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Language: Cemuhî

Source/Author:  RIVIERRE Jean-Claude, 1994 
Notes:  The data used here come from the Dictionnaire Cèmuhî-Français made by Jean-Claude RIVIERRE in 1994. This dictionnary has a Cèmuhî-French and French-Cèmuhî lexicon. This dictionnary has been made after a phonological and grammatical description of this language (1980).
Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Cèmuhî to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words (i.e made by only one lexical unit).
- Some words are presented within a possessive construction only (as possessee). This has been reflected here by a dash at the end of the word presented in this way in the lexicon, althought the possessor has not been retained.
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in Cèmuhî, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column.
In addition :
- The words used in the Tyé location are followed by (T) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:Central 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
16 intestines      
28 to breathe      
42 to suck      
77 to scratch word info      
87 to swell word info      
126 lake      
190 other      
194 how? word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
2 left a:˧mu˧      
4 leg/foot a˦-      
117 fruit a˦cɛ˦      
57 husband a˦i˦u˦      
198 Two word info a˦lo˦      
140 dry word info a˦ti˦ti˦ b.    
81 sharp a˦ɲə:˦      
82 dull, blunt a˦ɲə:˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
7 to come a˦ᵐbe˦      
114 leaf a˦ⁿdi˦-      
46 to see a˧li˧-hĩ˧      
33 to laugh a˧p      
53 person/human being a˧pu˧li˧p      
54 man/male a˧pu˧li˧ɛ˧      
10 dirty a˨li˨li˨      
26 hair word info a˨pu˨n Out a possessive contruction    
26 hair word info a˨pu˨ni˨- Within a possessive construction    
81 sharp ã˦ɲə:˦ (T)    
108 louse word info b. i˧      
132 fog ca:˦məlɛ˦      
132 fog ca:˦mə˦t      
60 father ca:˨      
23 blood ca˦we˦t      
72 to hit word info ci:˦ Means 'to hit' without intrument specification in the lexicon    
102 rat ci:˦ᵐbwi˦      
199 Three word info ci˦e˦      
66 to tie up, fasten ci˦ɛ˦      
163 new co˦hõ˦      
137 to blow word info cu:˦ a, b.    
52 to stand cu:˧t      
36 to spit cu˦mi˦      
163 new cɔ˦hõ˦ Mean 'someone new, visitor, invited guest'    
197 One word info cɛ˦i˦u˦      
207 Twenty word info cɛ˦i˦u˦ a˧pu˧li˧p      
23 blood cɛ˦we˦t      
161 shy, ashamed cɛ˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
84 to plant cɛ˧mi˧ The lexicon does not provide any clear semantic distinction between these two words for 'to plant'    
84 to plant cɛ˧mi˧-na:˧ⁿdo˧      
177 this cɛ͐ As in 'this montaign here' The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
130 star cԑ˦ni˦      
34 to cry      
138 warm word info e˦lɛ˦      
144 to burn word info e˦lɛ˦      
9 to swim e˦o:˦m      
9 to swim e˦o˦p (T)    
138 warm word info e˦t      
144 to burn word info e˦t      
182 I      
170 when? word info e˧-ni:˧lɛ˧      
170 when? word info e˧-ni:˧t      
93 to pound, beat word info ha˦lɛ˦ti˦ 'to crush something soft'    
176 below hã:˦hĩ˦-      
175 above hĩ:˧-      
175 above hwĩ:˧-      
93 to pound, beat word info hɛ˦lɛ˦ti˦ 'to crush something soft'    
25 neck hɛ̃˦ne˦-      
12 skin i:˧-      
17 liver i:˧i-      
93 to pound, beat word info i:˧tu˧-hĩ˧ 'to crush something solid'    
41 to bite i:˧ᵑga˧ 'to bite something, to hold it with the teeth'    
1 hand i˦-      
12 skin i˧-      
111 fish i˧ku˧a˧      
89 to hold word info i˧mwi˧      
90 to dig i˧ni˧      
192 and ka˧      
180 far ko˦ᶮja˨      
192 and kɛ˧      
187 they le˧      
114 leaf ma˦ⁿdi˦-      
149 red ma˧ᵑga˧      
149 red ma˧ᵑga˧lɛ˧      
128 sky mi:˧ⁿdɛ˧n      
143 fire mi˨u˨      
166 correct, true mo˨mwɔ˨      
145 smoke word info mu:˦-mi˨u˨      
11 dust mu:˦-pu˧lɛ˧ mu˦: means 'flying smoke'    
116 flower mu:˧-      
112 rotten word info mu˦ti:˦-      
76 to live, be alive mu˧li˧p      
76 to live, be alive mu˧li˧ɛ˧      
166 correct, true mu˨mwɔ˨n      
50 to dream mwa:˦ŋ      
61 house mwa˨      
166 correct, true mwa˨mwɔ˨n      
22 to fear mwo˦ti˦      
58 wife mwo˦ⁿdɛ˦-      
103 meat/flesh mə˦-hĩ˦- Can be used with the meaning of 'piece of meat' or 'flesh of the body' Note that there are other words which mean 'flesh', but they are used with a extended meaning of 'flesh', like the notion 'aspect/origin of someone', or some social practice including    
185 we word info mə˧ (excl)    
140 dry word info mə˧i˧u˧ a.    
75 to die, be dead mə˧lɛ˧      
97 bird mə˧ni˧      
193 if mə˧pi˧ɛ˧      
75 to die, be dead mə˧t      
118 grass mə˧te˧      
149 red mə˧ᵑgə˧lɛ˧      
149 red mə˧ᵑgə˧t      
45 eye na:˨mi:˨-      
14 belly na˨      
109 mosquito na˨ᵐbu˨      
178 that na͐: As in 'that montaign there' The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
173 at ne͐ The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
131 cloud word info ni:˦      
21 to think ni˦:mi˦-hĩ˦      
201 Five word info ni˦m      
209 One Hundred word info ni˦m a˧pu˧li˧ɛ˧      
202 Six word info ni˦m ka˧ ᵐbwɔ˧ cɛ˦i˦u˦ The distinction between those forms has not been provided in the lexicon    
203 Seven word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ a˦lo˦ pwɔ˦-n      
204 Eight word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ ci˦e˦ pwɔ˦-n      
202 Six word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ cɛ˦i˦u˦ pwɔ˦-n      
205 Nine word info ni˦m-ᵐbwɔ˧-mu˦-pa:˦-pwɔ˦-n      
63 name ni˧      
174 in, inside nə˦-      
47 to yawn o:˦a˨m      
49 to lie down word info o:˦t      
195 no, not õ˦hõ˨ Means 'no'    
27 nose õ˨mwi:˨-      
200 Four word info pa:˦      
172 to climb word info pa˧la˧      
206 Ten word info pa˨ᶮji˨lu˨      
206 Ten word info pa˨ᶮju˨lu˨      
64 to say pi:˧      
98 egg pi˦hĩ˦-ᶮja˨ Means 'chiken egg' ; this is the only word for egg, beside 'fish eggs' that have been found in the lexicon    
196 to count pi˦nə˦      
69 to hunt word info pi˧-wɔ˨li˨-na:˧ⁿdo˧ Lit.    
85 to choose pi˧-ᵑga˨ The lexicon does not provide any clear semantic distinction between these two words for 'to choose'    
19 shoulder pi˧a:˧-      
154 short word info pi˧te˦te˦ɔ˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦to:˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦to˦ɔ˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦tɔ:˦ b.    
69 to hunt word info pi˧­ta˦i˦-na:˧ⁿdo˧ Lit. french translation of this word in the source lexicon means 'to hunt'    
158 narrow pi˨cu˨      
48 to sleep pu˦lu˦ta˦      
100 wing pu˧-i˦-      
100 wing pu˧-i˧      
24 head pu˧n Out a possessive contruction    
24 head pu˧ni˧- Within a possessive construction    
62 thatch/roof pu˧ni˧-mwa˨      
99 feather pu˨mi:˨-      
150 yellow pu˨n      
6 road/path pwa:˦ⁿdɛ˦n      
148 white pwa˦ᶮjo˦      
39 to cook word info pwa˧-i˨la˨ a.    
162 old word info pwe:˦nə      
30 mouth pwɔ˦-      
91 to buy pwɔ˧-cu˦hĩ˦-n      
39 to cook word info pwɔ˧-i˨la˨ a.    
85 to choose pwɔ˧-ᵑga˨li˨      
3 right pwɔ˧-ᶮju˧-i˦      
88 to squeeze word info pwɛti The tons for this word have not been provided. They seem to have been forgotten, because this word meaning 'to squeeze' can mean as well 'cudgel', and the lexicon provides for this last word, the tons on top of the phonetic transcription    
120 stone pə˧i˧      
31 tooth pɛ˧cu˧ɔ˧-      
179 near pɛ˧hĩ˧-      
152 small pɛ˧hĩ˧ᵐbwa˨      
172 to climb word info pɛ˧la˧      
8 to turn word info pɛ˧mi˧ 'to turn, as in turning the face around'    
8 to turn word info pɛ˧mi˧-hĩ˧ 'to turn, as in turning the face around'    
83 to work word info pɛ˧nə˧m Means 'to work' not necessarily in in the fields or garden or 'to work as an occupation'    
8 to turn word info pɛ˧ᵑga˧ 'to deviate, to change road'    
160 painful, sick ta˦ci˦ŋi˦      
78 to cut, hack word info ta˦hã˦ᵑgɛ˦i˦      
94 to throw word info ta˦hĩ˦      
70 to shoot word info ta˦hĩ˦ ku˨ha˨ Means 'to shoot with a rifle'    
65 rope ta˦i˦      
191 all ta˦i˦      
74 to kill ta˦u˦nu˦      
74 to kill ta˦u˦nu˦-hi˦      
122 water word info ta˦ᵐbe˦      
157 thick word info ta˦ᵐbo˦      
80 to split word info ta˦ⁿdi˦      
165 bad, evil ta˨      
168 day ta˨n      
171 to hide word info ta˨ⁿdu˨ɔ˨      
142 heavy te:˦      
101 to fly te:˨      
123 to flow te˦tɛ˦      
29 to sniff, smell te˧nə˧      
44 to hear te˧nə˧      
18 breast ti˦-      
134 thunder ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦lɛ˦      
135 lightning ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦lɛ˦      
134 thunder ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦t      
135 lightning ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦t      
105 tail ti˦ᵐbwɔ˦-      
105 tail ti˦ᵐbwɛ˦-      
95 to fall word info ti˧pwɔ˧      
141 wet ti˨ti˨      
55 woman/female to:˦mwo˦      
105 tail tu˦ᵐbwɔ˦-      
95 to fall word info tu˧pwɔ˧      
92 to open, uncover tɛ˧hwĩ˧      
92 to open, uncover tɛ˧hĩ˧      
20 to know, be knowledgeable tɛ˧mə˧hĩ˧      
51 to sit tɛ˧ᵐbwɔ˧      
35 to vomit u:˦ɲə˦-hĩ˦      
195 no, not u˦hũ˨      
153 big u˦n      
153 big u˦t      
35 to vomit u˦ɲə˦      
35 to vomit u˦ɲə˦-hĩ˦      
153 big u˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
32 tongue u˧pɛ˧hɛ̃˧-      
133 rain u˧tɛ˧      
27 nose ũ˨mwi:˨-      
40 to drink ũ˨ⁿdu˨      
115 root wa:˧-      
164 good wã˦ɛ˦      
110 spider we:˧hɛ̃˦      
181 where? word info we˧      
181 where? word info we˨      
41 to bite wi:˦ 'to bite, in order to eat'    
37 to eat wi:˦na:˧ⁿdo˧      
86 to grow word info wi:˧hĩ˧      
71 to stab, pierce wɔ˦li˦      
129 moon wɔ˦lɛ˦      
96 dog wɔ˦ta˦-a˧-hɛ̃˧n      
121 sand wɔ˧n      
125 salt wɔ˧n According to the missionary A. Colomb    
7 to come ã˦ᵐbe˦ (T)    
71 to stab, pierce ɔ˦li˦      
129 moon ɔ˦lɛ˦      
121 sand ɔ˧n      
125 salt ɔ˧n According to the missionary A. Colomb    
40 to drink ɔ̃˨ⁿdu˨      
189 who? word info ɔ͐: The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it follows. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
2 left ɛa˧mu˧      
56 child ɛ˦wa˦      
184 he/she ɛ˧      
19 shoulder ɛ˧a:˧- The distinction between those two words has not been provided by the authors of the lexicon    
156 thin word info ɛ˧le˧lo:˧p      
5 to walk ɛ˧ŋe˧n      
59 mother ɲa:˨      
185 we word info ɲə˧, (incl)    
79 stick/wood ᵐba˨-a˨cu:˨t      
154 short word info ᵐba˨hĩ˨n a.    
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe˧lɛ˧      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe˧t      
67 to sew word info ᵐbi˧ⁿdi˧      
151 green ᵐbu˧pwi˧      
73 to steal ᵐbu˨-ⁿdo:˧pi˧-hi˧      
159 wide ᵐbwa:˧ŋə˧-mwa˨      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwa˧hĩ˦mwo˦      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwa˧hɛ˦mwo˦      
139 cold word info ᵐbwa˧la˧      
155 long word info ᵐbwa˨li˨      
167 night ᵐbwe˧n      
147 black ᵐbwi:˧lɛ˧      
147 black ᵐbwi:˧t      
106 snake ᵐbwi˧ɛ˧n Referes to a specific sea snake ; there are no land snake in New Caledonia    
202 Six word info ᵐbwɔ˧-mu˦-cɛ˦i˦u˦-pwɔ˦-n      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwɔ˧hɛ˦mwo˦      
185 we word info ᵑga˧mə˧ (excl)    
186 you ᵑga˧we˧      
185 we word info ᵑga˧ɲə˧ (incl)    
183 thou ᵑgo˧      
38 to chew word info ᵑgu:˧mwe˨-hĩ˨ a.    
43 ear ᶮje˧:nə˧-      
124 sea ᶮji˨e˨      
125 salt ᶮji˨e˨ According to J-C. Rivierre, the author of the source lexicon    
169 year ᶮjo˧      
13 back word info ᶮjɛ˧i˧-      
104 fat/grease ᶮjɛ˧p An other lexical term phoneticly close to the one retained here, [ᶮjɛm] has been presented by a religious representative, the Father A. Colomb (1890), but without any transcription of the tons    
136 wind ⁿda˨n      
113 branch word info ⁿdi:˧hɛ̃˧-      
114 leaf ⁿdi˧ The distinction between the semantic specifities of each of those words is not clear    
114 leaf ⁿdi˧-hĩ˧-      
113 branch word info ⁿdi˧hã˧-      
113 branch word info ⁿdi˧hɛ̃˧-      
68 needle ⁿdi˨ti˨      
15 bone ⁿdu:˧-      
188 what? word info ⁿdɛ˧      
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧hĩ˧ None of those words mean prototypically 'ash', but they do share this meaning    
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧m      
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧p      
127 woods/forest ⁿdɛ˧ᵐbo˧      
188 what? word info ⁿdɛ˨      

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