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Language: Cemuhî

Source/Author:  RIVIERRE Jean-Claude, 1994 
Notes:  The data used here come from the Dictionnaire Cèmuhî-Français made by Jean-Claude RIVIERRE in 1994. This dictionnary has a Cèmuhî-French and French-Cèmuhî lexicon. This dictionnary has been made after a phonological and grammatical description of this language (1980).
Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Cèmuhî to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words (i.e made by only one lexical unit).
- Some words are presented within a possessive construction only (as possessee). This has been reflected here by a dash at the end of the word presented in this way in the lexicon, althought the possessor has not been retained.
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in Cèmuhî, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column.
In addition :
- The words used in the Tyé location are followed by (T) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:Central 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Showing all of 10 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand i˦-      
2 left a:˧mu˧      
2 left ɛa˧mu˧      
3 right pwɔ˧-ᶮju˧-i˦      
4 leg/foot a˦-      
5 to walk ɛ˧ŋe˧n      
6 road/path pwa:˦ⁿdɛ˦n      
7 to come a˦ᵐbe˦      
7 to come ã˦ᵐbe˦ (T)    
8 to turn word info pɛ˧mi˧ 'to turn, as in turning the face around'    
8 to turn word info pɛ˧ᵑga˧ 'to deviate, to change road'    
8 to turn word info pɛ˧mi˧-hĩ˧ 'to turn, as in turning the face around'    
9 to swim e˦o:˦m      
9 to swim e˦o˦p (T)    
10 dirty a˨li˨li˨      
11 dust mu:˦-pu˧lɛ˧ mu˦: means 'flying smoke'    
12 skin i:˧-      
12 skin i˧-      
13 back word info ᶮjɛ˧i˧-      
14 belly na˨      
15 bone ⁿdu:˧-      
16 intestines      
17 liver i:˧i-      
18 breast ti˦-      
19 shoulder ɛ˧a:˧- The distinction between those two words has not been provided by the authors of the lexicon    
19 shoulder pi˧a:˧-      
20 to know, be knowledgeable tɛ˧mə˧hĩ˧      
21 to think ni˦:mi˦-hĩ˦      
22 to fear mwo˦ti˦      
23 blood ca˦we˦t      
23 blood cɛ˦we˦t      
24 head pu˧n Out a possessive contruction    
24 head pu˧ni˧- Within a possessive construction    
25 neck hɛ̃˦ne˦-      
26 hair word info a˨pu˨n Out a possessive contruction    
26 hair word info a˨pu˨ni˨- Within a possessive construction    
27 nose ũ˨mwi:˨-      
27 nose õ˨mwi:˨-      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell te˧nə˧      
30 mouth pwɔ˦-      
31 tooth pɛ˧cu˧ɔ˧-      
32 tongue u˧pɛ˧hɛ̃˧-      
33 to laugh a˧p      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit u˦ɲə˦      
35 to vomit u˦ɲə˦-hĩ˦      
35 to vomit u:˦ɲə˦-hĩ˦      
36 to spit cu˦mi˦      
37 to eat wi:˦na:˧ⁿdo˧      
38 to chew word info ᵑgu:˧mwe˨-hĩ˨ a.    
39 to cook word info pwɔ˧-i˨la˨ a.    
39 to cook word info pwa˧-i˨la˨ a.    
40 to drink ɔ̃˨ⁿdu˨      
40 to drink ũ˨ⁿdu˨      
41 to bite i:˧ᵑga˧ 'to bite something, to hold it with the teeth'    
41 to bite wi:˦ 'to bite, in order to eat'    
42 to suck      
43 ear ᶮje˧:nə˧-      
44 to hear te˧nə˧      
45 eye na:˨mi:˨-      
46 to see a˧li˧-hĩ˧      
47 to yawn o:˦a˨m      
48 to sleep pu˦lu˦ta˦      
49 to lie down word info o:˦t      
50 to dream mwa:˦ŋ      
51 to sit tɛ˧ᵐbwɔ˧      
52 to stand cu:˧t      
53 person/human being a˧pu˧li˧p      
54 man/male a˧pu˧li˧ɛ˧      
55 woman/female to:˦mwo˦      
56 child ɛ˦wa˦      
57 husband a˦i˦u˦      
58 wife mwo˦ⁿdɛ˦-      
59 mother ɲa:˨      
60 father ca:˨      
61 house mwa˨      
62 thatch/roof pu˧ni˧-mwa˨      
63 name ni˧      
64 to say pi:˧      
65 rope ta˦i˦      
66 to tie up, fasten ci˦ɛ˦      
67 to sew word info ᵐbi˧ⁿdi˧      
68 needle ⁿdi˨ti˨      
69 to hunt word info pi˧­ta˦i˦-na:˧ⁿdo˧ Lit. french translation of this word in the source lexicon means 'to hunt'    
69 to hunt word info pi˧-wɔ˨li˨-na:˧ⁿdo˧ Lit.    
70 to shoot word info ta˦hĩ˦ ku˨ha˨ Means 'to shoot with a rifle'    
71 to stab, pierce ɔ˦li˦      
71 to stab, pierce wɔ˦li˦      
72 to hit word info ci:˦ Means 'to hit' without intrument specification in the lexicon    
73 to steal ᵐbu˨-ⁿdo:˧pi˧-hi˧      
74 to kill ta˦u˦nu˦-hi˦      
74 to kill ta˦u˦nu˦      
75 to die, be dead mə˧t      
75 to die, be dead mə˧lɛ˧      
76 to live, be alive mu˧li˧p      
76 to live, be alive mu˧li˧ɛ˧      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info ta˦hã˦ᵑgɛ˦i˦      
79 stick/wood ᵐba˨-a˨cu:˨t      
80 to split word info ta˦ⁿdi˦      
81 sharp a˦ɲə:˦      
81 sharp ã˦ɲə:˦ (T)    
82 dull, blunt a˦ɲə:˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
83 to work word info pɛ˧nə˧m Means 'to work' not necessarily in in the fields or garden or 'to work as an occupation'    
84 to plant cɛ˧mi˧ The lexicon does not provide any clear semantic distinction between these two words for 'to plant'    
84 to plant cɛ˧mi˧-na:˧ⁿdo˧      
85 to choose pi˧-ᵑga˨ The lexicon does not provide any clear semantic distinction between these two words for 'to choose'    
85 to choose pwɔ˧-ᵑga˨li˨      
86 to grow word info wi:˧hĩ˧      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info pwɛti The tons for this word have not been provided. They seem to have been forgotten, because this word meaning 'to squeeze' can mean as well 'cudgel', and the lexicon provides for this last word, the tons on top of the phonetic transcription    
89 to hold word info i˧mwi˧      
90 to dig i˧ni˧      
91 to buy pwɔ˧-cu˦hĩ˦-n      
92 to open, uncover tɛ˧hĩ˧      
92 to open, uncover tɛ˧hwĩ˧      
93 to pound, beat word info hɛ˦lɛ˦ti˦ 'to crush something soft'    
93 to pound, beat word info i:˧tu˧-hĩ˧ 'to crush something solid'    
93 to pound, beat word info ha˦lɛ˦ti˦ 'to crush something soft'    
94 to throw word info ta˦hĩ˦      
95 to fall word info ti˧pwɔ˧      
95 to fall word info tu˧pwɔ˧      
96 dog wɔ˦ta˦-a˧-hɛ̃˧n      
97 bird mə˧ni˧      
98 egg pi˦hĩ˦-ᶮja˨ Means 'chiken egg' ; this is the only word for egg, beside 'fish eggs' that have been found in the lexicon    
99 feather pu˨mi:˨-      
100 wing pu˧-i˦-      
100 wing pu˧-i˧      
101 to fly te:˨      
102 rat ci:˦ᵐbwi˦      
103 meat/flesh mə˦-hĩ˦- Can be used with the meaning of 'piece of meat' or 'flesh of the body' Note that there are other words which mean 'flesh', but they are used with a extended meaning of 'flesh', like the notion 'aspect/origin of someone', or some social practice including    
104 fat/grease ᶮjɛ˧p An other lexical term phoneticly close to the one retained here, [ᶮjɛm] has been presented by a religious representative, the Father A. Colomb (1890), but without any transcription of the tons    
105 tail ti˦ᵐbwɔ˦-      
105 tail tu˦ᵐbwɔ˦-      
105 tail ti˦ᵐbwɛ˦-      
106 snake ᵐbwi˧ɛ˧n Referes to a specific sea snake ; there are no land snake in New Caledonia    
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe˧t      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbe˧lɛ˧      
108 louse word info b. i˧      
109 mosquito na˨ᵐbu˨      
110 spider we:˧hɛ̃˦      
111 fish i˧ku˧a˧      
112 rotten word info mu˦ti:˦-      
113 branch word info ⁿdi˧hɛ̃˧-      
113 branch word info ⁿdi:˧hɛ̃˧-      
113 branch word info ⁿdi˧hã˧-      
114 leaf ⁿdi˧ The distinction between the semantic specifities of each of those words is not clear    
114 leaf ⁿdi˧-hĩ˧-      
114 leaf ma˦ⁿdi˦-      
114 leaf a˦ⁿdi˦-      
115 root wa:˧-      
116 flower mu:˧-      
117 fruit a˦cɛ˦      
118 grass mə˧te˧      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwa˧hɛ˦mwo˦      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwa˧hĩ˦mwo˦      
119 earth/soil ᵐbwɔ˧hɛ˦mwo˦      
120 stone pə˧i˧      
121 sand wɔ˧n      
121 sand ɔ˧n      
122 water word info ta˦ᵐbe˦      
123 to flow te˦tɛ˦      
124 sea ᶮji˨e˨      
125 salt wɔ˧n According to the missionary A. Colomb    
125 salt ɔ˧n According to the missionary A. Colomb    
125 salt ᶮji˨e˨ According to J-C. Rivierre, the author of the source lexicon    
126 lake      
127 woods/forest ⁿdɛ˧ᵐbo˧      
128 sky mi:˧ⁿdɛ˧n      
129 moon wɔ˦lɛ˦      
129 moon ɔ˦lɛ˦      
130 star cԑ˦ni˦      
131 cloud word info ni:˦      
132 fog ca:˦mə˦t      
132 fog ca:˦məlɛ˦      
133 rain u˧tɛ˧      
134 thunder ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦t      
134 thunder ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦lɛ˦      
135 lightning ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦t      
135 lightning ti˦kɛ˦kɛ˦lɛ˦      
136 wind ⁿda˨n      
137 to blow word info cu:˦ a, b.    
138 warm word info e˦t      
138 warm word info e˦lɛ˦      
139 cold word info ᵐbwa˧la˧      
140 dry word info mə˧i˧u˧ a.    
140 dry word info a˦ti˦ti˦ b.    
141 wet ti˨ti˨      
142 heavy te:˦      
143 fire mi˨u˨      
144 to burn word info e˦t      
144 to burn word info e˦lɛ˦      
145 smoke word info mu:˦-mi˨u˨      
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧hĩ˧ None of those words mean prototypically 'ash', but they do share this meaning    
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧m      
146 ash ⁿdɛ˧p      
147 black ᵐbwi:˧t      
147 black ᵐbwi:˧lɛ˧      
148 white pwa˦ᶮjo˦      
149 red ma˧ᵑga˧      
149 red ma˧ᵑga˧lɛ˧      
149 red mə˧ᵑgə˧t      
149 red mə˧ᵑgə˧lɛ˧      
150 yellow pu˨n      
151 green ᵐbu˧pwi˧      
152 small pɛ˧hĩ˧ᵐbwa˨      
153 big u˦n      
153 big u˦t      
153 big u˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
154 short word info ᵐba˨hĩ˨n a.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦tɔ:˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦te˦ɔ˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦to˦ɔ˦ b.    
154 short word info pi˧te˦to:˦ b.    
155 long word info ᵐbwa˨li˨      
156 thin word info ɛ˧le˧lo:˧p      
157 thick word info ta˦ᵐbo˦      
158 narrow pi˨cu˨      
159 wide ᵐbwa:˧ŋə˧-mwa˨      
160 painful, sick ta˦ci˦ŋi˦      
161 shy, ashamed cɛ˦ᵐbwɔ˦      
162 old word info pwe:˦nə      
163 new cɔ˦hõ˦ Mean 'someone new, visitor, invited guest'    
163 new co˦hõ˦      
164 good wã˦ɛ˦      
165 bad, evil ta˨      
166 correct, true mo˨mwɔ˨      
166 correct, true mu˨mwɔ˨n      
166 correct, true mwa˨mwɔ˨n      
167 night ᵐbwe˧n      
168 day ta˨n      
169 year ᶮjo˧      
170 when? word info e˧-ni:˧t      
170 when? word info e˧-ni:˧lɛ˧      
171 to hide word info ta˨ⁿdu˨ɔ˨      
172 to climb word info pa˧la˧      
172 to climb word info pɛ˧la˧      
173 at ne͐ The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
174 in, inside nə˦-      
175 above hwĩ:˧-      
175 above hĩ:˧-      
176 below hã:˦hĩ˦-      
177 this cɛ͐ As in 'this montaign here' The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
178 that na͐: As in 'that montaign there' The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it is attached to. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
179 near pɛ˧hĩ˧-      
180 far ko˦ᶮja˨      
181 where? word info we˧      
181 where? word info we˨      
182 I      
183 thou ᵑgo˧      
184 he/she ɛ˧      
185 we word info ᵑga˧ɲə˧ (incl)    
185 we word info ɲə˧, (incl)    
185 we word info ᵑga˧mə˧ (excl)    
185 we word info mə˧ (excl)    
186 you ᵑga˧we˧      
187 they le˧      
188 what? word info ⁿdɛ˧      
188 what? word info ⁿdɛ˨      
189 who? word info ɔ͐: The ton of this word depends on the ton of the word it follows. Hence, it can be a hight ton, a middle, or a low one.    
190 other      
191 all ta˦i˦      
192 and ka˧      
192 and kɛ˧      
193 if mə˧pi˧ɛ˧      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not õ˦hõ˨ Means 'no'    
195 no, not u˦hũ˨      
196 to count pi˦nə˦      
197 One word info cɛ˦i˦u˦      
198 Two word info a˦lo˦      
199 Three word info ci˦e˦      
200 Four word info pa:˦      
201 Five word info ni˦m      
202 Six word info ni˦m ka˧ ᵐbwɔ˧ cɛ˦i˦u˦ The distinction between those forms has not been provided in the lexicon    
202 Six word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ cɛ˦i˦u˦ pwɔ˦-n      
202 Six word info ᵐbwɔ˧-mu˦-cɛ˦i˦u˦-pwɔ˦-n      
203 Seven word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ a˦lo˦ pwɔ˦-n      
204 Eight word info ni˦m ᵐbwɔ˧ mu˦ ci˦e˦ pwɔ˦-n      
205 Nine word info ni˦m-ᵐbwɔ˧-mu˦-pa:˦-pwɔ˦-n      
206 Ten word info pa˨ᶮji˨lu˨      
206 Ten word info pa˨ᶮju˨lu˨      
207 Twenty word info cɛ˦i˦u˦ a˧pu˧li˧p      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info ni˦m a˧pu˧li˧ɛ˧      
210 One Thousand word info      

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