: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Xârâgurè

Source/Author:  Claire Moyse-Faurie 
Notes:  The Xârâgurè language is spoken on the east cost of the Great Land ('Grande Terre') of New Calédonia, around the Thio district.
The data presented here are coming from the 2014 version of a yet to be published dictionnary Xârâguè-French. Those data have been collected by Claire Moyse-Faurie during two fieldworks in 1977 and 1980. This linguist provided a description of the Xârâcùù language, spoken near the Xârâgurè area.
The source lexicon used here provides an under construction lexicon, as well as a sketch of the Xârâgurè grammar and phonology system.
I personnaly thank Claire Moyse-Faurie for making available to me those precious data.

Methodology :
If for an english word in the list, there are several lexical item including one single lexical unit, a compound (i.e made of several lexical units), or even a word resulting of a derivation, the word being a single lexical unit has been retained before anything else
If more than one word in Xârâgurè has been found for a single english word, some specifications about the use of the different words not being morphological variables have been, when possible, provided in the 'Author annotation' column
The word with the most general meaning have been retained.
If a word that is morphologically dependant and generally attached to an other word, it has been transcribed with a dash before or after word.
If the semantic distinction between several words is not clear, those words have been provided with a comment in the 'Author annotation' column regarding to this lack of semantic distinction. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

Showing 3 of 10 entries. Show ALL logged changes


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
8 to turn word info      
16 intestines      
26 hair word info      
28 to breathe      
40 to drink      
45 eye      
46 to see      
54 man/male      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
76 to live, be alive      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
88 to squeeze word info      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
122 water word info      
126 lake      
150 yellow      
152 small      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
178 that      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
6 road/path ɨfʌ̃ⁿdɔ      
9 to swim mʷãrĩ (1) 'to swim with the head above the surface of the water'    
9 to swim mʷetɨ (2) 'to swim with the head under the surface of the water'    
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
11 dust meⁿde      
12 skin kʌ̃rʌ̃ The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
12 skin pirɛ      
13 back word info ⁿdə:      
14 belly pwe      
15 bone ɲĩ:-      
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
20 to know, be knowledgeable nɛxʌ̃      
21 to think punʌ:      
22 to fear ᵐbara      
23 blood maⁿda      
24 head ᵐbʷa      
25 neck winɔ      
27 nose kũ      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu:rɛ      
30 mouth naxʷã      
31 tooth no      
33 to laugh mʷãrã      
34 to cry tɛ:i      
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ:      
35 to vomit ᵑgowi      
36 to spit mawi      
38 to chew word info mã: Seems to be related to the activity of chewing some leaf    
38 to chew word info xʷi: 'to chew, suck some sugar cane'    
39 to cook word info ʃutã: b.    
39 to cook word info xutã:      
42 to suck ᶮɈɨ      
43 ear xʷãnɛ      
44 to hear xʷara      
47 to yawn po:əa      
48 to sleep mʌruçe      
49 to lie down word info mʌru      
50 to dream ⁿdomɛ This lexical item is used as a verb    
50 to dream mʌruki This lexical item can be used as a verb or a noun    
51 to sit tũᵐbanɛ: Means 'to sit on something'    
52 to stand tã:      
53 person/human being kamũrũ      
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
56 child xũ:ʃĩ      
57 husband kɔrɔ      
58 wife kʷɛ̃:      
59 mother mʷĩɲɛ      
60 father panɛ:      
62 thatch/roof ᵐbʷa:mʷã      
63 name ne:      
64 to say xʌ̃      
65 rope kʷi:      
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
66 to tie up, fasten çuru      
67 to sew word info ᶮɈipuru      
70 to shoot word info pɔkɛ Means ' to shoot with a rifle'    
71 to stab, pierce pwɛkɛ This lexical item seems to used with the meaning of 'stabbing an animate entity'    
71 to stab, pierce çikɛ This lexical item means 'to pierce with a knife' with no further specification of whether it is used for animate or inanimate entities    
72 to hit word info fĩwi 'To hit with a stick to make a fruit fall over'    
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
74 to kill fiãmɛ With a big piece of wood    
74 to kill ʃamɛ With a sharp object    
74 to kill ta:mɛ With a knife    
75 to die, be dead pahi Also means 'to be sick'    
77 to scratch word info ɨkon      
78 to cut, hack word info para      
83 to work word info ᵐba The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
83 to work word info mara      
84 to plant nɛ̃ĩ      
85 to choose pi:cɛ      
86 to grow word info tuɛ The examples provided in the source lexicon for this word only contain vegetable 'growing up'    
87 to swell word info ce:      
89 to hold word info çã:nɛ:      
90 to dig ᶮɈa      
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
91 to buy hãⁿdɨ:      
92 to open, uncover cũ:      
93 to pound, beat word info çɔkai      
94 to throw word info ᵑgʷere      
95 to fall word info xʷɛ̃:      
96 dog to:ke      
97 bird mãⁿdɨ      
98 egg      
99 feather pũrũ      
101 to fly cĩ:      
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
106 snake marãⁿdi: 'Sea snake', there are no land snake in New Caledonia    
107 worm (earthworm) xariⁿdɔ:      
108 louse word info kɨrɨ      
109 mosquito nõ:      
110 spider mʷãkũã      
111 fish maɛ      
112 rotten word info ʃə:xu      
113 branch word info mɛ:      
114 leaf nɛmɛ:      
115 root kɔ:-      
116 flower pũrũ      
117 fruit pwã      
118 grass mɛi      
119 earth/soil neⁿdawa      
120 stone pʌru      
121 sand çõkʷe      
123 to flow ᶮɈɔ      
124 sea nɛkʷeta:      
125 salt cɔ:rɔ      
127 woods/forest nɛmɔ:      
128 sky nɛxoa      
130 star apɛ̃rɛ̃ⁿda      
132 fog tika      
133 rain kʷiɛ      
134 thunder nɛtɔ      
135 lightning çĩmĩãkatɛ      
136 wind kʷãⁿdɛ      
137 to blow word info b. ʃuɛ      
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
139 cold word info mɨ̃:      
140 dry word info mɔrɔ a.    
140 dry word info xamɔrɔ b.    
141 wet mi:      
142 heavy mɛçe:      
144 to burn word info ʃũrũ      
145 smoke word info kũ      
148 white pwãrã      
151 green kõⁿdɔ Means 'blue, green'    
154 short word info xɨᵐbʷɛ      
155 long word info mʷaɛ Given without any further specification    
160 painful, sick paji Also means 'to be bead'    
161 shy, ashamed cara Means 'to be ashamed'    
162 old word info ᵐbjɛ̃:rĩ      
163 new mara Also means 'green as food, uncooked' as well as 'new'    
164 good axɔru      
167 night mõ      
169 year xʷãⁿda:      
170 when? word info anĩ:      
172 to climb word info kɛ:      
173 at      
173 at nɔ:      
174 in, inside ʃu: The distinction between the use of those two lexical items is not clear    
174 in, inside nɛpwe      
175 above ⁿdɛaxʷɛ      
176 below ⁿdɛanʌ̃      
177 this a      
179 near xɨᵐbɛ      
180 far mʷaɛ      
181 where? word info i The distinction between those two lexical items is not clear    
181 where? word info nɔ:i      
182 I ᵑgɔ      
183 thou      
184 he/she ɲĩ      
185 we word info inɛ      
186 you niɛ      
187 they ɲʌ̃rʌ̃      
188 what? word info ᶮɈirɔ:      
189 who? word info -pɛ      
190 other we      
191 all wãnĩ:      
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:nʌ̃mɛ      
194 how? word info xaɛkɛ:      
195 no, not açi: Marking the negative polarity of a sentence    
195 no, not çiɛ Means 'no', and 'denial'    
195 no, not çi: Means 'no', and 'denial'    
196 to count fãrã Also means 'to read'    
197 One word info xa:      
197 One word info ʃa:      
198 Two word info ᵐbaxuru      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
201 Five word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃      
202 Six word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ʃa:      
203 Seven word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaxuru      
204 Eight word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ ᵐbaʃe:      
205 Nine word info xã:rɛ̃ mɛ̃ mɛ̃ kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
206 Ten word info ᵐbaxuru mɛ̃      
7 to come   1  
18 breast ᶮɈi   1  
41 to bite kɛkɛ   1  
61 house mʷã   1  
119 earth/soil ⁿdawa   1  
149 red mea   1  
165 bad, evil ça:   1, 99  
147 black ŋɨ̃rɨ̃   105  
131 cloud word info   12  
153 big çe Means 'big, tall, elder' 125  
1 hand   14  
192 and mɛ̃   2  
3 right xɛ̃ⁿdɛũrũ   23  
4 leg/foot pa   33  
2 left xɛ̃ⁿdɛja:   39  
37 to eat ⁿda   39  
143 fire   46  
129 moon mʷea   52  
168 day ⁿda:   6  
171 to hide word info kɔ:   65  
32 tongue kurumɛ   7, 14  
146 ash xatɛ   94  
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ   94  

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