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Language: Nemi (Temala area)

Source/Author:  F.OZANNE-RIVIERRE & A-G. HAUDRICOURT 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia.
- If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
- If more than one word in Nemi, Jawe, has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
- As the authors provide sometimes the lexical item form within and out of a possessive construction (note that there is two types of possession in this language : alienable and unalienable), we have decided to retain the corresponding forms provided for unalienable possession, althought the possessive personal pronoun itself has not been retained. Only the word with a dash (for instance 'cii-', 'his/her skin') has been entered along with the world out of possessive contructions, when showed by the authors
Some worlds have different forms depending on the geographical location. Those locations to which are related those different forms are put in parenthesis ('T' is for Tendo and 'C' is for Coulna) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand hi      
2 left mo      
2 left mo:      
3 right ⁿdue-hi      
4 leg/foot ho-      
5 to walk      
6 road/path cne:ⁿdan      
7 to come hŋe-me      
8 to turn word info thewe:      
9 to swim hʝo:m      
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc 'Guc' means 'earth, dirt'    
12 skin ci:-      
13 back word info ⁿdai-      
14 belly ⁿɟic The word when out of a possessive construction    
14 belly ⁿɟie- The word when in a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu The word when out of a possessive construction    
15 bone ⁿdu:- The word when in a possessive construction    
16 intestines ho:tne-      
17 liver kec The word when out of a possessive construction    
17 liver kei- The word when in a possessive construction    
18 breast thi      
19 shoulder pue-hi-      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina      
21 to think ɲiɲami      
22 to fear noa      
23 blood kuta The word when out of a possessive construction    
23 blood kuta:- The word when in a possessive construction    
24 head ᵐbwa-      
25 neck no:-      
26 hair word info pun-ᵐbwa-      
27 nose hwãⁿdi-      
28 to breathe po-hʝe:n hnahna      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth hwa-      
31 tooth paʝe-hwa-      
32 tongue kuvehma-      
33 to laugh ŋa:n      
34 to cry hʝe      
35 to vomit ũⁿda      
36 to spit ҫuhma      
37 to eat hwi-aman      
38 to chew word info hwai b. ' to chew some bark or magnania'    
39 to cook word info pwe-cilek      
40 to drink knuⁿduk 'to drink water'    
40 to drink knuⁿdi 'to drink something cold'    
40 to drink thop 'to drink a tea'    
40 to drink thovi 'to drink a tisane'    
41 to bite hwi: Meas 'to bite in order to eat meat'    
42 to suck huli Means 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
43 ear ⁿɟe:na The word when out of a possessive construction    
43 ear ⁿɟe:ne- The word when in a possessive construction    
44 to hear tena      
45 eye tnan-ma:-      
46 to see hwene      
47 to yawn ohaem      
48 to sleep knohule:ŋ      
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
49 to lie down word info knoa      
50 to dream      
51 to sit taⁿgo      
52 to stand tu:t      
53 person/human being kahok      
54 man/male -kaʝuk      
54 man/male -ɣaʝuk      
55 woman/female hno:k      
56 child hʝaok      
57 husband kalo:-      
58 wife hno:we-      
59 mother tne-      
60 father tnau-      
61 house ŋa      
61 house ŋe-      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbwan-ŋa      
63 name ʝat      
63 name ʝale-      
64 to say pe:i      
65 rope wãk Means 'rope', or 'liana'    
66 to tie up, fasten tna:      
67 to sew word info tiᵐbi      
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
69 to hunt word info vap,vai      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info ka:i 'To hit/strike/kill' without any further specification    
73 to steal ⁿgune      
74 to kill ka:i      
75 to die, be dead mac      
76 to live, be alive matip      
77 to scratch word info ʝawi      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ᵐbune      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ⁿgapi      
79 stick/wood ᵐbwareⁿɟa      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp cac      
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
83 to work word info pmwa poka      
84 to plant tami      
85 to choose thamwi      
86 to grow word info ho:k Used for plants    
86 to grow word info cim Means 'to grow', 'to spread' for the branches or parts of a plant    
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile      
89 to hold word info cimwi      
90 to dig hʝavi Means 'to dig, to havest (yam)'    
91 to buy thu:      
92 to open, uncover tapmi      
93 to pound, beat word info to-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the feet'    
93 to pound, beat word info te:-ᵐbi: 'to pound something with the hands (coffee beans for instance)'    
94 to throw word info thai      
95 to fall word info tapwa 'to fall (for instance a coconut)'    
95 to fall word info pwane 'to fall' without any other specification    
95 to fall word info kholok 'to fall by it self'    
96 dog capwek      
97 bird manik      
98 egg fi The word when out of a possessive construction    
98 egg fi:- The word when in a possessive construction    
98 egg fiʝe- The word when in a construction similar to 'the egg of-'    
99 feather puni- The word when out of a possessive construction    
99 feather pun-manik The word when in a possessive construction    
100 wing hi-manik      
101 to fly tne:n      
102 rat ҫine      
103 meat/flesh hmavi-      
103 meat/flesh hmave-      
104 fat/grease ⁿgere:ɲ      
105 tail thiⁿge-      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbet      
108 louse word info ci:k b.    
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
110 spider na:k      
111 fish nuk      
112 rotten word info hɲat      
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k      
114 leaf ⁿdo      
114 leaf ⁿdo:-      
115 root wa:-      
116 flower pmu:-      
117 fruit pwe-      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
120 stone paik      
121 sand kon      
122 water word info we      
123 to flow hɲe      
124 sea ⁿdalik      
125 salt ⁿdalik      
126 lake ⁿdan      
127 woods/forest kuc      
128 sky ⁿdawe      
129 moon pmwe      
130 star piuk      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
132 fog tho:phmwa:t      
133 rain kut      
134 thunder niuk      
135 lightning pipmala:m      
136 wind ⁿda:n      
137 to blow word info thai a.    
137 to blow word info hivu b.    
138 warm word info hinu      
139 cold word info xim      
140 dry word info      
141 wet moⁿguk      
142 heavy the:c      
143 fire ʝa:k      
143 fire ʝa:u-      
144 to burn word info het      
145 smoke word info hmu      
145 smoke word info hmu:-      
146 ash ⁿdap      
147 black ɲu:p      
148 white pulo      
149 red mia      
150 yellow kari      
151 green pmuɲ      
152 small mwaɲ      
153 big hun      
154 short word info humwa a.    
154 short word info tetep b.    
155 long word info ⁿgahlia      
156 thin word info tetep      
157 thick word info thaᵐbo      
158 narrow uᵐbec      
159 wide kahlapa      
160 painful, sick fali:c      
161 shy, ashamed ka-hũn 'shy'    
161 shy, ashamed maic 'to be ashamed'    
162 old word info vahi      
163 new kaca Those lexical items are used for humans; for new objects, those items are combined with 'gaa', illustrated as followed : 'gaa kaca'    
164 good koha      
165 bad, evil ta:c      
166 correct, true ⁿdukneⁿduk      
167 night ⁿgen      
168 day mala      
169 year ⁿdak      
170 when? word info tne:t      
171 to hide word info ta-thicɲam      
172 to climb word info      
173 at ne      
174 in, inside tne-      
175 above ᵐbwan-      
176 below kare-      
177 this -ⁿda      
178 that      
179 near le file-      
180 far ho:t      
181 where? word info ve Used either without movement or movement    
182 I wo      
183 thou ⁿdo      
184 he/she ʝe      
185 we word info nei incl.    
185 we word info nemi excl.    
186 you ⁿda:      
187 they ʝele      
188 what? word info ta      
189 who? word info thu:      
189 who? word info thu:ⁿde      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and ma      
193 if pmwane      
194 how? word info hweᵐbe:      
195 no, not hʝan Negative polarity sentence marker    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning 'no'    
195 no, not hʝa Negative polarity sentence marker    
196 to count fine      
197 One word info he:c      
198 Two word info heluk      
199 Three word info heʝen      
200 Four word info phovec      
201 Five word info nim      
202 Six word info ni-ᵐbwe:c      
203 Seven word info ni-ᵐbweluk      
204 Eight word info ni-ᵐbweʝen      
205 Nine word info ni-ᵐbovac      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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