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Language: Xârâgurè

Source/Author:  Claire Moyse-Faurie 
Notes:  The Xârâgurè language is spoken on the east cost of the Great Land ('Grande Terre') of New Calédonia, around the Thio district.
The data presented here are coming from the 2014 version of a yet to be published dictionnary Xârâguè-French. Those data have been collected by Claire Moyse-Faurie during two fieldworks in 1977 and 1980. This linguist provided a description of the Xârâcùù language, spoken near the Xârâgurè area.
The source lexicon used here provides an under construction lexicon, as well as a sketch of the Xârâgurè grammar and phonology system.
I personnaly thank Claire Moyse-Faurie for making available to me those precious data.

Methodology :
If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
If more than one word in Xârâgurè has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
The word with the most general meaning have been retained.
If a word that is morphologically dependant and generally attached to an other word, it has been transcribed with a dash before or after word.
If the semantic distinction between several words is not clear, those words have been provided with a comment in the 'Author annotation' column regarding to this lack of semantic distinction. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 9 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ⁿdɛaxʷɛ      
191 all wãnĩ:      
192 and mɛ̃      
146 ash xatɛ      
173 at      
173 at nɔ:      
13 back word info ⁿdə:      
165 bad, evil ça:      
14 belly pwe      
176 below ⁿdɛanʌ̃      
153 big çe Means 'big, tall, elder'    
97 bird mãⁿdɨ      
147 black ŋɨ̃rɨ̃      
23 blood maⁿda      
15 bone ɲĩ:-      
113 branch word info mɛ:      
18 breast ᶮɈi      
56 child xũ:ʃĩ      
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info mɨ̃:      
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ      
168 day ⁿda:      
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
96 dog to:ke      
140 dry word info mɔrɔ a.    
140 dry word info xamɔrɔ b.    
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust meⁿde      
43 ear xʷãnɛ      
119 earth/soil ⁿdawa      
119 earth/soil neⁿdawa      
98 egg      
204 Eight word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaʃe:      
45 eye      
180 far mʷaɛ      
104 fat/grease      
60 father panɛ:      
99 feather pũrũ      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire      
111 fish maɛ      
201 Five word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃      
116 flower pũrũ      
132 fog tika      
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
117 fruit pwã      
164 good axɔru      
118 grass mɛi      
151 green kõⁿdɔ Means 'blue, green'    
26 hair word info      
1 hand      
184 he/she ɲĩ      
24 head ᵐbʷa      
142 heavy mɛçe:      
61 house mʷã      
194 how? word info xaɛkɛ:      
57 husband kɔrɔ      
182 I ᵑgɔ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:nʌ̃mɛ      
174 in, inside ʃu: The distinction between the use of those two lexical items is not clear    
174 in, inside nɛpwe      
16 intestines      
126 lake      
114 leaf nɛmɛ:      
2 left xɛ̃ⁿdɛja:      
4 leg/foot pa      
135 lightning çĩmĩãkatɛ      
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      
155 long word info mʷaɛ Given without any further specification    
108 louse word info kɨrɨ      
54 man/male      
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
129 moon mʷea      
109 mosquito nõ:      
59 mother mʷĩɲɛ      
30 mouth naxʷã      
63 name ne:      
158 narrow      
179 near xɨᵐbɛ      
25 neck winɔ      
68 needle      
163 new mara Also means 'green as food, uncooked' as well as 'new'    
167 night mõ      
205 Nine word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
195 no, not açi: Marking the negative polarity of a sentence    
195 no, not çiɛ Means 'no', and 'denial'    
195 no, not çi: Means 'no', and 'denial'    
27 nose kũ      
162 old word info ᵐbjɛ̃:rĩ      
197 One word info xa:      
197 One word info ʃa:      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other we      
160 painful, sick paji Also means 'to be bead'    
53 person/human being kamũrũ      
133 rain kʷiɛ      
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
149 red mea      
3 right xɛ̃ⁿdɛũrũ      
6 road/path ɨfʌ̃ⁿdɔ      
115 root kɔ:-      
65 rope kʷi:      
112 rotten word info ʃə:xu      
125 salt cɔ:rɔ      
121 sand çõkʷe      
124 sea nɛkʷeta:      
203 Seven word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaxuru      
81 sharp      
154 short word info xɨᵐbʷɛ      
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
161 shy, ashamed cara Means 'to be ashamed'    
202 Six word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ʃa:      
12 skin kʌ̃rʌ̃ The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
12 skin pirɛ      
128 sky nɛxoa      
152 small      
145 smoke word info kũ      
106 snake marãⁿdi: 'Sea snake', there are no land snake in New Caledonia    
110 spider mʷãkũã      
130 star apɛ̃rɛ̃ⁿda      
79 stick/wood      
120 stone pʌru      
105 tail      
206 Ten word info ᵐbaxuru mɛ̃      
178 that      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbʷa:mʷã      
187 they ɲʌ̃rʌ̃      
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this a      
183 thou      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
134 thunder nɛtɔ      
41 to bite kɛkɛ      
137 to blow word info b. ʃuɛ      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info ʃũrũ      
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
91 to buy hãⁿdɨ:      
38 to chew word info mã: Seems to be related to the activity of chewing some leaf    
38 to chew word info xʷi: 'to chew, suck some sugar cane'    
85 to choose pi:cɛ      
172 to climb word info kɛ:      
7 to come      
39 to cook word info ʃutã: b.    
39 to cook word info xutã:      
196 to count fãrã Also means 'to read'    
34 to cry tɛ:i      
78 to cut, hack word info para      
75 to die, be dead pahi Also means 'to be sick'    
90 to dig ᶮɈa      
50 to dream ⁿdomɛ This lexical item is used as a verb    
50 to dream mʌruki This lexical item can be used as a verb or a noun    
40 to drink      
37 to eat ⁿda      
95 to fall word info xʷɛ̃:      
22 to fear ᵐbara      
123 to flow ᶮɈɔ      
101 to fly cĩ:      
86 to grow word info tuɛ The examples provided in the source lexicon for this word only contain vegetable 'growing up'    
44 to hear xʷara      
171 to hide word info kɔ:      
72 to hit word info fĩwi 'To hit with a stick to make a fruit fall over'    
89 to hold word info çã:nɛ:      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill fiãmɛ With a big piece of wood    
74 to kill ʃamɛ With a sharp object    
74 to kill ta:mɛ With a knife    
20 to know, be knowledgeable nɛxʌ̃      
33 to laugh mʷãrã      
49 to lie down word info mʌru      
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover cũ:      
84 to plant nɛ̃ĩ      
93 to pound, beat word info çɔkai      
64 to say xʌ̃      
77 to scratch word info ɨkon      
46 to see      
67 to sew word info ᶮɈipuru      
70 to shoot word info pɔkɛ Means ' to shoot with a rifle'    
51 to sit tũᵐbanɛ: Means 'to sit on something'    
48 to sleep mʌruçe      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu:rɛ      
36 to spit mawi      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce pwɛkɛ This lexical item seems to used with the meaning of 'stabbing an animate entity'    
71 to stab, pierce çikɛ This lexical item means 'to pierce with a knife' with no further specification of whether it is used for animate or inanimate entities    
52 to stand tã:      
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
42 to suck ᶮɈɨ      
87 to swell word info ce:      
9 to swim mʷãrĩ (1) 'to swim with the head above the surface of the water'    
9 to swim mʷetɨ (2) 'to swim with the head under the surface of the water'    
21 to think punʌ:      
94 to throw word info ᵑgʷere      
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
66 to tie up, fasten çuru      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ:      
35 to vomit ᵑgowi      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info ᵐba The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
83 to work word info mara      
47 to yawn po:əa      
32 tongue kurumɛ      
31 tooth no      
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info ᵐbaxuru      
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
122 water word info      
185 we word info inɛ      
141 wet mi:      
188 what? word info ᶮɈirɔ:      
170 when? word info anĩ:      
181 where? word info i The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
181 where? word info nɔ:i      
148 white pwãrã      
189 who? word info -pɛ      
159 wide      
58 wife kʷɛ̃:      
136 wind kʷãⁿdɛ      
100 wing      
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
127 woods/forest nɛmɔ:      
107 worm (earthworm) xariⁿdɔ:      
169 year xʷãⁿda:      
150 yellow      
186 you niɛ      

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