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Language: Nemi (Temala area)

Source/Author:  F.OZANNE-RIVIERRE & A-G. HAUDRICOURT 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:nem  Glottocode: nemi1240 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.
- If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
- If more than one word in Nemi, Jawe, has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
- As the authors provide sometimes the lexical item form within and out of a possessive construction (note that there is two types of possession in this language : alienable and unalienable), we have decided to retain the corresponding forms provided for unalienable possession, althought the possessive personal pronoun itself has not been retained. Only the word with a dash (for instance 'cii-', 'his/her skin') has been entered along with the world out of possessive contructions, when showed by the authors
Some worlds have different forms depending on the geographical location. Those locations to which are related those different forms are put in parenthesis ('T' is for Tendo and 'C' is for Coulna) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
29 to sniff, smell      
50 to dream      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
80 to split word info      
106 snake      
118 grass      
140 dry word info      
172 to climb word info      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand hi   10  
2 left mo   1, 59  
2 left mo:   1, 59  
3 right ⁿdue-hi   24  
4 leg/foot ho-   88  
6 road/path cne:ⁿdan      
7 to come hŋe-me      
8 to turn word info thewe:      
9 to swim hʝo:m   97  
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
12 skin ci:-   1  
13 back word info ⁿdai-      
16 intestines ho:tne-      
18 breast thi   1  
19 shoulder pue-hi-   37  
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina   116  
21 to think ɲiɲami      
22 to fear noa      
24 head ᵐbwa-   9  
25 neck no:-   18  
26 hair word info pun-ᵐbwa-      
27 nose hwãⁿdi-   14  
28 to breathe po-hʝe:n hnahna      
30 mouth hwa-   36  
31 tooth paʝe-hwa-      
32 tongue kuvehma-      
33 to laugh ŋa:n   110  
34 to cry hʝe   80  
35 to vomit ũⁿda      
36 to spit ҫuhma      
37 to eat hwi-aman   1, 55  
39 to cook word info pwe-cilek      
44 to hear tena   80  
45 eye tnan-ma:-      
46 to see hwene      
47 to yawn ohaem      
48 to sleep knohule:ŋ      
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
49 to lie down word info knoa      
51 to sit taⁿgo   42  
52 to stand tu:t      
53 person/human being kahok      
54 man/male -kaʝuk   22  
54 man/male -ɣaʝuk   22  
55 woman/female hno:k      
56 child hʝaok   104  
57 husband kalo:-   2, 31  
58 wife hno:we-      
59 mother tne-      
60 father tnau-      
61 house ŋa   1  
61 house ŋe-   1  
62 thatch/roof ᵐbwan-ŋa   19  
63 name ʝat   1, 18  
63 name ʝale-   1, 18  
64 to say pe:i      
66 to tie up, fasten tna:      
67 to sew word info tiᵐbi      
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
69 to hunt word info vap,vai      
73 to steal ⁿgune      
74 to kill ka:i      
75 to die, be dead mac   1  
76 to live, be alive matip      
77 to scratch word info ʝawi      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ᵐbune      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ⁿgapi      
79 stick/wood ᵐbwareⁿɟa      
81 sharp cac      
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
83 to work word info pmwa poka      
84 to plant tami      
85 to choose thamwi      
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile      
89 to hold word info cimwi   1  
91 to buy thu:      
92 to open, uncover tapmi   37  
94 to throw word info thai      
96 dog capwek      
97 bird manik   1  
100 wing hi-manik      
101 to fly tne:n      
102 rat ҫine      
103 meat/flesh hmavi-      
103 meat/flesh hmave-      
104 fat/grease ⁿgere:ɲ      
105 tail thiⁿge-      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbet      
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
110 spider na:k      
111 fish nuk   9  
112 rotten word info hɲat   118  
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k      
114 leaf ⁿdo   1  
114 leaf ⁿdo:-      
115 root wa:-      
116 flower pmu:-      
117 fruit pwe-      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
120 stone paik   1  
121 sand kon   1  
122 water word info we   2  
123 to flow hɲe      
124 sea ⁿdalik   1  
125 salt ⁿdalik      
126 lake ⁿdan      
127 woods/forest kuc   7  
128 sky ⁿdawe      
129 moon pmwe      
130 star piuk   1  
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
132 fog tho:phmwa:t      
133 rain kut   1  
134 thunder niuk   43  
135 lightning pipmala:m      
136 wind ⁿda:n   1  
138 warm word info hinu   11  
139 cold word info xim      
141 wet moⁿguk      
142 heavy the:c      
143 fire ʝa:k      
143 fire ʝa:u-      
144 to burn word info het      
145 smoke word info hmu   2, 76  
145 smoke word info hmu:-      
146 ash ⁿdap   1  
147 black ɲu:p      
148 white pulo   3  
149 red mia   1, 55  
150 yellow kari   14  
151 green pmuɲ      
152 small mwaɲ      
153 big hun      
155 long word info ⁿgahlia      
156 thin word info tetep      
157 thick word info thaᵐbo      
158 narrow uᵐbec      
159 wide kahlapa      
160 painful, sick fali:c      
162 old word info vahi      
164 good koha      
165 bad, evil ta:c      
166 correct, true ⁿdukneⁿduk      
167 night ⁿgen      
168 day mala   1, 54  
169 year ⁿdak      
170 when? word info tne:t      
171 to hide word info ta-thicɲam      
173 at ne      
174 in, inside tne-      
175 above ᵐbwan-      
176 below kare-      
177 this -ⁿda      
179 near le file-      
180 far ho:t      
182 I wo      
183 thou ⁿdo      
184 he/she ʝe      
186 you ⁿda:      
187 they ʝele      
188 what? word info ta   1  
189 who? word info thu:      
189 who? word info thu:ⁿde      
192 and ma   2  
193 if pmwane      
194 how? word info hweᵐbe:      
196 to count fine   26  
197 One word info he:c      
198 Two word info heluk      
199 Three word info heʝen      
200 Four word info phovec      
201 Five word info nim   1, 15  
202 Six word info ni-ᵐbwe:c      
203 Seven word info ni-ᵐbweluk      
204 Eight word info ni-ᵐbweʝen      
205 Nine word info ni-ᵐbovac      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu   12  
72 to hit word info ka:i 'To hit/strike/kill' without any further specification    
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc 'Guc' means 'earth, dirt' 1, 105  
161 shy, ashamed ka-hũn 'shy'    
161 shy, ashamed maic 'to be ashamed'    
40 to drink thop 'to drink a tea'    
40 to drink thovi 'to drink a tisane'    
40 to drink knuⁿdi 'to drink something cold' 6  
40 to drink knuⁿduk 'to drink water' 6  
95 to fall word info tapwa 'to fall (for instance a coconut)'    
95 to fall word info kholok 'to fall by it self'    
95 to fall word info pwane 'to fall' without any other specification    
93 to pound, beat word info to-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the feet'    
93 to pound, beat word info te:-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the hands (coffee beans for instance)'    
137 to blow word info thai a.    
154 short word info humwa a.    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no' 45  
108 louse word info ci:k b.    
137 to blow word info hivu b.    
154 short word info tetep b.    
38 to chew word info hwai b. ' to chew some bark or magnania'    
185 we word info nemi excl.    
185 we word info nei incl.    
65 rope wãk Means 'rope', or 'liana'    
90 to dig hʝavi Means 'to dig, to havest (yam)'    
42 to suck huli Means 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
86 to grow word info cim Means 'to grow', 'to spread' for the branches or parts of a plant    
41 to bite hwi: Meas 'to bite in order to eat meat' 57  
195 no, not hʝan Negative polarity sentence marker    
195 no, not hʝa Negative polarity sentence marker 112  
98 egg fiʝe- The word when in a construction similar to 'the egg of-'    
14 belly ⁿɟie- The word when in a possessive construction 1  
15 bone ⁿdu:- The word when in a possessive construction 2  
17 liver kei- The word when in a possessive construction 1  
23 blood kuta:- The word when in a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:ne- The word when in a possessive construction 1  
98 egg fi:- The word when in a possessive construction    
99 feather pun-manik The word when in a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟic The word when out of a possessive construction 1  
15 bone ⁿdu The word when out of a possessive construction 2  
17 liver kec The word when out of a possessive construction 1  
23 blood kuta The word when out of a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:na The word when out of a possessive construction 1  
98 egg fi The word when out of a possessive construction    
99 feather puni- The word when out of a possessive construction    
163 new kaca Those lexical items are used for humans; for new objects, those items are combined with 'gaa', illustrated as followed : 'gaa kaca'    
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
181 where? word info ve Used either without movement or movement 3  
86 to grow word info ho:k Used for plants    

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