
83 to work word info po-poɣa      
128 sky poa      
19 shoulder pue-hi-      
148 white pulo      
99 feather pun-manik The word when in a possessive construction    
26 hair word info pun-ᵐbwa      
99 feather puni- The word when out of a possessive construction    
142 heavy pwaluk      
95 to fall word info pwaot Means 'to fall' without any other specification    
117 fruit pwe-      
39 to cook word info pwe-ilek      
152 small pwen-mwaɲ      
174 in, inside re-      
171 to hide word info ta-kuluk      
171 to hide word info ta-õ:ᵐba (Y)    
171 to hide word info ta-thiɲam (W)    
101 to fly tan      
92 to open, uncover tavi      
95 to fall word info tawa 'Means 'to fall (for instance, a coconut)'    
51 to sit taⁿgo      
93 to pound, beat word info te:-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the hands (coffee beans for instance)'    
86 to grow word info te:p Used for plants    
84 to plant tei      
44 to hear tena      
154 short word info terep b.    
156 thin word info terep      
144 to burn word info teɣec      
66 to tie up, fasten tha:      
94 to throw word info thai      
137 to blow word info thai a.    
78 to cut, hack word info the-ᵐbuna      
8 to turn word info thewe:      
170 when? word info thẽ:n (Y)    
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile:      
18 breast thi   1  
45 eye thivae-      
105 tail thiŋe-      
67 to sew word info thiⁿgic      
95 to fall word info tiluk (Y)    
170 when? word info tne:n (W)    
91 to buy uvi      
35 to vomit ũⁿɟa      
158 narrow uᵐbec      
69 to hunt word info vai      
162 old word info vai      
69 to hunt word info vap      
115 root wa:-      
122 water word info we      
65 rope wẽk Means 'rope', or 'liana'    
189 who? word info weⁿde      
137 to blow word info üi b.    
61 house ŋa      
33 to laugh ŋa:n      
58 wife ŋane-      
61 house ŋe-      
184 he/she ɣe      
143 fire ʝa:-      
143 fire ʝa:k      
63 name ʝale-      
63 name ʝat      
77 to scratch word info ʝaɣi      
79 stick/wood ʝek      
79 stick/wood ʝeɣe-      
197 One word info ҫe:c (W)    
199 Three word info ҫe:n      
198 Two word info ҫeluk      
197 One word info ҫi:c (Y)    
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (Y)    
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (W)    
194 how? word info ҫueve      
36 to spit ҫuma      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe      
141 wet ᵐbela (Y)    
24 head ᵐbwa-      
175 above ᵐbwan-      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbwan-ŋa      
188 what? word info ⁿda      
136 wind ⁿda:n      
124 sea ⁿdalik      
126 lake ⁿdan      
146 ash ⁿdap   1  
187 they ⁿdele      
185 we word info ⁿdeve excl.    
185 we word info ⁿdeʝe incl.    
114 leaf ⁿdo      
114 leaf ⁿdo:-      
15 bone ⁿdu The word when out of a possessive construction    
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
15 bone ⁿdu:- The word when in a possessive construction    
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
167 night ⁿgen      
104 fat/grease ⁿgere:c      
29 to sniff, smell ⁿgoni      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
73 to steal ⁿgune:      
186 you ⁿɟa:      
13 back word info ⁿɟai-      
169 year ⁿɟak      
125 salt ⁿɟalik (W)    
43 ear ⁿɟe:na The word when out of a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:ne- The word when in a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟic The word when out of a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟie- The word when in a possessive construction    
183 thou ⁿɟo      
3 right ⁿɟue-hi-      
166 correct, true ⁿɟueⁿɟuk      

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