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Language: Jawe

Source/Author:  F. OZANNE-RIVIERRE & A-G.HAUDRICOURT 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.
- If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
- If more than one word in Jawe, has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
- As the authors provide sometimes the lexical item form within and out of a possessive construction (note that there is two types of possession in this language : alienable and unalienable), we have decided to retain the corresponding forms provided for unalienable possession, althought the possessive personal pronoun itself has not been retained. Only the word with a dash (for instance 'cii-', 'his/her skin') has been entered along with the world out of possessive contructions, when showed by the authors
Some worlds have different forms depending on the geographical location. Those locations to which are related those different forms are put in parenthesis ('Y' is for the Yambe location, and 'W' for the Wevia location) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand hi      
2 left mo      
2 left mo:-      
3 right ⁿɟue-hi-      
4 leg/foot he-      
5 to walk      
6 road/path hwa:ran      
7 to come he-me Means 'to come toward the speaker'    
8 to turn word info thewe:      
9 to swim hʝo:m 'to swim with the head above the water surface'    
9 to swim nem 'to swim with the head under the water surface'    
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc (W)    
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿdilic (Y)    
12 skin ci:-      
13 back word info ⁿɟai-      
14 belly ⁿɟic The word when out of a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟie- The word when in a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu The word when out of a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu:- The word when in a possessive construction    
16 intestines ho:ŋa The word when out of a possessive construction    
16 intestines ho:ŋe- The word when in a possessive construction    
17 liver kec The word when out of a possessive construction    
17 liver kei- The word when in a possessive construction    
18 breast thi      
19 shoulder pue-hi-      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina      
21 to think nemi      
21 to think nenemi      
22 to fear harat      
23 blood kura The word when out of a possessive construction    
23 blood kura:- The word when in a possessive construction    
24 head ᵐbwa-      
25 neck no:-      
26 hair word info pun-ᵐbwa      
27 nose hwãⁿdi-      
28 to breathe po-hʝeen hɲana      
29 to sniff, smell ⁿgoni      
30 mouth hwa-      
31 tooth paʝoa-      
32 tongue kuvema-      
33 to laugh ŋa:n      
34 to cry hʝe      
35 to vomit ũⁿɟa      
36 to spit ҫuma      
37 to eat hu:      
38 to chew word info hwei b. Means ' to chew some bark or magnania'    
39 to cook word info pwe-ilek      
40 to drink khũⁿduk 'to drink water'    
40 to drink khũⁿdi (Y) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink knuⁿduk 'to drink water'    
40 to drink knuⁿdi (W) 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink phelo 'to drink a tea'    
40 to drink pheloi 'to drink a tisane'    
41 to bite hwi: Means 'to bite in order to eat meat'    
42 to suck huli Means 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
43 ear ⁿɟe:na The word when out of a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:ne- The word when in a possessive construction    
44 to hear tena      
45 eye thivae-      
46 to see noⁿɟa (Y)    
46 to see ã:ni (W)    
46 to see noⁿɟa (W)    
47 to yawn oahem      
48 to sleep khẽiɣa (Y)    
48 to sleep kneule:ŋ (W)    
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
50 to dream      
51 to sit taⁿgo      
52 to stand cu:t      
53 person/human being kac      
54 man/male -kaʝuk      
54 man/male -ɣaʝuk      
55 woman/female hnemo      
56 child hʝaok      
57 husband kalo:-      
58 wife ŋane-      
59 mother cẽ- (Y)    
59 mother cne- (W)    
60 father cãu- (Y)    
60 father cnau- (W)    
61 house ŋa      
61 house ŋe-      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbwan-ŋa      
63 name ʝat      
63 name ʝale-      
64 to say pe:i      
65 rope wẽk Means 'rope', or 'liana'    
66 to tie up, fasten tha:      
67 to sew word info thiⁿgic      
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
69 to hunt word info vap      
69 to hunt word info vai      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info ka:i 'To hit/strike/kill' without any further specification    
73 to steal ⁿgune:      
74 to kill ka:i      
75 to die, be dead mac      
76 to live, be alive maric      
77 to scratch word info ʝaɣi      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ᵐbuna      
79 stick/wood ʝek      
79 stick/wood ʝeɣe-      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp cec      
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
83 to work word info po-poɣa      
84 to plant tei      
85 to choose hɲamwi      
86 to grow word info te:p Used for plants    
86 to grow word info cim Means 'to grow', 'to spread' for the branches or parts of a plant    
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile:      
89 to hold word info cimwi      
90 to dig hʝai 'To dig, to havest (yam)'    
91 to buy uvi      
92 to open, uncover tavi      
93 to pound, beat word info te:-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the hands (coffee beans for instance)'    
93 to pound, beat word info co-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the feet'    
94 to throw word info thai      
95 to fall word info kholok Means 'to fall by it self'    
95 to fall word info tawa 'Means 'to fall (for instance, a coconut)'    
95 to fall word info tiluk (Y)    
95 to fall word info pwaot Means 'to fall' without any other specification    
96 dog cawek      
97 bird manik      
98 egg phi The word when out of a possessive construction    
98 egg phi:- The word when in a possessive construction    
98 egg phiʝe The word when in a construction similar to 'the egg of-'    
99 feather puni- The word when out of a possessive construction    
99 feather pun-manik The word when in a possessive construction    
100 wing hi- manik      
101 to fly tan      
102 rat ci:ᵐbwi      
103 meat/flesh hmai-      
103 meat/flesh hmave-      
104 fat/grease ⁿgere:c      
105 tail thiŋe-      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe      
108 louse word info ci:k b.    
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
110 spider na:k (W)    
110 spider ka-tha-thuara:k (Y)    
111 fish nuk      
112 rotten word info hɲat      
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k      
114 leaf ⁿdo      
114 leaf ⁿdo:-      
115 root wa:-      
116 flower mu:-      
117 fruit pwe-      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
120 stone paik      
121 sand kon      
122 water word info we      
123 to flow hʝe      
124 sea ⁿdalik      
125 salt kon (Y)    
125 salt ⁿɟalik (W)    
126 lake ⁿdan      
127 woods/forest kuc      
128 sky poa      
129 moon hwanuk      
130 star piuk      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
132 fog kathek (Y)    
132 fog karek (W)    
133 rain kut      
134 thunder niuk      
135 lightning hɲonim      
136 wind ⁿda:n      
137 to blow word info thai a.    
137 to blow word info üi b.    
138 warm word info hinu      
139 cold word info cauk (Y)    
139 cold word info hwaⁿɟo (W)    
140 dry word info      
141 wet ᵐbela (Y)    
141 wet moⁿguk (W)    
142 heavy pwaluk      
143 fire ʝa:k      
143 fire ʝa:-      
144 to burn word info teɣec      
145 smoke word info hmu      
145 smoke word info hmu:-      
146 ash ⁿdap      
147 black phom      
148 white pulo      
149 red mia      
150 yellow kari      
151 green phũɲ (Y)    
151 green pmuɲ (W)    
152 small pwen-mwaɲ      
153 big hac      
154 short word info khũᵐbut a. (Y)    
154 short word info hu:m a. (W)    
154 short word info terep b.    
155 long word info hwalic      
156 thin word info terep      
157 thick word info huⁿɟu      
158 narrow uᵐbec      
159 wide kalava      
160 painful, sick phali:c      
161 shy, ashamed ka-hũn shy    
161 shy, ashamed maʝic ashamed    
162 old word info vai      
163 new kaʝa Those lexical items are used for humans; for new objects, those items are combined with 'gaa', illustrated as followed : 'ga: kaʝa'    
164 good kop      
165 bad, evil khẽnuk (Y)    
165 bad, evil knenuk (W)    
166 correct, true ⁿɟueⁿɟuk      
167 night ⁿgen      
168 day mala      
169 year ⁿɟak      
170 when? word info thẽ:n (Y)    
170 when? word info tne:n (W)    
171 to hide word info ta-kuluk      
171 to hide word info ta-õ:ᵐba (Y)    
171 to hide word info ta-thiɲam (W)    
172 to climb word info      
173 at le      
174 in, inside re-      
175 above ᵐbwan-      
176 below kare-      
177 this -ⁿda      
178 that -ŋa Used for far away from the speaker participants    
179 near le phile-      
180 far ho:t      
181 where? word info pe Used either with movement or without movement    
182 I mo      
183 thou ⁿɟo      
184 he/she ɣe      
185 we word info ⁿdeʝe incl.    
185 we word info ⁿdeve excl.    
186 you ⁿɟa:      
187 they ⁿdele      
188 what? word info ⁿda      
189 who? word info weⁿde      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and ma:      
193 if phwãne (Y)    
193 if pmwane (W)    
194 how? word info ҫueve      
195 no, not heve Negative polarity sentence marker    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no'    
196 to count phine:      
197 One word info ҫi:c (Y)    
197 One word info ҫe:c (W)    
198 Two word info ҫeluk      
199 Three word info ҫe:n      
200 Four word info phoec      
201 Five word info nim      
202 Six word info ni-ҫi:c (Y)    
202 Six word info ni ҫe:c (W)    
203 Seven word info ni-ҫeluk      
204 Eight word info ni-ҫe:n      
205 Nine word info ni-phoec      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu      
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (Y)    
207 Twenty word info ҫi:c kac (W)    
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info nim kac      
210 One Thousand word info      

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