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Language: East Ambae (Sana)

Source/Author:  Iveth Rodriguez and Tom Ennever 
Notes:  Regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels
Speaker would often articulate the vowel but no sound was audible.
Open vowel prominence (when compared to other Ambae languages) 
Data Entry:  Typed By:  Checked By: Mary Walworth 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 5 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
150 yellow aŋokæk̚      
55 woman/female fafĩ      
176 below fafæk̚      
180 far faksaʊ [f] ~ [v]    
196 to count faluo̥      
178 that faniŋɛ      
120 stone fat̚      
12 skin finu̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
130 star fitiu      
64 to say fitiɛ [f] ~ [v]    
116 flower fiɛr [f] ~ [v]    
91 to buy fol      
99 feather fulu̥      
209 One Hundred word info fuⁿdolɔ      
7 to come fænɛ      
70 to shoot word info fɛ̃:      
135 lightning fʲɛl      
129 moon fʷol [f] ~ [v]    
195 no, not hate      
40 to drink inu̥      
20 to know, be knowledgeable iolʲol      
9 to swim kakaro      
145 smoke word info kakasu̥      
115 root kakʷarik      
160 painful, sick kak̚ⁿdir      
139 cold word info kakⁿdiⁿdĭ      
185 we word info kamaru̥ dl. excl.    
102 rat karif      
65 rope karo̥      
164 good karɛ      
166 correct, true karʲæk      
194 how? word info kasæk̚ unreleased final stops    
68 needle katur      
197 One word info kat̚wal      
144 to burn word info kaʊ      
201 Five word info keliɛm      
202 Six word info keõ      
198 Two word info kero      
205 Nine word info kesiok̚ unreleased final stops    
199 Three word info ketal      
204 Eight word info kewol      
37 to eat kẽkẽʲ      
200 Four word info keβet̚      
203 Seven word info keᵐbitu̥ devoiced final vowels    
186 you kimiru̥ pl.    
186 you kimiu dl.    
185 we word info kitoro̥ dl. incl.    
185 we word info kiɛt pl. incl.    
125 salt kokæ̃      
105 tail kolæ̃      
30 mouth kukʷam      
108 louse word info kut̚      
79 stick/wood      
185 we word info kæmɛ pl. excl.    
41 to bite kætlolivom      
90 to dig kɛl      
72 to hit word info kʷes      
74 to kill kʷesfaɣ mat̚ unreleased final stops    
88 to squeeze word info kʷɔr      
159 wide lakʷɛk      
21 to think lanlaⁿdo̥      
127 woods/forest laᵐbʷotfʷõ      
46 to see leo      
31 tooth liof      
1 hand liɛm      
153 big lokʷo      
174 in, inside lolã nasal vowels    
87 to swell word info luluoŋ      
35 to vomit luoˀ      
136 wind læŋ      
36 to spit lɔⁿdo      
128 sky makʷæ      
162 old word info malæk̚      
47 to yawn mamao      
156 thin word info manifnif      
134 thunder mantak̚      
97 bird manu̥      
56 child maresu̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
128 sky maslɛ      
22 to fear matmatak̚ unreleased final stops    
157 thick word info matol      
3 right matuo      
48 to sleep matur      
45 eye mat̚      
86 to grow word info mauri̥      
2 left maxʷir      
147 black maɛto      
33 to laugh mã:      
148 white maβutek̚      
112 rotten word info maᵐboᵐbo      
28 to breathe maᵐbu̥      
32 tongue meam      
149 red memeæk̚      
192 and mẽ nasal vowels    
141 wet mimiek̚ unreleased final stops    
161 shy, ashamed mæmæ      
137 to blow word info mɔser of the wind    
142 heavy mʷaβ      
54 man/male mʷear      
75 to die, be dead mʷæt̚      
109 mosquito nam      
175 above namæk̚      
117 fruit naŋʷatik̚      
181 where? word info nilo      
183 thou niok̚      
177 this niŋa      
184 he/she niɛ      
187 they niɛr      
187 they niɛrkero du.    
191 all niɛrⁿdolek      
182 I nou      
107 worm (earthworm) nʷof      
121 sand one̥      
114 leaf rauk̚      
84 to plant rifu̥ [f] ~ [v]    
42 to suck rim      
59 mother risɪŋ      
101 to fly rof      
92 to open, uncover roæ      
44 to hear roŋe      
69 to hunt word info rukruk      
168 day ræŋ      
113 branch word info ræŋæk̚      
170 when? word info saftaro      
6 road/path sal      
126 lake salɛ      
206 Ten word info saŋβul      
188 what? word info saβæk̚      
89 to hold word info saᵑɡoβi̥      
189 who? word info sĩã      
95 to fall word info sofi̥      
10 dirty soᵑɡar      
165 bad, evil soᵑɡok̚      
15 bone sui      
193 if surkʷa      
18 breast sus      
169 year suɣʷaʊ      
81 sharp sʷok̚      
51 to sit tak̚      
173 at tak̚      
119 earth/soil tano̥      
132 fog tantan      
60 father tat̚      
53 person/human being taŋloi      
110 spider taɣaɣ      
158 narrow taβulkʷok̚      
171 to hide word info taβunik̚      
62 thatch/roof taᵑɡʷor      
16 intestines taᵑɡʷɛŋ      
210 One Thousand word info terβaˀtawal      
19 shoulder tieᵑɡʷɛ      
71 to stab, pierce tisu̥      
98 egg toli̥      
52 to stand tu: noticeable vowel lenghthening    
94 to throw word info tuliɛ      
67 to sew word info tur      
39 to cook word info tutun      
190 other tuɛk̚ unreleased final stops    
58 wife tuᵐbulovaleŋ      
8 to turn word info tuⁿdori̥      
57 husband tæmenituŋ      
124 sea tæs      
34 to cry tæŋ      
78 to cut, hack word info tæɪ      
77 to scratch word info tæᵑɡær      
80 to split word info tæⁿdær      
137 to blow word info ufi̥ with the mouth    
66 to tie up, fasten wet̚ unreleased final stops    
96 dog wiriu      
133 rain wos      
122 water word info      
123 to flow wæmosuk̚      
63 name æs      
17 liver æt      
143 fire æβ      
208 Fifty word info ŋoβulɣeliɛm      
207 Twenty word info ŋoβulɣero      
76 to live, be alive ŋʷasu̥      
106 snake ŋʷat̚      
138 warm word info ŋʷoŋʷɛf      
111 fish ɛk      
49 to lie down word info ɛno      
26 hair word info ɸul      
61 house ɸæl      
73 to steal ᵐbalu̥      
100 wing ᵐbaɪŋsĩ      
103 meat/flesh ᵐbik̚      
152 small ᵐbitᵐbit      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐburoŋ      
83 to work word info ᵐbɔlʊk̚      
167 night ᵐbʷoŋ      
14 belly ᵐbʷoᵐbo      
50 to dream ᵐbʷoᵐbʷɛr      
172 to climb word info ᵑɡalo̥      
4 leg/foot ᵑɡaru̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
140 dry word info ᵑɡoru̥ devoiced final vowels    
13 back word info ᵑɡuru̥      
179 near ᵑɡæᵑɡərɛ      
155 long word info ᵑɡʷaraβu̥      
163 new ᵑɡʷarok̚      
151 green ᵑɡʷaruᵑɡʷarkæk̚      
82 dull, blunt ᵑɡʷato      
24 head ᵑɡʷatu̥      
27 nose ᵑɡʷaŋ      
43 ear ᵑɡʷearo̥      
11 dust ᵑɡʷie      
146 ash ᵑɡʷie      
154 short word info ᵑɡʷiloⁿdo      
38 to chew word info ⁿdalⁿdal      
104 fat/grease ⁿdamʷɛ      
23 blood ⁿdaɛ      
25 neck ⁿdiol      
5 to walk ⁿdiɛk      
131 cloud word info ⁿdoⁿdo      
118 grass ⁿduf      
85 to choose ⁿdɛⁿdɛk      
93 to pound, beat word info ⁿdʳiⁿdʳin      

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